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his good Sense hindered him from being, tainted with those Party Prejudices which had bewitched his Friends. He took not up Arms for Ca/ar; nor did he abandon Italy, when Pompey withdrew with his Forces, and had, in outward Form, the Sanction of the Commonwealth. He faw too plainly the Ambition of both ; yet he preserved his Complacence for his Friends in each Party, without siding with either. Success never made them more welcome to Pomponius, nor could any Defeat lessen themin his-Esteem. When victorious he visited them, without sharing in their Power; and when vanquished he received them, without considering any thing but their Distress. In a few Words, he entertained no Hopes from the good Fortune of his Friends, nor suffered the Reverse of it to chill his Breast with Fear. His Equanimity produced a just Effect, and his univerfal Kindness made rhim univerfally beloved.
I fancy this Picture of a Disposition, perfectly free from political Sourness, will have an agreeable Effect on many of my Readers; and prevent their falling into a common Mistake, that the Circumstances of public Affairs, and the Characters of public Persons, are the properest Topics for general Converfation: Whereas they never consider, that it is hard to find a Company, wherein somebody or other hath not either Liking or Distaste, or has received Injuries or Obligations from those who are likeliest to be mentioned upon such Occasions; and who, consequently, will be apt to put a serious Construction on a slight Expression, and remember afterwards in earnest, what the
Speaker meant so touch a Jest, as never to have thought of it more. These, perhaps, may pass with some for trivial Remarks; but with thole who regard their own Ease, and have at alt observed what conduce* to make Men 'difagreeable to one another, I flatter myself they will have more Weight.
Behaviour is like Architecture-; the Symmetry of the whole pleases us so much, that we examine not into its Parts; which, if we did, we should rind much Nicety required in forming such a Structure ; though, to Persons of no Taste, the Rules of either Art would seem to have little Connexion with their Effects.
That true Politeness use can only call,
After"these Admonitions as to Religion and Politics, it is very fit we observe another Topic of modern Discourse, of which it is hard to fay> whether it be more common, or more contrary to true Politenefs. What I mean, is, the reflecting on Men's Professions, and playing on those general Aspersions, which have been fixed on them by a Sort of Ill-nature hereditary to the World* And with this, as the third Point, which
I promised to consider, shall be shut up the more serious Part of this Esfay.
In order to have a proper Idea of this Point, we must, first of all, consider, that the chief Cause both of Love and Hatred, is Custom. When Men, from a long Habit, have acquired a Facility of thinking clearly, and speaking well in any Science, they naturally think that better than any other; and this Liking, in a short Time, grows up to a warmer Asfection; which renders them impatient whenever their darling Science is decried in their Hearing. A polite Man will have a care of ridiculing Physic before one of the Faculty, talking disrespectfully of Lawyers while Gentlemen of the Long-robe are by,or speaking contemptibly of the Clergy when with any of that Order.
Some Critics may possibly object, That these are Solecisms of too gross a Nature for Men of tolerable Sense or Education to be guilty of. But I appeal to those who are most converfant in the World, whether this Fault, glaring as it is, be not committed every Day.
The strictest Intimacy can never warrant Freedoms of this Sort: and it is, indeed, preposterous to think it should; unless we can suppose Injuries are less Evils when they are done us by Friends, than when they come from other hands.
Excess os Wit may ostentimes beguile:
Jests are not always pardon d by a Smile.
Men may disguise their Malice at the Heart,
Andseem at Ease——tbo' fain'd with inward Smart.
Vol. L L M'Jiaktn, Mistaken, tut think all such Wounds, of ceur/e,
Reflexion cures Alas ! it makes them imarfe.
Like Scratches they, t/uilh double Anguish, few,
Let as now proceed to speak of Raillery in genera!. Invective is a Weapon worn as commonly as a Sword; and, like that, is often in the Hands of those who. knew not how to use it. Men os true Courage figh,t but seldom, and never draw but in their own Defence. Bullies are continually squabbling; and, fram the Ferocity of their Behaviour, become the Terror of some Companies, and the Jest of more. This is just the case with such as have a Liveliness of Thought, directed by a Propensity to Ill-nature: Indulging themselves at ihe Expence of others, they, by Degrees, incur the Dislike of all. Meek Tempers abhor; Men of coot Dispositions..-despise ; and those addicted to Gboter chastise them. Thus a Licentiousness of ifongue,.like a Spirit of Rapine, sets one Man against all; and the Defence of Reputation, as -well, as Property, puts the human Species on regarding: a malevolent Babler with a worse Eye than a common Thief; because Fame is a Kind of Goods, which, when once taken away, can hardly be restored. Such is the Effigies of this human Serpent. And who, when he has considered it, would be thought to have fat for the Piece?
It is a thoufand to one my Book seels the Resentment of Draco, from his seeing his own Likeness in this Glass.
A Agood.Farajjy,-but no Fortune, threw Dract into the Army ;ivhen he was very young. Dancing, Fencing, and a smattering of French, are all the Education either his Friends bestowed, or his Ca7 pacity would allow him to receive. He has been now two Years in Town, and from swearing, drinking, and debauching Country Wenches, (the general Rout of a military Rake) the Air of St. James's has given his Vices a new Turn. -By Dint of an embrordered.Coat, he thrusts himscrf into the Beau Coffee-houses, where a dauntless Effrontery, and a natural Volubility of Tongue, conspire to make him pass for a Fellow of Wit and Spirit.
A bastard Ambition makes htm envy every great Character; and as he has just Sense enough to know that his Qualifications will never recommend him to the Esteem of Men of Sense, or the Favour of Women of Virtue, he has thence contracted an Antipathy to both; and by giving a boundless Loose to univerfal Malice, makes continual-War against Honour and Reputation, wKere<ver he finds them.
JJecatilia \» a female Firebrand, more dangerous, and more artfully vindictive than Draco himself. Birth, Wit, and Fortune, combine lo render her conspicuous ; while a splenetic Envy fours her, otherwise amiable, Qualities; and makes her dreaded as-a Poison-doubly dangerous, grateful to the Taste, yet-mortal in Effect. AH •who fee Hetaiilla at a Visit, where the Brilliancy of her Wit heightens the Lustre of her "Charms, are imperceptibly deluded into a ConL a currence