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of your


Minar Notes.

cobbler, who was given to frequenting a beer

house, and had spent his last penny thereat, heard Greek Inscription on a Brass. — At St. Mary's,

of this bequest, and bethought himself that he Dover, is a brass plate (preserved in the vestry), might raise a fund wherewith to furnish himself on which is engraved the following inscription.

with further copious draughts if he only were sucThe Greek language is so rarely met with on cessful. brasses, that this example appears to me worthy The adjudicators decided that his epigram was of being noted in your pages. Its date is, I should the best. It was as follows (I quote from think, circa 1600 :


“ Blessed be the sabbath, Η ΖΗΝ ΑΛΥΓΩC Η ΘΑΝΕΙΝ ΕΥΔΑΙΜΟΝΩC

And cursed be world's pelf, KANON TO ONHYKEIN OIC TBPIN TO ZHN OEPEI

Monday maun begin the week,

For Sunday's bang'd hisself.”

readers tell me where this miser

was buried, and what was the cobbler's name? The last word in the third line should probably be

WM, M. W. φερει, and the last but one in the fifth line αισχρως :

Netherbury. but the above is a literal copy of the inscription. W. SPARROW Simpson, B.A. Folkstone. — The etymology of this name has

found employment for many of our ancient archæPear-tree. — Allow me to trouble you with the

ologists. following Note of a curious pear-tree, the parti- Somner, and Stillingfleet after him, confounded culars of which I gathered a short time since from

the place with Ad Lapidem tituli, which Camden the daughter of the cottager in whose garden it places correctly near Rutupia. Baxter, in his grows.

valuable work the Glossarium, thinks it to be the It is known in the village (Ilmington, on the

Lapis Lemurum, or Larium, placed usually at the borders of Gloucester and Warwickshire) as the Compita of the ancients. The Lemures are there"two-crop pear-tree.” The first crop is ripe in

fore identical with the folk, folces, of the Saxons, August, the second between Michaelmas" and

a term even now commonly applied to the fairy Christmas ; the first grows on the old wood, the

world ; and the Lapis Lemurum will be the folk's second on the new wood. The second is in blooin

stone. In confirmation of this, it may be observed when the first are “getting on," about half ripe. that the foxglove, so common in our hedges, is

The wood be ing the second crop this year will properly folksgluve; the name by which it was bear the first crop next year.

formerly distinguished in Welsh being identical A sucker will bear the same as the old tree.

with this supposed meaning — menig eilff uylpon, She told me that many persons went to see the now corrupted into ehhyllion, the common term tree, and some took grafts, but she did not know still used. From eilff we have our elf. Eilf whether the grafts have grown, nor what fruit

uylhon answers to nocturni dæmones.

Folkes in they have borne.

Saxon is minuta plebs, and perhaps manes. Folc is The pear is of small size.

also a diminutive of fol or pullus, Græcè thos. The existence of the tree was confirmed by

From fol, which Johnson calls Icelandic or Gothic, another party.


we have our fool, a word that had a much wider St. Luke. — If the subjoined Latin verses have meaning than the modern acceptation of the word.

E. I. B. never appeared in print, as I suspect, they may be Ruthin. worthy of a place in “N. & Q." The author was the Rev. Richard Lyne, one of Eton's most po- John Doe. — In the State of Mississippi the etical sons, who became a Fellow of the College in action of ejectment is according to the old 1752, and was living in 1764.

English form, in which this personage is made * Luca Evangelii et medicinæ munera pandit, plaintiff. Two or three years ago a sheriff in that Artibus hinc, illinc religione potens,

State, after making a legal return to the writ, Utilis ille labor per quem vixere tot ægri, added, “I think it right for me to mention that Utilior per quem tot didicere mori."

there is no such person as John Doe in the BRAYBROOKE. state."


Philadelphia. Curious Epigram. — A miser named Sunday, who was resident somewhere or other in Scotland, The Erse a spoken Language in America. - In being weary of his life, made a will, in which he the year 1766, Mr. Matthew Clarkson (afterwards left 100l. for the best epigram to be written on his mayor of Philadelphia) visited the Mississippi death, and afterwards hanged himself. An honest river, to trade with the Indians. From a NIS

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journal of his tour the following extract is taken.

Queries. He was then at Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg):

DAS A BISHOP EVER APPOINTED HIMSELF ? “Sunday, August 24.- Went and lieard Jr. MacCleggan preach to the soldiers in Erse, but little edified. At the late election of a bishop of St. Andrews, the He preaches alternately, one Sunday in that language clergy, who by the canons of the Scotch Episcopal and the next in English."

Church are the electors, nominated two gentlemen,

UNEDA. Dr. Eden, the bishop of Moray, and the Rev. Jr. Philadelphia


Eight votes were recorded for each candidate; Remarkable Warlike Invention by a Scotch Shoe- and Mr. Wordsworth then voted for himself, and maker. — In the Culedonian Mercury of 1764,

was elected bishop by a majority of one, viz. his there is mention made of a Scotch shoemaker who

own vote. had invented a machine, which would have knocked Perkins, Cochrane, and Warner all to pieces in by a technical error in the return to the prima

The election was quashed some days afterward less than no time. By this machine six persons A new election, under a fresh writ, will take plac could do as much as a whole regiment. It would discharge 44,000 balls in two minutes. In case of very soon; and it is believed that the result will

be the same, that Mr. Wordsworth will be returned being overwhelmed by a large force, it could be

by his own vote. driven into pieces in a moment, rendering it use- The circumstances of the election have caused less to the enemy; and again, on being recovered,

a considerable division of opinion among all sects restored to efficient use in a minute and a half. in this country; and I wish to know if any of your To resist a charge, by simply turning a spring, the readers can furnish me with any similar case in six men could present a whole " barvest of bayo- the history of the Christian Church ? I presume nets against the advancing host. Perhaps some that few instances can be found in the canons of of your correspondents may be able to give some account of this formidable 'invention and its in- lic Church in Ireland), investing the clergy of a

any particular Church (except the Roman Cathoventor.


diocese with the direct power of nomination; but, The Duhe a Wesley. — It is often said that the allowing for this, can an example be given of any Duke of Wellington had in him no Wesley blood. bishop directly appointing himself to his office? This is a mistake, as the following pedigree will

ST. ANDREW3. make appear :Sir William Wellesley, or Wesley, 1500.


A few years ago the authorities began altering Aleson Wesley John Cusack.

the names of such places in London as had either 1

become notorious for the bad character of their Sir Thomas Cusack, L. C. of Ireland.

inhabitants, or, from so many streets and courts 1

bearing the same name, were with difficulty distini

guished from each other. In the former case the Catherine Sir Henry Colley, 1550.

change has, in most instances, failed of its object; 1

the sow that had been washed has returned to her Sir Ilenry.

wallowing in the mire. But many interesting names 1

have been changed without any good reason as Sir lienry.

signed, names that, like Ratcliff lighway, recalled

some early period in London's development, or, Dudley, 1665.

like Grub Street, were identified with her literary .

history. Now, my Query is, whether there exists Henry.

any autlientic record of these alterations? It would be of great importance to any future an.

tiquary or biographer, who, without some such Richard Colley (or Wellesley), 1st Lord Mornington. guide, would have much difliculty in tracing the

residences of those cminent persons who made Garret.

ancient London their dwelling-place. JAYDEE. 1 ARTHUR, DUKE OF Wellington, ob. 1852. EDMUND HEPPLE.

Minor Qucrics. Blackheddon House, Northumberland.

Bells and Storms. During the last two days a brisk gale has been blowing from the north-east; and while it continued, two vessels were untor



tunately lost at the mouth of the harbour, with “if occasion be, shall notice be given of the Commost of their crews. While the storm was at its munion.” Do they mean the same thing as those height, the Roman Catholic bishop ordered all the in another Rubric, " when the minister giveth church bells to be rung for an hour; which was warning for the celebration of the holy Comaccordingly done, that the wind might cease, and munion;" so that the two forms of words are the sea be calmed. Of the result I need not interchangeable, and the minister may use which remark.

form he pleases, when he gives notice of the inThis custom of ringing bells while storms are tended celebration to the people ? QUÆSTOR. raging prevails not only in Malta, but also in Sicily and Sardinia, in Tuscany, and France. It The Willow Pattern. - What is the legend illuswas only a short time since I read an account in

trated by the willow pattern; and what the date

A. A. D. Galignani, which stated, that during a thunder- of its first use ? storm the bells of a church in a French village

Deodorising Peat. — Has the deodorising peat were struck by lightning, and the persons killed prored a failure? If not, how, and at what price, who were ringing them.

can it be procured ?

A. A. D. May I ask when this custom of ringing bells in storms originated; whether it is known in Pro- Queries on Language. - 1. When was the protestant countries; and if the service of ringing noun its introduced into use? It does not exist them is not attended with danger ? W.W. in the English Bible. I have a note of it in il Malta, Oct. 22. 1852.

book printed 1647, and in the reprint of one dated

1628. Charity, Seraph of Earth.—Who is the author

2. When was itself written as it now is ? In of the following lines, and where are they to be and after 1622, it was written it self, as two words. found ?

3. What is the derivation of the word bad? In Seraph of earth ! lov'd Charity appears,

Dr. Johnson's Dictionary, it is referred to the And drops on human griefs celestial tears;

Dutch quaad, which does not seem probable. O, come! thine eyes of dewy light unfold,

4. Is quaad the derivation of the vulgar English And wave thy tresses of ethereal gold !

word “quad," i. e. prison? If not, what is ? Mark the warm blush upon her forehead sent,

B. H. Cowper. Her hand outstretch'd, her listening head just bent !

'Apvíov, &c. — What is the probable reason why Hung round her knees a graceful group is seen; our Blessed Saviour is uniformly called in the She comes, and famine's blasted heath looks green !" | Apocalypse, and that twenty-eight times, åpvíov;

E. and in the Gospel of St. Jobn, i. 29. and 36., and Pontefract.

elservhere, αμνος του Θεού ?

G. T.

Durham. Generals. — Who was the greatest general, and why, and wherefore? The Duke of Wellington Ricardo's Theory of Rent," was Sir Edw. West gave the palm to Hannibal. It is a remarkable the Author ? - In a note on p. 173. of De Quincircumstance in the career of the Hero of Water- cey's Logic of Politicul Economy, he asserts, that loo, that his sword was never drawn except in a Sir Edward West was the original discoverer of defensive warfare.

C. T. Ricardo's Theory of Rent. In The Bee of De

cember 28th, 1791, vol. vi. p. 293., a small periodBlack Sheep: -- How can the occasional appear. ical published by Dr. Anderson, at Edinburgh or ance of a black sheep be accounted for; and what Glasgow, the same theory is to be found. I will is the average number? Are there flocks of this be obliged to any of your correspondents if they complexion in existence? Have some of the an- will inform me: cestors of our breed been black; and does the

1. Who was Sir Edward West ? “ nigger" blood now and then show itself? C. T.

2. In what work of his may that theory be

found ? Lease for Ninety-nine Years. – What is the reason of granting a lease for ninety-nine years

3. Who is the original discoverer of it ? instead of one hundred years; and when did the

4. Who is the author of the paper in The Bec ?

J. F. J. custom arise of granting this singular term of years? It is clear it could not be to avoid grant

Philadelphia, U. S. ing a fee, for all the old leases I have seen are to “ Between the saddle and the ground.”the lessee and his assigns.

F. J. G.

“ Between the saddle and the ground, Rubrical Query. — I should be obliged if any of

Mercy he sought and mercy found.” your clerical correspondents can tell me the mean- Can


inform me who was the author of this ing in the Rubrics before the offertory of the words couplet, and to what it refers ? CLERICUS (D.)

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Executions in Henry VIII.'s Reign, &c.— Har- locale of the discoverer; the exact means of apply. rison, in his Description of Great Britain, printed ing the electricity; and also whether, or where, in 1577, has the following passage in book ii. ch. ii. the plan has ever been tried, with what success It is quoted in Hume's England, temp. of Eliza- and how and where further information may be beth. In a note, (mm) p. 471., edit. of 1789, &c., obtained respecting it. WILLIAM C. DOMVILE. the author enlarges upon it:

5. Grosvenor Square, London. “ In the reign of Henry VIII, there were hanged seventy-two thousand thieves and rognes (besides other Burial-place of Spinoza. - Will the “N. & Q." malefactors); this makes about two thousand a year. and the “Navorscher " assist me in discovering But in Q. Elizabeth's time, the same author says, the burial-place of this eminent philosopher? He there were only between three and four hundred a year died (where ?) in 1677.

ARTHUR PAGET, hanged for theft and robbery." Query: Does there exist, and if so where, any

Elraston or Aylewaston Castle.-J. B. E. ro particular account of the trials and last dying be glad to be informed of the etymology of E** speeches, confessions, and behaviour of the afore. ton, Elvaston, or Aylewaston Castle in Derbrece said " thieves and rogues?" H. T. ELLACOMBE.

which was held by one of the Stanhopes for the Clyst St. George.

king, during a portion of the Parliamentary was

It has been stated that it is from Aylexus, te William Brand.– What is known of personal Anglo-Saxon for aloe ; but that is clearly not th: or family history of William Brand, who was “mer- case, the aloe not being indigenous to this country. chant and citizen of London" in 1591 ? L. L.D. Temple.

Patents of Appointment wanted. - Can you, or Sermons against Inoculation. - In that useful any of your readers, refer me to the patents by book, Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, under the which the following appointments were made? article INOCULATION, it is stated that the practice Sir Edmund Denny ; Clerk of the Exchequer, was preached against by many of the bishops and King's Remembrancer. other clergy from the year 1721 (when permission John Lennard, Esq.; Prothonotary of Wales, was given to Lady Mary Wortley Montague by Clerk of the Crown, Prothonotary of the Common act of parliament to bave it tried on seven con- Pleas, Custos Brevium of ditto. demned criminals) until 1760. I shall be glad to Thomas Ive, Esq. ; Clerk of the Crown. be informed of any sermons (together with the Denny's appointments were of Henry VII's names of the authors) on the subject. G. A. T. reign, Lennard's of Henry VIII. and Elizaberly Withyham.

Ive's most probably about the same time; he lies

buried at St. Pancras, without date. The Gosling Family.— I am often amused, and

G. STEINMAN STEINMAN. frequently instructed, by your excellent publication, more especially when surnames are traced to antiquity, and also when their derivation is minutely examined.

Minor Queries Answered. In Tytler's Elements of General History (Scott, Webster, and Co.), 1839, under “ France," p. 249., the walls of some ancient churches tablets of stone

Inscriptions in Churches.— Having observed on it reads : “ Paris was attacked a second time, but

or wood, inscribed with scraps of Scripture of 2 gallantly defended by Count Odo or Eudes, and admonitory or preceptive character, can any the venerable Bishop Goslin.” This occurrence is dated about 850, and therefore, if the Gosling me to any date for the origin of this custom?

your paleographical correspondents kindly belp surname of the present day be identical with that of the bishop, it may lay claim to some degree of has rather descended to school-rooms, especialis

seems not to be in use in modern churches, but antiquity. If yourself or contributors were so kind as to throw some light on the antiquity, deri- Could the idea possibly have been suggested by

those in connexion with the National Society. vation, and (if foreign) when introduced, and to that remarkable passage (Habakuk, ii. 11.): what part of England, you would oblige several friends, and none more so than myself, who am

" The stone shall cry out of the wall, and the bean one of


out of the timber shall answer it." Electricity applied to Growth of Trees. — Some two or three years since there was discovered, I

[A remarkable colloquy, between Queen Elizabeth

and Dean Nowell at St. Paul's Cathedral, on the 1st rather think by a Frenchman, a mode of hastening of November, 1561, is said to have originated the user the growth of trees by electricity:

of inseribing texts of Scripture on the inner side of the Perhaps some of the readers of “N. & Q." may church walls, as may be still seen in many parishes. al»le to afford information as to the name and Her Majesty, having attended divine service, went


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straight to the vestry, and, applying herself to the dean, and patient of all God's creatures, just because he bethus she spoke to him :

longed to the piscatorial brotherhood. “ I say,” remarks Queen. Mr. Dean, how came it to pass that a new Walton, “this good man was a dear lover and constant Service-book was placed on my cushion ?"

practiser of angling, as any age can produce ; and was To which the dean answered : “ May it please your observed to spend a tenth part of his time in angling; Majesty, I caused it to be placed there."

and also, for I have conversed with those who have Then said the Queen, “ Wherefore did you so ? " conversed with him, to bestow a tenth part of his re

D. To present your Majesty with a new year's venue, and usually all his fish, amongst the poor that gift.

inhabited near to those rivers in which it was caught. Q. You could never present me with a worse. And the good old man, though he was very learned, D. Why so, madam?

yet knowing that God leads us not to heaven by many Q. You know I have an aversion to idolatry, and nor by hard questions, like an honest angler, made that pictures of this kind.

good, plain, and unperplexed Catechism which is printed D. Wherein is the idolatry, may it please your in our good old service-book.”] Majesty ? Q. In the cuts resembling angels and saints ; nay,

Plurima, pauca, nihil.”—What is the first part grosser absurdities, pictures resembling the blessed of an epigram which ends with these three words: Trinity.

“plurima, pauca, nihil ?" D. I meant no harm; nor did I think it would

G. T. offend your Majesty, when I intended it for a new Durham. year's gift.

[See Martial, lib. iv. ep. 78.] Q. You must needs be ignorant, then. Have you forgotten our proclamation against images, pictures, Numismatic Works.— Where can I find an acand Romish relics in the churches ? Was it not read

count of the copper and silver coinage of the Euin your deanery?

ropean nations, within the last two centuries ? D. It was read. But be your Majesty assured I

R. L. meant no harm, when I caused the cuts to be bound

Tavistock, Devon. with the service-book. Q. You must needs be very ignorant, to do this

[In M'Culloch's Dictionary of Commerce, article after our prohibition of them.

Coins.] D. It being my ignorance, your Majesty may the

Gabriel Harvey.— Can any of your numerous better pardon me. Q. I am sorry for it; yet glad to hear it was your works of Gabriel Harvey, the friend of Spencer

contributors obligingly supply lists of the published ignorance rather than your opinion.

D. Be your Majesty assured it was my ignorance. the poet, and the antagonist of Nash and Green,

Q. If so, Mr. Dean, God grant you His Spirit, and and Richard Braithwait, the author of Drunken more wisdom for the future.

Barnaby's Journal ; and point out in what public D. Amen, I pray God,

or private libraries such works now are to be met Q. I pray, Mr. Dean, how came you by these pic- with ?

W. S. tures? Who engraved them?

[For lists of their works, consult Watt's Bibliotheca D. I know not who engraved them; I bought Britannica, and Lowndes' Bibliographer's Manual ; also them.

the various catalogues of the British Museum.] Q. From whom bought you them? D. From a German.

De Vitâ Functorum.-I have a work on the first Q. It is well it was from a stranger. Had it been leaf of which is the following: any of our subjects, we should have questioned the matter. Pray let no more mistakes of this kind be

Imprimatur denuo: Quicquid enim De Vitâ Funccommitted within the churches of our realm for the

torum Statu eruditus auctor statuit, hæc certe de eo

statuendum; Nec vita Fruiturum sine honore, nec future,

Functurum sine gloria." D. There shall not."

Mr. Nichols, after inserting the preceding dialogue It is signed, Lambeth, March 2nd, 1663-4, in Queen Elizabeth's Progresses, vol. i. p. 105., remarks: M. Franck, S. T. P. &c. The title-page of this “ This matter occasioned all the clergy in and about most learned work is gone: is it De Vitâ FuncLondon, and the church wardens of each parish, to search torum Statu? The author appears from a MS. their churches and chapels; and caused them to wash note to have been “Dr. Jas. Windet, a learned out of the walls all paintings that seemed to be Romish Physician.” He dedicates the book to “V. D. and idolatrous; and in lieu thereof, suitable texts, taken

Samueli Hallo suo." Is this book the same as out of the Holy Scriptures, to be written.” Similar inscriptions had been previously adopted, but the effect

that called Pythagoras? I should feel much gratiof the Queen's disapprobation of pictorial represent

fied to know more of this curious work, which

B. II. C. ations was to increase the number of painted texts.

appears to be one of some value. Most of our readers will remember that I zaak Wal- [The first edition of Dr. Windet's work, De Vita ton admired the worthy dean, Nowell, as a saint of the Functorum Statu, was published in 4to., 1663.

The first water; in short, as one of the most meek, loving, imprimatur to this edition is signed M. Franck, S. T. P.


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