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A MEDIUT OF INTER-COMMUNICATION

FOR

LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

" When found, make a note of." - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

VOL. VI.— No. 160.]

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 20. 1852.

Price Fourpence.
Stamped Edition, 5d.

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CONTENTS. NOTES :

Page

Nates.
Kentish “ Legend in Stone," by W. Sparrow Simpson,
B.A.

KENTISH LEGEND, IN STONE."

477 New Crystal Palace: Printing

478 Robes and Fees in the Days of Robin Hood, by J. Lewelyn

Many of your readers have, I doubt not, felt Curtis

479 much interest in the Worcestershire “ Legend in East Norfolk Folk Lore, by E. S. Taylor

480 Stone,” which has appeared in your columns The Duke of Wellington, Marshal Ney, and some per- (Vol. v., p. 30.; Vol. vi., pp. 216, 288.). Permit sonal Anecdotes of the Duke

480

me to aild a Kentish legend to your already rich Minor Notes: - Pope Joan - The Bacon Fanily - Map

store of Folk Lore. During a recent excursion in for the Use of the National Schools of Ireland Churchill's Death Mistranslations – Junius Inqui

Kent, I visited the very remarkable little church ries - Rufus's Spur

483 of Barfreston (pronounced Barson), a few miles

distant from Dover: a church, the circular east QU'ESTES :

window (one of its original shafts was of wood, Minor Queries : -Murat - Jack Straw - Coins of Julia

Domna - Pierre Cotton -- Titus Oates -- Thornton Bloxam's Goth. Arch., 8th edit., p. 99.), the chan-
Abbey--Richardson's "Choice of Hercules"_Curious
Marriage Entry – Capital Punishment in England -

cel arch, and the south door of which are so well Raising the Wind - Thomas Bajocencis - Richard III. known to ecclesiologists; whilst the beauty of its - Watch Oaks - Another Burns' Relic - Charles I. and the Oxford Colleges -, Mary Queen of Scots' Gold

site commends it so favourably to all lovers of the Cross -- " Cujus vita fulgor, &c. -"In Nomine picturesque. It is of the sculptures of this south Domini"

485

door that I have now to speak; the tympanum MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED : Bostal, or Borstal

bears a representation of the Saviour, “in sitting Churches decorated at Christmas "Pauper ubique

attitude, holding in His left hand a book, with His jacet" - Coin or Medal - "Youth at the Prow". “ Selections from Foreign Literary Jouruals"

487 right arm and hand upheld, and thus placed in

allusion to His words, “I am the door.'" (Bloxam, REPLIES :Body of decapitated Man, by W. S. Hesledon

p. 90.) But the arch itself has a series of panels,

a

482 Historical Value of South's Sermons

from which the aged sexton, who was my guide, Peter Belon's “ Observations," by J. Kitto, &c.

492 contrived to extract the history which, in imitation The Mathematical Society of Wapping: Bishop An- of your previous correspondents, I have styled 2 drews and his Schoolfellows

493

Kentish “ Legend in Sione." The figures which Rev. Peter (Henry) Layng: "The Rod," a Poem, by *J. Crossley

most frequently recur are those of a knight, a

493 Photographic Correspondence : - Sandford's Waxed

horse, and a hare: a large stone is also repre.. Paper, &c.-Improvements in the Camera-Improve.

sented. These are seen several times in different ment of Collodion for Negatives - Printing from positions. The legend founded hereupon was reNegatives

494

lated with great unction, my informant pointing Replies to Minor Queries: - Late Brasses - The Word out with his staff, as he proceeded, the panels in

** capable "in" As You Like It”- The Trusty Servant at Winchester -- Major-General Benjamin Lincoln of

which the various parts of the history were dethe American Army-John, Lord Barclay - Anglican picteil. It was as follows: Baptist -- Shakspeare Family - Rhymes on Places Aber and Inver - Mitigation of Capital Punishment to

There was « once upon a time" a noble knight,

a a Forger - Print of the Head of Christ-Cross-legged who was wont to recreate himself, in those interEfigies - Exterior Stoups -- " Sheets," a Kentish Word-Springs and Wells-Longevity-Dodo Qucries

vals of his life which were not occupied with the - Was Elizabeth fair or dark ?

494

chivalrous pursuits of fighting and feasting, by MISCELLANEOUS:

the “huntynge of the hare.' [Why the noble Notes on Books, &c.

497 knight should have hunted in armour, deponent Books and Odd Volumes wanted

498 did not state.] It "fell on a day," as the Liber Notices to Correspondents

498

Festivalis would phrase it, that as he was engaged Advertisements

in his favourite amusement, his horse, stumbling

over a large stone, threw its rider. The stone, as Vol. VI. - No. 160.

compared with the horse and its rider, was, de

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488

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499

66
HÆC ÆDES VETUSTISSIMA ÆTATE LABANS
ÆRE COLLATO AMICORUM OPERA

IN HONOREM DEI
REFECTA ET ORNATA FUIT
JACOBO GILLMAN RECTORE
ANNO SALUTIS MDIIIXLI.'

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cidedly, a large one. Whether the gallant knight in fact died before the former's birth, which received severe injuries, and recovered in due took place the 13th December, 1521; while Leo's course, or whether he was miraculously preserved decease occurred on the 1st of that same month, from harm, I cannot tell: suffice it to say, that he twelve days before. Again, Clement XIV. is prorepented of his evil ways, and became the founder duced as perfecting the Roman press in conjudeof the picturesque little church which, standing on tion with Leo X.; of which that Clement (Gasa graceful slope, with a background of rich foliage, ganelli), whose pontificate was posterior to Leo X's forms the chief attraction of the village of by 248 years (1521-1769), has left no proof. TL Barfreston.

whole in truth presents a series of anachroniThe name of the knight would, of course, be and confused names : for Sixtus V. should interesting. His church has been recently and Nicholas V., and Clement XIV. should be replies well restored : a small brass plate on the eastern by Clement VIII. It certainly was in the pre face of the south pier of the chancel arch thus tificate of Nicholas that printing, if not inven: records the restoration :

produced any recognisable or corresponding fr: for no example or record exists of a volume pr to the Bible known as the Mazarine Bible ; whis from undoubted, though not dated evidence, vi published at Mentz in the interval of 1450 to la which interval was filled by that pontifl's res

There had indeed been printed, in 1454 and laun In the ambry, which is furnished with a modern

some papal indulgences bearing these dates, bu: 3 door, is a small paten bearing date 1577, and a

single sheets; while no volume exhibited the due chalice of the same period: and on the interesting of impression until 1457, when the Psalter (PeNorman stringcourse which runs round the inte- morum Codex) proceeded from the Mentz press rior of the building below the windows, is a curious Fust and Schæfher. Our countryman Cou: little group of a grotesque man, and a monkey and M'Carthy's copy, though deficient in some ac- * hare carrying a rabbit. A small portion of a

sory requisites, was purchased at his sale in 1817 fresco painting, which represented our Lord and for the Royal Library by Louis XVIII., at the His apostles, remains at the east end.

price of 12,000 francs. In 1793, my old frieni A very remarkable instance of longevity in con

the Count had left it, with other bibliographic nexion with this parish is recorded by Ireland in treasures, in my care at Bordeaux for some years his History of Kent, vol. iii. p. 283. At the funeral in the apprehension of their seizure by the Copa (in 1700) of a rector of the church, who died at vention, as the property of a noble. The earl the advanced age of ninety-six, the divine who book printed with a date in Italy was Lactantin preached the funeral sermon was eighty-two, the In Monasterio Sublacensi, 1465, folio. reader eighty-seven, the sexton eighty-six, and his Nicholas, after bringing to a happy conclusio wife eighty; whilst “ several ” from the adjacent the temporary dissentions of the Papal See, proián parish of Coldred were above a hundred years of himself the munificent patron of literature age. W. Sparrow SIMPSON, B.A. liberally providing for its restorers, Poggio, F:

rotto, Platina, Theodore Gaza, Cardinal Bessaris with numerous other native Italians and refugi

from the then enslaved Byzantine empire. (Jurors' Report, Printing.)

As for the united or successive perfection

the Vatican press by Leo X. and Clement XR In the Atheneum of October 9, 1852, p. 1093., the praise should have been given to Sixtu: and article “ Jurors' Report of the Examples of and Clement VIII. The former got printed Printing," I read :

1590 the Latin Vulgate, Romæ, er Typographs “There were examples from Sydney and Washington, Apostolica Vaticana, opera Aldi Manutii, in folio,towns founded only a generation ago, but nothing from a beautiful volume; but though executed by the Rome or Venice ! The Roman press, once so active younger) Aldus, teeming with faults, which, on and still so famous, is now idle. The great oflice of discovery, were immediately corrected in a new the Vatican, founded by Sixtus V., and perfected by edition, under Clement VIII., of equally beautiful Leo X. and Clement XIV., for printing the Scriptures typography, in 1592. The title represents the and Fathers, has long been all but idle. The only volume as a republication : Biblia Sacra. L'ulgaissues of late having been in the Oriental tongues," &c.

tiæ editionis Sirti Quinti, cum bulla Clementis VIII, The glaring errors contained in the preceding cujus authoritate sunt recusa. This discord of the few lines greatly surprize me, as allowed to appear two papal editions was exultingly seized on by in so generally a perfectly well-edited publica- Thomas James, the Oxonian (Bodleian) librarian tion as the Atheneum : for here we find the Pope at the time, as contradictory to the pontifical com Sixtus V. represented as anterior to Leo X., who of infallibility, in his work Bellum Pupule,

a

NEW CRYSTAL PALACE.

a

Concordia Discors Sixti V. et Clementis VIII.

“ The hye justyce and many mo circa Hieronymianam editionem, &c., 1600, 4to. :

Had take into their honde but the simple fact of the instant correction of the

Holy all the knyghtes det, Sixtus edition of 1590, by that of Clement in

To put that knyght to wronge.” 1592, refutes the assumption of infallibility im- When, therefore, Sir Richard makes his appearputed, in this instance, to the Popes, as it is a dis- ance on the appointed day, professes that he is not tinct acknowledgment of the contrary-being the prepared to pay, and formally prays “ of a lenger work of hands, and not of minds. No book of any daye,” the justice promptly interferes : extent, whatever may be the printer's boast, ever

Thy daye is broke,' said the justyce; proceeded faultless, or, as it is termed by the

• Londe getest thou none.'” craft, immaculate, from working hands. One error only, it was long affirmed, pulsis for pulses in the Whereupon the knight says, preface, impaired the spotless purity of the edition

• Now, good syr justice, be my frende, of the New Testament by Robert Stephens in

And fende me of my fone.'” 1549. Subsequent editors, however, Mills, Wet- And the High Justice makes the following notable stein, and Griesbach, easily disprove this asserted

reply : accuracy; and Didot, in the preface to the mag.

** I am holde with the abbot,' sayd the justyce ; nificent edition of Virgil in 1799, equally denounced

• Bothe with cloth and fee.'" the unfounded pretensions of the Glasgow Horace of 1744, with the edition of Livy by Ruddiman in

The knight evidently considers this a sufficient 1752, &c.; nor have the stereotype publications and final answer to his appeal to the justice, for fulfilled their early promise. Our constantly erring he immediately turns to the sheriff with — authorised editions of the Scriptures need no “ « Now, good syr sheryf, be my frende."" mention: they cannot fail to strike every reader. But, reverting to my original purpose, I wish to cident of the abuse of robes and fees by the abbot

As the writer of The Lytell Geste places this inobserve, that, though surprised at such blunders and justice in the reign of " Edwarde our comly in the admirably conducted Atheneum at first sight, kynge," who, according to the Rev. Mr. Hunter, I withheld these animadversions, in expectation of

was Edward II., it may be interesting to inquire finding the mistakes corrected in the subsequent whether such an incident can be referred, with any Numbers of the 16th and 23rd. This omission is degree of probability, to the reign of this king. the cause of my present address, far prolonged, I am sensible, beyond its direct necessity; but the I find an ordinance made in the thirty-third year

Turning to the statutes concerning maintenance, collateral subjects into which I have been led or

of the reign of Edward I., A.D. 1305, which deseduced may not be deemed wholly devoid of

clares that interest.

J. R. (of Cork.)
“ Conspiratours sount ceux

qui receivent gentz de pais a leur robes ou a leur feez pur meintenir

lour mauveis emprises et pur verite esteindre auxibien The Lytell Geste of Robyn Hode contains a re

les prenours come les donours.” — Statutes of the Realm, markable illustration of the abuse of robes and

vol. i. p. 145. ees, in the case of Robin's friend the knight, of They who receive persons of peace to their robes or Iterysdale near Nottingham.

to their fees, to maintain their evil undertakings and to This knight, called in a subsequent part of the stifle truth, are conspirators, as well the takers as the ale Syr Rychard at the Lee, had set to wedde,” givers.” r pledged his lands, worth “foure hondred pounde This authoritative definition of conspirators, y yere," to the abbot of St. Mary's at York, for however, seems to have been insufficient to supsum of four hundred pounds; and it seems that, press the abuse ; for several statutes against mainnless the knight either repays the borrowed tenance were made in the first, fourth, tenth, and noney, or appears personally at the abbot's court eighteenth years of the reign of Edward III. ; and

pray for a longer day, at the expiration of in the twentieth year of this reign, A.D. 1346, anwelve months his lands will be forfeited to the other statute occurs wherein robes and fees are bbot.

expressly mentioned ; it may therefore be reason“ But he come this ylke day,

ably inferred that the malpractice prevailed in the Dysherytye shall he be,”

intermediate reign of Edward II. ays the abbot, who, being desirous to obtain per- The statute 20 Edward III, c. v. has the followanent possession of the knight's lands, has taken ing passage: are to retain the High Justice of England, or, in

Item. Por ceo que nos sumes enformez que plusurs e words of the ballad,

mesnours et meintenours des quereles et parties en pais “ The high justyce of Englonde

sont maintenuz et covertz par seigneurages, par ont ils The abbot there dyde holde."

sont le plus embaudez de mesprendre et par procure

ROBES AND FEES IN THE DAYS OF ROBIN HOOD.

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ment covigne et meintenance de tieux mesnours en pais The preceding, I have reason to believe, is is sont plusures gentz desheritez et aucuns delaiez et des constant use among the cottagers who have a turbez de lour droit, et aucuns nientcoupables convictz received better instruction. et condempnez ou autrement oppressez, en defesaunce

2. Charm for Burns. — de lour estat, et en notoire destruccion et oppression de notre poeple, si avons commandez et commandons que

“ An angel came from the north, touz les grantz oustent desore en avant de lour rete

And he brought cold and frost; nance feez et robes, touz tieux mesnours et maintenours

An angel came from the south, en pais, saunz nul favour eide ou confort faire a eux

And he brought heat and fire; desore en quecunque manere.” — Statutes of the Realm,

The angel from the north vol, i, 304.

Put out the fire.

In the name of the Father, and Item. Because we are informed that many holders and maintainers of quarrels and parties in peace are

Of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost !" maintained and protected by seigneurages, whereby 3. Preservative for Horses. — The follor they are the more encouraged to offend, and by pro- took place about two years since. A man in : curement, covine, and maintenance of such holders in neighbourhood was observed for a long time peace are many persons disherited, and some delayed drive a horse, round whose neck something and disturbed of their right, and some innocent persons tied, which he said would act as a preserv... convicted and condemned, or otherwise oppressed in against every mishap, stumbling included. T: undoing of their estate, and in notorious destruction

when stolen by a mischievous urchin, at their and oppression of our people; so we have commanded and do command that all the great do oust from this time gation of some village wags, was found to be " forth of their retinance fees and robes, all such holders

thumb of au old leather glove, containing a tree and maintainers in peace, without any favour, aid, or

script of the Lord's Prayer. countenance done to them henceforth in any-soever

I imagine this to be a charm against the eri manner."

eye

(malocchio), such as one observes constant The attribution of this misconduct to the High in Italy and the cities of the Levant. Justice of England may be an exaggeration of the with a labourer, he expressed his fears thai tt

4. Weather Rhyme.- On conversing this spris

. ballad-writer's; but that justices did frequently offend in this way is evident, from the following would be a cold and late spring, judging from t. clause in the oath to be taken by justices, given in fineness of the weather on Candlemas Day. the statute just quoted, c. vi. :

“ When Candlemas Day is fine and clear, “ Et que vos ne prendrez fee tant come vos serez

A shepherd would rather see his wife on the bier. justiez ne robes de nul homme graunt ne petit sinoun This, and a mass of others, some excessires du Roi mesme." - Id., vol. i. p. 305.

curious, are comprised in “ Proverbs, Adages, “ And that you will take no fee so long as you shall Popular Superstitions, still preserved in the Parka be justices, nor robes, of any man great or small, except of Irstead," a paper communicated to the Nori i of the King himself.”

and Norwich Archæological Society, by the lut Hence I think it may be safely inferred that the John Gunn, and printed in their Transacta writer of The Lytell Geste

, who represents that vol. ii. pp. 291—309. Robin Hood lived in the reign of “Edwarde, our 5. Bees. — The hives are regularly put comly kynge,” if he intended Edward II., did not mourning by having a piece of crape attached! commit an anachronism when he introduced the appears elsewhere in *N. & Q.;'

and if it incident of the abuse of cloth and fee by the abbot swarın on rotten wood, it is considered ths and justice.

J. LEWELYN CURTIS. portends a death in the family.
6. Cure for Swellings.

The rector of a ne

bouring parish was solicited (in vain of cour In this remote district of the county, bordering for the loan of the church plate, to lay on the sion the sea-coast, viz. the Hundreds of Flegg, i mach of a child, which was much swelled trim have discovered many superstitious observances,

some mesenteric disease, this being held to be i

E. S. TATLOL &c., which, perhaps, will interest lovers of ancient sovereign remedy in such cases. folk lore. I subjoin a few which have lately come Martham, Norfolk. under my notice. 1. Prayer. “ Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John,

THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON, MARSHAL NET, AND
Bless the bed that I lie on!
Four corners to my bed,
Five angels there lie spread ;

In the Duke's variegated career, few events were
Two at my head,

more calculated to elicit a signal dissention of Two at my feet,

judgment than his passive conduct on the trial of One at my heart, my soul to keep."

Marshal Ney, “le brave des braves,"

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EAST NORFOLK FOLK LORE.

SOME PERSOXAL ANECDOTES OF THE DUAE.

is distig

guished by Napoleon after the battle of Moscowa, historian's words (vol. iv. p. 320. &c. of the English

. in 1812, when the title of Prince, with that name, edition *): was conferred on him. A zealous convert to the “ The English nation was not an accomplice on this Bourbons, on the first abdication of the Emperor occasion, either in apathy, or in the tacit approbation in 1814, he carried his apparent attachment so far of a military execution. ... Madame Hutchinson, the as to pledge his faith that he would bring back his wife of a member of parliament, and a relation of the late sovereign in an iron cage, as Tamerlane is said Duke of Wellington, who was then in Paris, and whose to have exhibited his captive Bajazet in triumphant house was the hospitable rendezvous of the most liberaldisplay after his victory of Angora, in 1402. But minded officers of the English army, interceded in the scarcely had the Marshal, at the head of the troops most earnest manner with his Grace to obtain from him committed to his charge, come in contact with a decisive intervention for the salvation of Marshal Napoleon, then on his bold march to the metro- Ney. She conjured him, by his own glory and the polis, when he violated his engaged word, and glory of his country, to avert by such a step the retransferred his allegiance to the invader. "Here proof which would rest on bis memory if this odious the treason and treachery were flagrant; but as, rently with his approbation. It is even said that in

sacrifice were accomplished under his eye, and appasubsequently to the defeat of Waterloo, Ney was

her ardent and eloquent appeal to the magnanimity of among those in Paris whose personal safety was

the English general, Madame Hutchinson threw herself guaranteed (or at least not amenable in any respect at the feet of the Duke, to draw from him by her for their political conduct, “ qu'ils ne seraient ni prayers what she could not obtain by higher considerainquiétés, ni recherchés pour leur conduite po- tions. The Duke replied that his hands were tied by litique") by the Allied Powers, of whom Wel imperative considerations, and that, whatever might be lington represented one of the most influential, it his personal sentiments of interest and commiseration was expected and urged that, however justly for- for an unfortunate adversary, his duty was to be silent, feited to bis native sovereign, his life should not to despise the false judgment of the times on his chabe sacrificed. Sent, notwithstanding, before a

racter, and to leave all to the more enlightened and court-martial, qualified, from its professional cha- impartial verdict of posterity. Madame Hutchinson racter and special composition, one would suppose, retired in tears without being able to move either the to adjudicate what was presented as a military

statesman or the soldier." question, and therefore not included in the sti- The lady, with whose acquaintance from our pulated indemnity of the Parisian capitulation, the mutual childhood I was favoured, was the daughter tribunal was declared of incompetent jurisdiction, of the Honorable and Reverend Maurice Crosbie, to the great relief of its members, who felt the de- Dean of Limerick, and brother of the Earl of Bicacy of their position, and the cause was trans- Glandore, by a daughter of the Right Honorable ferred to the Chamber of Peers, as Ney was one Sir Henry Cavendish. Married in early youth to of that body, thus divesting it of all military, a Mr. Woodcock of Manchester, whose sole reand imposing on it an exclusive political com- commendation to her hand was his fortune, she, in plexion, and thus, consequently, repelling the le- a very few years, was made to feel the necessity of gitimate interposition of the Allied authorities. a separation, when she returned to Ireland, where No opposition, however, was offered; and Ney, her surpassing beauty of person, enhanced by all pronounced guilty by one hundred and nineteen the advantages of education, commanded general peers out of one hundred and sixty constituting admiration. A frequent and ever welcome guest, the court, was executed the 6th of December, during the government of Lord Westmoreland 1815. The former locality of the Abbey of Port (1791–1795), at the Castle, or vice-regal resiRoyal, consecrated, in sanctity of residence and dence, then under the superintendence of the Hovenerated recollection, by the ladies associated in norable Mrs. Stratford, afterwards Countess of religious devotion under Angelica Arnauld, be- Aldborough, the homage due to her charms was tween the Observatory and the Luxembourg paid by the most distinguished of the land, but Gardens, was the spot chosen for this sanguinary more especially, as might be expected, by the deed, on which it was observed, even by those who youthfulaides-de-campot his Excellency. Amongst denied not its strict justice, that it would have the most assiduous in his attentions, bordering on, redounded more to the illustrious Duke's fame to if not actually reaching impassioned love, was a have prevented than suffered it. As the subject young officer, little prescient of the fame destined in relation to him has filled more than one section to attend his advancing course, and class him of M. De Lamartine's recent volumes, The History of the Restoration of Monarchy in France, &c., and

• This English edition, presented as original, and as his narrative suggests a little anecdote of the

not merely a version, is, however, believed to be the future hero's youth, to which, trilling though it be, achievement of the poetical historian's wife, who is an his name imparts, like the alchymist's transmuting English lady; but it teems with Gallicisms, which her powder to an intrinsically worthless substance, habitual use of a foreign tongue will naturally account some value, I beg leave to transcribe the French for.

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