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PREFACE to the Second Edition.

THE Polite Philosopher was printed originally at Edinburgh, and Part of the Edition sent up to London. The Novelty of the Title, and, to fay Truth, of the Performance itself, (for it is written in a Manner never before made use of in our Language) recommended it to some, and prejudiced it in the Opinion of others; but Time, which is the Touchstone of such Productions, did Justice to this Work, and at last procured it an Esteem, not only here, but abroad. This, together with my great Esteem for its ingenious Author, who is now in Italy, and who is allowed, by all who know him, to be truly a Polite Philosopher, occasioned my sending this Second Edition into the World.

The Intent of the Author (for I very well know his Intent) was, to make Men ashamed of their Vices, by shewing them how ridiculous they were made by them, and how impossible it was for a bad Man to be polite. It maybe, graver Books have been written on this Subject, but few more to the Point; its Author being equally skilled in Books and in Men, in the dead Languages and the living: I presume therefore, that his Observations will be generally found true, and his Maxims just.

At first sight, it may seem that this Book is calculated only for a few; but I beg leave to observe, that in Truth there are but few to whom it may ,no.t be useful. As every Man in his StaK 2 tion tion ought to be honest, so every Man in his Behaviour may be polite; nay, he ought to be so, because he will be sure to find his Account in it; since it is a Quality easier discerned, and of consequence sooner rewarded, than the former. We must know and converse with a Man to be convinced of his Probity; whereas we perceive, at -sirst sight, whether he has good Manners; by this we are prejudiced in his Favour: And who then would not strive to learn an Art at once so ^easy, and so extensive in its Use?

But, if it be beneficial to all, it is peculiarly ne<cfiary to Toutb. It is at once a Remedy for Bashfulness, and a Preservative against the contrary Vice. A polite Person stands in the Middle between a sheepish Modesty, and a disiateful Boldness. It is the Habit which adds the last Polish to Education, brightens the Man of Letters, and spreads a Gloss over that Sort of Learning, which would otherwise appear pedantic. The polite Man may not only understand Latin and Greek, but may also introduce them into Discourse, provided it be before proper Company, and on a •proper Occasion. The unpolished Scholar lugs them in whenever they occur; quotes Ovid to Jiis Mistress, and repeats a Passage from Polyœnus *6 a Captain of the Guards. To our Youth therefore I beg leave to recommend this concise Manual, which will cost them but little Tim* to had1, and no great Pains to practise.

. . - ;.!.;.

To To the Author of the Polite Philosopher.

t . i Velat mattrna tempera myrto. Virc.

WHEN Vice the Shelter of a Mask disdain'd,.
When Folly triumph'd, and a Nero reign'd^
Petronius rose, fatyric, yet polite,
Andfhew'd the glaring Monster full in Sight;,
To public Mirth expos'd. th' Imperial Beast,
And 'made his wanton Court the common Jest..

In your correcter Page his Wit we see,,
And all the Roman Lives restor'd in thee:
So is the Piece proportion'd to our Times $
For ev'ry Age diversifies its Crimes;
And Vice, with Proteus Art, in one conceals
What in the next more boldly it reveals;
fa different Shapes drives on the laming Trade,.
And makes the World one changing Masquerade;.
The griping Wretch, whose Av'rice robs the.

[Town,.

To. gain his Point, a, holy Look puls on;
To Earth directs his Hands, to Heav'n his Eyes,,
And, with a shew of Grace, defrauds and lyes.
Th' ambitious Courtier, but for difF'rent Ends,
With seeming Zeal the Public Good defends.
Th' Enthusiast thinks to him the Standard giv'ni
Of Truth divine, the Master-key of Heav'n.
The Pettifogger fee'd, supports the Cause,
Howe'er unjust, and wrests the injur'd Laws,
To Courage, Bullies; Fops to Wit pretend;
And all can prostitute the Name of Friend.
Yet tho' Men want but Eyes to see the Cheat,
They choose to wink, and help their own Deceit;.
The Herd of Fools resign themselves a Prey,.
Which every Knave, pursues his private Way.

K.JL The The Question, Farrester, is something hard;

How shall the wise the motly Scene regard?

While Men ourselves, can we unmov'd standby?

Pair.'d while we smile? or guiltless shall we cry?

Humanity to Grief wou'd give the Rule;

Eut stronger Reason sides with Ridicule.

Oh! that thy Work, instructive, but refin'd,

The pleasing Image cf your easy Mind;

(Which, like the Statues wrought by PbiJian Art,

Is one fair whole, complete in every Part,)

May cure the lighter Follies of the Age,

Cool Bigot Zeal, and soften Party Rage;

Expose Ill-nature, Pedantry o'ercome,

Strike Affectation dead, and Scandal dumb;

Restore free Converse to its native Light,

And teach Mankind with Ease to grow polite.
Then round thy Brow thy Myrtle Garland twine,

The grateful Recompence os Toils like thine:
Secure in all you write or do, to please; ,
Join Wit with Sense, with Understanding, Ease.
Already here your just Applauses rise,
And the Belles read you with transported Eyes.
Some in the sweetest Notes repeat thy Lays;
Others harmonious, speak the Author's Praise:
All to approve, with equal Zeal conspire;
What more can Fortune give —or you desire?

As.Paris, lost in passionate Surprize,
To Love's resistless Queen assign'd the Prize:
So while you Beauty treat with such Regard,
The lovely Theme shall be your best Reward;
Venus shall from the Shepherd's Debt be free;
And, by the fav'rite Fair, repay the Debt to thee.

THE THE

POLITE PHILOSOPHER.

METHOD requires, that, in my Entrance on this Work, I should explain the Nature of that Science to which I have given the Name of Polite Philosophy: And though I am not very apt to write methodically, yet I think it becomes me, on this Occasion, to (hew that my Title is somewhat a proper.

Folks who are {killed in Greek, teH us, that Philofophy means no more than the Love of Wisdom; and I, by the Adjunction of polite, would be understood to mean that Sort of Wisdom, which teaches Men to be at Peace in themselves, and neither by their Words or Behaviour to disturb the Peace of others.

Academical Critics may, perhaps, expect that I mould at least quote some Greek Sage or other, as the Patron of that kind of Knowledge, which I am about to restore; and as I pique myself on obliging every Man in his Way, I shall put them in mind of one Aristippus, who was Professor of Polite Philofophy at Syracufe, in the Days of the famous King Dionysus, in whose Favour he stood higher than even Plato himself. Should they go farther, and demand an Account of his Tenets; . v . K 4 I must,

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