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Subiect with Prince, and let confusion raigne.
She therewithall enioynde the duskie cloudes
Which with their darkenesse turnde the earth to
Hell,
Conuert to blood and poure downe streames of
blood.

Cornewell shall groane, and Arthurs soule shall sigh:
Before the conscience of Gueneuora

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The map of hell shall hang and fiendes shall rage: 35
And Gorlois ghost exacting punishment,

With dreames, with horrors and with deadly traunce,
Shall gripe their hearts: the vision of his corse
Shalbe to them, as was the terror vile
Of flaming whippes to Agamemnons sonne.
And when the Trumpet calles them from their rest,
Aurora shall with watry cheekes behold
Their slaughtered bodies prostrate to her beames.
And on the banckes of Cambala shall lye
The bones of Arthur and of Arthurs knightes:
Whose fleete is now tryumphing on the seas,
But shall bee welcom'd with a Tragedie.
Thy natiue soyle shalbe thy fatall gulfe,
Arthur: thy place of birth, thy place of death.
Mordred shalbe the hammer of my hate

To beate the bones of Cornish Lordes to dust.
Ye rauening birdes vnder Celenoes power,
I doe adiure you in Alectoes name,
Follow the sworde of Mordred where he goes.
Follow the sworde of Mordred for your foode.
Aspyring Mordred, thou must also dye.
And on the Altar of Proferpina

Thy vital blood vnto my Ghost shall fume.
Heauen, Earth, and hell, concurre to plague the 1) man

1) Qq. Period after man.

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That is the plague of Heauen, Earth and hell. 60
Thou bids, Alecto: I pursue my charge.

Let thy Ceraft whistle in mine eares,
And let the belles of Pluto ring reuenge.

One other speeche penned

by the fame gentleman, and pronounced in fteade of Gorlois his laft fpeache penned by Thomas Hughes, and set downe in the fe

cond Scene of the fift and laft Act.

Death hath his conquest: hell hath had his wish,
Gorlois his vow: Alecto her desire.

Sinne hath his pay: and blood is quit with blood,
Reuenge in Tryumphe beares the strugling hearts.
Now, Gorlois, pearce the craggie Rockes of hell,
Through chinckes wherof infernall sprites do glaunce,
Returne this answere to the furies courte:
That Cornewell trembles with the thought of

warre:

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And Tamers flood with drooping pace doth flowe,
For feare of touching Camballs bloodie streame. 10
Brytaine, remember, write it on thy walles,
Which neyther tyme nor tyrannie may race,
That Rebelles, Traytors and conspirators,

The semenarye of lewde Cateline,

The Bastard Coouie of Italian birdes,

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Shall feele the flames of euer flaming fire,

Which are not quenched with a sea of teares.

And since in thee some glorious starre must shine,
When many yeares and ages are expirde,

Whose beames shall cleare the mist of miscontent 20
And make the dampe of Plutoes pit retire,
Gorlois will neuer fray the Brytans more.
For Brytaine then becomes an Angels land,

Both Diuels and sprites must yeelde to Angels

power,

Vnto the goddesse of the Angels land.
Vaunt, Brytaine, vaunt, of her renowmed raigne,
Whose face deterres the hagges of hell from thee:
Whose vertues holde the plagues of heauen from

thee,

Whose presence makes the earth fruitfull to thee:
And with foresight of her thrice happie daies,
Brytaine, I leaue thee to an endlesse praise.

Besides these speaches there was also penned Chorus for the first act, and an other for the second act, by Maister Frauncis Flower, which were pronounced accordingly. The dumbe showes were partly deuised by Maister Christopher Yeluerton, Maister Frauncis Bacon, Maister John Lancaster and others, partly by the saide Maister Flower, who with Maister Penroodocke and the said Maister Lancaster directed these proceedings at Court.

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Notes:

Prose preceding Trotte's Introduction: "One of the society of Grayes-Inne": Cf. Foss, "Judges of England" V. 439: "The gentlemen of Gray's Inn seem to have been partial to dramatic entertainments. ** The readiness of the society. to gratify her Majesty fully justified the commendations. which she expressed at the close of the famous Christmasing in 1594, when she said that it was a house she was much indebted to, for it did always study for some sports to present unto her". Cf. Century Dictionary: "Inns of Court. a) Incorporated legal societies in London, which have the exclusive privilege of calling candidates to the bar, and maintaining instruction and examinations for that purpose. b) The precincts occupied by these societies respectively. They are: the Inner Temple, Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, Gray's Inn."

Line 4: This preliminary masque for such it is in fact, although not specifically so termed-smacks strongly of the "clamors of courts" to which Trotte refers a few lines further on 1. 23. The "three muses" remind one of an attorney and two constables dragging their prisoners, the "five gentlemen students", before a moot-court of Gray's Inn. We readily see that Barrister Trotte needed to go no great distance for his idea.

The device of prefacing a play with an introduction, or prologue, is a very well-known and a common practice among Elizabethan play-wrights. An induction, for example, opens Kyd's "Spanish Tragedy" and Greene's "James the

Fourth" (Manly: "Specimens of the Pre-Shakesperean Drama", Vol. II). A prologue precedes the performance in Udall's "Roister Doister", in "Gammer Gurton's Needle", in Preston's "Cambises", Lyly's "Campaspe", Peele's "David and Bethsabe" (Manly: "Sp. Pre-Sh. Dr." II).

This introduction by Trotte resembles the succeeding dumb-shows of this play in that it would be far more intelligible if provided with a commentary. What the Muse sings of the captives, viz. that the goddess Astrea had "schooled" them to "forget and scorne the noble skils of language" (Intr. 14) applies very well to Trotte himself. She evidently wishes to "apologize for the poetic effort of legal hands", as Ward observes (“English Dramatic Literature", I. 218). Ward leniently characterizes the effort when he remarks further that it was carried out "in no very light-handed fashion".

Intr. 66: "in vre": ure: practice; "mis en ure"

in use or effect: a term of law-French.

Cf. Which perill shalbe past, if in your life
Their tempred youthe with aged fathers awe
Be brought in vre of skilful stayednesse.

put

(Gorboduc, ed. Toulmin Smith 199–201) Cf. Bar. There I enriched the priests with burials And always kept the Sexton's arms in ure With digging graves and ringing dead men's knells. (Jew of Malta ed. Bullen, II. iii. 187)

Cf. This bickering will but keep our, arms in ure
The holy battles better to endure.

(Four Prentices of L. O. Pl. vi. 493) Intr. 72: "moe"-more; commonly used in sixteenthcentury literature.

Cf. Send out moe horses; skirr the country round.

(Macbeth V. iii. 35).

Intr. 79: "sooth'd" confirmed. Cf. Prof. Schick's edition of "The Spanish Tragedy", note to III. X. 19:

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