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ments, with the air-pump, the electrical machine, and other philosophical instruments, that Sydney had brought from England, it happened that the subject accidentally turned on the surprising power of telescopes, and magnifying glasses. The Indian priest listened with admiration to Sydney's account of Dr Herschel's vast apparatus, near Windsor, by which the eye is enabled to explore the distant regions of the heavens, to discover planets unknown to the astronmers of former ages.
He next exhibited the wonders of the microscope, and proved that all nature teemed with inhabitants. He showed that the bloom of the plum consisted of innumerable swarms of the minutest insects ; and that the most minute drop of water was full of animalculao, that from their extreme smallness, could not be discovered by the naked eye.
The dignified serenity of the Bramin's countenance was changed on this discovery, to a distressing anxiety. He appeared to be suddenly indisposed, and hastily withdrew to his private apartment. The next morning, the sun had scarcely gilded the distant horizon, before he sought his friend, and eagerly demanded the price he would take for that curious glass he had shown him the preceding day. Sydney replied, that having brought it so far for his own use, he would not part with it for any sum. The Bramin made large offers. Sydney still declined selling it; till at length, the Bramin's desire to possess it overcame all considerations, and he declared that he was willing to give his whole fortune, which was very large, to become master of the microscope,
THE BRAMIN. 119
Sydney, astonished at his importunity, gave that to friendship, which he had denied to his pecuniary proposals. He presented him with the microscope as a free gift. The Bramin received it with joy and gratitude; but no sooner had he got possession of it, than raising his arm on high, he dashed it with his utmost force against a stone wall into a thousand pieces. “What do you mean by this mad action?” said Sydney; “was it for this that you coveted it so earnestly P” “Yes,” replied the Bramin with dignity, “this small machine has rendered me the most wretched of the human species, by showing me that it was impossible to obey the precept of Brama and live. I was therefore resolved on its destruction, lest it should likewise embitter the peace of any of my brethren.” Sydney, though he regretted the loss of his glass for so fruitless a purpose, could not help admiring the Bramin for his veneration of those doctrines he had early imbibed as the dictates of truth; and only lamented that he had not had the advantage of purer sources of information, before the prejudices of education had fettered his understanding. Whilst his erroneous notions of duty excited his pity, his virtue secured his esteem; and the longer they remained together, the more sincerely they regarded each other. The hospitality of the Bramin, and his many amiable qualities, rendered Sydney's abode at his house so agreeable, that when the time of separation arrived, he left it with regret; and ever after considered the accident of meeting him in the cavern, as one of the most pleasing incidents of his life,
WHEN Columbus, after having discovered the Western Hemisphere, was, by order of the king of Spain, brought home from America, in chains, the captain of the ship, who was intimately acquainted with his character, his knowledge and his talents, offered to free him from his chains, and make his passage as agreeable as possible. Columbus rejected his friendly offer, saying, “Sir, I thank you; but these chains are the rewards and honors for my services from my king, whom I have served as faithfully as my God; and as such, I will carry them with me to my grave.”
REs ENTMENT may be distinguished into anger and revenge. Anger is the pain we suffer, upon the receipt of an injury, or an affront. Revenge is the inflicting of pain on the person who has injured or offended us. When prompted to resentment, we should particularly advert to the following reflections: the possibility of mistaking the motives from which the conduct that offends us proceeded; how often our own offences have been the effect of inadvertence, when they were construed into indications of malice; that the object of our resentment is suffering, perhaps, under a contrition, which he is ashamed, or wants opportunity, to confess; how ungenerous it is to triumph by coldness or insult over a spirit, already humbled in secret; that the returns of kindness are sweet, and that there is neither honor, nor virtue, nor utility in resisting them.
EXERCISE. - APHORISM. 121
Without the regular exercise of the body, its health cannot be maintained; the body becomes weak, the countenance pale and languid, and the spirits depressed and gloomy. Regular bodily exercise, on the contrary, creates a healthy appetite, invigorates the powers of digestion, causes sound and refreshing sleep, a freshness of the complexion, and cheerfulness of the spirits; it wards off disease, and tends to preserve the vigor of both mind and body to an advanced age.
During the winter season, active exercise in the open air preserves the warmth of the body, and renders it less susceptible to the influence of cold, and less dependent for its comfort on artificial heat. The periods of the day best adapted to exercise are, early in the morning, and towards the close of the day.
Walking is the most beneficial and most natural exercise, because, in the erect position, every part of the body is free from restraint, while by the gentle motion communicated to each portion of it, in the act of walking, free circulation is promoted. Next to walking, riding on horseback is the kind of exercise to be preferred.
Many other species of exercise may be considered as contributing to the support of health; such as working in the garden, or in the fields, running, leaping, dancing, and swimming.
WHEN sorrow weeps o'er virtue's sacred dust,
A PERILous life, and sad as life may be,
Eternal Ocean' Old majestic Sea!
A Scotch blacksmith being asked the meaning of metaphysics, explained it as follows; “When the party who listens dinna ken what the party who speaks means, and when the party who speaks dinna ken what he means himsel; that is metaphysics.”