Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[graphic][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors]

TRANSPORTING THE CAMELOPARDS to the Cape of Good Hope.

muna

mo

Manner of Catching, Taming and Trans- } bit into his mouth, sits upon his back, porting the Camelopards.

then shakes the noose loose, and spurs Our print represents a part of the hiin with his long rowels, until, after a grand processioni, formed by ihe Camelo. Jong gallop across the plain, he sinks to pard expedition, on its return from the

the ground froin exhaustion. Keeping Kalliharry desert to the Cape of Good

his seat, he awaits returning animation; Hope. The scene is on the bank of a then gallopping back to the place of starbrook, at the verge of a plain, and at the

ting, the horse ceases forever all signs of 3 base of one of the numerous ridges of

disobedience to his triumphant master. mountains which the travellers had to But so delicate an animal as the Capass. The wagon, with its extraordinary melopard would never endure treatment 3 height, and ihe fine yoke of oxen by like this; and happily our enterprising which it is draw, will give some idea of hunter in the Kallibarry desert had too the magnitude of the undertaking so suc- much sense and humanity to practice it. cessfully performed, as it is a specimen His Treatment of his prize was of the of a long train of vehicles of similar di. gentlest kind. Leading it back to the mensions appropriated to the same pur camp, he kept it confined with ropes only pose : viz. the transportation of such of long enough to form a prison where those rare and delicate animals as might bonus would be unnecessary to security, prove unfit to perform the journey on and soon devised the plan of a pit in the foot, whether from youth or from dis- S ground. This was dug, with a path lest ? ease. Numbers of them were carried in / on one side, by which the animal was strong and tall vehicles of this descrip led down. The path was then dug away, tion, over the great distance of about the earth thrown out, and the laborer twelve hundred miles; while the strong lifted out by a rope. The advantage of were carefully led, and treated with care. 3. this mode of confinement will be obvi: 3

It was in a pleasant and shady spot ous; and it was practised with success. that the hunting-party halted, after their The Camelopards were permitted to en: 3 long, .toilsome and dangerous march, joy the air, and to look about, and there erected habitations for their shelter un. could be easily fed and watered, and yet der the noble forest trees which grew on suffered no injury. As the number of the place, and made other arrangements 3 prizes by the lazo increased, pits were for a stay of several weeks. It was multiplied ; and at length the season apthere, as we were informed the traveller 3 proached to prepare for the return to the that he made the experiment in la Cape of Good Hope. zoing horses; and to that spot he broughts back the first camelopard of which he MEANS OF Safety FOR VESSELS IN DAN. made a prize. .

GER.--An experiment took place on the The first effect of the lazo, as it is 3 Downs, illustrative of Mr. Carte's plan for commonly used on our western conti. effecting a communication between nent, is one of the most rude and violent stranded vessels and the shore, or vice description. In Mexico and even in versa. The apparatus possesses the great Texas, as well as in South America, on merits of simplicity and portability. In the plains of New Granada, Venezuela, the compass of little more than a large Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, &c., trained gun case are packed rockets of different horses are used in the chase of wild calibre and power, capable in proportion horses, oxen, and sometimes of other to their power of carrying an attached animals and even of inen, and are taught rope to varying distances. This and an

to stand still, and brace themselves as arm of grooved wood, somewhat longer ? soon as the cord is thrown by the master, and stouter than a musket stock, are all

The victim seldom escapes the noose, and that are required. The experiments were is usually brought to the ground in an strikingly successful. Distances being instant, with the utmost violence, as the marked out by flags, the rope was thrown other end of the lazo is secured to the with unerring precision over the point saddle. A wild horse is sometimes se indicated, the rocket, in one case, taking verely injured or killed by the fall, but the line (a stout cordage, the ihickness

always stunned and choked for a time; } of a finger) a clar range of between 400 şand, before the rope is loosened, the cru. S and 500 yds. with as true a coure as a

el sporisman forces his powerful curb. I rifle ball would travel.---London paper.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Sign-Painting.

the gold leaf, as it would injure the apWhen a sign is to be lettered with gold pearance of it, without contributing to or gilt letters, ihe face of the board, after its durability ; but gilt letters, or ornabeing painied and smoothed, is to be var. ments on carriages, sleighs or chairs, on

nished with copal varnish, before the let which they are exposed to wear, must { ters are formed. The letters are drawn necessarily be varnished in order to pres and painted with a composition called by serve them.

printers “Gold sizing," which is pre Silver or brass leaf may be managed in
pired as follows:--Grind equal quanti the same manner, but neither of the in will
ties of white lead and lilbarge, in a mix retain its lustre, unless it is protected by S
ture of equal quantities of old fat linseed a coat of varnish. In the formation of
oil, copal varnish and spirits of turpen letters, in sign painting, very little in-
tine. "To this compound may be added a struction can be given. The shape and
very minute quantiiy of chrome yellow, proportion of the letter depends on the
sufficient to bring the sizing nearly to a

taste and skill of the artist: but, in gene. 3 gold color. The oil for this purpose may ral, the persendicular sections of capitals be generally procured from the top of are made to swell at the top and bottom, oil-paint that has been long standing in an more than those in types, and the hori- { open vessel. With this sizing, the let. zontal lines and crosses are heavier. In ters, ruling and ornamenis are formed, calculating the size of letters-Roman or th · sizing being applied with brushes or antique capitals,--which may be placed pencils, the same as common paint. in a line, divide the length of the board When this sizing becomes hard, but yet by the number of letters in the line, and not so perfectly dry but that a slight take three quarters of the quotient for stickiness remains, the sized parts are the height, or vertical length of the let. S covered with gold leaf, which is gently 3. lers. When a V or W succeeds on A or pressed down with a puff, or ball of raw } L, the two letters may stand closer than cotton. The leaves of gold for this pur. in type work : and, on the other hand, pose, may be first laid on a piece of soft when an I succeeds H, or is succeeded buff leather or sheepskin, and may be cuts by L, the space between should be greatinto convenient sized pieces, with a er than in types. By the observance of sinooth edged knife. These pieces may

these and similar rules, the proportion then be conveyed to the work, and each and balance of the line of letters may be piece placed where it is wanted, by means made far superior to those of printed of a little block of wood, covered with words.--Sci. American. fine flannel. The most convenient shape for this

PATENT DRY BRICK MACHINE.--The mablock is that of a segment, about three chine for making bricks, from dry clay, inches long and three fourths of an inch

invented by Mr. T. Culbertson, of Cinthick ; the strip of flannel being drawn

cinnati, Ohio, must undoubtedly produce over the straight side and the two ends

an entire revolution in the art of brickthereof, tacked upon the curved part.

making. It is simple in construction, The flannel, being occasionally rubbed on

strong, and has but few wearing surfaces, the hand, or on anotber piece of cloth, requiring but little power to work, and 3 instantly acquires an electrical attractive

but few hands to tend it. It is self-feedproperty, sufficient to raise several pieces

ing and self-delivering, and operates with of the leaf in succession, and carry them certainty and accuracy, and is so arran-> to the sized work :-- the block being ged, that by a slight alteration of the slightly pressed on the leaf, the latter will moulds alone, bricks, of any desired size adhere to the flannel, and may be carried and shape, may be made, for paving, to, and placed on, such part of the sizing,

building arches, lining cisterns, &c., and 3 as its size and form will best fit. In this will throw off upwards of 3,000 good, manner, the sized letters, or figures, are smooth, firm bricks, per hour.---Ñ. Y. 3 completely covered with the gold leaf,

Express. which will adhere to the sizing: the } whole may then be rubbed over with cot. 3 In Peru there are now sixteen mines ton, and all the superfluous leaf will be of silver and forly-two of copper, worked, brushed off, leaving the letters or figures mostly, by American and English comentire. No varnish must be put on over ? panies.----SEL.

Nest of the White Ant.

sery-chambers are not bigger than a ha(Concluded from page 346.)

zlenut; but as it advances, they become The outward shell, or dome, is not on enlarged to the size of a child's head. ly of use to protect the interior buildings · The intervention of these various cafrom external violence and heavy rains,

vities is well calculated to regulate the but to collect and preserve a regular sup

temperature of the interior. There are ply of heat and moisture, which seems in also large subterraneous galleries, to dispensable for hatching the eggs and which the Roman sewers are not to be rearing the young ones.

compared, when the size of the worker The royal chamber, occupied by the is taken into account. Some of these are king and queen, is manifestly considered thirteen inches in the bore, extending

of the most consequence, being always more than a hundred yards under ground, s situated as near the centre of the interior

and forming the great thoroughfares of building as possible, and generally upon

the community. The tender body of ihe a level with the surface of the ground, at termites, compared with the 'armour-like a pace or two from the hillock. Its inte. integument of their mortal enemies the rior shape nearly resembles half an eyg, ants, makes it necessary for them thus or an obtuse oval, not unlike a long oven. to conceal themselves in their covered In the infant state of the colony it is roads. scarcely an inch in length, but it is en These galleries wind spirally up to the larged as the queen increases in bulk, un top of the hill. By this contrivance the til it reaches the length of about eight ascent is rendered easier to an insect toilinches.

ing under its load. Let us only conceive Its floor is perfectly horizontal, and a man carrying a heavy weight up a ladabout an inch thick ; the roof is general 3 der two thousand eight hundred and ly of the same solidity, being formed of eighty feet, and we shall have some noone well-turned oval arch; the doors are' } tion of the labour saved by inclining the made level with the floor, equidistant ascent. The distance too is shoriened from each other, and just large enough by another ingenious contrivance : an to admit a labourer, but not to permit arch is thrown from one frequented spot the exit of their majesties, who are im to another; and one of these when meaprisoned for life.

sured has been found to be ten inches in In a large hillock, the royal chamber length, half an inch in width, and one is surrounded by numberless others of fourth of an inch in thickness; and, ac

different shapes and dimensions, all of cording to Smeathman, it was not exca3 them arched either ovally or circularly ; vated, but projected from one point to

these communicate with one another by anoiher. It would be curious to know means of passages, and are the waiting. the site of these arches in different hills, rooms for the attendants employed in re as proving how far they might or might moving the eggs of the queen ; they also not be varied with the exigencies of each § lodge the soldiers engaged in the defence community: of the colony.

It is related of the celebrated conqueNext to these are the magazines, in ror Timour, that, being once forced to which are deposited the inspissated exu take shelter from his enemies in a ruined dations and juices of trees, of various co building, he sat alone many hours: desilours and consistency. Intermixed with rous of diverling his mind srom his hopethe magazines are the nurseries, differ less condition, he fixed bis observation ing totally in construction from any oth 'upon an ant which was carrying a grain er part of the building being composed of corn (probably a pupa) larger than itof raspings of wood cemented with gum. self, up a high wall. Numbering the efThey are compact, and divided into many forts that it made to accomplish this obvery irregularly-shaped chambers, not one ject, he found that the giain fell sixtyof which is half an inch wide. The nur nine times to the ground; but the seven. series are enclosed in chambers of clay; tieth time it reached the top of the wall. they are placed at first near the royal ". This sight," said Timour, "gave me cell, but as the queen enlarges, they are } courage at the moment, and I have never removed to a distance, in order that room forgotten the lesson it conveyed.” . may be made for her increasing wants. The Jesuit Dobrizhoffer, in his HistoIn the early state of the hill, these nur. ry of the Abiphones, gives the following very singular account of the ravages of metropolis : the cavern was many feet ; ants known in Paraguay. He furnishes long and wide, so that it had the appear. no means of ascertaining the species ance of a wine-cellar. As often as earth whose proceedings he describes. “The was thrown in by the Indians to fill it, so largest ants which I had an opportunity often was it dug out by the ants. In this of seeing are formidable on account of s universal trepidation, all the Indians were their undermining buildings. They make called to prop the gaping wall of the burrows, with infinite labour, under church with rafters and planks. The churches and houses, digging deep, sin greatness of the danger rendered it imuous meanders in the earih, and exerting possible to remain quiet, whatever arts their utmost strength to throw out the were adopted. That same night I reloosened sods. Having got wings, they moved from my apartment, which was fly off in all directions, on the approach joined to the church with the same beams. of heavy showers, with the same ill for and rafters, in such a manner, that if one tune as Icarus, but with this difference, fell, the other could not avoid being inthat he perished in the sea, they on the volved in The ruin. I have read that in ground, to which they fall when their 3 Guiana, rocks and mountains have been wings are wetted by the rain. Moreover undermined, walls thrown down, and those holes in the earth by which the people turned out of their habitations by ants used first 10 pass admit the rain-wa ants, which I can easily believe, having ter, which inundates the caves of the ants, s myself witnessed similar or even more inand undermines the building, causing the credible events. (See vol. ii. p. 28.) wooden beams, that uphold the wall and, “In Paraguay I was made thoroughly roof, first to give way, and, unless imme acquainted with the powers of ants. They diately supported, to fall along with the are weak, and compared with many othhouse. This is a common spectacle in

er insects, diminutive, but numbers, laParaguay. The whole hill on which St. bour, and unanimity render them formiJoachim was built was covered with ant:

dable, and endow them with strength su3 bills, and full of subterranean cavities. perior to their size. In the plains, espeOur house and the one adjoining suffered

cially those near the Paraguay, I have much from these insects. The chief al seen ant-hills, like stone pyramids, three tar was rendered useless for many days;

or more ells high, with a broad base, and for, it being rainy weather, the lurking composed of a solid material as hard as ants flew in swarms from their caves, and

stone : these are the storehouses and casnot being able to support a long flight, tles of the ants, from the summits of fell upon the priest, the altar, and sacred which they discern sudden inundations, utensils, defiling everything. Ten out and safely behold the floating carcasses lets by which they broke from their caves of less industrious animals. Elsewhere

being closed up, next day they opened I have seen an immense plain, so covered { twenty more. One evening there arose with low ant-hills, that the horse could

a violent storm, with horrible thunder and not move a step without stumbling. In lighining. A heavy shower seemed to the plains you may often observe a broad have converted our.court-yard into a slo.

path, through which it would appear the ping lake, the wall itself withstanding the legions of Xerxes might have passed. course of the waters. My companion The Spaniards hollow out these pyramibetook himself to my apartment. Mean dal heaps, and use them for ovens, or retine, an Indian, the churchwarden, ar duce them to a powder, which, mixed with rived, announcing ibat the floor of the water, serves admirably to floor houses. church was beginning to gape, and the Pavements of this kind resemble stone in wall to open and be inclined. I snatched

appearance and hardness, and are said to up a lamp and ran to the place, but had prevent the breeding of feas and other ! hardly quitted the thresbhold of my door,

insects. But hear what mischief ants when I perceived a gap in the earth; and, commit within doors. They flock in before I was aware of any danger, sunk a long and almost endless company to up to the shoulders in a pit, in the very the sacks of wheat, and in a journey unplace of the chief altar, but scrambled out interrupted by day or night (if there be of it, by the help of the churchwarden,

a moon), carry off by degrees some } as quickly as I had got in, for under that bushels. They will entirely strip fruit

altar the ants seemed to have made their trees of ther leaves.- Nat. History.

manenown

« PreviousContinue »