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, ing; and as frequent Feeding requires the more Exercise, the chief Pleasure of that Age consists in the Love of Motion, and in a Series of little sportive Exercises. The fame is carried on in other Pleasures, equally adapted to the middle and latter Stages of Life; so far, that wherever Nature has affixed a Pleasure, she seems to lead and conduct us toward some Duty or other; either for the Preservation of the Individual, cr the Continuance of the Species.
There is a great deal of the fame Propriety to be observed, in the Dispenfation of Beauty and Deformity. The good Passions are all pleasing; and the bad, difagreeable. Virtue is naturally the most beautiful and lovely Thing in the World; and Vice the most odious and deformed.
There is also a Propriety in the Timing of Beauty. Thus, for Instance, a Peach cr a Pineapple are in their highest Beauty, jusl.at the Time that they should be eat. They want a Ripeness of Colors, as well as of Taste, till they come to that State; and gradually decay in Beauty, as they go farther and farther from it.
It might sound odd to you, if I should fay, that a Woman is like a Pine-apple; yet the Similitude would hold much farther, and in more Particulars, than any one would at first imagine. She has her Season of growing to her greatest State of Beauty, of Continuance in it, and of a' Decay from it, as well as that ; and the highest Season 0f their Beauty is just as properly timed in the one Case, as in the other.
As to the Quantity of Beauty, in particular Persons, I have sometimes had a Thought, which may serve (at least) to divert you. You know that Mons. de Piles, in his Lives of the Painters, has laid down a Scale by which one may judge of their comparative Excellence. Now I should think, that a Scale might be settled in the fame Manner, by which one might judge tolerably well of the proportional Excellence in any of our most celebrated Beauties. In this Scale, I would set the highest Excellence in Color, at Ten; in Shape, at Twenty; in Expression, at Thirty; and in Grace, at Forty. So that the greatest Excellence of Beauty, at the highest Reckoning in each Part of it, would amount in all to One Hundred.
There is probably no Instance of the highest Excellence in all these Particulars, in any one Person. They who run very high in some Articles, are often as deficient in others. If I was to state the Account, as to some particular Ladies, who have been generally allowed to be very great Beauties, I should assign to Lady L. B * * *, Eight for Color, Four for Shape, Twenty-five for Expression, and Ten for Grace ; in all, Forty-seven i not quite half-way in the complete Sum of Excellence: — To Mrs. A * * *, Eight for Color, Seventeen for Shape, Fifteen for Expression, and Twenty for Grace; in all, Sixty Degrees of Excellence:—And to Mrs. B * * * Eight for Color, Ten for Shape, Twenty-five for Expression, and Thirty for Grace; in all, Seventy-three. And that is the highest Sum, that I could in Conscience science allow to any Woman that I have ever yet
Extreme Deformity mould be rated, under each Article, at the fame Numbers as the highest Excellence; and, in mixt Beauties, Deductions should be made for them, in the fame Manner as the Additions are for the former. Thus, for Example, Mrs. M * * *, for Color Six, Shape Fifteen; Expression Twenty, to be deducted; Grace Five; which will reduce her other Degrees of Excellence only to Six.
Others would have no Share at all, in our present Subject; as falling, under each Article, to the Balance of Deformity. Thus Mrs. P * * *, bad Color Six, Shape ditto Four; Expression of bad Passions Twenty-five, Ungracefulness Ten; which, together make Forty-five, all on the wrong Side of the Question.
I do not pretend, in all this, to have made my Calculations exactly; but rather to point out to you, what might be done by such as are more exact Judges of Beauty than I can pretend to be. The best may be liable to some little false Bias or other; but if their Calculations did not answer in every Point precisely to the Truth, they might at leaist come very near it.
These exact Judges indeed may not be so frequently to be met with; for Judgment, as well as Beauty, is dealt out in very unequal Proportions to Mankind; and a very great Excellence in either, falls to the Lot of but a few. However> good Judgment is the more common of the Two;
and, and, I believe, People ia general are more capable of judging right of Beauty (at least, in some Parts of it) than they are of most other Things.
Yet there are a great many Causes, apt to mislead the Generality in their Judgments of Beauty; and I shall beg leave to enumerate some of them.
If the Affection is entirely engaged by any one Object, a Man is apt to allow all Perfections to that Person; and very little, in comparison, to any body else; or, if they ever commend others highly, it is for some Circumstance in which they bear some Resemblance to their favourite Object.
People are very often misled in their Judgments, by a Similitude either of their own Temper, or Personage, in others. It is hence, that a Person of a mild Temper is more apt to be pleased with the gentler Passions in the Face of his Mistress; and one of a very lively Turn would choose more of Spirit and Vivacity in his; that little People are inclined to prefer pretty Women, and larger People majestic ones; and so on, in a great Variety of Instances. This may be called falling in Love with ourselves, at Second-hand; and Self-Iove-(whatever other Love may be) is sometimes so false-sighted, that it may make the most plain, and even the most difagreeable Things seem beautiful and pleasing.
I remember, at the Tryal of the Scotch Lords a few Years ago in Westminfler-hall, a Pair of apish Lovers, that fat by each other; and gave no small Diversion to a good Part of that large
Company, Company, before the Lords made their Appearance. They were perpetually turning their Heads toward each other, a good deal in the fame Manner, and at the fame Time; smiled together, grinned together, and laughed out together. AU their Actions were pleasing to each other, though so very displeasing to every body else.
Sometimes an Idea -of Usefulness may give a Turn to our Ideas of Beauty; as the very fame Things are reckoned Beauties in a Coach-horse, which would be so many Blemishes in a Racehorse.
I have often thought some Ladies a little too. unguarded, as to this Particular. They seem to have the Polyphemus [/] Idea of Beauty; and talk
[/] When Ulyffes, aster having put out that Cyclops's Eye, tells him his real Name and Character; the Monster makes the following Exclamation:
fi urowoi, D fia?ix f*s waXaipala S-su^aS' [nun. JLoxi T15 ivOaJi fA:xili; a>ig Kv; Ti f*iyat Ti, Trite "Evpvp.iSvs'
JCaqwv it; Octvfy®. dpsfl^cxcBai on-ww^.
Nun Si /»' iui i^iy©" Ti, Km Biij*»®-, «ai Ukixv;,
Oh Heav'ns! Oh Faith of ancient Prophecies!
This Telemus Eurymides foretold:
Long since he menac'd, such was Heav'n's Command;
Not this weak pigmy Wretch.
Pose's Transtat. B. ix. ver. 603.