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CONSUETUDINES KANCIÆ. A History of Historical and Literary Introduction by an Antiquary. Square post Svo. GAVELKIND, and other remarkable Customs in the County of with 51 Engravings, being the most accurate copies ever executed of KENT, by CHARLES SANDYS, Esq., F.S.A. (Cantianus), illustrated these gems of Art, and a Frontispiece of an Ancient Bedstead at Aix

with fac-similes, a very handsome volume, 8vo. cloth, 155. le-Chapelle, with a Dance of Death carved on it, engraved by Fairholt, cloth, 98.

BRUCE'S (REV. J. C.) HISTORICAL AND "The designs are executed with a spirit and fidelity quite extraordi

TOPOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF THE ROMAN WALL FROY nary. They are indeed most truthful." -Athenaeum.

THE TYNE TO THE SOLWAY. Thick 8vo. 35 plates and 194

cuts, half morocco, Il. 18. LOWER'S (M. A.) ESSAYS ON ENGLISH BOSWORTH'S (REV. DR.) COMPENDIOTS SURNAMES. 2 vols. post svo. Third Edition, greatly enlarged. ANGLO-SAXON AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY. 8vo. Cada Cloth, 12s.

printed in treble columns, cloth, 128. BIOGRAPHIA BRITANNICA LITERARIA;

* This is not a mere abridgment of the large Dictionary, but since

an entirely new work. In this compendious one will be found, at se or Biography of Literary. Characters of Great Britain and Ireland, moderate price, all that is most practical and valuable in the forma arranged in Chronological Order. By THOMAS WRIGHT, M.A., expensive edition, with a great accession of new words and matter." F.S.A., Member of the Institute of France. 2 thick vols. 8vo. Cloth. Author's Preface. Vol. I. Anglo-Saxon Period. Vol. II. Anglo-Norman Period. 6s. each, published at 12$ each.


in Prose and Verse from Anglo-Saxon Literature, with an Introductos Published under the superintendence of the Royal Society of Literature.

Ethnological Essay, and Notes, critical and explanatory. By LOUIS.

KLIPSTEIN, of the University of Giessen, 2 thick vols. post COINS. An Introduction to the Study of Ancient 12s. (original price 188.) and Modern Coins. By J. Y. AKERMAN. Fcp. 8vo. with numerous

A DELECTUS IN ANGLO-SAXON, intended wood engravings, from the original coins, 6s. 6.

as a First Class-book in the Language. By the Rev. W. BARNES

St. John's College, Cambridge, author of the Poems and Glossary in the COINS OF THE ROMANS RELATING TO

Dorset Dialect. 12mo, cloth, 28. 6d.
BRITAIN, described and illustrated. By J. Y. AKERMAN, F.S.A.
Second edition, 8vo. greatly enlarged with plates and woodcuts, 108. 6d.

* To those who wish to possess a critical knowledge of their o

native English, some acquaintance with Anglo-Saxon is indispensable; cloth.

and we have never seen an introduction better calculated than the

present to supply the wants of a beginner in a short space of time. The GUIDE TO ARCHÆOLOGY. An Archæo- declensions and conjugations are well stated, and illustrated by refer Jozical Index to Remains of Antiquity of the Celtic, Romano-British, ences to the Greek, Latin, French, and other languages. A philosophical and Anglo-Saxon periods. By JOHN YONGE AKERMAN. fellow spirit pervades every part. The Delectus consists of short pieces on and secretary to the Society of Antiquaries. I vol. Svo, illustrated with rious subjects, with extracts from Anglo-Saxon History and the Saxve numerous engravings, comprising upwards of 500 objects, cloth, 158. Chronicle. There is a good Glossary at the end." -Athenesis,

Oct. 20, 1849. "One of the first wants of an incipient antiquary is the facility of comparison, and here it is furnished him at one glance. The plates, FACTS AND SPECULATIONS ON THE indeed, forin the most valuable part of the book, both by their number

ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF PLAYING CARDS. By W. A and the judicious selection of types and examples which they contain. It is a book which we can, on this account, safely and warmly recom

CHATTO, Author of " Jackson's History of Wood Engraving," in de

handsome vol. 8vo. illustrated with many Engravings, both plain and mend to all who are interested in the antiquities of their native land."

coloured, cloth, 11. 18. Literary Gazette.

" It is exceedingly amusing." - Atlas. "A book of such utility-80 concise, so clear, so well condensed from much varied and voluminous sources--cannot fail to be generally ac

“Curious, entertaining, and really learned book."- Rambler. ceptable." - Art Union,

" Indeed the entire production deserves our warmest approbation."

Literary Gazette. WRIGHT'S (THOS.) ESSAYS ON THE " A perfect fund of Antiquarian research, and most interesting even to LITERATURE, POPULAR SUPERSTITIONS, AND HISTORY

persons who never play at cards." - Tait's Mag. OF ENGLAND in the MIDDLE AGES. 2 vols. post svo. cloth, 168. BIBLIOTHECA MADRIGALIANA : a Biblio

graphical account of the Music and Poetical Works published in Eas. WRIGHT'S (THOS.) ST. PATRICK'S PUR- land in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, under the Titles of GATORY: an Essay on the Legends of Purgatory, Hell, and Paradise, Madrizals, Ballets, Ayres, Canzonets, &c. By DR. RIMBAULT. STO. current during the Middle Ages. Post 8vo. cloth, 6e.


A DICTIONARY OF ARCHAIC AND PROcollected chiefly from oral tradition. Edited by J. O. HALLIWELL.

VINCIAL WORDS, Obsolete Phrases, Proverbs, and Ancient Customs Fourth edition, 12mo. with 38 Designs by W. B. Scott. 48. 64. cloth.

from the reign of Edward I. By JAMES ORCHARD HALLIWELL

F.R.S., F.S.A., &c. ? vols. 8vo. containing upwards of 1,000 pages POPULAR RHYMES AND

closely printed in double columns, cloth 11. 18. NURSERY

It contains about 511,000 Words (embodying all the known scattered TALES, with Historical Elucidations & Sequel to “ The Nursery Glossaries of the English language), forming a complete key to the Rhymes of England.' Edited by J. O. 'HALLIWELL. Royal 18mo. reading of the works of our old Poets, Dramatists, Theologians, and 45. 60.

other authors, whose works abound with allusions, of which explanations

are not to be found in ordinary Dictionaries and books of nference, LOWER'S CURIOSITIES OF HERALDRY, Most of the principal Archnisms are illustrated by examples selected with Illustrations from Old English Writers. 8vo. Numerous Engrav

from early inertited MSS. and rare books, and by far the greater portioa

will be found to be original authorities. ings. Cloth, 11s.


LADS, gathered from Ancient Musick Books, MS. and Printed. By Pedigrees and Arms in the lIeraldic Visitations and other Genealogical

E. F. RIMBAULT, LL.D., &c. Post svo. pp. 210, half-bound in moMSS. in the British Museum. By G. SIMS, of the Manuscript Depart

rocco, 6s. ment. 8vo. closely printed in double columns, cloth, 18.

Antiqne Ballads, sung to crowds of old, *** An indispensable book to those engaged in genealogical or topo

Now cheaply bought for thrice their weight in gold. graphical pursuits, affording a ready clue to the peligrees and arms of

GUIDE TO THE ANGLO-SAXON TONGUE, above 30.00) of the gentry of England, their residences, &c. (distinguishin the different families of the same name, in every county, es recorded with Lessons in Verse and Prose, for the Use of Learners. By E. d. by the Heralds in their Visitations, with Indexes to other genealogical VERNON, B. A., Oxon. 12mo, cloth, 59. 60. MSS. in the British Museuin. It has been the work of immense labour. *** This will be found useful as a Second Class-book, or to those well No public library ought to be without it.

versed in other languages. Printed by THOMAS CURR Shaw, of No. 8. New Street Square, at No. 3. New Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the

City of London ; and published by George Bell, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, ut No. 156 Fleet Street aforcsaid.- Saturday, October 2, 1852.




" When found, mako a noto of."


Vol. VI.— No. 154.]


Price Fourpence.
Stamped Edition, 5d.


• 337



339 339




Page Nelson's Funeral


NELSON'S FUNERAL. Customs Duties

334 Hints to Authors and Publishers

334 Public attention being at this moment directed Guano and the Lobos Islands

336 to public funerals, &c., consequent upon the loss Inedited Letter of John Finch, by Kenneth R. H. Mac- the nation has sustained by the cleath of the Duke kenzie

336 "Epigram Corner

of Wellington, I have been making reference to Folk Lore: Newspaper Folk Lore

338 my old newspapers at the period of Nelson's Minor Notes : - The Venom of Toads - “Sheets," a

funeral. I have much pleasure in sending you Kentish Word- Church-stile - Curiosities of Cata- this brief account, in the hopes that it may prove logues


acceptable to your pages as well as your readers.

The “Victory," with the remains of the ever-toShakspeare's Manuscripts and Papers, by J. O. Halli

be-lamented Nelson, arrived off Sheerness, SunHornung, the Painter of Geneva

day, December 22, 1805. Minor Queries : – Epitaph – Anglican Baptism - Cap- The body was placed the following morning on tain Booth of Stockport - Printed Sermon by Oliver

board the “ Chatham” yacht, proceeding on her Cromwell - Milton in Prose - Passage in Sir W. Draper - Saying of a great Judge - Henricus Gru- way to Greenwich. The coffin, covered with an ingius. Decanus Embricensis - Serpent's Tongue Crawford of Kilburnie - Sandred Groat - Wife of

ensign, was placed on deck. Tuesday she arrived Stanislaus Augustus II. of Poland - Legend of King at Greenwich ; the body, still being in the coffin Alfred – Plunkett's “Light to the Blind" - Portraits

made of the wreck of “ L'Orient," was then enveof Lady Jane Grey – Junius: Letter XVI.- Hob, Meaning of Sussex Ghost-Story - Scotch East- loped in the colours of the “Victory," bound round India Company-Pepys's Morma – Passage in Milton

by a piece of rope, and carried by sailors, part of - The Venerable Bede - Consecration of Bishops in Ireland - Gerit Comhaer

the crew of the “Victory," to the Painted Itall, MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED: -" " Epistles Philosophical where preparations were made for the lying in and Moral"

state; the days appointed for which were Sunday,

Monday, and Tuesday, January 5, 6, and 7, 1806, Pretty Peg of Derby, o !" by Dr. E. F. Rimbault

and to which all due effect was given. WednesRusus' Oak, by W. Sparrow Siinpson, B.A. The Passage in “ Love's Labour's Lost"

day, January 8, the first day's procession by water 344

took place, and the remains were removed from Tomb of John Baret in St. Mary's Church, St. Ed

Greenwich to Whitehall, and from thence to the munds, Bury

Admiralty, with all possible pomp and solemnity. Exterior Stoups, by Thos. L. Walker and Jos. Bosworth 345 South's Sermons

This procession of barges, &c. was nearly a mile Photography and Manuscripts, by George Stephens, &c. 347

long, minute guns being fired during its progress. Replies to Minor Queries : - Glossary of old Scientific

The banner of emblems was borne by Captain and Medical Terms – Tonson and the Westminsters Hardy, Lord Nelson's captain. The body was – The Crystal Palace : Who designed it ?- St. Chris. topher - Cowdray – Frampton, Bishop of Gloucester

deposited that night in the captain's room at the lotun - Uncovering the Head and uncovering the Admiralty, and attended by the Rev. Jolin Scott. Fert - Savez - Names of Places – "Not serve two Masters" - John de Huddersfield

Thursday, January 9, 1806, the procession from

- The Larchkhyines upon Places, &c.

the Admiralty to St. Paul's moved forward about

eleven o'clock in the morning, the first part conNotes on Books, &c.

- 353 sisting of cavalry regiments, regimental bands with books and Odd Volumes wanted

inuffed drums, Greenwich pensioners, seamen from Notices to Correspondents

the “Victory,” about 200 mourning coaches, 400 carriages of public officers, nobility, &c., including those of the royal family (the Prince of Wales,

Duke of Clarence, &c. taking part in the pro VOL VI.- No. 154.

sion). The body, upon a funeral car, w"



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by six led horses. At Temple Bar, the city officers took their places in the procession. Upon arrival at the cathedral, they entered by the west gate and the great west door, ranging themselves according to their ranks. The seats were as follows: under the dome, in each archway, in the front of the piers, and in the gallery over the choir. The form of the seats under the dome took the shape of the dome, namely, a circular appearance, and calculated to hold 3056 persons; an iron railing was also placed from the dome to the great western door, within which persons were allowed to stand. The body was placed on a bier, erected on a raised platform opposite to the eagle desk. At the conclusion of the service in the choir, a procession was formed from thence to the grave, with banners, &c. The interment being over, Garter proclaimed the style; and the comptroller, treasurer, and steward of the deceased, breaking their staves, gave the pieces to Garter, who threw them

The procession, arranged by the officers of arms, then returned.

For a few days after the public were admitted upon a shilling fee, and permitted to enter the enclosed spot directly over the body, looking down a distance of about ten feet, and were gratified with a sight of the coflin, placed upon a sort of table covered with black cloth. OBSERVATOR.

into the grave:

Bugasines or calico buckrams, the piece.

Bustians, the piece.
* Buttons for handkerchers, the groce.

Caddas or Cruell Ribband, the piece.
Cameletto, silk | baire.
Capravens, the 100.
Nightcaps of sattin and velvet, the dozen.
Carrells, the piece.
Cauls of linen for women.
Claphoult or Clapboard, the 100.
Claricords, the pair.
Comashes out of Turkey, the piece.
Daggs with firelocks or snaphances, the piece,
Dornix with caddas, the piece.
Dugeon, the 100 pieces.
Dutties, the piece.

Earlings, the groce.
* Frizado, the piece.
* Furres vocat. Dokerers, the tymber.

vocat. Foynes.
letwis tawed.

lewzernes skin. Gadza of all sorts, the yard. * Jeate, the lb.

Jews' trumpes, the groce.
Key knops, the groce.
Linen poledavies, the bolt.

lockerams vocat treager grest and narrow.

soultwhich, the 100 ells.
Mestelanes, the piece.
Metheglin, the hogshead.
Nickerchers of Flanders, the doz.
Points of capiton, the groce.
Razers, the dicker.

Scamoty, the yard.
• Skeets for whitsters.

Tannets of cruell, the yd. * Tikes vocat. brizell.

turnal. Verditor, the cwt. * Wadmoll, the yard.

Outward Rates. Filozelloes of silk. Seamorse teeth, the lb. Skins of stag, swan, elke, wolfe, cat and otter, dog

badger, and squirrel. Stuffs vocat. Perpetuanas. Thrums, the 100. Tuftaffaties, the yd. Virginals, the paire.

The rates outwards are much fewer than those inwards, and, in the present day, in many cases the export has taken the place of the import trade.


CUSTOMS DUTIES. I send a few extracts from the schedule to the act of 12 Charles II. c. 4., being “A Subsidy granted to the King of Tonnage and Poundage and other Sums of Money, payable upon Merchandize exported and imported." Some of them are curious, as showing the demand for articles for which there is now no sale; and many names are mentioned which are now unknown. Í should be glad to know what are the various articles which are marked by an asterisk : at present I can only guess :

Rates Inwards. * Andlets or males, the lb.

Babies or puppets for children, the groce.
Babies' heads of earth, the dozen.

Bandeliers, the 100.
* Bankers of verdure, the dozen.

Barbers' aprons.
Barlings, the 100.
Bayes of Florence, per yard.
Beaupers, the piece.
Bells include morrice, hawks, horse, dog and clapper

Boratoes or bombasines.
Botanoes, per piece.

Bottles of wood, vocat sucking bottles, the groce. * Boultel rains, the piece.

Buffins, Mocadoes and lile grograms, the piece.



1. Every book that is worth reading, except; perhaps, a work of fiction, requires an Inder; and the more books there are in ite world the more requisite it becomes. In certain books a second, or even a third, index is necessary. The old editions

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of the fathers and schoolmen furnish admirable of all the former editions should be given, and in precedents : the three indices attached to St. some instances the number of copies in each Thomas's Summa, for instance, afford a fair summa edition, and even the month of publication. An in themselves, supposing one never read a line of author should be preserved in his full integrity, the work. The value of a good index, whether as and any the slightest alteration strictly accounted regards time saved, or information gained that for. The system of suppression and mutilation might otherwise be lost, cannot be too highly es- cannot be too severely reprehended. timated.

Setting out with the principle that as much as 2. Some writers rely too much on the knowledge possible should be worked up in the text, yet in of their readers; one form of this error is that of many cases notes cannot be dispensed with. The giving quotations without references.

matter, however, in these notes ought to be careIn certain cases the giving name, place, &c. for fully indexed. each quotation might be objected to in the text, 10. The days of patrons and fulsome prefaces or even in a note; well, let them appear in any are gone by, but we still meet with whining precase in the index. If Milton be quoted in the text, faces deprecating criticism, and making all sorts and you object to giving the reference in the same of excuses,“ hoping the indulgent public will take place, see that the index mentions“ Milton quoted, the writer's peculiar circumstances into considerPar. Lost,” for instance, such a book and line. ation," and so forth. The absurdity of this proLet. not the Dictionary of Hackneyed_ Quota- ceeding is evident, as a book stands or falls on its tions induce a violation of this rule. In some own merits. As a man will not buy bad bread works a separate "imdex of authors quoted” for himself or his family, though the baker "la(giving exact references) would be desirable; but bours under peculiar and unfortunate circumin every case, if the reference be not given in text stances," no more will he buy a book, though the or note, it should be given in the index.

author “ labours under" an itch for writing, and 3. In making a quotation, use the very words the peculiar circumstances" of having nothing

“ and orthography of the writer cited, giving an to say. It is often said that the preface is the accurate reference to volume and page, and, unless most difficult part of the book to write (even still the work be a very common one, edition, date, more so than the title-page), and I think it partly and place of publication should be added. Do arises from the supposed obligation of writing one not give quotations second-hand if possible. in every case, whether wanted or not.

4. Omission or insufficiency of dates is a common 11. I much regret the ancient colophon, and defect and a great source of confusion. Some would gladly see it revived. writers are satisfied with giving a date at the com- 12. Book margins I have already spoken of mencement of a chapter, and referring to it, (Vol. vi., p. 73.), and need only add that the most

p perhaps, throughout the book as “this year."

“ this year.” | important are those in the breadth, viz. the back Dates should be printed at the top of every page, and front margins. and in the margin whenever they change.

13. How full of repose and grateful to the eye 5. Running titles are very useless ; either have is the toned and mellow paper of books of the olden the subject matter of the current page as the title, time! How painful is the dazzling white of the or none at all.

present day! Surely toned paper could be pro6. In mentioning a nobleman or bishop, give duced as cheaply as the other, and brought into the personal as well as the title or official name. common use, to the great saving of the eyes and The not observing this rule causes much incon- comfort of the mind. venience.

At the conclusion of these rambling “hints," 7. In quoting from foreign writers or the dead let me crave a receipt for varnishing old books. languages, as a general rule translate the passage For instance, when one does not wish to cut down in a note, unless the work be expressly intended an old tome by rebinding it, and the ordinary for the few.

means of brightening and polishing fails to affect 8. Books should be made as suggestive as pos- the worn leather, a varnish is sometimes applied, sible, and the reader put into possession of all the and with good results. I have some books done available sources of information on the subject in this way, and should be glad to get the receipt treated of, so that he can follow it up if so in- for making it.*

MARICONDA. clined.

In many cases it would be very desirable to append a list of all the books which treat or throw

* Mr. Pickering's admirable press anticipates most light on the subject; with short notes, if possible, of my observations, but my wish would be to have respecting the character and value of each work many such as his., I had intended to have said somein the list.

thing about book ornaments, initials, head and tail 9. In reprints no alteration should be made pieces, borders, &c., but must defer it to another time. without full mention; in every case an account




was presented to the British Museum by Captain P. C. S. S. presumes that at a time when the

W. H. Smythe, R.N., on the 9th day of f'ebruary, Lobos Islands and their product are so much the 1848, and was transcribed by me for your paper

some months ago. subject of discussion, it may not be altogether

The letter is written on two folios of thick paper, uninteresting to the readers of “N. & Q.” to ascertain the date when the knowledge of Guano in a roughi, close, though shambling hand. Occaand its fertilising properties was first introduced sionally, as you will perceive, a word has been left to the English public. He believes that the earliest out, and the date is partly mutilated, so that it is English mention of that substance was in 1670; impossible to tell the precise year in which it was and that it is to be found in a little work then printed, called the Art of Metalls, translated from

The subject of the communication is very inthe Spanish. Although the title-page of that edition teresting, and might lead to the inquiry as to where does not mention the name of the translator, he is

the medals are now preserved. Perhaps they may known to have been Edward Montagu, Earl of yet turn up; and in that case the letter will not Sandwich. The title was thus :

only be interesting but valuable, as a history of the

coins in question. I shall therefore ask whether “ The First Book of the Art of Metalls; written in the subsequent history of these medals is at all Spanish by Albano Alonzo Barba, Master of Art, born traceable ?" and whether it should not be given to in the Town of Lepe in Andalusia, Curate of St. Ber. the world in your pages ? nard's Parish in the Imperial City of Potosi, in the

Kenneth R. H. MACKENZIE. Kingdom of Peru in the W. I., in the Year 1640. Translated into English in the Year 1669 : Lond.,

“ Wye, October the ... 170.. sm. 8vo., 1670." At p. 16. is the passage to which P. C. S. S. return of my servant last Thursday, and indeed I

“I had not heard of your indisposition till by the alludes, viz. :

should have been extremely concern'd for itt, had “ Cardanus, amongst his curiosities, makes mention he not inform'd me that you are recouer'd again; of another kinde of earth, anciently called Britannica I most heartily wish'd you a re-establishment of (from the country where it is found); they were fain your good health. I have for some-time design'd to dig very deep mines to come at it. It was white; communicating to you a surprizing account (at and after they had separated the plate it contained, least it is so to me) of some medalls which my they manured their tilth-fields with the earth, which Weymouth purchased last winter in town. Not were put in heart thereby for 100 years after. Out of islands in the South Sea, not far from the city of of them, I wrote to my lord, and had the following

knowing what credit to give to what I had heard Arica, they fetch earth that doth the same effect as the last afore-mentioned. It is called Guano (i. e.

account:Two amongst them, the most remarkdung); not because it is the dung of sea-fowls (as able, are these : A medal of gold (weighing aboue many would have it), but because of its admirable twenty-two ounces, the gold worth 5 lb. per ounce) virtue in making ploughed ground fertile. And that

of Joannes Palæologus, Emp. of Constantinople

, which is brought from the island of Iqueyque is of a

On the Reverse is written: 'Opus Pisani pictoris. dark gray colour, like unto tobacco ground small. This I believe you will allow may probably be a Although from other islands nearer Arica they get a true one, Pisani being famous for hauing engraued white earth, inclining to sallow, of the same virtue. very large of seueral great persons, and It instantly colours water whereinto it is put, as if it particularly one of that Empereur ; besides that was the best ley, and smells very strong. The quali

my lord assures me itt is not cast, and is of the ties and virtues of this, and of inany other simples of finest gold, and not being very ancient itt might the new world, are a large field for ingenious persons easily be preserued. But that which startled nie to discourse philosophically upon, when they shall bend their minds to the searching out of truth, rather is four inches, half an inch, and a twentieth part

, was the account of an Antoninus, whose diameter

of than riches."

an inch ; weighing twenty-one ounces, twelve P.C. S. S. would be glad of any further inform pennyweights, at 4 lbs. 10s. per ounce.

On one ation respecting the Terra Britannica to which, in side are the heads of Antoninus and his Empresse the above passage, Cardanus is said to refer. Faustina; on the other Cybele in a chariot drawn

P. C. S. S. by lyons.

In the Exergue · ÆTERNITAS.' My lord says, that beside their being of so extraordinary a size, and of the finest gold, that of Anto

ninus and Faustina is most exquisitely stamp'd: As I promised on a former occasion, I send you the other by Pisani, rude in comparison of the the letter of Finch preserved among the Addi- former. He said that my Lord Pembrook, who is tional MSS. of the British Museum, and numbered 17,301. I find that it was described in * Here a word seems to have been accidentally Thorpe's Catalogue, Part I., 1835, No. 522. It omitted.



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