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examination at the expiration of three years and six months of his term of service. He must also be recommended in writing by the Committee on Examinations and the Professors jointly, and if his application be finally approved of by the Board of Trustees, he shall be entitled to the Degree of Graduate in Pharmacy, and shall receive the diploma of the College at the expiration of his full term of service and on reaching the age of twenty-one years.

Qualifications for Certificate of Proficiency.-Every person on whom the certificate of proficiency in chemistry and materia medica shall be conferred, must conform to all the qualifications required from a candidate. for graduation, except as follows: The term of apprenticeship may be in the wholesale drug business, exclusive of a dispensing department, or in the chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing business. The candidate will not be required to undergo an examination on practical pharmacy. In case of a person holding such certificate of proficiency in chemistry and materia medica, hereafter producing satisfactory evidence to the Board of Trustees that he has served a term of at least two years with a person or persons engaged in, and qualified to conduct, the apothecary business, he shall be entitled to an examination by the Professor of Pharmacy and Committee on Examination, and if recommended in writing by the said professor and committee jointly to the Board of Trustees, and his application being approved of by them, he shall be entitled to

the Degree of Graduate in Pharmacy, and to receive the diploma of the College.

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For Laboratory instruction, according to the time spent.


ROBERT BRIDGES, M.D., Professor of Chemistry.

JOSEPH REMINGTON, Professor of Theory and Practice of Pharmacy.

JOHN M. MAISCH, Professor of Materia Medica and Botany.

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Philadelphia Dental College.


Chartered by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, April 23, 1863. This Institution was established by the enterprise of the first members of the Faculty-Profs. J. H. M'Quillen, J. Foster Flagg, C. A. Kingsbury, and Henry Morton. The fees of the students in attendance upon the lectures are its only source of support. Founded in the year 1863, a period seemingly the most unpropitious which could have been selected, the Institution, session after session, has met with increasing encouragement, and in a single decade, gained not only a national, but a truly cosmopolitan reputation and character. Many of its students were previously in attendance upon the lectures, or were graduates of the departments of medicine and arts of the time-honored universities of Europe, or medical and dental colleges in the United States, while others had been in reputable practice for years. They have come not only from every section of the country, North, South, East, and West, but from Canada, Nova Scotia, Cuba, Bahamas, Mexico, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Prussia, England, Ireland, France, Austria, Russia, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Portugal, Belgium, Bavaria, China, and Australia.

Commencing with eleven students the first year, the number has gradually increased until the present session, 1874-75, it has reached a class of one hundred students. The Dispensary and Laboratory are open all the year. There is a Spring Course of Lectures commencing

April 1st and continuing daily until the end of June, and a Fall Course from September 1st until the regular Winter Session of the Institution commences on the first of November, and which continues until the close of the ensuing February.

The Spring and Fall Courses are introductory to but under no circumstances can they be regarded as an equivalent for the Winter Session; in which, with the view of combining theoretical and practical instruction, three hours of each day are devoted to attendance upon the lectures, which are amply illustrated from the museum by a valuable collection of specimens in human and comparative anatomy, papier maché manikins, models in wood, drawings, wet and dry preparations, pathological and mineralogical specimens, and the philosophical and chemical apparatus of the incumbents of the various chairs; vivisections on the lower animals, and the microscopic examination of the various tissues, are also made use of. In addition to the lectures, four hours are spent in actual practice by the students, under the supervision of the Demonstrators.

CLINICAL INSTRUCTORS.-In addition to the regular course, a series of Clinical lectures and demonstrations is given by a number of gentlemen well known in the profession. Fully appreciating the wants and aspirations of young practitioners, these gentlemen are peculiarly well fitted to give them practical suggestions, which, if strictly followed, will prove an important element of success in life.

THE DISPENSARY embraces two large Operating Rooms, each fifty feet in length (lighted by twenty windows, in

addition to a large sky-light), and furnished with forty operating chairs, so arranged as to command the best. light. There is also a separate room for the administration of anæsthetics and the extraction of teeth.

The operating chairs are assigned to the students in regular order, as they enter their names upon the clinic books. Each student will have a table and separate drawer with a key, for his instruments, the latter, with the exception of those to be used for extracting, he is expected to procure.

The LABORATORY is a large, comfortably warmed, and well-lighted room, having the most thorough and complete appliances for the construction of everything which properly pertains to mechanical dentistry. The work-benches (sixty-five in number), lathes, furnace, forge, rolling-mill, vulcanizers, etc., are all of the most substantial and practical character, and in working condition.

A sufficient number of patients present themselves daily at the Dispensary to keep the students occupied in attending to them, thus insuring the acquirement of a wide experience, and affording every opportunity in the dispensary and laboratory for obtaining a practical knowledge of operative and mechanical dentistry. The services rendered by the students are gratuitous.

Qualifications for Graduation.-The candidate must be of good moral character, and not less than twentyone years of age. He must have had two years' private

tuition, and have attended two full courses of lectures in a respectable dental or medical college, one of which shall have been in this institution; but written evidence

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