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THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE.

and a more powerful, if not so vivid an Şshore, for we knew what fate awaited us impression upon the feelings. Its subli. } if we sank in the river. With great ex. mity arises from its unbounded extent, its ertions we succeeded, 'running her up 3 barren monotony and desolation, its sijil, among the canes, which grew on the side unmoved, calm and stern appearance of the river so thick that it was difficult and grandeur, its strange power of de to force our way through them. so ception, its want of echo, and in fine, its We landed up to our knees in the mud, power of throwing a man back upon him and throwing out the ivory, we found that self, and giving him a feeling of lone help a whole plank was rent out, and that it lessness, strangely mingled at the same was impossible to repair our boat; and time with a feeling of liberty and free we were bidelen by the canes from those dom from restraint. It is particularly who could have assisted us had they sublime, as you draw nigh to ihe Rocky known that we required their assistance; Mountains, and see them shoot up in the and we hed no possible means of commuwest, with their lofty tops looking like nication. At last I thought that, if I could white clouds resting upon their sumınits. force my way through the canes to the Nothing I ever had felt equalled the des point down the river, I could bail and light with wlich l at first saw the eter.

make signals for assistance; and, desiring nal mountains marking the western edge the men to remain by the boat, I set of of the desert.- Albert Pike.

upon my expedition. At first I got on

very well, as there were little paths Adventure in an African River.

through the canes, made, os I imagined, I manned my boats and went on shore 3 by the natives; and although I was up to for the ivory that was lest. I found that my knees in the thick black mud, I con3 it would take the wliole day to embark tinued to get on prelly fast, but at last

it, as we had to go two miles further up the canes grew so tick that I could the river than the depih of water would 3 hardly force my way ihrough them, and permit the vessel to do, for the ivory was it was a work of exceeding labor. Still I in the boat close to the king's house. ! persevered, expecting cach second I had sent off four boat loads, and it being should arrive at the banks of the river, then noon, I went off with the fifth my and be rewarded for my fatigue; but the self, that I might get my dinner, leaving more I labored the worse it appeared to the second mate to attend on shore, and me, and at last I became worn out and taking the first mate with me, who mess. S quite bewildered. I then tried to find my ed in the cabin. As we were in the mid way back, and was equally unsuccessful, dle of the stream the boat struck against and I sat down with anything but plea. the stump of a tree, as we supposed, and sant thoughts in my mind. I calculated { knocked so large a hole in the bow that I had been two hours in making this alshe began 10 fill. Timmediately ordered tempt, and was now quite puzzled how the men to pull for the nearest point, { to proceed. I bitterly lamented my rashwhich was on the opposite side of the ness, now that it was too late. river, that we might ground the boat to Having reposed a little, I resumed my prevent her sinking.

toil, and was again, after an hour's exer. The first mate, who was a very active tion, compelled, from fatigue, to sit down man, finding that the elephants' teeth pre in the deep black mud. Another respite vented his reaching the bow of the boat, from toil, and avother hour more of exand stuffing into it some oakum which ertion, and I gave myself up for lost. had been found in the sheets, sounded The day was evidenily fast closing in, with the boat hook, and finding that there the light over head was not near so bright was not more than three feet of water as it had been, and I knew that a night where they were pulling, jumped over { passed in the miasma of the cane was the bows to put the cakum into the hole; death. but the poor fellow had only been in the At last it became darker and darker. water a few seconds, when he gave a There could not be an hour of daylight shriek, and we perceived that a large remaining. I determined on one struggle

shark had snapped him in two. This was more, and reeking as I was with perspi. 3 a sad mishap, and the men, terrified, pull. ration, and faint with fatigue, I rose

ed as hard as they could, while two of again, and was forcing my way through them bailed out the boat, to gain the the thickest of the cancs, when I heard

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a deep growl, and perceived a large pana į my ears as I lay stupified at the mercy ther not twenty yards from me. It was of the wild beast. The panther was not on the move as well as I was, attempting easily, though eventually overcome, and to force its way through the thickest of the black men coming up bad found me, the canes, so as to come up to me. I and bore me back in a state of insensibile retreated from him as fast as I could, but ity on board the Sparrowhawk. The fe. he gained slowly upon me, and my ver had : et upon me, and it was not till strength was fast exhausting.--) thought three weeks afterwards thai I recovered I heard sounds at a distance, and they be my senses, when I learned what I have came more and more distinct ; but what told to the reader.--Captain Marryatt. they were iny sear and my struggles probably prevented me from making out.

STOPPING A RAIROAD.-The following My eyes were fixed on the fierce animal

anecdote, illustrative of the opposition who was in pursuit of me, and I now

made by an old lady in New Hampshire thanked God that the canes were so thick

to the running of a railroad on her land, and impassable. Still the animal evident

was lately told at a dinner celebrating ly gained ground, until it was not more

the opening of the Vermont Central Road, than twenty yards from me, dashing and

by a Mr. Samuel Walker, director on the springing at the canes and tearing them Boston and Maine route. Ou alluding aside with his tseth.

to the birth day of this road, and particThe sounds were now nearer, and I

ularly to the opposition of the New made them out to be the hallooing of Hampshire folks which the Company en. some other animal. A moment's pause,

countered, he said that : ' After They had and I thought it was the baying of dogs,

overcome the men they had to encounter? and I thought I must have arrived close the women. One good widow lady, who to where the schooner lay, and that I

owned land on their line, which she reheard the baying of bloodhounds. At last

fused to sell, hearing that the teams were I could do no more, and dropped exhaus

coming to cut through, declared that if ted and almost senseless in the mud. I

the legislature could not stop it she recollect hearing the crashing of cranes, would. So she took her knitting work and then yells and growls, and struggles, and seated herself on a big stone ihat lay and fierce contention, but bau fainted. immediately on the line, and told the first

I must now inform the reader, that į teamster that if he drove through there about an hour after I had left the boat, he had to drive over her. The teamsters the captain of the slaver was pulling up refused to do so ungallant an act as to the river, and was hailed by our men in drive over the lady, but drove his teams our long boat. Perceiving them on that up to her, and getting from her barn his side of the river, and that they were in arms full of bay for his oxen, took his distress, he pulled towards them, and seat beside her. Up she rose, and de- 3 they told him what had happened, and clared that, railroad or no railroad, she that an hour previous I had left the boat would not sit beside so ugly a fellow. ? to force my way through the cane brakes, This was the last of the opposition in and they had heard nothing of me since. New Hampshire.

"Madness!” cried he, “be is a lost man. Stay till I come back from the Three Faults of NURSES. -1. To lisp schooner.”

in baby style, when the same words, in He went back to the schooner, and ta. an endearing tone, would please as well : king two of his crew, who were negroes,

the reverse should bethe voice clear, and his two bloodhounds into the boat,

emphatic, and each syllable distinctly arhe returned immediately, and as soon as

ticulated, for imitation. 2. To tell of he landed, he put ihe bloodhounds on my witches, ghosts and goblins; such super, track, and sent the negroes on with them.

stitions, impressed upon young minds are They had followed in all my windings,

rarely gotten rid of. 3. To direct a for it appeared that I had travelled in all child to act like a man: whereas it is not directions, and had come up with me just

often becoming for a little boy to ape the as I had sunk iritli exhaustion, and the

man, but only to conform his demeanor panther was so close upon me. The to his age-every age has jis own pecu. bloodhounds had attacked the panther, 3 liar decourouşuess.-

liar decourousuess.--New England Ga.? and this was the noise which sounded on ? lary.

. .

AGRICULTURAL.

to the main root, say within one fourth

or one eighth of an inch, I proceed to cut Root-Grafting.

them up in pieces from three to four BY F. K. PHENIX, DELAVAN, WISCONSIN.' inches in length-never longer-marking I have never seen in any Eastern pub

the upper ends of the roots if necessary, lication what I consider by any means a

in order to distinguish them when cut full and accurate description of the best up; and throwing the pieces into a pail method of root grafting; and as this is of water. If desirable to cut very close, new, so far as I know, and decidedly the the upper piece need not have more than most popular method of propagating fruit

one inch of clear root upon it. In re. trees, and in many respects as decidedly

gard to size-1 have often been obliged the best, it seems to me that too great to use roots not larger than a pipe stem, pains cannot be taken to ascertain and and where they were thrifty and perfectestablish the best mode of performing the

ly sound, and set out under favorable cir. operation. Root-grafting is very applic

cumstances, they have done well; still I able to apples, pears and plums, and I

greatly prefer larger. When the roots think is much the easiest way to work op

are cut, they are then wasbed by stirring ples and plums; pears bud so easily, that and turning them a few minutes in the with any pear stocks, save seedlings, I pail and changing the water once-leav. should prefer budding. Seedling pear ing them, when washed, in the water. I stocks I have never tried by grafting in then take my scions, and after marking the root and boxing, as with apples, and the name of the variety upon a little stake I see no reason why they might not be

eight or nine inches long, (which I keep used to as good advantage in that way as

with them constantly, and in boxing put are apple roots-by grasiing in which, as

between the kinds,) I cut and prepare two is well known, a great saving in stocks

or three hundred grafts ready for setting is effected. The following remarks ap and pile them up. The grafis I have } ply particularly to the apple, as I have

from three and a half to four and a half never tried grafting the plum or pear on inches in length, and with a tongue as in their own rools, (though I have the pear

splice grafting. The cut or slant at the several times upon apple roots,) in the lower end of the grast, on which the { winter and boxing them but I have of. tongue is made, should not with com

ten root-grafted them in the spring, and mon sized scions, exceed about half an with the best success.

inch in length for various reasons; nor 3 The roots for grafting must of course should it on the root. be secured in the fall, and should be fine, When the grafts are prepared, the roots thrifty seedlings of at least two years are taken from the water, and piled up growih, though our yearlings, which with the upper ends all towards you. The sometimes have roots nearly one half an roois, one by one, as I set them, are thus inch thick, make as fine trees as I ever { prepared with a tongue, and the grafts > saw. In preparing the roots for packing inserted. They are then spread out, so I always cut off the tops abont six inches that the outside moisture may dry off, in from the roots, in order to save room, order to have the grafting wax adhere. and for convenience in handling them This is made by melting and stirring 10when grafting. The roots are packed in gether four parts rosin, and a half beestight boxes in thick layers with mo'st wax, and one of tallow. I put it on earth amongst them, and between the warm, or while in a fluid state, and with layers; the boxes I keep in my cellar. a shaving brush, which is very neatly The boxes for packing away the roots done. It is not by any means necessary when grasted, I have twenty-four inches to hare it perfectly tight-a little put on long, twelve wide and five and a half high the side where the bark of the root and on the inside, which should not be very scion meet, and on the root where cut, is tight, and will hold from six to 1,200, ac all that is requisite. Many, if not the cording to the size of the roots and the most of those who graft in the root, use 3 closeness with which they are packed. waxed strips of cloth or paper, and some When ready to commence operations, I tie with strings, using no wax, but these take a quantity of the roots, as many as in my experience are tedious and perfecto are wanted during the day, and after 1 ly unnecessary operations. Last spring trimming off all the side roots quite close } I set out above 20,000 in the way I speak wwuwuwuwuwuw

u wuwuwumu

of, and with excellent success--indeed I? I have grafted in the above manner for have sometimes, when planting out from several years, and I believe with as good the boxes, taken out 500 without finding success as could be expected. I find, aca single graft that had failed. After be cording to my books, (in which I keep ing waxed the roots are ready for box regular lists of the varieties grafted each ing. The box is partly filled with fine 3 year, with the number set, also the num. earth, some of which is packed up against ber of each kind alive in the fall,) of one one end; I then take up some of the variety 137 set, and, 124 lived ; another, roots, and even the tops of a handful in 204 and 190 ; 173, 165 ; 103, 102 ; this, my hand, and set them up slanting against to be sure, is better than the average, the earth, beginning at the right hand side though no better than would have been of the box, with the tops about two inch under favorable circumstances, but we es above it. In order to get the tops out-westers have to use such stocks as even, and keep the tiers separate across

we can get. the box. I use a thin, narrow strip of Root grafting in this way can be done board, which reaches over the box, and at any time after cold weather sets in, is placed behind every fresh tier whilst thuugh I do not like to commence beputting it in-and also a little punch to fore Janaary, and should prefer waiting jam the earth down firm behind each tier, longer, or till February, if convenient, as

and next to the box. After placing the it is rather difficult to keep them from 3 row, the dirt should be worked amongst starting too early, if done so long before the roots and packed snugly against them. spring. Should there be any roots or There need be no fear of disjointing scions prepared that are not used the them, unless they are handled very rough same day, they can be kept perfectly well

ly. When the box is full, it is set away in water over night, or even two or three 3 in a cool cellar, where the inice cannot days if necessary. The regular day's get at it.

work grafting, as above, is 500, and it is In regard to their freezing, whilst thus not a hard jask, after a little practice, boxed up, I have had no experience, but where the tools and materials are good. 3 3 I have it from a first-rate nurseryman,

[Downing's Horticulturist. who has tried the experiment several times, that it does not injure them in the

THE ORCHARD.-- How to increase the least, even if they freeze and thaw out 3

fruitfulness of orchards.' Alkaline or two or three times during the winter

ammoniacal preparations have been apthat is, if they are well boxed. I do not plied to young trees, as well as to old think I should like to have them frozen ones, for the purpose of stimulating their after they had started to grow much, nor

growth, and accelerating their fruitful. should I care about risking it any way if

ness, such as whitewashing their trunks it could be avoided. When the boxes

and branches, rubbing them with soapare exposed to the heat and light, and suds, and spreading round their roots supplied with water, the shoots put out ex

lime, gypsum, charcoal, soot, ashes, &c. ceedingly rapidly, and hence they should If you apply it to vines, or to young apnot be thus exposed till about two weeks

ple trees, there is nothing that contribbefore setting, otherwise they will grow

utes more to make them bear an abun} so long and weak that it will shock them

dance of fruit; nor does this only proseverely when planted out. They should duce a greater increase, but it also inbe set as early in the spring as the ground

proves both the taste and flavor of the will admit-though I have known them

wine and of the apples.-Amer. Agricul. { set as late as the middle of May, and with shoots from six to eight inches in length,

SUBSTITUTE FOR GLASS IN Hor HousEs. but not with the best success by any

-It consists of a chemical transparent means. I prefer, however, for several water-proof composition, for rendering reasons, to have the shoots two or three muslin, calico, or linen, for the frame of inches in length when planted out. They green houses, &c., impervious to rain or should be set in good mellow soil, and

moisture, admitting light equal to glass, with the top of the scion an inch or two

much warmer, and the planis never burn above the ground. The sprouts from the

under it. It is proof against hail storms, 3 roots should all be taken off when they so frequently destructive to glass.--Bay { are set.

State Farmer.

waw

POETRY..

Tliou canst delve inearth,

And from jis mighly depihs bring forth pure Deal Gently,

gold;

Thou canst unwrap the clouds in heaven rollBY EDWARD H. DAVIS.

ed, Deal gently with the lowly,

And give the lightning birth!
For biler is their lot,
When by their Triends deseried,
And by the world forgol;

Thou hast the stormy sea
One kindly word may banishi

Chained 10 iby chariot wheels, and the wild 3 The anguish of despair,

winds Aud bid forever vanish

Obey the o'erruling intellect that binds a world of grief and care.

Their rushing winds ibee ! Remeniber, on! remember

Thou canst new bands create, " It is not always May,"

Where the wild, rolling wave no mastery The blasi's of lile's Deceinber

owns, May drive your friends a way ;

And the vast distance of opposing zones
For, when ibe storm's of winter

Canst thou annihilate!
In darkuess cloud ibe sky,
The earliest birds of summer

List, then, thy band to Heaven !
Are always first to fly.

Spread thy toil-scepire o'er the sea and land, Where'er an erring brother,

Thou bast the world entrusted to thy hand,
Departs froin honor's path,
Reprove him not too harshly,

Earih 10 thy charge is given !
Nor turn away in wrath;
But p ini oul to him kindly,

In regard to facis wrongly stated, no well-
The path he should have irod-

bred man ever thinks of correcting them, mere. And I hou will gain his blessing

Ty to show his wisdom in trifles; but, with Aud the approval of thy God.

politeness, it is perfectly easy to rectify an Spirit of the Times. error, when the valure of the conversation de

mands the explanation.— Art of Conversation. [We might say of the following stanzas, as of some others which we have published, ihal French Proverbs, Bon mols, g0.we approve of some of the sentiments more 15. Là où sont les yeux, là est le cæur. On ihan of some of the expressions. False laste is

détourne les yeux de ce qu'on n'aime pas. Un 100 com.ion.]

regard est donc presque toujours une marque The Mechanic.

de sympathie, de bienveillance ou d'amour. Composed and sung at the lule Anniversary 16. Les grammairiens, les moralistes et les

Ce.ebralion of the Massachusells Charita. S théleurs resembleul à ces poteaux placés aux Ble Mechanic Associalion.

carrefours des chenins; ils indiquent aux au. Lili up iby tojl-worn hand,

tres la route qu'ils ne peuvent suivre. Thou of the sialwart frame and fearless eye! į Lill proudly now thine iron hand on high! Translation of French Proverbs, &c., p. 352. Firm and undaunted stand !

13. The object generally proposed in disNo need hast thou of gems

cussion is not the Truih, but victory. A de. To deck the glorious Temple of lly thought:

bate is a duel belween lungs : victory is for Thou hast the jewels which thy mind bath

the strongest. wrought

14. In everything appropriateness is every: 3 · Richer ihan diadems!

Thou arı like some high priest,
Standing belore great Nature's mighty shrive; ?

THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE, For the whole world the glorious task is } AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER;

thine To spread the eternal least!

With numerous Engravings. Even like the Hebrew Chiet,

Edited by Theodore Dwight. Strikest thou on the rock, and from its deep

Is published weekly, at the office of the New York Mysterious heart the living waters leap,

Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 4 cents a number, To give the earth relief!

or, 10 subscribers paying in advance, $? a year. 7

sets for $10. Monthly, in covered pamphlets, at same price. Mighty among thy kind,

Rare seeds sent to Subscribers, Standest thou, mali of iron, toil mid-way

Postmasters are authorized to remi: money, and are Between the earıh and keaven all things 10 3 requested to act as agents. sway

Enclose a Two Dollar Bill, wilhoul payment of pos By the high working mind!

Slage, and me

lage, and the work will be sent for the year. wow

thing.

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