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this remarkable epigram, it being the result of (Vol. vi., p. 12.)

some researches on the subject made a few years

ago. Nearly a century before Gil Blas thought I am much obliged to Sir F. Madden for his of inscribing the lines over his door in letters of answer to my former Query on this subject, under gold, Robert Burton, alias Democritus Junior," the signature of M. Y. R. W. The reference concludes Part II. Sect. iii. Memb. 6. of that exwhich I wished to recover was that to Hoffman's traordinary tome, the Anatomy of Melancholy, in Lexicon Universale : I fear that the Bursars' Rolls the following words: will yield no further information than what has been already obtained from them, relating to this with all his might and main to get out, but when he

“ And now, as a mired horse that struggles at first curious figure. But I think that the Latin verses

sees no remedy, that his beating will not serve, lies which accompany the portrait may afford a clue to still : I have laboured in vain, rest satisfied; and, if I the date of the original painting : I strongly sus- may usurpe that of Prudentius, pect that the author of them was Christopher Johnson, M.D., Head Master of the School, A.D.

• Inveni portum. Spes et Fortuna, valete!

Nil mihi vobiscum : ludite nunc alios.' 1560-71; a date which would agree with the one

· Mine haven's found. Fortune and Hope, adieu ! conjectured by Sir Fren. MADDEN. I cannot

Mock others now: for I have done with you.' positively assign the authorship of these verses ; but I find them included in a small MS. volume of Burton quotes in a note as his authority, DisLatin verses, in the library of this college, which tichon ejus in militem Christianum, è Græco. seems to be a collection of pieces by Johnson. Engraven on the tomb of Fr. Puccius the FloCertainly these verses are mixed up with pieces rentine, in Rome. — Chytreus in deliciis." I do unquestionably Johnson's. His most remarkable not, however, believe the lines are to be found in piece was a history in hexameter verse of the Prudentius. I have met with them in Joannes college and school, with an account of the customs Soter's Epigrammata, Colon. 1525; and as forming observed in it, of the times assigned to the various Francesco Pucci's epitaph,“

engraven on his duties

, and of the course of study throughout each tomb” at Rome, it will be necessary first to quote day of the week, and the authors used in the dif- Anthony à Wood, who, in his life of that theoferent classes in the school. It is in truth a very logical mountebank and associate of the complete account of the system of instruction then gicians” Dr. Dee and Edward Kelley, says (Athen. pursued. This poem was published in a volume Oxon., edit. Bliss, i. 589.): edited by the Rev. C. Wordsworth, M.A., entitled “ After the year 1592 he (Pucci) went to Rome, The College of St. Mary Winton, near Winchester : and became secretary to Cardinal Pompeius Arragon, J. H. Parker, Oxford, and D. Nutt, London : 1848. from whom he expected great matters ; but death The MS. above referred to, besides other pieces snatching him untimely away, in the midst of his asof Johnson's, contains his Epigrams on the Wardens piring thoughts, about the year 1600, he was buried in and Head Masters who had preceded him, in which, the church of St. Onuphrius in Rome. I have more assigning a distich to each, he sets forth some his death, with a copy of his epitaph, but as yet I have

than twice sent to that place for the day and year of leading feature of their character or conduct ; received no answer. Therefore I take this epitaph concluding with the following on himself:

made for him, which I have met with elsewhere : “ C. Johnson: de seipso, 1560. Ultimus hic ego sum; sed quàm benè, quàm malè, nolo

• Inveni portum. Spes et Fortuna, valete !

Nil mihi vobiscum : ludite nunc alios.'” Dicere; qui de me judicet, alter erit."

Now he Wood must be in error, for in the I would suggest that the name of Apelles in the passage from Hoffman's Lexicon is not meant to very year that he states Pucci went to Rome as apply to the celebrated painter of antiquity, but is secretary to Cardinal Pomp. Arragon, viz. 1592, a metaphorical expression for a painter,-a usage tius Schraderus (Monumenta Italie: folio, Helmæ

we find his epitaph printed as follows in Laurenof the term by no means uncommon; as, for

stadii, p. 164.): example, in the following verse, on Quintin Matsys at Antwerp:

“ Francisci Puccii. “Quem crudelis amor de Mulcibre fecit Apellem."

γνώθι σεαυτόν. Florentini Cardinalis Aragon. Secretarij, cui importuna

W. H. GUNNER. mors honores maioresq; titulos præripuit. Winchester.

Inveni portum,” &c. (as above).

We meet with it likewise in Nath. Chytræus, INVENI PORTUM," ETC.

Variorum in Europa Itinerum deliciæ, in the se

veral editions of 1594, 1599, and 1606; and in (Vol. v., pp. 10. 64.)

Franc. Sweertius, Select. Christiani orbis deliciæ, I beg to be allowed to throw in my mite in 1626. The Greek epigram, as given by Mr. your useful periodical towards the illustration of SINGER (Vol. v., p. 64.), is printed in Brunck's

p. 286.

Analecta veterum poetarum Græcorum, vol. iii. Ligue. It contains twenty-four most spirited and

elaborately studied portraits (sometimes caricaAnother good epigram in Burton (Anat. Mel., tures) of the leading personages who took a part 16th edit. p. 415.) deserves a few words of com- in the Protestant persecutions of the day, inment:

cluding the bigots who promoted the revocation of 65Excessi è vitæ ærumnis facilisque lubensque,

the Edict of Nantes. Amongst others figure Ne pejora ipsâ morte dehinc videam.' Louis XIV., Père la Chaise, James II., William • I left this irksome life with all mine heart,

de Furstemberg, the Archbishops of Rheims and Lest worse than death should happen to my part.' Paris, the Chancellor le Tellier, Louvois, Brufflers Cardinal Brundusinus caused this epitaph in Rome

the General of the Dragonnade, &c. &c., down to to be inscribed on his tomb, to show his willingness to

“ Madame de Maintenon, veuve de Scarron," all dye, and taxe those that were so loth to departe.”

dressed in appropriate costume, cowl and gown. This “ Cardinal Brundusinus," as Burton styles only additional words of the book are contained in

Each name has its epithet and stanza, and the him, was Girolamo Aleandro, a man of great the following verses, engraved at the last page: learning and ability, who played a conspicuous

“ Sonnet. part in the Reformation as one of Luther's most bitter antagonists. He composed his own epitaph, Réponse des Refugiez aux Persécuteurs. which concluded with the two Greek verses, the Infames courtisans, lâches persécuteurs ; original of Burton's :

Ne triomphez pas tant de votre politique : « Κάτθανον ουκ άέκων, ότι παύσομαι ων επιμάρτυς

Dieu confondra un jour votre conseil inique,
Πολλών, ώνπερ ιδείν αλγίον ήν θανάτου.”

Et vous envoira tous au rang des déserteurs.

Des Edits de Louis soyez exécuteurs, On which Mr. Hallam, in the first edition of his

Pour nous calomnier mettez tout en pratique : Literary History (vol. i. p. 357.), remarks :

Faites valoir ainsi Satan et sa boutique, “ His epitaph on himself may be mentioned as the Puis qu'aussi bien que lui vous estes des menteurs. best Greek verses by a Frank that I remember to have

Les demons se riront de toutes vos menées. read before the middle of the eighteenth century,

Dieu, qui change souvent le cours des destinées, though the reader may not think much of them.”

Pourroit par sa bonté nous donner du retour.

Nôtre Orange est icy, vous sçavez sa coutume; This bit of criticism of the learned historian has, I

JACQUE a desja senti qu'elle est son amertume, find, been expunged from his second edition, pub- Et Louis pourroit bien en gouster à son tour." lished in 1843.


This sonnet is evidently the production of no ordinary pen or pens. The epigrammatic wit of

some other stanzas in the volume is also worthy of (Vol. vi., p. 362.)

notice. The length of this communication will

only admit of one example being quoted, viz. the Your correspondent M. D., “a collateral de- rhymes after the portrait of “Beaumier, Avocat scendant of the celebrated Father Petre," inquires du Roy à la Rochelle. Persécuteur perpetuel." for rhymes concerning him, and will be glad of

" Qu'on ne nous porte point d'envie. their publication, even though he (M. D.) “ should

Si l'on me voit icy placé : consider them libellous." The following, as a first

Si la mort ne m'eust dévancé, instalment in reply to this request, may not be Je n'aurois pas laissé un buguenot en vie." without interest:

The bibliographical information which I can L'homme de grande entreprise et de peu de succez.

gather respecting the work is very scanty. As to

former value of the volume, Peignot observes that Si je passe partout pour un mal avisé,

a copy was sold for eighty-eight livres at the Duke N'ayant peu convertir l'Angleterre et l'Ecosse, de la Vallière's sale. Mon Galles supposé causera du divorse,

So interesting and curious a volume must have Et je seray par là un jour canonisé."

had a secret history worthy of some notice. These lines are to be found, with a highly sa- Query, if the readers of “N. & Q.” can commutirical, but probably not unfaithful, portrait of nicate anything respecting it, will they be so Father Petre, in the engraved book entitled Les obliging as to do so ? And it would be desirable Héros de la Ligue, ou la Procession Monacale, to ascertain whether it was printed in France, conduitte par Louis XIV., pour la Conversion des England, or elsewhere? To what author or auProtestans de son Royaume. Large 8vo., " à Paris, thors can it be attributed, and were efforts made chez Père Peters, à l'Enseigne de Louis le Grand, to suppress it? And as a Query of minor im1691."

portance, will any of your readers who may happen I may be allowed to offer a Note and put a to have a copy, be good enough to say whether it Query respecting this volume, Les Héros de la is apparently of the same impression as mine,


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which is on very stout drawing-paper, interleaved, now before me was written. Mr. Breen remarks and admirably printed with ink of a fine colour. that the partition of the island took place in 1627.

F.H. Bayley, in his Chronology of St. Christopher's, Notting Hill.

states it to have been two years previously, that

is, in 1625 : GOVERNMENT OF ST. CHRISTOPHER'S IN 1662. “In 1623, Mr. Thomas Warner arrived at St. Chris

topher's from Virginia, and found three Frenchmen. (Vol. vi., p. 137.)

In 1625, M. D'Enambuc, with some of his countryURSULA will find the chronology of St. Christo

men, arrives from Dieppe, and determines to establish pher's in F. W. N. Bayley's Four Years' Residence

a colony with the English in St. Kitts. In 1625, in the West Indies, published in London by Wm. island, and project a division of lands."

D’Enambuc and Warner agree together to inhabit the Kidd in 1832, pp. 669. 680. May I be permitted to call Ursula's attention

Lastly, Mr. Breen has stated that the partition to the following extracts from this chronological of St. Christopher's continued till the peace at table, important as serving to settle the question Utrecht in 1713. To this I would add not uninwhich has arisen between us with reference to the terruptedly, as during the period which transpired government of St. Christopher's in 1662. It would between 1625 and 1713, the French had been now appear that URSULA and myself were induced once expelled from the island by the English, and to draw an erroneous conclusion, from giving too

the English twice by the French. If not tresmuch credence to our different authorities. St. passing too much on the space of “ N. & Q.," and Christopher's, at the period referred to, was jointly on the patience of its readers, I hope I may

be "held by the English and French colonists, who had excused for taking this last quotation from Mr. their respective governors. A fig-tree was also Bayley's chronological table: the boundary mark” of their separate possessions. * 1666. In a war between the English and French, Therefore, King Charles II. did not enjoy the

the former were completely routed.

The sovereignty of the island, as Ursula supposed ;

French gaining sole possession, the English neither could the Knights of Malta, as I have

were either sent off the island, or left of their written.

own accord. “ 1637. English population of the island estimated

1667. The English made an unsuccessful attack on

St. Kitts. at between 12,000 and 13,000 souls. 1639. By the consent of the French and English

1669. In consequence of the Revolution in England

in 1668, the French declaring themselves governors, a proclamation was issued for

in favour of James, attacked the English, bidding the cultivation of tobacco for

and expelled them from the island. eighteen months.

1702. War declared between England and France. 1652. Sir George Ascue on the part of the Protector

English fleet arrives off St. Kitts, and arrives off this island; the English of St.

Count de Gennes, governor of the remaining Kitts submit without opposition to the

French lands, surrenders all to the English. authority of Cromwell.

The French are sent off the island.1655. Regular articles respecting the division of

W. W.
lands in St. Kitts, and the various rights
and privileges of the English and French

Garrison Library, Malta.
inhabitants, were drawn up and signed by
the governors on behalf of their respective

I am unable to inform URSULA who was the

(Vol. vi., p. 360.) English Governor of St. Kitts in 1662; but in

P. C. S. S. begs leave to remind Tewars that, on 1666, Colonel Wats held that situation, and was consulting either the Modern Universal History, killed in an action, as was De Sales, the French or Harris's Collection of Voyages, he will find that governor, shortly after information had reached Sir Abraham Shipman was the commodore of a the island that war had been declared between naval force of five ships, which, after the marriage England and France.

W. W. of Charles II. to Catharine of Braganza, was des

patched to Bombay, to require the transfer of that The island of St. Christopher's, at the period settlement to England, according to the terms of referred to, was held by the English and Knights the marriage treaty. James Ley, Earl of Marlof Malta, and not by the English and French, as borough, commanded the expedition, which arrived Mr. Beeen has supposed. The Order of St. John at Bombay in September, 1663. The Portuguese of Jerusalem held a proprietary rule over the governor, incited by the bigotry of the clergy, reisland of St. Kitts, as they did over the other fused to surrender the island to a government and islands which Mr. Breen has named. Of this he nation of heretics. Lord Marlborough therefor. does not appear to have been aware when his note in January, 1664, returned to England with



ships of war, leaving Sir Abraham Shipman in spirit, thus illustrating the true connexion subsistcommand of the rest, who wintered and remained, ing between animal and vegetable chemistry, until from April to October, in a desolate and unhealthy of late deemed entirely separate. island called Anjadiva, where he lost a great part Formic acid was first distinguished as a partiof his crews. He then returned to Bombay, where cular acid by Gehlen, who found it in red ants in the interval more pacific councils had prevailed, (Formica rufa), and first formed artificially by and it was agreed that the place should be handed Döbereiner. over to the English. While the treaty was being With the exact date of the discovery I am un. negociated, Sir Abraham Shipman died. He had acquainted : it is probably within the last fifteen been named in the King's commission to be go- years, during which period the labours of Baron vernor ; and on his death was succeeded by Mr. Liebig and other scientific chemists have been Humphrey Cooke, whose name stood next to his successfully directed to this difficult and herein that instrument, and of whose maladministration tofore imperfectly understood branch of chemical so many painful stories are recorded.

science. From the MS. additions to Dugdale (preserved Formyl, as I have already stated, is the radical in the Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, (probably hypothetical) of a series. Its symbolic vol. ii. p. 209.), it appears that Sir Abraham Ship- formula is as follows : viz. man married Marie, fifth daughter of Montagu,

C, H= Fo, afterwards Earl of Lindsay, and widow of John i. e, composed of two combining proportions of Hewett, D.D., who suffered death for his loyalty carbon united to one of hydrogen. to Charles I. in 1649. Tewars makes inquiry respecting a William found in Professor Graham's Elements of Che

A particular notice of the formyl series will be Cockayne. P.C. S. S. cannot precisely determine mistry, published by Baillière, Regent Street

. what relation he was to the lord mayor of that Professor Graham, who is the most able writer name in 1619; but it may in some degree account

on this subject in the English language, has nearly for the mention of Sir Abraham Shipman as a completed the second edition of his important co-legatee with Cockayne, that Montague Lord work. Lindsay, Sir Abraham's brother-in-law, married

Dr. (now Sir Robert) Kane's work on Chemistry to his first wife Martha, daughter of Sir William

may likewise be consulted with advantage. Cockayne, and widow of (Ramsay) Earl of Holder

Professors Christison and Pereira could not be Vide Collectanea, ut supra.

P. C.S.S.

expected to include the subject of formyl in their As a contribution to the information respecting respective works, the former having written upon Sir Abraham Shipman, I may mention that Cap

Poisons, and the latter upon Materia Medica and tain Abraham Shipman was sent to Edinburgh


W. L. A. with reinforcements for the garrison of the Castle

I beg to refer your correspondent to the account in January 1639-40. A letter, of which he was given by Dr. Simpson of Edinburgh (the eminent the bearer, from the King to the governor of the discoverer of chloroform), of which the following is castle (Lord Ettrick, afterwards Earl of Ruthven),

a copy : is in the Bodleian MSS., Rawlinson, A. cxlviii. f. 15.; and copies of instructions sent to him from

“ Formyle is the hypothetical radical of formic acid. Sir F. Windebanke are in the same volume.

In the red ant (Formica rufa) formic acid was first dis

covered, and hence its name.

W. D. MACRAY. New College.

“ Gehlen pointed it out as a peculiar acid, and it was afterwards first artificially prepared by Döbereiner.

“ Chemists - have now devised a variety of processes, by which formic acid may be obtained from starch,

sugar, and indeed most other vegetable substances. (Vol. vi., p. 361.)

“ A series of chlorides of formyle are produced when Formyl is the radical of a series of organic che- chlorine and the hypochlorites are brought to act on mical compounds, in the same manner as acetyl

the chloride, oxyde, and hydrated oxyde of methyle forms the basis of a series, and ethyl, of a kindred (pyroxylic or wood spirit). series, the latter including, as compounds, ether, procured from substances which do not contain formule

“ In the same way as formic acid may be artificially alcohol, &c.

These names (ethyl, acetyl, formyl, &c.) are for ready formed, so also are the chlorides of this radical the most part theoretical stepping-stones (so to capable of being procured from substances which do

not originally contain it. speak), and constitute important links in the elucidation of results belonging to this section of formyle, may be made and obtained artificially by

“ Chloroform, chloro-formyle, or the perchloride of chemistry.

various processes ; as by making milk of lime, or an ormic acid (one of the compounds of the aqueous solution of caustic alkali, act upon chloral-by

weries) is related in its constitution to wood distilling alcohol, pyroxylic spirit, or acetone, with




chloride of lime-by leading' a stream of chlorine 8. A Trip to Scotland, with a True Character gas into a solution of caustic potash and spirit of of the Country and People ; to which are added, wipe," &c.

several Remarks on the late Barbarous Erecution The preparation usually employed is as fol- of Captain Green, Mr. Madder, Mr. Simpson, and lows:

several others, with an Elegy on their unmerited B Chloride of lime, in powder Ib. iv. Deaths : London, printed and sold by Malthus, Water

Ib. xij.

1705, fol.

p. 13. Rectified spirit

f. 3xij. Defoe, in his review (vol. ii. p. 90.), discusses the Mix the ingredients in a capacious retort, and case with great moderation and good sense; and distil as long as a dense liquid (which sinks in the appears to have been the author of the Observawater with which it comes over) is produced. tions on the Tryal (No. 3.), as the same views are

J. C. amplified and enforced in his peculiar style in Dorking

that publication.


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(Vol. vi., p. 373.) I would refer your correspondent, who seeks for Dr. Diamond having now concluded his account information as to this most curious and interesting of the collodion process, and intending, as I uncase, to the report of the trial (State Trials, 8vo. derstand you, obligingly to follow it up with edit., vol. xiv. p. 1199.); the article on the Darien answers to such correspondents as may not have expedition, and the trial of Captain Green, in Mr. perfectly understood his descriptions, will you Burton's Criminal Trials in Scotland (1852, 8vo., allow me to add to the few Queries I have already vol. i. pp. 157–291.), which enters fully into the submitted to you, two or three others suggested particulars, and to the various publications at the by the paper of the 16th instant, so that the time, of which I have the following:

Doctor, if he would be kind enough so to do, 1. Remarks upon the Trial of Captain Thomas might make a clean breast of it at once ? Green and his Crew: London, 1705, folio, p. 16. 1. After having produced an effective negative

2. The Last Speeches and Dying Words of by the use of the bichloride of mercury and hypoCaptain Thomas Green, Commander of the Ship sulphite of soda, is the hyposulphite of soda to be Worcester, and of Captain John Madder, Chief washed off ? Mute of the said Ship, who was executed near Leilh, 2. Is the silvered paper to be immersed in April 11, 1705, folio broadside.

(plunged into the iodide of potassium, or only 3. Observations on the Tryal of Captain Green, floated upon it ? and the Speech at his Death, folio, p. 2.: London, 3. Does Dr. DIAMOND change the water and 1705.

repeat the soaking," as he says some others re4. The Innocency of Captain Green and his commend ? Crew vindicated from the Murder of Captain 4. After the application of the aceto-nitrate, is Drummond : London, 1705, folio broadside. the paper to be applied to the face of the collodion

5. A Scot's Proclamation relating to the late picture while still wet? Will it not destroy the Execution of Captain Green : London, 1705, folio negative, although varnished ? broadside.

5. In the process of immersion in the solution 6. An English Ointment for the Scotch Mange, of muriate of ammonia, may several sheets be or a short Memorandum of the Scots' Cruelty to placed in the same bath one upon the other ? Captain Thomas Green, &c.: London, printed by 6. When printing by the second or ammonioB. Bragg, N.D., folio, p. 2.

nitrate process, there is no yellow iodide to guide 7. An Elegy on the much-lamented Death of the operator as to the time of immersion in the Captain Thomas Green : London, 1705, folio hypo. necessary to fix the picture; supposing the broadside.

picture to have attained quickly in the hypo. the The following epitaph is subjoined to the elegy: tint desired, is mere saturation of the paper suffi“ Reader ! within this silent vault

cient to fix the picture permanently, or is there An English Captain lies,

any other guide ? This is a very important conBy whose sad exit we are taught sideration.

I. W.
That man of wealth who trusts a Scot

Henceforth most surely dies.
A ship well freighted is a crime

1. Certainly, most thoroughly.
Here punished at a high rate,

2. Some operators prefer the one mode, some And store of pelf at any time

the other. Dr. DIAMOND, after having performed At anchor near this hungry clime,

innumerable experiments on iodized papers, is of | Will make a saint a pirate,”

opinion that a more certain and more agreea!

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