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Except at one season, these animals sland

s Upwards of 2000 perished on Romney in need of no extra attention; neither are

Marsh, and the desolation equally spread to they predisposed to take cold. In this res.

other places. pect, ihe alpaca is pre-eminently favored by

" In the British islands, sheep are some. nature. Jis skin is thick and hard ; and,

times smothered by the snow falling down being covered with an impervious coat, it is

upon them from the hills, or perish in an not injured by moisture. Snows and storms

accumulation of drift. never affect these animals. Unhurt they

Frequenıly they

bave not the courage, or the strength, to ex• 3 pass through the utmost rigour of the ele

tricate themselves ; but from his greater ments, and hence the precautions adopted

size, boldness, and activity, the alpaca is by our shepherds on some bleak localities,

better able to contend with the storm. with them would be superfluous.


their own country, these animals have an "Another remarkable feature in the al.

unerring foresight of approaching danger, paca is, that it does not often transpire ; for

and, collecting their young around them, which reason, and its peculiarly cleanly ha.

seek the best shelter which the locality afbits, the fleece does not require washing be

ferds. After a tempest seldom is one miss. {fore it is taken from the back. Although

ing, although they are, as it were, left to 3 often confined to regions, where

themselves, and ihe country bare of trees. • Snow piled on snow, each mass appears . Nothing can be more interesting than to see

The gather'd winter of a thousand years,' a flock of Andes sheep overtaken by a storm, the alpaca is not subject to catarrhs, or to and crossing a valley, with the drilt reachthose disorders which disable the limbs.

ing to their very backs. Raising their The chest being guarded by a callosity, or

heads in a bold and majestic manner, the S cushion, which comes in contact with the

old males take the first line, and by pushing B ground wbile the animal reposes, ihe vital through the barrier, or jumping upon 1: 5 parts are not injured should the flock be when resistance is 100 great, succeed in

obliged 10 pass the night in a damp or un opening or beating down the snow, so as - sheltered situation. Besides being free from to form a path for the weaker ones to follow.

the diseases incidental to common sheep, the “Sensible of the importance of introdu* alpaca is less exposed to what are called cing the alpaca into Sco!land, in 1841 the

outward accidents. The facility with Highland and Agricultural Society offered which this animal escapes from the fatal their gold medal for the best treatise writ-> consequences of a snow-storm, is a valua tee on the subject, which was awarded to ble property. One shudders at reading the Mr. Walton : and later, at the Glasgow graphic description, given by the Ettrick caille-show, they announced premiums for Shepherd, of those sudden and awful ca the best pair born in the country, and the lamities which have so often overtaken the two best imported. The successful candifarmer in the Scotch Highlands, when

date was Mr. G. Stirling, of Craig barnet • The feathery clouds, condensed and furl'd

Place, Lennoxtown, an extract from whose In columns swept the quaking glen ;

letter in reference to his little pet, 2 monihs Destruction down the vale was hurl'd

old, and born on his own esiale, we subjoin, O'er bleating flocks and wondering men.'

• My alpacas, with the youngster, were “Since the well-known • Thirteen Days' the only ones exhibited. They were much Drift,' supposed to have taken place in the

admired; and, indeed, latterly, they becaine 3 year 1660, at which period so large a por

the attraction of the immense muliiiude contion of the Scotch flocks was destroyed, and

gregated together in the show-ground. The so many persons perished, there have been young one was particularly admired, and ? no less than thirty-six inclement seasons,

it was the wish of the committee that its during which the losses among sheep were

likeness should be taken, but the day was incalculable. Nor have these misfortunes

unfortunately wet and cold, and it being so been confined to Scotland. The fall of

young, I was afraid to allow it to remain, snow, which occurred towards ihe close of

and sent it home. However, it is quite February, 1807, was so heavy in England,

well and was nothing the worse for its jourchat in exposed situations ihe herds and

ney to Glasgow, and ils long confinement locks extensively suffered. Of the large in the show-yard.” number of sheep, on that occasion, overvhelmed in the Borough Fen, rear Stam

The firmest friendships have been formed ord, only 600 could be dug out alive, the S in mutual adversity, as iron is most strong. 3 est being completely buried in the snow. } ly united by the fiercest flame. _ LACON. 3

DESCRIPTION OF ADEN IN ARABIA. I already commenced. Increasing the veFrom Harris's Highlands of Ethiopia." } hemence of their savage dance, they

Cape Aden is a bold promontory, heave the ponderous sacks like giants bu. crossed by horizontal ledges, and seam

sied at pitch and toss, and begrimed from ed with gaps and fissures, Jebel Shem

head to foot, roll at intervals upon the shán rears its turreted crags nearly

· blackened planks, to stanch the perspiraeighteen hundred feet above the ocean,

tion. Thus stamping and howling with into which numerous bare and rugged

increased fury, while the harsh notes of buttresses, of width only sufficient 10 af.

the drum peal louder and louder to the ford footing to a cony, and each termina deafening vehemence of the frantic mu. ting in a bluff inaccessible summit. Sand sician, they pursue their task at night as and shingle strew the cheerless valleys

well as day, amid clamor and fiendish voby which these spurs are divided; and,

ciferations. save where a stunted balsam, or a sallow Along the entire coast of Southern clump of senna, has struggled through Arabia, there is not a more remarkable the gaping fissare, hollow as well as hil feature than the lofty promontory of is destitute of even the semblance of ve Aden, which bas been flung up from the getation.

bed of the ocean, and in its formation is Rounding the stern peninsula, within altogether volcanic. The Arab historian, stone's-cast of the frowning headlands, of the tenth century, Masudi, afier spenkthe western bay developed its broad ex ing of the volcanoes of Sicily and in the panse as the evening closed. Here, with kingdom of the Maha Raj, alludes to it colliers and merchantmen, were riding as existing in the desert of Barbut, adja. the vessels of war composing the Red cent to the province Nassafan and Ha. Sea squadron. Among the isolated den dramaut, in the country of Shaher. • Its izens of British Arabia, the unexpected sound, like the rumbling of thunder, might arrival of a steam-frigate created no small then be heard many miles, and from its sensation. Exiles on a barren and dreary entrails vomited forth red hot stones with soil, which is precluded from all inter- } a flood of liquid fire.' The skeleton of course with the fruitful, but barbarous the long-exhausted crater, once, in all interior, there is nothing to alleviate the probability, a nearly perfect circle, now imprisonment, but the periodical flying exhibits a horse-shoe-shaped crescent, visits of the packets that pass and repass hemmed in by splintered crags, which, betwixt Suez and Bombay. In the dead viewed from the turreted summit of Jebel of night, the sudden glare of a blue light Shemshan especially, whence the eye in the offing is ansivered by the illumi. ranges over the entire peninsula, presents nation of the blockship. The thunder of the wildest chaos of rock, ruin, and desartillery next peals from her decks; and ola ion. as the laboring of paddle-wheels comess From the landing place at Ras Marbut, booming more heavily over the waters, a tortuous track of five miles conducts the lantern at the mast-head is followed past the coal depot and Seedie location,

by a red glow under the stern, as the along various curvatures of the arid coast, 3 ship, buffeting a cascade of snowy s to the cantonment and town of Aden.

spray, vibrates to every stroke of the en “Sublime in barrenness," the rugged and 3 gine, and leaving a phosphoric train to § loty cliffs pile themselves upward in

mark her even course, glides, hissing and masses of the most fantatic shape, now 3 boiling, towards her anchorage.

bare and bald, shooting into perpendicular And who are these swart children of spires, and now leaning over the caravan the sun, ihat, like a May-day band of of heavily laden camels, that toil along

chimney sweeps, are springing with wild the path. The sunshine of perpetual s hoops and yells over the bulwarks of the ? summer reigns throughout the scene.

new arrival ? "Tis a gang of brawny As the road retires from the beach, the s Seedies, enfranchised negroes from the cliffs assume the similitude of massive

coast of Zanzibar, whose pleasure con. walls and battlements, everywhere pier. S sists in the transhipment of yonder moun- ced with loopholes and embrasures. A

tain of coal, lying heaped in tons upon gradual ascent leads through a craggy s the groaning deck. To the dissonant 3 portal, bristling with cannon, and guard.

tones of a rude tambourine, thumped with red by the sentinel. One narrow rist in the thigh-bone of a calf, their labor has the solid rock, to the foot of which the THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE.

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sun rarely penetrates, forms an abrupt di- { flows copiously ; but the volatile oil vision in the chain; and beyond it the

quickly evaporating, leaves a tasteless, s eye suddenly embraces the valley, where. insipid gum. The precious plant, scorch

in stands the decayed capital of Arabia ed by a witheriny blast, derives its only Felix

moisture from the mists which envelope "Aden," saith old Ibn Batuta of Tan. ? the mountain-top, when all is sunshine giers, "js siluate upon the sea-shore-a 3 below. large city, without either seed, water, or Among the most singular features of tree.” Five hundred years have elapsed s the cape, is the supply of water, which since this account was penned, and the is found only in the valley of Aden, close vegetation has in nowise improved. An under the cliffs, and at the openings of ainphitheatre is formed by two volcanic the fissures from the steppes above. Here, 3 ranges, once in connection, but obvious piercing to a great depth through the ly renta-under, heaved outward, and can solid rock, are upward of one hundred} ted in opposite directions by some vio wells ; many dilapidated and choked up, lent eruption, that has forced an opening but others yielding an abundant and un. to the ocean. A sterility invests the failing supply. Whence or in what they scene with an aspect most repulsive and are fed, it is extremely difficult to conforbidding. No tree varies the dreary jecture. All near the beach are bad, and ? prospect, no shrub relieves the eye; not more or less brackish ; some are sensibly even a flower lends jis aid to enliven the affected by the tides, and very saline; } wild and gloomy hollow, the fiitest re while of those which afford sweet water, fuge that the imagination could picture one only is visibly acied upon by some for the lawless and the desperate. For lower spring. It is excavated at the entifications are to be traced on every point trance of a dark gorge, and the surface, either liable to assault or eligible for de which is in a state of constant commo.?

fence: ruined castles and watch-towers, tion, remains at the same level, although ? perched on the highest elevations of the s daily drawn upon from morning till night,

precipitous bills, stand the now inaccessi. for the supply of thousands. ble guardians of other days; and even § It is not surprising that there should the limited view to seaward, where the exist also a palpable deficiency in the anpassing while sail of a small coasting imal creation. In perhaps no other quarcrast, or the calamaran of the fisherman ter of the universe are the sparrow and may occasionally be seen, is partially the crow such perfect strangers. The screened by a triangular rock, which

pigeon, the fox, and the rat divide the { frowns over the inner harbor. Seerah,

sovereignty of the rocky cleft, and the { "the fortified black islet,' is fabled to have

heights are held without a rival by a garbeen the residence of Cain, after the mur. rison of monkeys. der of his brother Abel; and, it would be

A uniform system of architecture perdifficult to devise a more appropriate ex

vades the houses of Aden, nearly all of ile from the banished fratricide. Hurled

which would appear to have arisen out s into the sea by a convulsive shock, it is

of the ruins of former more extensive surrounded by pumice and by currents edifices, now buried far below the surof obsidian, the products of volcanic

face of the accumulated soil. Tiers of emission, strewed among vast undulating

loose undressed stone are interloid, in- ? waves of lava; or mingled with black

stead of mortar, with horizontal bands of masses of porous rock, which bear evi timber; the walls thus traversed being dence of fusion, and yield to the touch a

perforated with pigeon-holes to serve as I metallic sound.

windows, and surmounted by a low paraEven in the more productive portions pet concealing the terraced roof. Many, of the peninsula, little verdure is derived cccupied by the more wealthy, have a from the almost leafless besham, the bal third story; but nearly all are destitute samodendron opobalsamum, a dwarf of ornament, except the decayed palaces shrub, which according to the Arab tra of the sultans of Yemen, where dition, firmed a part of the present carried to King Solomon by the Queen of

"In proud state Sheba, from the regions of myrrh and

Each robber chief upheld his armed halls, s frankincense. Where incisions are made

Doing his evil will." in its stem, the far-famed balm of Mecca 3

(To be Concluded.)


A BALLOON AND PARACHUTE. The interest felt in balloons after their l ed to a central post, and a cloth-coverfirst invention, and for some years suc i ing. When not in use, it is kept folded ceeding, has in a degree subsided, al. down, like an umbrella in fair weather; } though such is their nature and use that and then appears, from a distance, only every future generation must necessarily like a cord suspended from the bottom of have their curiosity excited by the inge the balloon, and sustaining the light car, nious and wonderful vebicles, which man in which the aëronaut has his seat. It has constructed to sail in the air.

is so attached, however, that, by pulling We have heretofore given some brief a string, the parachute may be separated sketches of the invention of balloons, and from the balloon; and then the weight of of some of the most interesting ascents the traveller and the car causes it to and journies made in them at different fall with rapidity towards the earth. The periods, and therefore need only refer resistance of the air, bowever, very soon our readers to our former volume, (vol. expands the parachute ; and then, its i. ps. 12, 98, 280, 743, &c.)

broad arms, wiih their covering, ch ck We will however, here remark that the the downward motion, and the groind is ingenious plan devised by Signor Muzzi, reached by a gentle motion, which usual. of Italy, which we have depicted and de. ly prevents injury. The name of this in- s scribed in vol. i. ps. 280, 293, has never genious appendage of the balloon is a come into use, and is never likely to compound of the Greek preposition para, prove of value, the inventor having died (against,) and ihe French noun, chule, (a the last year, at Havana, where he had fall.) lt resembles the French parasol gone to exhibit bis model.

and parapluie, (parasol and umbrelleta) The Parchute is that important appen no less in etymnology than in general? dage to a balloon which we shall briefly form. The addition of parachutes to bal- > describe, with this convenient print be. loons greatly diminished the risk of aëri

fore us. It is in the form of a large um al navigation ; and liveshave been saved s brella, consisting of several rods attach- ) and others exposed by their use.




LUMINOUS INSECTS. A few days ago we received a present į but it is doubtful whether the luminous we had long desired: one of the celebra matter so observed is anything but an exted luminous beetles of South America, cretion of the insect, appearing under the (Elater noctiluca.) It resembled our com form of a congeries of minute brilliant mon "snapping bug,” except that it was points The larvæ, after remaining quiof double the size or more, and had a spot escent for about five or six weeks, break on each side of the head, which emited a their shells and make their appearance ; brilliant greenish light in ihe dark, and 3 when first emerged from the eggs they was sometimes so bright as to enable us 3 are small and of a white color, but they to read a few words in a book. We had rapidly increase in size, and become the pleasure of exhibiting it to many much darker, passing from a dark brown friends, and at a meeting of the Farmers' to almost black. The three stages of Club, where it was much admired. Its these insects, viz , larva, pupa, and imago, was brought from Havana, in a joint of or perfect insects, are very similar to ansugar-cane, on which it fed.

other. The larva is composed of eleven It died in a few days. It is not uncom- 3 segments; it has six feet feet; two rows mon, we believe, in our most southern of reddish spots down the back; and is states.

capable of emitting a phosphoric light Our attention having been thus partic from the last rings of the abdomen. The ularly turned to luminous insecis, we 3 light appears like two brilliant spots, when s have inserted a cut of one of a very dir. attentively examined, during the fine

ferent kind, and add some extracts from nights in autumn, when they are creepa late writer, chiefly on the English ing about in search of their food, which glow-worm, remarking that we have a consists of small snails, &c. glow-worm in our own country, though After the space of one year and nine it is rarely to be seen. We have obser. months the larvæ are changed, having

ved them three or four times in the however frequently cast off their skins, 3 course of our lives.

into the second or pupa state, in which "The glow-worm (Lampyris noctiluca) they remain nearly quiescent for two or 3 is very common, but is either local in three weeks, when they change their last its habits, being only found in certain skins and become perfect insects. In this 3 places, and has been supposed to disap state the two sexes are easily distinguishpear occasionally for some time, and then ed, as the male appears like a perfect reappear with its usual splendour. It is beetle, having wings and wing-cases; more generally found to inhabit the bor while the female, on the contrary, seems ders of paihs and the other margins of to have undergone hardly any change in woods or coppices, especially in low sit appearance from that of the larva, exuations, where it is observable after the cept that she is much larger, and of a heat of the day is over, and when the dew lighter colour. It is the female which is is falling. The females, which are more } principally luminous in the perfect state. numerous than the males, deposite their The male was generally considered incaeggs in the month of June or July, on pable of exhibiting any light, until John grass, moss, &c. They are of a yellow Ray, the father of English naturalists, colour, and are stated to be luminous, 3 first pointed out that the latter sex was


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