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ÆSTHETICS

1

IN

MUSIC, POETRY, PAINTING, SCULPTURE

AND ARCHITECTURE

BY

GEORGE LANSING RAYMOND, L. H. D.

PROFESSOR OF ÆSTHETICS IN THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY

FORMERLY PROFESSOR IN PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

AUTHOR OF A SYSTEM OF COMPARATIVE ÆSTHETICS AS PRE-
SENTED IN THE FOLLOWING VOLUMES: “ART IN THEORY,” “THE
REPRESENTATIVE SIGNIFICANCE OF FORM," " POETRY AS A RE-
PRESENTATIVE ART," "PAINTING, SCULPTURE. AND ARCHITEC-
TURE AS REPRESENTATIVE ARTS,” “THE GENESIS OF ART-FORM,"
"RHYTHM AND HARMONY IN POETRY AND MUSIC,” AND “PRO-
PORTION AND HARMONY OF LINE AND COLOUR IN PAINTING,

SCULPTURE, AND ARCHITECTURE"

FIBRARY

OF THE
UNIVERSITY

CALIFORNIA

NEW YORK
G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
Tbe knickerbocker Press

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PREFACE.

THE
HE object of this book is to determine for the reader,

is possible, the qualities causing excellence in the higher arts, and to increase his appreciation of them. The volume has been prepared by request for readers whose time is too limited to study the minutiæ of the subject, and for teachers who need a text-book. Many extended comments upon the different historic theories, schools, and methods of art, and many analyses, explanations, classifications, arguments, and suggestions, which seemed indispensable to completeness of presentation when I was writing the work of which this is a compen. dium, will not be found in these pages. With this material omitted, however, together with all that might be termed merely speculative or controversial, it is believed that enough has been included to accomplish the object of the undertaking. The phenomena of the arts of the highest class have been traced to their sources in material nature and in the human mind; the different arts have been shown to be developed by exactly similar methods; and these methods have been shown to characterise the entire work of artistic imagination, from the formulation of psychical concepts to that of their most physical expressions in rhythm, proportion, and harmony. Conjointly with these subjects, the effects of all the arts together upon everything that makes for culture and for humanity have been considered in themselves, as well as in their relations to religion and to science, to both of which art is somewhat allied, and yet in such ways as to make it important that the three should be differentiated. WASHINGTON, D, C.,

GEORGE LANSING RAYMOND. November 21, 1906.

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