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Satisfaction of the Enquirer,. that Standard in your Mind, by which you formed your several judgments. , ) . ti -jj-i;/ •>•:.

But the Standard, by which we. are to be' guided in the Asfair of Delicacy, doubtful or chimerical Notion.-: it.; Jja$ a real and sure Foundation, ..... i' i .. ., - •'. .-. ..' ;. Nature has implanted in us an internal Sense; which gives us a just Perception of the Relation between our Faculties. of apprehending, and the Objects presented to them. We.are framed in ^icj}.a Manner, that' some, Actions, .Ideas^ or •jorms, which occur. to.ue,.as .necesl^rily ercite Satisfaction. and Delight* ,as ot.hers create Distaste and Aversion. When we look upon a beautiful Picture, the Mind immediately recurs to Nature; and finding a certain Agreement between its'o.ivn Ideas. of Beauty, and the^ Representation which stands before us, it instantly acknowledges the similar Graces, and recognizes the true and proper Standard* t -■: [ ,,.--- •",.

The Criterion. then of Delicacy in any Action or Composition, is the sure Feeling and Consciousness of its Conformity to. a like natural Senfation within > Us,.: operating 'necessarily on the Alind, the very Instant 'tfyat the kindred; Forms or Ideas are exhibited to us. This Sense and Taste of Beauty may,■indeed, likeall our other Faculties, be greatly improved by Discipline and Exercisj:; as on the contrary, for want of them, it may be \i^ucb.impaired. B.ut stills it 4s evident, .that this -.^ z J O I discerndiscerning Power is born with us, and is as certain a Principle, as anyvbelonging to our Nature. Fordo we not fee, that even Infants.are delighted with, the first View cf a round Ball, and preser it to a less regular Figure? The untaught Mind discovers a Sympathy between the Ideas and Objects, and easily distinguishes the fair and shapely, from the irregular and deformed. . ... .

Hardly, faid Sopbronius, can this internal Sense be looked nfson as a sure Criterion; since Men's Notions are so widely different* 'that what raises the Idea of Beauty in one,, may have a contrary Effect upon another.'- '.-, ;.i

This kind of Objection, returned Pbilocks, may be urged with equal,Force against the Evij dence even of. mathematical Demonstratipn^ Though the - Philosopher-, has evinced the Truth, cf a the most infallible Deductions of Reasoning j'yet there may be; force particular Minds* which, either through a Weakness, of their Faculties, or the Intervention of wrong Ideas, cannot feel the Force of his, Conclusions., Bus this, you. .know, is no Argumenl against the Truth and Certajnty of the Reasoning; The ..Demonstration is no. less clear, though not apprehended'by every Individual. . It is the very fame in our present Enquiry. It cannot, with any Show of Reason, be inferred, that there is no such Thing as Beauty, or no Criterion to ascertain it, because some particular Minds do not feel the one, or apprehend the other. If a Dispute a''-i O Z 'rise, rise, we.appeal to Nature andthexorrirnon EeeL. ingsof Mankind, and. da not hesitate, to. affirm, that, what appears beautiful) to one^ willrgen*. nally to another.; ifi his Faculties- are. right, and his Attention-fair andiu?ipartiat_

Who ever denied the Beauty of the. Venus, dt Medicis? Or does any Man fay, thepe is. not a,, distinguished Delicacy in the Work>of those inU mitable Artists, Raphael- and GuiMoi?.'.: SomeGoroiffeurs- raay} it is- trueT give the Preference to the former; and some, perhaps, be. mere charo*. edwith the latter.; or< they may differ in the Degree of Merit to be ascribed-to-this-orthat Particular Performance; but still"they alii agree that Grace and Elegance are-,the Characteristics-, of both these Masters. -Thisi is-a Points which-never has been, and never-:wijt be contested, Ahd whence can this univerfal Gonsenttarise, but from something certain and uniform in^Nwore-? From -xhence, but that' inward Sense common-to Man. kind> which operates with the fame Efficacy' up* on the Generality of the Species?

Nor is this true with respect, to-the imitatisrc Arts only; but it is equally applicable to.enrecy Object that presents.itself to us.-*-* u-nttiU i:. .i

Look yonder! (faid hef pointing- to a View of the Thames) what a beautiful Prospect hes. before you! Behold the gentle Glidings of that lovely River! See how he winds his.full pleasing Meanders, steering his majestic Course through verdant Meads,, and distributing Wealth « i> and Age or Country,, is,, y°u are sensible, esteemed the Reverse in another. How then can there be «iy settled Principle, to direct our Judgment concerning, a Thing so vague and inconstant?

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That Part of good Manners, replied Pbiloclet, to which you here allude, relates only, I suppose, ,to certain Forms and Ceremonies. And as far as these are absolutely indifferent in themselves, and have no other Value but what they derive from .the fashionable World; to that Standard alone (wavering and uncertain as it is) we must be content to refer ourselves in this Case. But yet surely there are many exterior Observances and Forms of Behaviour, in which we may clearly discover a Comeliness or Inelegance, that arises manifestly from a Conformity or Unfuitableness to the feature of Things, to common Sense, and - an; inbred'- Feeding of, Dtcorum. If-this were otherwise ; qn what Principle do we claim a Right to dravK Comparisons between the Politeness of different Countries, and give the Ufages and Customs of one, the Preference to those of another? 3r ,s •>: {, *t

- But however this may be ; -yet .the more essential Points of -Efelitficy in Manners- arecjearly ascertained by our internal Sensev and are* therefore invariably the farneiftevery Age and every Climate.

Suppose a Man, for Instance, to be sollicited >y his Friend to do n>m a good Oftce, or lend ! him Assistance-in Distress. After great Importunity he yields to his Entreaties, but with si*ch a . \ i , sullen

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