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caster ; Hobkirk, or Hopekirk, in Roxburghshire, from the Shah-námeh : but where did Milton get &c. The last-named place is stated, in Lewis's his information, for La Croix's work was not pubTopographical Dictionary, to be not distinguished lished till 1722I have searched Purchas, Hack. by any events of historical importance, but “ap- luyt, Heylin, &c., but in vain. Perhaps some of pears to have derived its name from the situation your readers have been more fortunate. T. K. of its church." What that situation is, however, Fairfax House, Chiswick. we are not informed.

C. J.

The Venerable Bede.--I shall feel very grateful Sussex Ghost-Story. One of the works of for any information in answer to the following Polhill, an eminent theological writer of the seven- Queries : teenth century, is said to contain a marvellous 1. Is it more 'correct to write the name, in tale of a ghost which visited the village of Bright- | English, of this illustrious man, Bede or Beda! ling, co. Sussex ; and which resisted, with ultimate And the reasons for the answer. success, the efforts of several neighbouring clergy- 2. A list of the different editions of his works men, who sought by prayer and fasting to lay it. distinguishing home and continental editions; as I shall be glad to see this story transferred (with also those of bis complete works, and of portions exact references) to the pages of " N. & Q." of his works.

Mark Antony Lower. 3. What were the remaining lines of the epitaph Lewes.

over his tomb, commencing Scotch East-India Company. - Where can any

“ Hâc sunt in fossâ Bedæ venerabilis ossa ? " information be obtained respecting the Scotch I have met with a translation of them, thus: East-India Company; it was in existence, and had “ Here the remains of Beda rest in peace : ships trading to India, in 1701 ?

Grant him, good Lord, the joys that never cease: Where may information be obtained with regard Grant him to drink, from Wisdom's fountain clear,' to the trial of a Captain Green and a Mr. Mather, Those living streams for which he panted here." the captain and chief officer of an East Indiaman (it is believed of one of the Scotch East-India

4. What churches, chapels, chapels in churches,

or altars in churches, were formerly dedicated Company's ships), who were executed in Scotland

under his invocation ?

CEYREP. for the crime of piracy in the early part of the last century ?


Consecration of Bishops in Ireland. Ham.

Irish Act of the 2nd of Elizabeth, c. 4., it is

ordered that there shall be an investiture and Pepys's Morma.—The egotist Pepys committed consecration of the bishop, “with all speed and himselt once, and once oply, in the course of his celerity," on the receipt of the collation. selfish and worldly minded Diary, to a little, a very Query, what is the legal interpretation of the little outbreak of the pathetic, when (1662, Oct. words marked with inverted commas; or, in other 23rd) he says:

words, within wbat period, after the receipt of the “ This night was buried, as I hear by the bells, at collation by the bishop or archbishop, must the Barking Church, my poor Morma, whose sickness being investiture and consecration take place? desperate, did kill her poor father ; and he being dead

JAMES GRAVES. for sorrow, she could not recover, nor desired to live, Kilkenny. but from that time do languish more and more, and so is now dead and buried."

Gerit Comhaer. — As your valuable “ N. & Q." The editor, Lord Braybrooke, says, “There is may boast of readers in Denmark, and our “ Nano other allusion to this person in the Diary." vorscher" is not equally felicitous, we venture to Would any of your readers resident near Barking apply to your learned correspondents in that spend a shilling to ascertain from the register of part of Europe for the solution of the following burials of that place who “ poor Morma" was,

question : whose death 80 moved the cold nature of the

In an old MS. chronicle of the beginning of the diarist? Her father's death, we may presume,

sixteenth century, mention is made of a certain will probably be found near the same date, in the Gerit Comhaer, native of Bommel, who resided same register, and will serve to identify her. J.K. afterwards in Deventer, and departed from thence

to Denmark, where the King appointed him master Passage in Milton.— I have met with one diffi- of his mint. This must have happened in the last culty in Milton, which I have not been able to part of the fourteenth century. Further partiovercome. It is book ii. 2., “Or where," &c. The culars will be highly acceptable. description is true, for Warburton refers to Petit

Y. A. N. (in the Narorscher). de la Croix's translation of Sherefeddin's Life

Arnhem. Tumerlane; and I myself can give instances

- By the rick.”]

Minor Queries Answered.

“ Out spake a brother officer, the gallant De Lorn,

As he eyed the haughty maiden, with pity and scorn, * Epistles Philosophical and Moral.—Who is

Never mind, we'll have gallore the writer of Epistles Philosophical and Moral :

Of pretty girls more, London, T. Wilcox, 1758, 8vo. They consist in When we've come to the town of Kilkenny, 0. versified letters, with very humorous satirical

“ But when they had come to Kilkenny, 0, engravings. "Epistle the First " begins " in the

Where the damsels were Jovely and many, O! following manner:

Sighing deeply, he would say,
“ While zeal, beyond the grave, pursues

Though we're many miles away,
Whom priest and patriot abuse,

Let us pledge a health to pretty Peg of Derby, O."
With some the foster-sire of lies,

The author of this effusion is not known. The Extollid by others to the skies,

air to which it is sung has been very popular, and St. John's, thus sav'd and damn'd by fame,

is adapted to a variety of songs, the most elegant An honour'd and a blasted name!

of which is Moore's Ereeleen's Bouer.
Lorenzo asks, ingenuous youth,
What is, and who believes, the truth.”

L. Y. (in the Navorscher).

RUFUS' OAK. [The author was William Kenrick, LL.D., the pro

(Vol. vi., p. 264.) jector and editor of The London Review. These Epistles, which may be reckoned the best specimens of his The inscription on the original stone, which poetry, were rather severely handled in The Critical differs in one or two important particulars from Reriew, to which Kenrick wrote a reply, entitled A that on the present memorial, will supply MR. Serutiny;

; or, The Critics Criticised. See Watt’s Biblio- Josiah Caro with at least a portion of the desired theca Britan., and Chalmers's Biog. Dict., art. “ Ken- information. It was the following:

“ Here stood the oak-tree on which an arrow, shot

by Sir Walter Tyrrel, at a stag, glanced, and struck Replies.

King William II., surnamed Rufus, on the breast : of PRETTY PEG OF DERBY, o !”

which stroke he, instantly died, on the second of

August, 1100. (Vol. vi., p. 10.)

King William II., surnamed Rufus, being slain, The following copy of this ballad was taken as before related, was laid in a cart belonging to one down from recitation, some years ago, by Mr. Purkess, and drawn from hence to Winchester, and Thomas Lyle, and published by that gentleman in buried in the cathedral church of that city. a small collection of Ballads and Songs, 1827,

“ That the spot where an event so memorable had p. 162. I believe that it was never before in happened might not hereafter be unknown, this stone

was set up by John Lord Delaware, who had seen the print," and on that account may be worth insertion in the “ N. & Q."

tree growing in this place, anno 1745."- Old England,

vol. i. p. 95. col. 2. “ PRETTY PEG OF DERBY, o !

It is a matter of some surprise to me that this "A captain of Irish dragoons on parade,

inscription was not reproduced upon the modern While his regiment was stationed at Derby, 0,

cover,—the date of the erection of the stone, and Fell in love, as it is said,

the fact that Lord Delaware had seen the tree, With a young blooming maid, Though he sued in vain to win pretty Peggy, 0.

being certainly worth preservation.

The account of the king's death given by Stow « To-morrow I must leave thee, pretty Peggy, 0, is

very quaint and graphic, and well worthy of a Though my absence may not grieve thee, pretty place in your columns. He relates several proPeggy, O,

digies as occurring before the event, and in the Braid up thy yellow hair, Ere thou tripp'st it down the stair,

same year, 1100. And take farewell of me, thy soldier laddie, 0.

“ This yeere many strange things came to passe, the “ Ere the dawn's reveillie sounds to march, I'm ready, O, spake unto them.

diuell did visiblie appeare unto men, and sometime

Moreouer, in the Towne of To make my pretty Peg a captain's lady, o, Finchamsted in Barkshire, neere unto Abindune, a

Then, what would your mammy think,
To hear the guineas clink,


spring did continuallie by the space of fifteene daies

flowe plentifullie with blood (or the likenesse thereof), And the hautboys playing before thee, 0.

so that it did colour and infect the next water brooke "Must I tell you, says she, as I've told you before, unto it. ... King William, on the morrowe after

your proffers of love, not to tease me more, Lammas daie, hunting in the Newe Forrest of HampFor I never do intend,

shire, in a place called Chorengham, where since a E'er to go to foreign land,

chappell was builded, Sir Walter Tirell shooting at a Or follow to the wars a soldier laddie, 0.

deere, unawares hit the King in the breast, that he




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downe stark dead, and neuer spake word.

His men

of the line next following, we shall then undoubt. (especially that knight) got them away, but some came edly obtain what must have been the author's back again, and laid his body upon a collier's cart,

true meaning: viz. which one seelie leane beast did drawe unto the Citie of Winchester, where he was buried on the morrow

" That sport best pleases, that doth least know how,

Where zeal strives to content. after his death, at whose buriall men could not weepe for ioye. .. He was buried at Winchester, in the

It is the zeal, striving to give satisfaction, that cathedrall church or monasterie of Saint Swithen, under makes the performance pleasing ; Even when it a plaine fatte marble stone, before the lectorne in the doth least know how. queere ; but long since his bones were translated in a

Thus the meaning of the whole sentence is this: coffer, and laide with King Knute's bones." — Stow's

“That sport best pleases, (even) that (which) doth Annales, edit. 4to. 1601, p. 189.

least know how, where zeal strives to content; and The name of Purkess was to be seen over the (where) the contents dies in the (very) zeal of door of a little shop in the village of Minestead in that which it presents.” 1843; and the stirrup of Rufus is preserved in the I therefore advocate the following as the

propar Court Hall at Lyndhurst. (Old England, vol. i. punctuation of the whole speech : p. 95.) I remember a paragraph which went the

· Nay, my good lord, let me o'errule you noir : round of the newspapers some years since, to the

That sport best pleases, that doth least know how, i effect that the wheel of the cart on which the

Where zeal strives to content -'and the contents monarch's body was conveyed to Winchester had Dies in the zeal of that which it presents: been preserved up to that time, at a cottage in the Their formn, confounded, makes most form in mnistk, New Forest; but in the course of the then severe When great things, labouring, perish in their birth." winter had been consigned to the flames, on account The last two lines being a sarcastic allusion to the of a scarcity of fuel. A scarcity of fuel in the abortive Russian masque of The King and his New Forest was, I should have thought, too great Company.

A. E. B. a flight of fancy, even in the direst dearth of news. The tomb of William Rufus (which is not “flatte,"

Leeds. but of the dos d'âne form) was violated in the Parliamentary war, and there were found "a large gold ring, a small silver chalice, and some pieces of cloth embroidered with gold, mingled with the

(Vol. vi., p. 244.) dust of the decayed body.” Baker, in his Chronicle

It was on the day when Lord Jesu felt His (edit. 1674, p. 37. col. 1.) notes that

pain upon the bitter cross of wood, that a small “ One Sugerus, a writer that lived at that time [i. e. and tender bird, which had hovered awhile around, circa 1100) and was a familiar acquaintance of the said drew nigh about the seventh hour, and nestled Tyrel's, against the current of all writers, affirms that

upon the wreath of Syrian thorns. And when he had often heard the said Sir Walter swear that he the gentle creature of the air beheld those cruel was not in the Forrest with the king all that day." spikes, the thirty and three, which pierced that

The great interest of this subject will, I hope, bleeding brow, she was moved with compassion serve to excuse the length of this communication. and the piety of birds; and she sought to turn W. SPARROW SIMPSON, B.A. aside, if but one of those thorns, with her flutter

ing wings and her lifted feet! It was in vain!

She did but rend her own soft breast, until blood THE PASSAGE IN “LOVE'S LABOUR'S LOST." flowed over her feathers from the wound! Then (Vol. vi., p. 296.)

gaid a voice from among the angels, “ Thou hast

done well, sweet daughter of the boughs! Yes, In the wish to be as brief as possible in my reply and I bring thee tidings of reward. llenceforth, (at p. 296.) to Mr. Singer's Query, I forebore to from this very hour, and because of this deed of notice a circumstance which materially affects the thine, it shall be that in many a land thy race and right understanding of the passage in question. kind shall bear upon their bosoms the hue and

In all editions hitherto, the second line of the banner of thy faithful blood; and the children of Princess's speech is pointed off from what follows, every house shall yearn with a natural love towards by making it conclude with either a full-stop, a

the birds of the ruddy breast, and shall greet their colon, or a semicolon; as though that line formed

presence in its season with a voice of thankssome complete sense in itself: e.g.

giving !"

HENTA.. “ That sport best pleases, that doth least know how;"

Morwenstow. Thus making the not knowing how the means of asing!

Your correspondent will, I think, find a more 'It if we place a comma at the end of this line, satisfactory solution to the proposed question on transfer the semicolon or a dash to the middle the reputation of the Robin in the fact that this is

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the only singing-bird which in a wild state ap-. shoved aside. The inscriptions, which are in proaches near to the dwelling of man. While the black letter, were as follows: sparrow is the only bird in constant attendance on the human biped, the Robin is the only one which John He that will sadly behold me with his ie, in the closest districts cheers him with a song. In

Maye see his own Merowr and lerne to die. my garden here at Pentonville I have heard the

Wrappid in a schete, as a ful rewli wretche, Robin daily since the third week in August this No mor of al my minde to me ward wil streche. year : and though the little wren, the greenfinch, From erthe I kam and on to erth I am brought, the tomtit, and several other birds, visit us, the This is my natur: for of erthe I was wrought. Robin is the only one which claims popular atten

Thus erthe on to erthe tendetb to knet. tion; and this be certainly deserves. Í frequently

So endeth ech creature: doeth John Baret. hear him long before daylight; and I experience Wherfore ye pepil in waye of charitie, no greater pleasure at this season than enjoying With your goode prayeres I praye ye helpe me. the fresh air in my garden before daybreak, when

For such as I am: right so slalle ye al bi, several Robins in good song maintain a friendly

Now God on my sowle: have merci and pitie. converse, in their melodious way, from the tops of

Amen." neighbouring trees. The peculiarly full and fluent With respect to the “ skeleton figure " in Exeter melody, though consisting of only a few notes, has

Cathedral (Vol. v., p. 301.), it is now many years a great charm for townsmen, and at most houses since "I made a Note" respecting it. As I recolit is customary to throw out crumbs for the Robin. lect, it represents a human figure in an extreme The fearlessness, and (if it might be said) the love state of emaciation, with a dagger sticking in the of man which the Robin evinces must, I am sure, breast, and the legend told me at the time was to be the chief element in our partiality for him. the effect that it represented some one who had

SHIRLEY HIBBERD. attempted to imitate, literally, our blessed Lord's

fast of forty days, and that holding out to the Surely our affection for the Robin redbreast thirty-ninth day, and unable to endure the agonies arises from its familiar habits. It enters houses of hunger, he then stabbed himself, thus consumfreely; it hops about our breakfast-table, picking mating an act of presumption by an act of desup the crumbs; comes and goes as it pleases; pops peration.

A. B. R. upon our shoulders, and seems to feel itself per- Belmont. fectly at home; it places entire confidence in us, and we do not like to abuse it. This I take to be the cause, not the consequence, of the “babes in the wood."

(Vol. vi., p. 160.) Our dislike of the toad and the serpent is suffi- As one of the correspondents of “N. & Q." ciently accounted for by their personal appearance, referred to an exterior stoup at Badgeworth and their poisonous reputation.

E. H. Church in Gloucestershire, and suggested that

a description be given of it by a local corre

spondent, by the kindness of Mr. D. J. HumTOMB OF JOIN BARET IN ST. MARY'S CHURCH,

phris of Cheltenham I am favoured with a

drawing of it, and, at his request, forward the ST. EDMUNDS, BURY.

following description. The stoup in question is (Vol. v., pp. 247. 353.)

situate on the right as you enter the west door

way of the tower, and is a plain chamferred ogeeIt is now some years since I saw this curious headed recess in the fasciæ of the basement mouldtomb, of date A.D. 1463; at that time the fine ing, with a semi-hexagonal projecting basin, the church of St. Marie's was restoring in the best top member of the mouldings of which is the possible taste, under the strenuous exertions of its boutell ; this, together with the ogee head of the valuable rector, Rev. Mr. Eyre.

recess, would place the date within the SecondThe tomb in question had long stood in a recess, pointed or Decorated period, while the doorway with one side against the wall, so as to render it itself is of the Third-pointed or Perpendicular impossible to read the legend which ran round it; period, having a four-centred pointed arch under when I saw it, during part of the alterations, it à square-headed recess. Over the doorway is a was required to be moved from its place, and I western light with flowing tracery, which would took the opportunity to copy the curious in- lead us to imagine that the west doorway was a scription as below. How it is now placed I know reparation at a subsequent period to the original not, but at the time it struck me that it could not building of the tower. The church itself is of the be standing in its intended or original position, Decorated period, and from the specimen of one but that in some changes in the internal arrange- window which Mr. H. has sent me, must be an ment of the church, it must have been, as it were, exquisite example of the style, there being no less




than four members of the jamb-mouldings, and Your correspondent asks, 'Has any one deone of the hood-mould, enriched with the ballo scribed more vividly than South the apparent flower ornament.

Tuos. L. WALKER. sanctity and real profligacy of the Puritanical Leicester.

leaders?" and has any one described more vividly I am glad to inform MR. FRASER that there than Tertullus the real delinquency of Paul, as is an exterior holy-water stoup in the west

“a pestilent fellow, a mover of sedition, and a wall of the tower of the fine old village church profaner of the temple ?”. But the most vivid at Badgeworth.

It is about two feet south of description cannot give substance to fiction, nor the west door, entering the belfry, which is verity to falsehood. Even James II

. objected to open to the nave. This door, in the west wall South as a controversialist, saying, that he had of the tower, seems to have been originally the

not temper to go through a dispute, and that, inchief entrance. The stoup is in fine

stead of arguments, he would bring railing accupreserva

sations." tion, and it was evidently formed when the walls of the tower were built. The hollow or basin of

Your correspondent justifies this charge by a the stoup projects a little from the wall, and the quotation from a sermon he preached before opening above the basin is about sixteen inches. Charles II., in which he alluded to Cromwell's The bottom of the stoup is about thirty inches, fellow, with a threadbare, torn cloak, and a greasy

entering parliament as "a bankrupt beggarly and the top about forty-six inches from the ground. hat, and, perhaps, neither of them paid for." 48 The top of the opening extends to a moulding, this the king is said to have laughed heartily; and which serves as a canopy to the stoup.

Jos. BosWORTH.

turning to South's patron, Lawrence Hyde (Lord

Rochester), said, “Odd's fish, Lory, your chaplain Cheltenham.

must be made a bishop."

It had long been South's practice to accommoSOUTH'S SERMONS.

date his principles to those of the times; and he (Vol. vi., p. 25.)

knew that this aspersion of Cromwell, contemptIt is only occasionally that the Numbers of ible as it was, would tell well upon Charles — that “ N. & Q.” come into my hands; but I never

its vulgarity would not offend his taste, nor its read them without finding something in their falsehood his feelings; indeed, that the grosser the pages that is instructive and useful, as well as calumny the more likely it would be to please him, curious and amusing; and I regret that such a

and to secure his favour. publication should be allowed to become the

When Cromwell was in power, South pursued vehicle of slander and abuse against men to whom the same policy. His previous attachment to England is indebted for some of her dearest rights royalty had then given way to zeal for the new and privileges. I allude here to an article I have authority; and on a particular public occasion he just seen in your Number for July last, headed addressed some flattering congratulatory verses to ** Historical Value of South's Sermons," in which Oliver, which, as they are rather an intractable the writer appears to regard the vituperations of fact for your correspondent's purpose, he intithis Jacobite parson against the Puritans as a suf- mates were most probably (!) imposed upon him ficient authority for holding them up to reproach by the head of his college, the 'notorions John and derision. * If," says he, “we want to know Owen." But if Owen had then any suspicion of Puritanism in its rampant state, we must read South's allegiance to Cromwell, is it within the South, as well as Cleveland's poems, and Hudi- compass of probability that he would have erbras." It would be quite as fair to say, “ If we gaged him, or trusted him, to compose this adwant to know tyranny and perfidy in their ram- dress, even if he had the power to impose it upon pant state, we must read the character and acts of him? Or is it to be believed that South himself Charles I., as pourtrayed by Milton, or given in would have undertaken, at the dictation of an opStirling's poems.” Ág you have admitted into ponent, to compliment a ruler whom he did not your work South's scurrilous defamation of Crom- acknowledge. well and the Puritans, it will be but justice to

The fact is, that Owen and South were both at admit also an extract from Stirling's lines on

that time the friends of Cromwell; or if South Carisbrook Castle :

was not his friend, he was at least his open parti“Would that till now the dungeon had remain'd

zan, and had also professedly adopted the religious To mark the fate for sceptred crime ordain'd!

opinions of the Protector's party, having appeared When those strong spirits from whose loins we spring, at St. Mary's as the great champion for Calvinism Gave guilt its meed, nor spared a felon King. against the Arminians; and his behaviour was Who fed his pride on priestcraft's fawning breath, such, and his talents esteemed so serviceable, that *hile glorious Eliot pined away to death. the leaders of that party were considering how to

a se friend; dishonest foe; the thorny rod
o bruise a sinful people sent by God.”

give proper encouragement, and proportional pre-
ferment, to so hopeful a convert. ^ Before this mas

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