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The History of Satire. Roman Satirist, Lucilius, Horace, Perfius, Juvenal, Ver, 357, &c. Causes of the Decay of Literature, particularly of Satire, Ver. 389. Revival of Satire, Ver. 401. Erasmus one of its principal Resorers, Ver. 405. Donne, Ver. 411. The Abuse of Satire in England, during the licentious Reign of Charles II. Ver, 415. Dryden, 429. The true Ends of Satire pursued by Boileau in France, Ver. 439; and by Mr. Pope in England, Ver. 445.
Yet deign to hear the efforts of a Muse, Whose eye, not wing, his ardent flight pursues: Intent from this great Archetype to draw 25 SATIRE's bright Form, and fix her equal law; Pleas'd if from hence th' unlearn'd may comprehend, And rev'rence His and SATIRE's gen’rous End. In ev'ry breast there burns an active flame, The love of Glory, or the dread of Shame: 3o The Passion ONE, tho’ various it appear, As brighten’d into Hope, or dimm’d by Fear. The lisping Infant, and the hoary Sire, And Youth and Manhood feel the heart-born fire: The Charms of Praise the Coy, the Modest woo, 35 And only fly, that Glory may pursue: She, Pow'r refistless, rules the wise and great; Bends ev'n reluctant Hermits at her feet; Haunts the proud City, and the lowly Shade, And sways alike the Sceptre and the Spade. 4O Thus Heav'n in Pity wakes the friendly Flame, To urge Mankind on Deeds that merit Fame: But Man, vain Man, in folly only wise, Rejects the Manna sent him from the Skies: With rapture hears corrupted Passion's call, 4.5 Still proudly prone to mingle with the stall. As each deceitful shadow tempts his view, He for the imag’d Substance quits the true; Eager to catch the visionary Prize,