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Saynt Dounstones paryshe at the Syne of the George, part of her original legend ; though, as she bas been by me Robert Redınan."

worshipped with extreme fervour by both the Eastern On the last page Redman's device : 4to., containing and Western Churches, for a supposed power in assisting

fernales in child-birth, one miracle was necessarily three sheets. Without regarding Margaret's troubles, the preserved, until nearly the end of the seventeenth cen

tury, as an explanation of the cause of that peculiar miraculous assistance rendered by an angel bring

province having been assigned to this saint. Neither

Olybius, nor her father, having been capable of divert“ Parte of the crosse that God was on done," ing her from a steady adherence to the Christian faith, which had the effect not only of slaying the

recourse was had, say her monkish historians, to the dragon, but enabling her to come “out hole and assistance of Satan himself

, who, in the shape of a

dragon, swallowed her alive; though she speedily burst sounde," after having been swallowed " body and

from that horrid confinement, and effected her escape. bone" by the aforesaid monster, I will transcribe So miraculous a circumstance naturally pointed out the first few lines, in order to identify the work,

the peculiar powers over which Providence designed should any other copy come to light:

her to have empire ; for who could so well be capable " Here begynneth of Saynt Margarete

of aiding the struggle of the yet unborn infant, as one The blessed lyfe that is so swete.

who had extricated herself even from the body of the To Jesu Christ she is full dere,

arch enemy. The girdle of this virgin saint was long If ye will lysten ye shall here;

stated to have been kept in pious custody at St. GerHerken nowe unto my spell,

main's Abbey at Paris; and being girt with it, was Of her lyfe I wyll you tell,

universally esteemed of the utmost service to ladies Olde and yonge that here be,

who were likely soon to require the assistance of the Lysten a whyle unto me."

obstetric art ; but the holy friars were obliged to super

intend the ceremony : ' a piece of charity,' says an old The dragon, concerning whom your correspon- author, to give them their due, they were seldom dent more particularly inquires, is thus shortly wanting in.' described :

“ The Eastern Church records this saint under the "She loked a lytell her besyde,

appellations of St. Pelagia and St. Marina, while the And sawe a fowle dragon by her glyde, Western Church pays reverence to her by the name of That was of coloure grasse grene,

St. Geruma, or, as our calendar retains it, St. Margaret." With famynge fyre on to sene,

There is a representation of this virgin saint in Out of his mouthe brenynge bryght,

stained glass in the north aisle of the choir in She was a frayde of that syght.'

Winchester Cathedral ; she is represented tread&c. &c.

ing a blue dragon, spotted yellow, under her feet. The copy

here described was found in a volume There is also a representation of her on the font of tracts at a farmhouse in Somersetshire, and is at Stoke-Golding in the same attitude, with a now in my possession.

P. B. small female figure praying to her. On the comThe church at Stoke-Golding, in this county, is Nicholas; and on that of the right, one of St.

partment on the left is a representation of St. also dedicated to St. Margaret the Virgin; and Catherine. See Papers on Architecture published while prosecuting my researches for an historical

by J. Weale, 1844, Plate VI., art. “An Hisaccount of the fabric, I fell in with the following torical Account of the Church of Saint Margaret, notice of the legend in Brady's Clavis Calendaria,

Stoke-Golding, Leicestershire." London, 1813, 2nd edit., vol. ii. pp. 103-105.:

At the time I took my sketches of the church, " Saint Margaret, whose festival (20th July) has on a boss in the centre of the ceiling-beam in the been restored to our calendar, after having been once south aisle, a little eastward of the south entrance, espunged, was the daughter of an idolatrous priest at was a rude carving representing a female in the Antioch, in Syria, a person distinguished as having act of self-delivery, but whether it now exists I been one of the greatest enemies to the Christian doc

cannot tell.

Tuos. L. WALKER. trine. Being remarkable for personal charms, Olybius, the president of the east, became enamoured of our

Leicester. saint, and used every effort in his power, supported by I happen to have a cast from a small oval seal the authority of her father, to make her abjure the representing St. Margaret standing on a dragon, Christian religion, to which she had recently been surrounded by the legend, " Margareta. ora.pro converted; but not being able either to induce or to nobis.” I believe the original matrix is in the terrify her into such renunciation, he caused her to be

possession of Mr. Chalmers of Auldbar. E. N. put to the most cruel torments, and afterwards to be decapitated, about the year 275. The history of St. Margaret, in the earliest breviaries of the 'Romish

Replies to Minor Queries. Church, was fraught with such impious and absurd Donne versus Francis Davison (Vol. vi., p. 49.). anecdotes, that they have been from time to time so -The translation of Psalm cxxxvii., as inserted in much altered and amended as scarcely to retain any Select poetry of the reign of Elizabeth, seems to have

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been ascribed to Francis Davison on the authority Molitor, which he intituled De Laniis et Phitonicis of Sir Harris Nicolas, who printed it from the Mulieribus, and addressed to Sigismund, Archduke Harleian MS. 6930., with many others by Francis of Austria, in a letter dated louh January, 1489. and Christopher Davison, as an appendix to the He says in his first chapter : Poetical rhapsody which he edited in 1826. He “ Profecto experientia in decidendis causis conadmits that the signatures in that manuscript" are temptibilis non est . unde tritum est apud ponot in the same autograph as the manuscript itself, pulares proverbium experto crede ruberto." but appear to have been added some time after. It was then a trite proverb.

N.B. wards." It is therefore very questionable evidence.

Vellum-bound Books (Vol. v., p. 607.). - In The Poems of Donne were first collectively pub- ! answer to MR. CORNEY (although not " in search lished in 1633, 4to. On that edition much reliance of a vellum-bound Junius "), I beg to say that the cannot be placed, as it includes An epitaph upon phrase "vellum manner" is in common use with Shakespeare which was certainly written by us bookbinders; it is used to describe a particular William Basse. The editions of 1635 and 1639, method of sewing and forming the back of a book, both in octavo, are not much superior to it, except without the hard projecting joints, which are in the omission of that epitaph. It was in 1650 – formed by hammering the book while in the press. and not in 1635, as Malone asserts that John The vellum manner is very strong and free in Donne, the civilian, gave the first complete edition opening ; account books are bound upon this prinof the poems of his father ; and as that edition ciple, it is also extensively used by the British and contains the psalm in question, the claim made for Foreign Bible Society: the book is sewed upon Francis Davison must be set aside. The edition strips of vellum or tape, or on thongs as of old. of 1650 is dedicated “To the right honourable Books bound in vellum style are also much less William lord Craven, baron of Hamsted-Mar. injured for rebinding than when the back is cut in sham.” It was reprinted in 1669.

for cords and hammered into joints; perhaps the

Bolton Corney. advertiser had an eye to this point, he having been Henry. Lord Dover (Vol. vi., pp. 10. 86 ). — It guilty of joining together that which the author

had intended should have been kept asunder. may be interesting to your correspondent whose

J. LEIGHTON. inquiries relate to Henry Jermyn, first Baron

40. Brewer Street. Jermyn of Dover, third Baron Jermyn of St. Edmund's Bury and Earl of Dover by creation of Monody on the Death of Sir John Moore (Vol. vi., James II. after bis abdication, to be informed that p. 80.). — The parody on the monody referred to a description of that nobleman's tomb (formerly by your correspondents C. H. Cooper and T. H. in the church of the Carmelite monks at Bruges) Kersley is to be found in the first volume of Inwill be found in a forthcoming number of The goldsby Legends, p. 111., where the author, the Topographer und Genealogist. He died April 6, Rev. Thomas Barham, says: 1708, at Cheveley in Cambridgeslıire, and his re

“ In the autumn of 1824, Captain Medwin having mains were, by lis desire, carried to Bruges for hinted that certain beautiful lines on the burial of this burial.

gallant officer might have been the production of Lord A drawing of the monument alluded to is pre- Byron's muse, the late Mr. Sydney Taylor, somewhat served in the MS. “Sepultur der Stadt Brugge,” | indignantly, claimed them for their rightful owner, the in the Bibliothèque Publique at Bruges, vol. vi. late Rev. Charles Wolfe. During the controversy a f. 206., whence my description of it.

third claimant started up in the person of a soi-disant Among the archives of Bruges in the Hôtel de Doctor Marshall, who turned out to be a Durham Ville is a commission signed by James II., dated | blacksmith, and his pretensions a hoax. It was then Dublin Castle, December 17, 1689, appointing that a certain Doctor Peppercorn put forth his preDarby Morphy, Esq., Captain-Lieut. to Lord tensions to what he averred was the only true and Hunsdon's regiment of foot. His name may,

original version, viz. (here follows the parody as given therefore, occur in your correspondent's list of the by Mr. Kensley): dethroned monarchi's officers. A family of De

• Hos ego versiculos feci, tulit alter honores.'— Virgil. Morphy had previously to this date become located

.I wrote the lines M—owned them — he told at Bruges. G. STEINMAN STEINMAN.

stories !'Thomas Ingoldsby. E.cperto crede Roberto" (Vol. vi., p. 107.). —

The production of the parody had been ascribed

to Praed and others, until the admission of Barham The fact mentioned by J. H. M. is much too

was made that he was its author, as given above. modern. Before I asked for the origin of the phrase

L. JEWITT. (Vol. iii., p. 353.), I had seen an adaptation of it to himself, in his own handwriting, by James I., The Ilereditary Standard Bearer (Vol. v.,

Experto crede Jacobo;" and had also made a p. 609.).— The present Hereditary Royal Stannote of it as occurring in a discourse of Ulricus dard Bearer," l'rederick Lewis Scrymgeour-Wed

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derburn, of Wedderburn and Birkhill, is pater of this. That is the true Parliamentum Beatum, the nally a Scrymgeour, the surname of Wedderburn blessed Parliament; and that is the only Church that having been first assumed by his uncle (to whom cannot err." his father succeeded) on inheriting the estate of

C. W.B. the same name in 1778. In the account of the Maitland family, in Douglas's Peerage, I can find

The Name of Dodo (Vol. vi., p. 35.). — As Mr. no mention of the office of “ Hereditary Standard Hooper would no doubt be glad to know of other Bearer," which is assigned to the Earl of Lauder- instances of persons of this name, besides those dale in modern Peerages, and also in the list of mentioned by him, I subjoin a note taken from an the "Royal Household” (Scotland) contained in

Issue Roll of the Exchequer, temp. Edw. IV.: Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack. In the “ Jacobo Dodo et sociis suis mercatoribus de Venisia course of the proceedings before the Privy Council, in, denariis eis liberalis (in part repayment of loan), in 1823, on the dispute between the Duke of £100.” Hamilton and Lord Douglas relative to the right

J. Br. of bearing the Scottish crown at royal processions, it was stated by Mr. Warren (one of Lord Douglas' Bayle, in his Dictionary, under the word “ Cain,"

Sacrum pingue dabo," 8•c. (Vol. vi., p. 36.).counsel) that the office of Standard Bearer in attributes this distich to Politian. Father Mabillon Scotland had been seized by creditors, and sold, also attributes it to him. It is, however, commonly under a judgment of the Scotch Courts.”. Per supposed to have a higher antiquity. haps some reader of “N. & Q.” may be able to

There is another distich equally curious : communicate the case to which the learned counsel referred, wbich I have hitherto failed to discover,

“ Patrum dicta probo, nec sacris belligerabo and which in all probability will throw some light

Belligerabo sacris, nec probo dicta patrum.” upon the subject of your correspondent's inquiry. The first verse is from a Catholic, the second

E. N. from a Huguenot. Baxter's Saint's Rest" (Vol. vi., p. 86.): - I

Again, a third : have before me a copy of this admirable book,

“ Retro mente labo, non metro continuabo; which proves that the author of the Scholar Armed

Continuabo metro; non labo mente retro." was wrong in speaking of " the two editions printed A tutor explaining one of the odes of Horace to before the year 1660;" seeing that my copy pur- his scholars, after the explanation of each ode ports to be the seventh edition," and was printed dictated in hexameter verses the ode he had exin 1658. I have no opportunity of comparing it plained. He did this, he said, as an exercise. It with any later impression, but it certainly contains cost him some trouble: he hesitated sometimes in a passage, Part I. chap. 7. sec. 4., which bears out his dictation, and substituted other words occato a great extent the criticism quoted by your sionally. His pupils thought the composition had correspondent R. G. Before coming to it, I will been prepared. Some thought he would not transcribe as a somewhat curious matter, the succeed in his effort: and others maintained that, assemblage of divines whom he brings together having begun, it was a point of honour to complete amongst " the spirits of the just men made his task. The context gave rise to the distich. perfect :"

JAMES CORNISH. “Will it be nothing conducible (he says) to the compleating of our comforts, to live eternally with

Age of Trees (Vol. vi., pp. 18. 45.). — Your Peter, Paul, Austin, Chrysostom, Jerom, Wickliffe

, correspondents Agmond and UNICORN would conLuther, Zuinglius, Calvin, Beza, Bullinger, Zanchius; fer a favour on me and other readers, if they Pareus, Piscator, Camero, --with Hooper, Bradford, would have the kindness to state the evidence for Latimer, Glover, Saunders, Philpot,-with Reignolds, the age of the five remarkable trees, in Switzerland Whitaker, Cartwright, Brightman, Bayne, Bradshaw, and France, to which they advert. As has been Bolton, Ball

, Hildersham, Penible, Twisse, Ames, shown in former Numbers, an impression often Preston, Sibbs ?"

prevails that a tree of unusual size is likewise of And, after some further remarks, he proceeds : great antiquity. It rarely happens, however, that “I think, Christian, this will be a more honorable factory evidence

. When, for instance, it is said

the age of a tree can be determined by any satisassernbly than you ever here beheld : and a more happy society than you were ever of before. “Surely that a certain fir-tree near Mont Blanc has been Brook, and Pim, and Hampden, and White, &c., are now

ascertained by M. Berthelet to be more than 1200 members of a more knowing, unerring,' well-ordered, years old, it would be interesting to know the right-ayming, self-denying, unanimous, honorable, method by which this result has been obtained, and triumphant senate, than this from whence they were how he has proved that this tree began growing taken is, or ever Parliament will be. It is better to be before 650 A.D. It is clear that he cannot have door-keeper to that Assembly, whither Tæisse, &c. are counted the rings, as the tree is still standing. translated, than to have continued here the Moderator Again, if it is a historical fact that a colossal oak

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in the department of the Vosges was known in the example of the Perpendicular Period ; and, should time of Philip Augustus, and has lived during a your correspondent desire it, I will gladly exchange period of 650 years, the grounds on which this sketches with him. THOMAS L. WALKER. assertion is made admit of explanation.

L.

Leicester, Scot of Satchell (Vol. vi., p. 10.). – In reply to There is an exterior holy-water stoup still your correspondent Sigma I beg to acquaint him remaining, if I remember 'rightly, at Badgethat there are three editions of Scot's True History worth Church in Gloucestershire. I may posof the Families of Scot, viz.:

sibly be mistaken in the church ; but any cor. 1. Edinburgh : 1688, small 4to.

respondent residing at Cheltenham could easily 2. Edinburgh: 1776, small 410. And,

ascertain the fact. There is also one, much re3. Hawick : 1786, small 8vo.

sembling a small font, outside the door of the Satchell was the name of his residence in Rox- chapel at Haddon Hall in Derbyshire. burghshire. He was one of the Sinton and Harden

W. FRASER. branches of the numerous families of Scot. I may mention that all of the editions are now scarce,

There is an exterior holy-water stoup at the particularly the first one, a copy of which was sold south side of the west door of the church at West at the Roxburghe Sale for 21. 46. In Blackwood's Ham, near Pevensey, Sussex.

E. H. Y. and also in Laing's Catalogues for 1812 and 1819, copies are marked at 1l. 11s. 6d. T. G. S.

Royd," fc. (Vol. v., p. 620.). - May not the Edinburgh.

common root of all be root, to root out, to clear;

going beyond the backwoods fashion of cutting At p. 162. of a curious catalogue of books pub- down the trees knee high, and leaving the stumps lished in 1850 by the well-known antiquarian and roots to rot out at leisure ? And yet the back

J. Ss. bookseller, Mr. Stevenson of Edinburgh, I find woodsmen call this a clearing. the following:

Pickigni (Vol. vi., p. 75.). - In the Dictionary “ Captain Walter Scot's True History of the Families of T. B. (Blount), published in London, 1670, is of the Name of Scot and Elliot, in the Shires of Roxo the following notice of Pickigni : burgh and Selkirk, gathered out of Ancient Chronicles, Histories, and Traditions of our Fathers. Quarto,

• Pickigni (Fr.), by the pronunciation of this word 1688: Reprint, 1766."

in France, aliens were discerned from the native French: I am sorry that I cannot answer the other part likewise (in Sands his Travels, fol. 239.) you may

as Shibboleth among the Hebrews (Judges xii. 6.). So of Sigma's Query as to the reason why the Captain read bow the Genoese were distinguished from the was called “Old Satchells."

E. N. Venetians by naming a sheep. And in our own history,

the Flemings (in Wat Tyler's Rebellion) were dis. Exterior Stoups (Vol. vi., p. 19.).— I think your tinguished from English by pronouncing bread and correspondent who stated that there was an ex

cheese, &c."-Stow's Survey, fol. 51. terior holy-water stoup at Winchester Cathedral

C. B.C. must have made only a cursory examination, and have mistaken for stoups two projections from Cowdray Family (Vol. vi., p. 75.). - In answer the south wall of the nave. These, however, are to W. H. L. I beg to state, that a family named about six feet from the ground, and would be com- Cowdery resided some twenty-five years ago at pletely out of the reach of those forming a large Godstone in Surrey. Some of the females of the part of a Catholic congregation, namely, females. family are still resident there, and represent them. They are, moreover, perfectly flat on their upper selves as having been in former times in much surface. They are placed on the right side, on higher circumstances. The head of the family entering, of two doors, one of which is at the angle whom I remember there was a brush-maker in the formed by the nave with the south transept, the Strand, having his country-house at Godstone. other midway between the transept and the west

G. T. H. front. There is no other projection at all resem: bling a stoup on the exterior of the building that

James Murray, titular Earl of Dunbar (Vol. vi., I can discover.

HOLDE faste Faytue. p; 11.). - Mungo Murray, of Broughton, who got a Winton.

charter of the lands of Egernes and Ballinteir in

1508, ancestor of the Murrays of Broughton in In answer to Cutulert Bede's inquiry (Vol. v., the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, was second son p. 560.), I have much pleasure in pointing out to of Cuthbert Murray, of Cockpool, whose lineal bim a solitary example in this county of a boly- descendant was created Earl of Annandale in 1624. water stoup on the exterior of the south wall of That title became extinct in 1658, but the present the south porch at Hungarton. It grows out, as

heir of line of the fainily is the Earl of Mansfield, it were, of the basement moulding, and has a in consequence of the marriage of David, filth canopy over it. The porch is itself a beautiful | Viscount Stormont, to the lincal representative of

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Sir James Murray of Cockpool, elder brother of logical and General Literature, and Guide for Authors, the first Earl of Annandale. See Douglas's Preachers, Students, and Literary Men; Analytical, Peerage, i. 66. and ii. 539.

È. N. Bibliographical, and Biographical, and cannot be better

described than in the words of the prospectus, which Armorial Bearings of Cities and Towns (Vol. vi., states that it " is founded chiefly on the books conp. 54.). - The arms of the principal cities and towns tained in the • Metropolitan Library (Clerical and in England will be found curiously engraved in General),' and will comprise nearly all authors of note, Bickham's British Monarchy, published in the ancient and modern, in Theology, Ecclesiastical His

E. N. tory, Moral Philosophy, and the various departments

connected therewith, including a selection in most The Black Rood of Scotland (Vol. v., p. 440.).— branches of Literature, with short Biographical Notices The inventory made at Burgh-upon-Sands, July and Catalcgue of each Author's works, which will be 17, 35 Edw. I. (A.D. 1307), contains an important complete in regard to those whose works are published notice of this famous historical relique :

collectively; and the contents of each volume will be u In Coffro signato supius signo Crucis. Videlt, entific as well as alphabetical Arrangement of Subjects,

minutely described. To which will be added a scicrux Neygli' ornata auro et lapid' p'cios' una cum pede by which a ready reference may be made to Books, ejusd' crucis de auro et gēmis in quadā casula de corr' ex* coffr' dfõ pedi aptata. It'. La Blakerode de Scot' heads of Divinity; the Books, Chapters, and Verses of

Treatises, Sermons, and Dissertations, on nearly all fabricata in auro cũ cathena aur' in teca int'i' lignea et exti de arg' deaur'.

Holy Scripture; the Festivals, Fasts, &c., observed

throughout the year; and useful Topics in Literature, " It Crux Sie Elene de Scot'. [etc.]." - See the Philosophy, and History, on a more complete system Proceedings of the Record Comm., p. 550.

than has yet been attempted in any language, and Having recently met with the above entries, I forming an Index to the Contents of all similar Li. am glad to ask you to add them to what has been

braries, both public and private, and a Cyclopædia of written on this point.

WM. SIDNEY GIBSON.

the sources of Information and Discussion in Theology, Newcastle-on-Type,

and, to a great extent, in Universal Knowledge.". The

work will be published in monthly parts of eighty Birthplace of Wycliffe (Vol. vi., p. 55.).— In the pages, and be compiete in two volumes. The first, Rev. Dr. Vaughan's Life of Wycliffe, vol.i.

p. 230.,

which will be complete in itself, will be finished in it is proved almost to a certainty that the venerable twenty parts. It appears to be very carefully compiled, reformer was born at a humble village of the name

and is replete with useful information, of Wycliffe, about six miles from the town of Rich

"Judging," says The Atheneum, “ by the number of mond in Yorkshire. Your correspondent SEVARG of in our immediate circles, the literary prospects of the

new books which we see announced, or which we hear is referred to the interesting Life of Wycliffe coming season are not below the usual promise of the quoted abore.

JOHN ALGOR. autumn. The activity seems to pervade all spheres, Eldon Street, Sheffield.

• from grave to gay — from lively to severe.' In History, we expect an early appearance of four volumes

by the Chevalier Bunsen on Hippolytus and his Age, Miscellanedus.

a History of the Ionian Islands, by Mr. Bowen, - and

some portion of a History of Europe from the Fall of NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC.

Napoleon in 1815 to the Re-establishment of Military GoEvery day, every hour, does the interest in that great vernment in France in 1851, by Sir A. Alison. Somediscovery, whicb more than realises Puck's boast. what later in the season may be expected the Hon.

I'll put a girdle round about the earth Capt. Devereux's Lives of the Earls of Essex, - Mr. In forty minutes"

Hepworth Dixon's Domestic Story of the Civil War, – grow with the increased application of it. A popular,

the seventh and concluding volume of Lord Mahon's but at the same time, a clear, distinct, and scientific History of England, - and a new historical work from account of its origin and progress, cannot, therefore, be

the pen of Mr. Carlyle. In the semi-historical deotherwise than welcome, and such will be found in the

partment of literature we shall have two volumes of newly published part of the Traveller's Library, en

Fresh Discoveries at Nineveh and Researches at Babylon, titled Électricity and the Electric Telegraph, to which is

from Dr. Layard, - Leaves from my Journal during the added the Chemistry of the Stars, by Dr. George Wilson.

year 1851, by a Member of the late Parliament, the The other part published by Messrs. Longman for the

Hon. Mr. Neville's Anglo-Saxon Remains, — and a present month is Lord Bacon, in which Mr. Macaulay

new volume of Miss Strickland's Lives of the Queens of presents us with a brilliant portrait of

Scotland. Among books of travel, or books recording

the results of travel, we shall have Mr. Mausfield Per“ England's high chancellor, the destined heir,

kin's Personal Narrative of an Englishman resident in In his soft cradle, to his father's chair.”

Abyssinia, Isis ; an Egyptian Pilgrimage, by Mr. J. Mr. Darling, the proprietor of the well-known Cle- A. St. John, Village Life in Egypt, by Mr. Bayle St. rical Library and Reading Rooms, has just commenced John, Mr. Palliser's Solitary Rambles and Adventures

and Dr. Sunderland's what promises to be a most useful work; it is entitled of a Hunter in the Prairies, Cyclopædia Bibliographica, a Library Minual of Theo- Journal of u Voyage in Baffin's Bay and Darrow's Straits

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