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POETRY.

My 6, 20, 17, 7, 8, 12, is a town in the U. States. My 7, 17, 19, is a river in British America.

My 8, 3, vowel, 10, is a settlement in Bri. tish America.

My 9, 17, 7, 18, is a town in the Russian Empire.

My 10, 2, 13, 1, 18, is a town on the island of Niphon.

My 11, 7, 10, 14, 18, is a gulf in Europe.

My 12, 5, 6, 7, 20, 8. is a town in Sumatra.

My 13, 2, 6, 9, is a town in the Chinese Empire.

My 14, 10, 7, 11, 12, is a lake in Europe. My 15, 16, 3, is a river in Russia. My 16, 14, 8, 11, is a range of mountains in Africa.

My 17, 7, 20, is a county in Virginia.

My 18, 1, 3, 5, 15, is one of the Bahama Islands.

My 19, 14, 9, 16, 2, is a town in Africa.
My 20, 17, 1, 7, is a river in Europe.

My whole is the name of a lake in the U. States.

Martin F. TUTUILER.

Happy at Home. Let the gay and the idle go forth where they

will, In search of soft Pleasure, that syren of ill; Let them seek her in Fashion's illumined sa

loun, Where Melody mocks at the heart out of

tune; Where the laugh gushes light from the lips

of the maiden, While her spirit, perchance, is with sorrow

o'erladen ; And where, mid the garlands, Joy only should

braid, Is Slander, the snake, by its ratile betray'd. Ah! no! let the idle for happiness roam, For me-I but ask to be “ happy at home !" At home! oh how thrillingly sweet is that

word! And by it what visions of beauty are stirr'd! I ask not that Luxury curtain my room Wich damask from India's exquisite loom; The sunlight of heaven is precious to me, And muslin will veil it it blazing 100 free; The elegant trifles of Fashion and Wealtli I need not-I ask but for comfort and health!? With these, and my dear ones I care not to

roam, For, oh! I am happy, most“ happy at home! One bright little room where the children may

play, Unfearful of spoiling the costly array ; Where he, too-our dearest of all on the

earth, May find the sweet welcome he loves at his

hearth ; The fire blazing warmly-lhe sofa drawn

nigh; And the star-lamp a-light on the table close

by; A few precious volumes the wealth of the

mind; And here and there treasured some rare gem

of art, To kindle the fancy or soften the heart; Thus richly surrounded, why, why, should I

roam ? Oh! am I not happy-most "happy at home!'

[Mrs. F. Osgood.

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ENIGMA.-No. 41. I am composed of 20 letters. My 1, 17, 3, 8, 5, 15, is a cape of South America.

My 2, 10, 11, 14, 17, 12, is a town in Afri. ca.

My 3, 17, 11, 15, 18, is a bay in the southern part of Africa.

My 4, 14, 5, 6, 2, is an island on the coast of S. America.

My 5, 3, 17, 6, 15, 9, 10, is a county in Mi. chigan.

THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE. AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER.

With numerous Engravings.

Edited by Theodore Dwight. Is published weekly, at the office of the New York Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 4 cents a number, or, to subscribers paying in advance, $2 a year. 7 sets for $10. Monthly, in covered pamphlets, at same price.

Rare seeds sent to Subscribers.

Postmasters are authorized to reinit money, and are requested to act as agents.

Enclose a Two Dollar Bill, without payment of pos. tage, and the work will be sent for the year.

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RURA, ARCTIC10E--Exchisi COTTAGE STYLE. This neat print is copied from ovie of such extracts from the number above Mr. Randlett's clegant lithographic , mentioned as may be most gratifying to prints, in the fifth number of his new and our rrallers valuable work, “ The Architect," which “The reign of Queen Elizabeth was we have more than once mentioned be- distinguished by a modification of the fore. The text accompanying it, as usu. ?

Tudor style, which rendered it more al, gives us some remarks on English ra:

plain, and simple, and added a consideraral architecture, with plans of the build ble admixture of the Italian, imported by ing here represented, and also specifica.

Holbein : the Tudor prevailing without, tions of all the parts and the expenses in

and the Italian within. The outlines in full detail, at present prices in this city this style are quite irregular, though less and neighborhood. We hardly need re. so than in the earlier Tudor. Porches peat, that a good work, of such a nature, are often within the outline of the plan, must neceesarily be exceedingly conve. instead of projecting. The windows are nient and valuable to every person build

wider, and divided by more mullions, and macy or designing to build. We make ? had rectangular heads, instead of the low

THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE.

305

pointed arch, and were sometimes ex s brown stone, 4 feet, by 20 inches. Kitchtended through the first and second sto en hearth of blue stone, 3 by 4 feet, 2 in. ries. Oriel windows were common and thick, laid in mortar on the floor ; 3 blue various; and dormer windows were con stone sills in the cellar windows ; ihe cis. structed with acute-angled, projecting ga. tern covered with blue flagging, laid on bles, finished with pendants, pinnacles, locust supporters. ornamented barge-boards, &c. The chim Brickwork.-- Walls 8 in. thick, and 16 ney shafts were continued in groups, but high on the foundation and cellar walls; made plain, except a moulding at the bricks set on the edge in mortar, secubase, and a projection at the top.

red by wood brackets, between all the ex“ This style afforded convenient inte terior studs; a chimney of good bricks, rior arrangements, though their beauty with one fire.place and two flues, one was often marred by grotesque carving, coinmencing in the cellar, with a branch and other "scientific deformities.” It extending to the dead space behind the harmonizes well with much of the scene. cellar, for ventilating. ry in this country, and costs but little Plastering.–The first and second stomore than the box style, so common with ries to be lached and plastered with one us: but it lacks one important feature of heavy coat of brown mortar, floated off a comfortable country, or suburban resi. and hard-finished; the kitchen to be skiffdence-verandahs--which may, however, ed and whitewashed. be added, with great propriety.

Frame.-Of sound spruce or pine, The Gothic was restricted to 'ecclesi square timber. The sills, trimmers, posts astical edifices till the time of Henry VII. and framing-beams, 4 by 8; girts and who applied it to dwellings in the Tudor, window-studs 4 by 6 ; rafters and collaror old English style, which was perfected beams 3 by 6; first and second tiers of in the time of Henry VIII. and modified beams 3 by 8; 16 inches between cenas above, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, ters; braces 3 by 4; studding for outand wholly supplanted by the Byzantine, side and partitions 3 by 4 ; and set 16 in. or Stuart style, when the Stuart family between centers. succeeded to the British throne, in the Covering.Of the side, clear boards person of James I.

3-4 thick and 8 1-2 in. wide, rebated and “Designs in the pointed style, (like lapped 1 1-4 in. and put on with 10d. that on our first page), with high roofs, nails. The water tables, corner boards, acute-angled gables, and generally pre gutters and other exterior trimmings, of vailing perpendicular lines, require that clear seasoned plank. pointed trees prevail, to give harmony to Roofs.- Of hemlock or spruce boards, the scene.”

covered with best white pine shingles, We find the estimates for the cost of three thick ; valleys opened 3 in. and the building above depicted, with the di. lined with sheet lead 15 in. wide. The mensions, as follows:

bay-window roof of tin, on milled plank, “ Mason's bill, $288,34 cts.

face downward, beaded and center-bead. Carpenters' “ 684,40 "

ed. Four 3 in. tin leaders. Painters' 66 52,78 16

Cornice to be made, with plain mould.

ed projections, supported by brackets 4 Total, $1025,52

by 5 in, with moulded steps and caps : We copy the following from the spec Design 9, the cornices moulded and profications of materials and labor :

ject 30 in. the gutters of plank, put Excavations. The cellar, cistern and together with white lead. sink, and the proper grading around the

Floors. -- Of good milled plank, put buildings.

down with 12d nails. Stone-Work.–Cellar walls, 18 inches Windows.- To be made, with square thick and 3 feet high, and other founda heads. In first story, 7 windows, 8 Its. 1 tion walls, 30 inches below the surface, 3 10 by 16-- one double w. 16 lts. 8 by

and 18 inches thick; chimney pieces to 15. In second story, two w. 8 lts. 10 by the floor beams, all of quarry stone, laid 15- two w. 12 lts. 9 by 15. In cellar,

in good lime and sand mortar; sink, 4ft. 3 w. 3 Its. each, 10 by 14, the sashes 3 by 5; 8 feet, deep, with a stone wall, 6 hung by butts on the tops. All the sash

feet dry, and 2 feet in mortar; a stone ? es 1 1-4 in. thick, and double hung with s cesspool to the cistern; parlor hearth of weights and cord, all the windows in

first story secured by best patent sash fas- } lead and best linseed oil, put on at proper tenings. Windows the same in Design S times. The last coat may be shaded a 9, with the addition of angular heads

light brown or drab. The interior trim. all the glass to be good American, single mings all to have two coats of white lead, thickness.

neatly put on. The blinds to have three Blinds. — Square, moulded, moving coats, the last two, a substantial green. blinds to all the windows in first and second stories, hung by welded straps

ESTIMATE OF THE LABOR AND Materials. and hooks, and secured by patent fasten Mason's Bill. 87 yds excavation, 10 ? 3 ings. The angular heads in design 9 to

cts. ; 77 Ids, ston, 75 cts. : $66 45. 58. be stationary.

00 hard brick, $4 50 ; 4300 salmon brick Base. Of clear plank, 1 1-4 thick in $300: $39 00. 12 ft.. hearth, 16 cts.; first story, and 7-8 in the second, put 40 ft. flagging, 12 cts. : 6 72. 3 window down in the usual manner.

sills, 50 cts. ; 1 brown stone hearth, $2:$ Doors.--The front door 1 3-4 thick, 3 50. 69 loads of sand, 35 cts. ; 6 bush. moulded both sides, hung by 5 in butts,

white sand, 10 cts. : 24 75. 31 casks of and fastened by a seven in. rim lock. All Jime, 1 00; 2 casks lump lime, 1 38 : 33 other doors í 1.4 thick, four panels 76. 2 casks plaster, 1 75 ; i cask cemoulded on one side, hung by 4 by 4 ment, 1 50: 500. 12 bushels of hair, bults, and secured by 5 in. rim locks with

20 cts. ; 6500 plastering lath, 300: $21 mineral knobs. All the casings made and

90; 58 lbs. nails, 7 cts. ; * stove pipe put on as in plates 29 and 30.

rings, 30 cts. : '5 26. 4 ventilation reg. Stairs.--To the cellar, an open step

isters, 1 00; 12 loads carting, 40 cts. : Jadder, with sides two in thick, and wide

800; 32 days mason's Jabor, 1 50; 28 steps 1 1 4 thick. From the first story

days laborer, 90 cts.: 73 20.- $288 to the second, in Design 8, an open stair

34 cts. case, a wrought and capped newel, square Carpenter's Bill. 3986 st timber, 16, balusters, a moulded rail and string, as in s 25 ; 135 joists, 14 cts.: 83 66; 43 feet 3 Fig. 4, Plate 29 in Design 9, enclosed Jocust, 10 cts. ; 120 hmlk. boards, 13 cts. by narrow tongued and grooved clear $19 90. 291 piece planlis, 29 cts ; 318 boards, extending 3 ft. above second piece boards, 19 cts : 144 81. 16 bun. floor, capped and moulded.

shingles, 2 50 ; 144 floor planks, 25 cts. Closets, &c.--China closel, with ten 76 00. 170 st. 2 and 1 2 in. clear pk. 3 į shelves on two sides. Kitchen pantry 1-2 cis ; cistern pump, 6 00: 11 95. 75

with four shelves on each of these sides. ft. blinds, 70 cts ; 61 ft. tin roof, 11 cts. A sliding sash between the closets. 59 21. 56 lts. glass, 10 by 16, 20 cts.; Presses, each to have a shelf and 1 1-2 16 lts. 9 by 16, 20 cis : 14 40. 16 lts. dox. clolhes hooks. The linen closet to 10 by 15, 19c.; 24 lts. 9 by 15, 19 cts. : have 3 shelves 1 1-4 thick, and 2 ft. wide, 7 60. 9 lts. 10 by 14, 16c.; 4. Its. 9 by with uprights in the center.

12, 15 cts. : 2 04; 65 ft. leader, 10 cts.; Mantles.- In the parlor, with moulded 260 lbs. sheet lead, 6 cts. : 22 10. 4003 and open uprights, ogee bed mould and lbs. nails, 4, 8, 10 and 121. ; 52 axle pulbead, and 1 12 in shelf. A three in. leys, 6 cis. : 20 12. 290 lbs. sash ? border to the hearth. Materials for the cord, 31 cts. : 7 66. 2 gr. 3.4 screws, interior trimmings seasoned and clear. Nos. 7 and 9, 20c. ; 2 gr. 1 1.4 No. 11,5

Cistern.--To have a neck, with a rack 41c. : 1 22. front door lock, 1 50; 13? and lid hung by butts, and a good wood 5 im. rim locks, 1 31: 18 53. 2 latchs pump.

bolts, 60 cts. ; 15 prs. 4 by 4 butts, 22 Woodhouses, &C.--Seven st. by 11,

cts. : 4 50. 3 prs. 3 in. butis, 10 cts. ; 3 posts 7 ft.--the roof and sides covered

sash bolls, 20 cts. : 90 cts. 127 ds. caras the dwelling. One part, 4 by 6 feet

penter's labor, 1 40; 30 lds. carting, 40 finished with a floor, base, seats with lids cts. : 189 80. — $684 40. hung by butts a panel door hung by butts Painters' Bill.--275 lbs. while lead, and fastened by a latoh bolt, - a four { 700; 14 galls. linseed oil, 65 cts: : $28, light window with a stationary blind. 35. 1 gal. sp. turpentine, 70 cts. ; 3 lbs. The other part of the building to be open litharge, 6 cts.: 88. 10 lbs. putty, 5 in front.

cts.; 1 lb. glue, 25 cts. : 75 cts. CartPainting.--All the exterior trimmings ing, 2 00; 13 ds. painter's labor, 1 60: and sides to have two good coats of pures 2280- $52 78. Total Cost, $1025 52.

The Conquest of England by Wil s our descendants also, and to take from us liam the Conqueror.

the country of our ancestors." The En. " On the 28th of September, 1066, Wil glish promised, by an unanimous oath, to liam reached the English shore with 700 } make neither peace, nor truce, nor treaty, ships, and 60,000 fighting men. They with the invader, but either to die or exlanded at Pevensey, near Hastings, three

pel the Normans. days after King Harold's victory over On the ground which thenceforward their friends the Norwegians. First came 3 bore the nime of Battle, the Anglo-Sax. forth the archers, with their short habits on lines occupied a long chain of hills, and shorn heads. The cavaliers appear fortified with a rampart of stakes and osier ed next, clad in coats-of-mail, and wear. hurdles. In the night of the 13th Octoing helmets of polished iron, nearly of a bor, William announced that next day conical shape, armed wiih long and heavy would commence the battle. The priests lances, and straight two-edged swords. and monks, in great numbers, attracted s After these came the workmen of the ar like the soldiers with the hope of booty, my, pioneers, carpenters, and smiths; began to say prayers and sing litanies, and, last of all, the destined conqueror } while the fighting men were preparing

himself, who, in setting his foot on the their arms. This done, they confessed sland, made a false step, and fell on his their sins, and received the sacrament.

face. “God preserve us! a bad omen!" On the other side, the English diverled cried the multitude. "What is ihe mat themselves with great noise, singing their ter with you ?" promptly demanded the old national songs around their watchduke; “I have seized on this land svith fires, and drinking freely of wine and both my hands, and by the splendor of beer. In the morning, the Bishop of - , as much as there is of it, it is s Buyeux, who was the duke's halfbrother, yours !" The army then marched to the celebrated mass in the Norman camp, town of Hastings, near which they en and solemnly blessed the soldiers. He camped, erected their tents and wooden then mounted a large white horse, seized castles, and furnished them with provi. a baton of command, and drew up the sions. In the meantime, bodies of sol. cavalry in line of battle. William, diers overran all the neighboring coun: mounnted on a Spanish charger-the try, plundering and burning as they went. most venerated of the relics, sworn on by The English fled from their homes, con Harold, suspended from his neck, and the cealed their furniture and calle, and standard consecrated by the pope borne

flocked to the churches and church-yards, by his side-thus addressed the troups 3 which they naturally thought the most 3 when about to advance to the charge :

secure asylums from enemies who were “Reinember to figbt well, and put all

Christians like themselves. But they to death ; for if we conquer, we shall all { found the sanctity of places a poor de

{ be rich. What I gain, you will gain. If fence against the cupidity of lhe human I conquer, you will conquer. If I take } heart.

this land, you shali have it. Know, howHarold, though weary and wounded af. ever, that I am not come here only to ter his victory, hastened from York to obtain my right, but also to avenge our defend his country, which he rasbly re whole nation for the felonies, perjuries, solved to risk in a battle, with w army and treacheries of these English. They four times as numerous as his own. s put to death the Danes, men and women, Against this, several of his chiefs remon on St. Brice's night. They decimated strated, advising him to retire to London, the companions of my kinsman, Alfred, ravaging the country by the way, in or and took his life. Come on, then, and der to reduce the enemy by famine. But let us, with God's blessing, chastise them the generous Harold answered, “Shall I for all these misdeeds.” The priests then ravage the country which has been en retired to a neighboring height to assist trusted to my care? Upon my faith, it in the pious bomicide with iheir prayers. would be an act of treason! I will ra At first, the Normans were repeatedly

ther try the chances of a batile, with the s driven back--a report went through the s few men I have, and trust to my own va. I ranks that the duke was dead, and a pa- S 3 Jor and the goodness of my cause.” One S nic seized the army, which began to re ?

of his officers said, “We must fight; } treat; but, with his accustomed presence they come not only to ruin us, but to ruins of mind, he threw himself before thein,

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