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THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE.

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My Bible.

s far from me, mine acquaintance in the My parents were professors of relig. 3 dust, my kinfolks have failed. I am aljon of the old puritan stamp; they read most alone, my head is blossoming for the Bible, they taught me to read it. Be

the grave, I have no certain dwelling fore I was twelve years of age I had read place, neither storehouse nor barn, a the Bible more than once through ; it was stranger and a pilgrim on earth, I am on my one book, chiefly because I had few the road that leads to Canaan. I am far others besides my spelling book and New

advanced on my journey ; my heart, my England Primer. I loved reading, and treasure, my friends and my home are in the Bible served as a historical as well

yonder world beyond the swelling floods as a religious book. While now writing

of Jordan's stormy banks; 'tis there I I distinctly remember some impressions

hope to rest my weary soul. and thoughts made on my mind while

I still love my Bible; it looks more reading the Bible at that age. From 16

and more precious; I cannot do without to 24 it was much neglected; at 26 I ex

it. My old pocket-Bible, this is most perienced religion ; it became a new and precious to m· I have had it upwards interesting book to me; I read it with

of twenty years, carried it with me conwonder and astonishment, in tears, in stantly ; it is like myself, weatherbeaten sorrow, and in joy, in hope, and soine.

and worn: still I love it ; there is none times almost in despair; it was my com

like it. It is yet legible; hundreds of panion by night and by day. Under my

passages in it are 'pencil marked;' on pillow I often placed it, as the last thing

these I have tried to preach, on them I I did before I laid me down, save com

have written, meditated and prayed, over ? mending myself into the hands of Him

them I have wept, over them I have sorwho never sleeps. I read it through

rowed, bordering on despair, over them again and again, especially from Psalms I have rejoiced with joy unspeakable and to Revelation; it revealed the secrets of

full of glory, over them I have shouted my heart.

till I have made the wilderness and soliIt "was a discerner of the thoughts tary place ring with loud acclamations of and intents of it," it divided soul and spi praise to God and the Lamb. rit, joints and marrow, it laid my whole I sit down all alone in my little study; heart naked and open before me, it was "'iis all I have ;' I take up my good old my chart, my compass, my pilot, guide Bible, (praised be the Lord lor eyesight) and bosom companion, in sickness, po and begin to read it. It is as new as verty, inward and outward distresses. ever; it is a library itself to me, it speaks ; For many a year I read it regularly as be volumes; the opening of it brings to fore stated, the New Testament especial my recollection scenes of years gone by. ly, besides all my family and public I have read commentaries from Coke to reading. I read it on my knees before Clarke, from Scott to the Comprehensive and after prayer. I thought on it sleep Commentary. I have gone over Wesley, ing and waking. It was my meat, drink Fle cher, and a host of other books on and medicine; those were days which divinity, memoirs, and all other religious 'tried men's souls; fighting without and books within my reach, and after all, if I

fears within,' Christ and my Bible were wish to know any thing with certainty | my all.

about God. Christ or Christianity, I have Before I was 29 l occasionally at to go to my good old Bible. I read ; if I tempted to preach ; at 31, regular tra do not understand, I pray; if all is not velling, I travelled many a long year

clear, I pray again; a light shines upon through the wilderness and the village, I the sacred page, my undertanding is lodged in the cabin, farm, and mansion

opened, my memori' strengthened and s house, I preached in the log hut, the open quickened, thoughts rush in upon me, wood, and the high steeple house. My they stretch onward and upward, deeper congregation was from four to five thou and broader, backward and forward ; sand. The success that I met with will they rise higher and higher, till I am lost be known in a coming day. I have risen in wonder, love and praise; the fire kinand fallen and risen again ; I have waded dles up in my soul, ihe north and south through the deep waters of amiction. Alls wind blow upon it, it burns deep and its billows have gone over me, deep call. } large ; unbelief, sin, Satan, self and the eih unto deep, lover and friends are put { world have all disappeared, my Saviour

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stonds by my side, angels hover over the { are fermenting vats and bins, and tubs. place, God is all around me, 'tis beaven's 3 We were shown into one of the ferment. gate, 'tis God's own hour, I feast on an.. ing rooms, which was arranged to resemgels' food, the bread of heaven, 1 forget Ş ble a church. It would hold 2000 full who I am, what I am, and where I am, in ? grown Christian people, and I believe held the body or out, in the world or out of ten times that number of evil spiriis. The ? it, all my cares, toils, troubles and sor losty galleries were filled with vats, in rows. Here I enjoy God, I see him, I which the liquid was reeking and foaming talk with him face to face, I see Je with its filthy yeast, the first stage of its sus, he is mine and I am bis, 'tis a heaven fermentation. The body of the house below, 'tis eternal life begun. I am un. was full of tubs as big as a couple of speakably happy and unutterably full of hogsheads, each arranged along aisles, up glory and of joy. I gradually wake from half way to catch the spume. So all this? my reverie, I come to myself, I calmly mighty congregation of hogsheads, with look around and find myself in my room, a broad lip stuck out from the top of each, in my writing chair with my Bible in my were spewing over into these aisles. hand, my face bathed in tears, my soul When this process arrives at a certain full of joy; 1 exclaim aloud, blessed stage, the liquid is drawn off into a room forever blessed be the Lord for the Bi below, and bunged up for use. ble.- Zion's Herald.

In another room we were shown much

larger vats, in which the process was . London Breweries.

commencing. They held from 500 to I have been to see a brewery ; it is in 1000 barrels. Our party of some twensize the fourth in London, and only about ty souls, men, women and children, stood half as large as two others, which I shall on the upper head of one of them, and perhaps see by and by. It belongs to looked down through a glass skylight inWhitebread & Co., and is the same where to the tormented liquid below. We } George III. dined and reckoned how far passed into the cooperage where the bar. the barrels would reach if placed end to rels and butts are made of solid oak staves end. It belonged once to the Thrales ; nearly two inches thick. We saw the and Dr. Sam Johnson, playing the auc 3 storehouses of malt and hops. They tioneer, with pen and inkhorn by his side, consume here from 4 to 500.000 bushels spoke of its coppers and vats as “the po of malt in a year, and how many tons of tentiality of amassing wealth beyond the hops I have forgotten. But of the latter dreams of avarice,''-all of which, is not on account of constant variations of price, recorded in the chronicles of Boswell! they keep an immense supply on hand. The father of the present Mr. Wbilebread The vast store house was crowded with was a great man in Parliament, but slew ranges of hop bales, fifteen or twenty feet himseli miserably on the occasion of high. The greatest wonder, however, some family troubles. And I think all ? was the building in which they store away the brewers should do as much, if they their beer. To say nothing of its subtercould see and bear all the family trouble ranean regions, in which there were long produced by their vile liquiils. But to ranges of bulls, and barrels, and kegs, ihe brewery : It is a city in jiself; a con- ? ready to be corted off, to supply custo. gregalion of dingy masses, confined ar mers, and where there was an invisible chitecture.

cistern sunk in the ground, said to con-> There are steam engines (one, a curi tain 4000 barrels ; above ground, there ous old machine set up by Watt himself,) were in one room eight iron- hooped, top mills for grinding mali, mash iubs-little and bottom, puncheons or tubs, standing utensils holding only a few hundred bar. on end, into each of which you might rels, in which they stir up the broth of have let down a Boston four story house, stupidity-coppers to brew in, large and hended it in, chimneys standing ! ! enough to cook an elephant soup, in The capacity of each was 2000 barrels, which might swim a dozen elephants more or less, and the whole would hold wbole, once healed by fires underneath, 16,000 barrels all under one roof, enough but now by high steam, generated in a to sell for $130 000. We also saw the series of seven boilers, all of which are stables of the mighty and monstrous horkept far more than boiling hot by the tri- {ses that pull the enormous loads of beer fle of 4000 tons of coal per annum. Here 3 through the streets. They are fat, and 3

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yet do not drink beer. Each has hiss der, from which, when he raised his paw

name printed on Japan, like a lawyer's ? to strike at the dogs, the blood would 3 shingle, over his manger. And the names s spirt out, although the wound was given

of all the horses that are bought in the on the Saturday before. His skin was same year, begin with the same letter of preserved, but was so much injured in the alpbabet. - Boston Chronicle.

taking it off that nothing could be done

with it.-Advertiser. DISCOVERY OF AN ANTIQUE GEM.—The Mayor of Bath has been lately put in pos. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE JEsuits – The session of a very splendid gem found in Society of Jesuits was established by a the earth at Crossbands, once a Roman special bull of the Pope, Paul III. in station. It is an agate of the color of 1540. They spread themselves as rapid. light-grey brown, linealed, highly polish

ly in Europe as they are now extending ed, and in perfect preserpation. It is their power in the United States. They nearly an inch and a half in length, above spread themselves also in Asia and Afri. } an inch in diameter, and perhaps the fifth

ca.-Africa first resisted their efforts, and of an inch in thickness; presenting on the Copts and Abysinnians drove them its face a bust profile in relief of Pallas,

out of the country as early as 1511. 3 or, as termed by the Latins, Minerva, and They were banished from France in having over the helmet of the goddess an

1591, and again in 1846. inscription in Greek capitals, both the

The Iroquois Indians drove them out of head and the letters being exquisitely

their country by force in 1682 well engraved. The inscription would

They were expelled from Russia once seem to imply that the jewel in question

in 1719, and again in 1817. was the gift of a friend, wishing prospe

They were driven out of Portugal in rity to the family and fortunes of the pro

1759, and from Spain in 1820. prietor. This beautiful vestige of anti

In 1820 they were a third time expellquity had, probably, been, as the phrase

sed from Russia.-SEL. is, set open, and worn as a brooch. From

Health.-When any one is taken ill, its fine state of preservation, some have

his relatives or friends become extreme- 3 conceived it to be the production of a

ly anxious to have his room properly modern hand ; but this is unlikely, be

ventilated; his clothes are frequently cause the design and carving are most

changed and carefully aired; his food masterly, and the artist of our day must

properly regulated in quantity and quali. have copied from some unknown original

ty; his skin cleaned and refreshed, his worthy of the purest age of Grecian

mind amused and tranquilized ; his sleep taste.-English paper.

sound and undisturbed ; and his body du

ly exercised ;—and they state as the reaA WHITE Bear Killed.—A few months

son of all this care, and most justly, that ago, the crews of some fishing vessels

pure air, cleanliness, attention to diet, from York, Me., were on the coast of cheerfulness, regular exercise, and sound S Labrador, where they killed an immense sleep, are all highly conducive to health. { white bear, of the following dimensions : And yet, such is the inconsistency attenlength from between the ears to the be

3 dant on ignorance, that the patient is no ginning of the tail, nine feet nine inches;

..sooner restored, than both he and his girth around body, eight feet four inches; guardians are found to become as care3 girth around ancle, one foot șix inches; less and indifferent in regard to all the

middle nail on one of the fore paws, se laws of health, as if these were entirely ven inches.'

without influence, and their future breach? It took eleven men to roll him off from or observance could in no way affect him ! the bank into the sea. Two flour barrels

Just as if it were not better by a rational were filled with fat taken from between exercise of judgment to preserve health the hide and flesh. He was fired at fif when we have it, than first to lose it, and teen times on a Saturday, but on Sunday

then pay the penalty in suffering and he could not be found. On Monday he

danger, as an indispensable preliminary was seen on the shore, still alive, when

to its subsequent restoration !-SEL. s he was attacked and killed by means of

dogs and axes. There were eight ball 3 A man's character may often be known s holes in him; one under his fore shoul- by the hue of his nose.

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AGRICULTURAL. .

very small fruit, rather austere than

sweet. These wild vines which, were Interesting Facts in the History of called by the ancients' labrusca,' are still Fruits.-At a meeting of the American known in the south of France by the Institute, some weeks since, Mr. D. J. names of lambrusca and lambrusquiero ;' Brown, author of the Trees of America,' but whether these vines are indigenous submilted a very interesting paper, on the or have degenerated into their present origin of various fruits

wildness from those originally brought The origin of most of our common ed

from the East, we have no means of ible fruits, as well as that of our garden

knowing and field vegetables, is involved in great

The vines originally brought to France obscurity. The varieties, or races, have

from other countries, it is said, were not been greatly multiplied, either from a superior in quality to many of our native pruneness to change from their original

grapes, but have since been improved by types, without any apparent cause, or

cultivation: from which it may be infer. from the influence of soil, climate, hybri

red that, when a portion of the industry dization and culture, which, in some in

will have been bestowed upon our “Castances, are more or less accidi ntal or

tawba and Isabella,' that has for so many temporary.

ages and by so many natives, been devoAll the varieties of the Orange are be

ted to the melioration of the European lieved to be derived from the same stock,

grape, we shall no longer be indebted to although some are more acid, and obers

the Old World. Hence we learn the immore bitter in their flavour. It is sup.

portance of producing new varieties of posed to have been originally a native of

our native grapes from seeds, by grafting the warmest parts of Asia, and has long

or innoculation, and if possible by hybri. since been acclimated to the more rem

dization, and doubiless many valuable vaperate and tropical countries throughout

ricties would be the result. . the globe. At present, il grows wild in The Almond was formerly classed Florida, Cuba, and other parts of Ameri in the same genus with the peach, of ca, where it has been produced from which it is regarded, by many, the parent, stocks originally introduced by the Spa as trees have been found with almonds niards from Europe. This wild fruit, in in a state of transition to peaches. 'Du 3 most cases, is small and of a bitter sour, Hamel states that the fruits of the peachthough in some instances it is large and like-leaved almond (Amandier-pecher) sweet. According to Galesio, who de. vary upon the same branch, from ovate scribed forty principal kinds of orange, to obtuse in their shape, with the husk ra. as cultivated in Italy, the Arabs, when ther fleshy, to ovate, compressed, accumithey penetrated India, discovered it nate, and the husk dry. And Mr. Knight, there, and brought it to Europe by two late President of the London Horticultu. distinct routes,--the sweet ones through şral Society, considered the fruit called Persia to Syria, and thence to the shores • Tuberus,' by Pliny, as swollen almonds, of Italy and the south of France, and the Shaving raised a similar one himself, bitter ones by Arabia, Egypt, and the by dusting the stigma of the almond North of Africa, to Portugal and Spain.. flower with the pollen of the peach, s The Wine Grape of Europe is general.

which produced a tolerably good fruit. 3 ly considered to have originated in Per

The almond is indigenous to Syria sia, whence it was introduced to Egypt,

and Northern Africa, and has been natu3 Greece, Sicily, and afterwards to France,

ralized in most of the lemperate regions Spain, and parts of Europe.' Its cultiva

of the globe. In a wild state, ils fruit is? tion was probably among the earliest er. sometimes found with bitter kernels, and forts of human industry ; for we read that

at other times sweet. . one of the first acts of Noah, after being Although the Nectarine is considered saved from the deluge, was to plant a by some botanists as a distinct species, vineyard. This species, however, has there can be but little doubt of their beexisted for ages, in a wild state, in the ing derived from the same type, as the woods and hedges of Provence, Langue fruits of the peach, and tbat of the nectadoc, and Guienne, in France, where it dif rine have both been found growing on

fers from the cultivated vine in having the same branch; and even one instance is 3 smaller and more cottony leaves, and recorded, where the fruit had the smooth

surface of the nectarine on one side, and Italy only two superior varieties of cherthe downy skin of the peach on the other. 3 ry; the species which were the origin of

It is not certain in what part of the all those now in cultivation, being, before globe the peach tree was originally pro his time, indigenous to Italy, and the foduced; for, although we have early ac rests of France, though their fruit was counts of its being brought to Europe neglected by the Romans. At present, from Persia, it does not follow from however, the common cherry is no where this, that it was one of the natural pro found in an apparently wild state, in any ductions of that country. Pliny relates part of Europe or America, except near that it bad'been stated to possess veno human habitations mous qualities, and that its fruit was sent The Common Pear is indigenous to

into Egypt, by the Kings of Persia, by Evrope, Western Asia, the Himalayas, 3 way of revenge, to poison the natives ; and to China; but not to Africanor

but he treats this story as a mere fable, America. Professor De Candolle de.

and considers it the most harmless fruit scribes two forms of the wild species, s in the world. He expressly states that comparatively permanent, from which all 3

it was imported by the Romans from Per. of our cultivated varieties have been de

sia ; but whether it was indigenous to rived. The earliest writers mention the Ś that country, or sent thither from a re pear as growing abundantly in Syria,

gion still nearer the equator, we have no ? Egypt and in Greece; and it appears to s information.

have been brought into Italy from these 3 The Apricot is indigenous to Armenia, places about the time that Sylla made Caucasus, the Himalayas, China and Ja. himself master of the last named coun. pan. It is supposed, however, to have try, although there is but little doubt that originated in Armenia, but Regrier and the Romans had several kinds of this Sickler assign it a parallel between the fruit long before his time. Niger and Mount Atlas. Pallas consid Among the trees which Homer deers it to be a native of the whole of Cau scribes as forming the orchard of Laercasus; and Thurberg describes it as a tes, the father of Ulysses, we find the very large, spreading, branchy, tree, in pear. Theophrastus speaks of the proJapan,

ductiveness of old pear-trees, the truth s It is the opinion of some authors that of which is verified by the trees of the

the common Domestic Cultivated Plum, present day. Pliny describes the varieand all its variations, as well as the Bul. ties in cultivation in his time, as being lau Plum, originated from the common exceedingly numerous, and says that a sloe of Europe. On this point, botanists fermented liquor was made of the exdo not agree.

pressed juice; and Virgil mentions some The Apricot-like plum (Drap d'or) is pears which he received from Cato. Acthought to be a hybrid between the wild cording to Pownell, ihe pear was imporplum and the wild apricot.

ted into Marseilles by the Phocian colo. The Domestic Cultivated Plum is be nists, sometime during the middle ages. lieved to be indigenous to the south of The cultivated varieties of the com. Russia, Caucasus, the Himalayas, and to mon pear succeed both in the temperate many parts of Europe. Falkner makes and transition zones of the two hemi. it a native of Asia, and an introduction, spheres, and it is remarkable that this into Europe, of the Crusaders.

tree will perfect its fruit within the verge The Common Garden Cherry is regar of the tropics, when grown at a proper ded by all ancient authors as of Asiatic

elevation above the sea, at about the origin; but wheiher it is truly indige-3

same period of the year as in Europe and nous to any part of Europe, modern wri

the United States. ters differ in opinion. Pliny states that The common Apple Tree, or some al. 3 it did not exist in Italy till after the vic- lied species, grows spontaneously in al. 3tory which Lucullus won over Mithri. most every part of the northern hemidales, King of Pontus, 68 years. B. C. sphere, except in the torrid and frigid He tells us that, - in 26 years after Lu zones, and some of the islands in the

cullus planted the cherry-tree, in Italy, ocean. This tree, by itself, or conjointly. } other lands had cherries, even as far as 3 with other species or races, is the parent

Britain, beyond the ocean." According of innumerable varieties and sub-varieties, to Abbé Rosier, Lucullus brought into generally known as cultivated apples.' munavu

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