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Malta and its Islands. These islands are three in number; namely, Malta, the largest-Gozo, The next in size--and the islet of Comino, interposed between Malta and Gozo. Altogether they scarcely exceed in superficies an island of a hundred miles in circumference; and, being of the same formation, population, and history, are commonly spoken together by the name of Malta. ' Small as they are, circumstances have given them in past limes a celebrity, surpassed by few spots on the globe; and at the present time they possess, in the hands of England, a degree of political importance which renders them objects of interest in America as well as in Europe.

The Maltese Islands are in a line between Sicily and Barbary; and, politically speaking, they have belonged sometimes to Europe and sometimes to Africa. At the present time their language is Arabic, and their religion Roman Ca. 3 tholic. Their productions and physical condition, in like manner, partake of both continents.

Some geologists bave imagined that Gozo alone had been separated from Sicily in some old convulsions of the earth's surface, and was of different origin from Malta. But this idea is negatived by the fact, not only of the close juxtaposition of Gozo and Malta ; but, what is more decisive, the identity of the matter of which all the islands are composed.

Malta, speaking for the three, is a rock of soft limestone, of that sort which some writers designate by the name of calcareous tufa. It is of a white color, a little inclined to buff, and is so soft that the blocks are commonly hewn into shape { with a kind of axe made for this particular purpose. It is also easily wrought into vases and other ornamental forms; but these are very fragile, and the stone is of course too soft for statuary. Be. sides being so soft and easily wrought, it is also very light, and therefore handled with facility.

These qualities of the rock of which Malia is composed give to the a building stone of great beauty and convenience. Hence, not only did the Knights of St. John have at hand a rock easily excavated, cliffs readily cut into ramparts and redoubts, and stones for the masonry of their walls, so as to enables them to build without difficulty those >

vast fortifications which are the admira. tion of every beholder for their mugni. tude and strength ; but they were incited by the same fact, for the construction of the massive and regular edifices, and the well-paved streets of their beautiful city of Valetta. Nay, the very huts of the peasantry in the country are made of well squared blocks of beautiful stone, which might well befit the proudest palaces.

On the surface of the rock the Mallese have obtained and preserved, by time and care, a thin layer of cultivable earth of great fertility. The soil is partly composed of the broken fragments and the dust of the rock itself, mixed with vegetable matter, and in part of earth imported from Sicily; for there is no portion of the human race exceeds the Maltese 3 in patient industry. This thin coating of soil is fertilized by the rains and by vegetable or other manure. It is preserved from being dried up under the hot sun of the south by the porous nature of the rock on which it reposes, and which ab- 3 sorbs and holds from the sun ihe moisiure which falls from the sky. And it is guarded against being gullied and washed away in floods of rain by being form. ed into small inclosures of stone wall; and if the spot be of broken surface, by 3 stone-wall terraces; and here again ihe peculiar qualities of the rock of the island come in play.

Of all this the effect is that Malta is an island of extreme fertility and productiveness. In Malta, as in Holland, humun industry has enabled the inhabitants to prosper apparently against great patu. ral disadvantages. Thus the naked rock of Malta has been made to produce greater crops, and to sustain more human be inge relatively than any other portion of Europe. Of course in such a soil there can be few trees, and no large ones. They are all garden irees. The oranges and figs of Malta especially are of great excellence. But the crop consists chiefly of cotton and corn. The cotton is of a quality greatly inserior to ours both in staple and in color. Much of it is of as tawny color, some specimens of which bave been cultivated in the United States by way of experiment; but thus far not with such results, I believe, as to bave rendered it an object of extensive cultivation. Still it finds a market in some parts of the Mediterranean.

The circumstances which I have stated


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give to Malta a most peculiar aspect. The

Family Government. . island has two cilies, that of Valetta, s

Keep your boys [and girls too] in the which is the sea port and capital, and that

house evenings, if ihey are exposed to of Citta Vecchia, in the centre of the bad or doubtful companions.--This is a island. It contains also a number of vil.

duty which many parents seem to lages, each of which is called a Casal ;

overlook. If they can get rid of the as Casal Zebuig, Casal Lia, Casal Guida,

noise of their boys, and be left to pursue and the rest. All these are built, as I s

their vocations in peace, they do not stop have said, like the dwellings of the peas to inquire where the children are, or are 3 antry, of the whitest calcareous stone of

easy, as they are in the next street, play? the island ; and Valetta as a city is very ing with the other boys. But oh, how

beautiful, and its harbor gives an aspect often it is, that in this way is laid the of animation and variety. But go out of foundation of vices which mar the future Valetta into the country, while you see character, which in their progress destroy no trees, except in occasional gardens to both body and soul. Here, away from enliven the picture, you find ibat every parental restraint, always cominences the dwelling-house by the road side is a na first oath. ked cubical little box of stone, without I once asked a boy who was convereither chimney or (for the most part) sant with these scenes, but who had not window; for the inhabitants were so long got so far advanced in evil as some of his exposed to the ravages either of Moor or

companions whether there was much Christian, according as one or the other

swearing in the streets? He replied possessed the island, that every hut is li some.' I asked furiher, is there more terally a litile castle of massive masonry. swearing in the day time than in the eveAnd when I ascended to be roof of the ning? Without hesitation he answered, Cathedral of Citta Vecchia, and looked in the evening.' This was as I suspectdown upon the island, its chequer-board ed. I asked him why it was so! He resurface of stone walls, and its naked soil, plied he did not know. I presume it was with the uniformity of its structures, were a subject on which he had not reflected, a spectacle of sad monotony such as I and only spoke the fact as it was recallhad never before beheld.

ed to his mind by the question. But I And while the surface of Malta, and could not help thinking that the darkness the condition and pursuits of its inhabi of evening, the greater number which s tants are modified in so many particulars collected together, and the feeling that

by the geological character of the island, they are then more secure from the ob. s from the same fact arises much that is servation of others, is the cause that these

curious in the state of things under night gatherings are particularly unfavoground. For not only do natural grot rable to the morals of our youth. How toes and caverns in the rocks abound, but can parents, who have the least regard to also excavations either wholly artificial the morals of their children, suffer them or enlargements of natural passages. s to be exposed to such baneful influences ? They bear the name of catacombs, which Better would it be for their own families, perhaps is appropriale enough. At any and the community at large, if they would rate, the extensive caverns which I visit devote the evenings to their children, ed under Citia Vecchia exhibited indu though other things should be neglected. bitable evidence of having been employ

[Selected. ed, probably at some period of very remole antiqnity, in the time of the Pheni. Porular FALLACIES.—That dress makes cians or Carthaginians, as places of sép- S the gentleman. ulture; though it may be true, also, as That youth will never fade. tradition avers, that they have since That good manners are often wasted. served as places of refuge to the early That glory pays the cost. Christians. And I believe that extensives That yellow fever crowns volunteers excavations for military purposes form a ? with glory. part of the works constructed by the That trash will pass for sense. Knights of St. John.-C. Cushing.

That goodness and cleverness always

ally. That honor belongs to thieves.

und Have the courage to make a will, and

That the me

That the thunder does the damage.-a just one.-SEL.

Irving Banner.



The Cedar OF LEBANON. This cut is quite too small to give any We were favored, some time ago, by one adequate idea of the aspect, or at least of of our devoted and learned missionaries, the impression of this fine tree, so distin (the Rev. Mr. Beadle,) with several guished for its interesting associations. cones, obtained by him on a visit to It is very remarkable that it is found Š Mount Lebanon, and have distributed growing naturally in only one limited re most of the seeds among our subscribers 5 gion in the world, although it may be in and other friends, some, from which we troduced, without much difficulty, into have information, we know have grown ; ; many other countries

and we have one now before us, about The pines, cedars and larches have three years old, which, though small, is their seeds contained in husky cones, of very vigorous, and is putting out new. } various sizes, with some of which most leaves, in the peculiar manner of the of us are familiar. They have very small tribes, in great abundance. and slender leaves, most of which are It is impossible for a reader of the Bievergreen, except the larches, to which ble to look upon this plant without deep

division belongs ihe tree above depicted. and peculiar interest. More use is made s The leaves of an evergreen fall every of it in the Scriptures as an emblem, than

year, like those of other trees. They do of any other, in the whole vegetable not remain unchanged, as a superficial kingdom ; and it is the subject of many observer might presume, from its un of the most instructive and affecting, as changing appearance. The old leaves well as the most beautiful figurative pas-> remain until the young ones have grown, sages in the sacred volume. What more

and then gradually fall, when their loss appropriate plant for the Christian's eye! s is perceptible to an observer. Whoever Since they may be reared in our own

has walked in our pine woods must recol yards and gardens, or at least in our own lect, that the ground is covered with a green houses, how well worth our pains coat of the brown leaves of the past sea will it be to multiply them around us! sons.

When we look upon their form, we see One of the most admired objects in an emblem chosen by God to represent the Garden of Plants in Paris, is a large the beauty and steady development of that cedar of Lebanon, growing on the side of character, which we should daily and the little hill of the Observatory. In Ren hourly be occupied in forming, and be frewshire, in Scotland, this tree has been admonished to "grow like the cedar of common for many years; and we have Lebanon.” been informed that there is a tradition, that the two oldest specimens still sur

There are prating coxcombs in the vive, and were planted about seven hun. world, who would rather talk than listen, dred years ago, by soldiers returned from although Shakspeare himself were the the Crusades.

orator, and human nature the theme. We cannot but hope, that a considera There are some truths, the force and ble number of these interesting trees may validity of which we readily admit, in all be at this moment growing in different cases except our own; and there are othparts of our own country, as we have er truths so sell-evident that we dare not heard of a number of seeds brought or deny them, but so dreadful that we dare sent to America by travellers in Syria. S not believe them.-Lacon.


STATUE OF PETER THE GREAT. This gigantic, and almost colossa! work s other nations, and almost ruined France is equally admired as a specimen of art by endeavoring to make her queen of Eu. ? and an appropriate monument. History rope." Napoleon spent his life in conquer. has not transmitted to us any other cha- } ing foreign people by force. Peter de. racter to which a parallel can be found voted himself to training the minds,

in all points with Peter, the father of Rus the habits and the condition of his own s sian greatness. In reading his life we subjects. The former placed himself,

find almost as much to wonder about as 3 from the first, at the head of those who to admire ; and unhappily, too much to destroyed life: the latter began by subdisapprove and lament. Taking his edu. mitting himself to severe, long-continued cation, and the numerous evil influences and even what many call degrading laaround him into account, we cannot, in bor, that he might learn the noble art of deed, be surprised that he should have Teaching and leading millions of ignorant had great faults and even some vices; and and miserable Russians, to knowledge and yet, when we contemplate some of the habits which would elevate their minds scenes in which he most disgraced him. and increase their happiness. self, we are tempted to lose sight of the We cannot pretend to claim for Peter circumstances which form the chief apolo such pure motives as we love to ascribe gies for him. There are few personages, to Washington : but we may be justified perhaps, of whom we ought to be more in preferring him, as a disinteresied pacarefully on our guard, and continually to triot, to many other favorites of history. exercise discrimination.

We have before given our readers One of the most favourable lights in some of the most important particolars which we can contemplate the life and respecting the history of the fine monucharacter of Peter, is in contrast with ment of art above represented, and the some of the other most distinguished and personage to whose honor it was erectadmired men ; and a general resem ed; and may therefore refer our readers blance between the statue depicted lo some of our preceding numbers, (see above, and the spirited representation of } vol. ii. p. 577, 644.) Buonaparte crossing the Alps, remind us } of some of the fundamental differences 3 Persecuting bigots may be compared between the two originals.

to those burning lenses which LeuhenPeter devoted his life to the improve hoeck and others composed from ice; by ment of his countrymen, and limited his their chilling apathy, they freeze the supViews to his own country ; while Buona- 3 pliant; by their fiery zeal, they burn the parte constantly kept his eyes fixed on ? sufferer.-LACON.

Whisper to a Wife. In the matrimonial character. gentle lady, no longer let your fancy wander to scenes of pleasure and dissipation. Let home be now the sole scene of your wishes, your thoughts, your plans, your exertions. Let home be now the stage on which, in the varied character of wife, mother and mistress, you strive to set and shine with splendor. In its sober, quiet scenes, let your heart cast its anchor, let your feelings and pursuits all be centred. And beyond the spreading trees that shadow and shelter your man. sion, gentle lady, let not your fancy warder. Leave to your husband to distinguish himself by his valor or his talents. Do you seek for fame at home-and let the applause of your God, your children, and your servants, weave for your brow a never fading chaplet

An ingenions writer says," If a painter wished to draw the finest object in the world, it would be the picture of a wife, with eyes expressing the serenity of her mind, and a countenance beaming with benevolence; one lulling to rest on her arm a lovely infant, the other employed in presenting a moral page to another sweet baby, who is listening to the words of truth and wisdom from its incomparable mother."

I think there is something very lovely in seeing a woman overcome those liitle domestic disquiets which every mistress of a family has to contend wih, sitting down to her breakfast lable in ihe morning with a cheerful countenance, and promoting innocent and pleasant conversation, among her little circle. But vain will be her amiable efforts al pleasure unless she is assisted by her husband and other members around; and truly it is an unpleasant sight to see a family, instead of enlivening the quiet scene with a little good humored chat, sitting like statutes, as if each is unworthy the attention of the other. And then, when a stranger comes in, o dear, such smiles, animation and loquacity. “Let my lot be to please at home," says the poet; and truly I cannot help feeling a contemptible opinion of those persons, young or old, male or female, who lavish their good humor or pleasantry in company, and hoard up sul lenness and silence for the sincere, lov

ined for a hard-working man after his

daily toil, or in its intervals, there is nos (thing like reading an interesting paper or

book. It calls for no bodily exertion, of which he has already had enough, or perhaps too much. It relieves his home of its dullness and sameness. It transports him into a livelier and gayer and more diversified and interesting scene; and while he enjoys himself there, he may forget the evils of the present moments fully as much as if he were ever so drunk, with the great advantage of finding himself the next day with the money in his pocket, or at least laid out in real neces. saries and comforts for bimself and fam. ily--and without a headache. Nay, it accompanies him to his next day's work; } and if what he has been reading be any ? thing above the idlest and lightest, gives him something to think of, besides the mere mechanical drudgery of his everyday occupation--something he can en-> joy while absent and look forward to withs pleasure. If I were to pray for a taste which should stand me in stead unders every variety of circumstances, and be a source of happiness and cheerfulness to me through life, and a shield against its ills, however things might go amiss, and the world fronin upon me, it would be a taste for reading -Sir J. Herschell.

The Huguenot CHURCH IN New York. --The French Protestani church is one of 3 the oldest in the city of New York. Makemie preached in it 1707, after his acquittal, when persecuted by that profiigale high-churchman Lord Cornbury. A controversy arose at one time in the con gregation with respect to the minister, Mr Rou, and the royal Governor Burnet decided in his favour, and this caused the Delanceys and others to join the Episcopal denominalion. When the congrega. iion ceased to be supplied by a French Presbyterian minister, we do not know; but it seems that at an early period the French church at New Rochelle petition. ed the English Society for Propagating the Gospel to send them a minister. For a number of years, the French church in New York has been in possession of the Episcopalians—the old lot has been sold, and an elegant and costly building erected. The French language is used altogether in the public services.

PLEASURES OF READING ---Of all the amusements that can possibly be imag.

Blackberries are always red when green.' ,

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