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yours in Asia, while I yield to none in my conduct, do you excel all in yours.

At the same time reflect that we are not now laboring for a glory that is in expectation and reversion; but we arc struggling for what has been attained, a glory that we aie not so much to covet as to preserve. Indeed, had I any interest that is distinct from yours, I could desire nothing more than that situation of life which has actually been assigned to me; but as the case is, that unless all your words and actions are answerable to my conduct here, I shall think that I have gained nothing by all those mighty toils and dangers in all which you have been a sharer. Now if you were my chief fellow laborer in working my way to this splendid reputation, you ought to labor beyond others that I may maintain it.

You are not to regard the opinion and the judgment of those who are now living, but also of those who shall hereafter exist, whose verdict will be the more just as it will be free from detraction and malevolence. In the next place, you are to reflect, that you are not seeking glory for yourself alone; and, if you were, you would not be indifferent about it, especially as you have thought proper to consecrate the memory of your name by the noblest memorials, but you are to share it with me, and it is to descend to our posterity. You are therefore to beware, lest if you should be careless you should seem not only to have neglected your own interests, but to have acted grudgingly even to your descendants'.

And these things are said, not that my words may seem to have aroused you when slumbering, but that they may encourage you in your career; for you will continually act as you have acted, so that all may praise your equity, your moderation, your inflexibility, and your integrity. But through my excessive affection for you, I am possessed with an insatiable passion for your glory. In the mean while I cm of opinion, that as you must be now as well acquainted with Asia as any man is with his own house;1 and as so

1 This would soem to havo been a proverbial simile. Juvenal has tha same :—

"Nota magis nulli domus est qua, quarn mihi lucus
Martis," etc., Sat. I. v. 7.

great experience has been added to your great wisdom, there is nothing that pertains to glory of which you are not fully sensible, and which does not daily occur to your mind, without the exhortation of any. But I who, when I read your letters, think I hear you, and when I write to you think I converse with you, am more delighted with your letters the longer they are, and for the same reason I myself also am more prolix in writing.

In conclusion I exhort and entreat you, that just as good poets and skillful actors are wont to do, so you will redouble your attention at this the latter part and conclusion of your business and office; that this last year of your government, like the last act of a play, may appear the most elaborate and perfect. This you will most easily do, if you think that I, whom individually you have endeavored to please more than all the world besides, am ever present with you, and take an interest in all that you do or say. Lastly, I entreat you, as you value my welfare, and that of all your friends, that you will most carefully attend to your health.


Academics little differing from the
Peripatetics, 2, 6, 8 ; have a right
to treat about duties, 2 ; how dif-
fering from the Skeptics, and why
they dispute against everything,
79; are not tied to a set of opin-
ions, 120; formerly the same
with the Peripatetics, 121.

Accusing, how far allowable, 96.

Acilius, the historian, 166.

Acknowledgment, a sufficient re-
turn for a kindness, 106.

Acropolis, its entrance, 102.

Action gives a true value to virtue,

'13; to take place of speculation,
13, 74, 76; not to be ventured
on, if we doubt of its honesty,
18; should be free from rashness,
etc., 52; three rules to bo ob-
served for keeping decorum in
our actions, 68; order and reg-
ularity to be observed in our
actions, 69; these depend upon
time and place, 69; good actions
ill applied become bad ones, 103.

Actors choose the parts fittest for
their humors, 57; respect mod-
esty, 67.

Addison, Joseph, quoted, 142, 254,

255, 258, 281, 300.
Admiration, how moved in men,

90, 91. .

Advantages tempt men to bo
rogues, 131.

Advice of friends to bo asked in
prosperity, 47; of experienced
men, in doubt, 70; rules about
taking this advice, 72.

Advocates may plead for what is
not really true, 97.

^Ediles, who, aud their magnifi-
cence, 100.

Affability wins people's love, 95.

Affectation odious, 64.

Africanus, his saying that men
grown proud, etc., 47 ; his retire-
ment and saying that ho was
never less idle, eta, 115; Afric.
the younger razes Carthage, and
Numantia, 39; son of Paulus, 60;
not to bo corrupted by money, 109.

Agamemnon sacrificed his daugh-
ter, 156.

Agreement between the several
orders the support of a state, 151.

Agriculture commended, 73; its va-
rious pleasures described, 240, etc.

Ajax, hia character, 57.

Alexander Pheraeus the tyrant, 86.

Alexander the Great, often guilty
of great vices, 47; reproved by
his father for giving money, 99.

Ambition, a great cause of in-
justice, 16, 34; is generally in
men of the greatest souls, ib.; is
contrary to true courage, 34, 36;
robs a man of his liberty, 36; ia
destructive to a state, 45, 149.

Anger against adversaries to bo
avoided, 46; especially in pun-
ishing, ib.; also in common dis-
course; in chiding, and in
quarrels, 66, 319.

Annieerian philosophers, 166.

Antipater the stoic, 112, 135.

Antonius Marcus, the subject of
Padox V., 277; subservient to
Cleopatra, 280.

Antoninus quoted, 13.

Appelles's Venus, 117.

Applause, the desire of it to be
avoided, 34, 36.

Aquillius's Formulae, 138.

Arates tho Sicyonian, 110.

Archytas, Baying 0$ 200, 235.
Aristippus, 71, 166.
Aristo, 6.

Aristotle, neglected eloquence, 2;
his opinion about shows to the
people, etc., 100; makes honesty
far outweigh all other goods, 128;
quoted, 7.

Armies of little use abroad, with-
out prudence at home, etc., 39.

Assent not to be given hastily, 12.

Athens, a famous university, 1, 116.

Athenians make a cruel edict, 132;
forsake their city for fear of the
Persians, ib.; reject a dishonest
proposal, etc., 134.

Atilius, L., 171.

Avarice, one great cause of injustice,
15, 16; a sign of a narrow and
sordid spirit, 36; magistrates
should be free from suspicion of
it, 108; is destructive to a state,

Augustine quoted, 17.

Bacon, Lord, quoted, 113, 174,
188, 204, 228, 240, 265, 280,
282, 289, 296.

Bardylis the Illyrian, 91.

Bargains should bo made at a
word, 139.

Beauty of two sorts, 63; how to
bo gotten, ib.

Becoming; see Decency.

Benefits; how we should judge of
their value, 27; done either by
our money or industry, 98; re-
late either to the republic, or
to individuals, 104, etc.; upon
whom best bestowed, 105, 106.

Bentham, Jeremy, quoted, 5.

Bias of Priene, saying of, 265.

Body should be inured to labor, 40.
The care nature has taken in its
fabric 62.

Bounty; see Liberality.

Boys not allowed all sorts of plays,

Bragging very unbecoming, 07.

Bribery in magistrates, the ruin of
a republic, 108, 109; laws mado
against it by the Romans, 109.

Browne, Sir Thomas, quoted, 6,35,

36, 83, 96, 172, 176, 207, 247,

253, 257, 261, 277, 278, 321.
Brown, Dr. T., 7, 10, 149, 150, 161,

170,176, 208, 212, 256, 259, 321.
Brutes, how differing from men, 9;

we often talk of their courage,

but not justice, etc., 28.
Brutus deposed Collatinus, 131;

decrees the augur, 172.
Building; its extent and object, 68.
Butler, Bishop, quoted, 4, 51, 299.
Buyers should not use arts to bate

down the prices, 139.

Cesar, brother of Catulus, a face-
tious man, 65.

Caesar broke through tho most
sacred ties for the sake of em-
pire, 16; robbed some that ha
might be generous to others, 26;
was nuirdered for his tyranny,
triumphs over Marseilles, etc.,
loved villainy, though he got
nothing by it, 112; makes him-
self king of tho Romans, etc.,

Callicratidas, too careful of his own
honor, 43; a lover of simplicity,

Calling; seo Life.

Callipho and Dinomachus join pleas-
ure and virtue, 167.

Ka&qKOv, what, 7.

Cannius's bargain, 137.

Carriage toward all men to be
taken care of, 15, 63.

Carthaginians treacherous, 23.

Cato Censorius, his letter to Po-
pilius, 22; caused the third
Carthaginian war, 40; his ap-
ophthegms, 53; his answer
about managing an estate, 113.

Cato, father to Uticensis, his do-
termination of a case, 140.

Cato Uticensis's genius, 56; too
headstrong in standing up for
the interest of tho republic, 152.

KaTopQufia, what, 7.

Catulus not inferior to Pompey,
39; Catuli counted tho best
speaker, 65.

Chiding sometimes necessary, 66;
rules to be observed in it, 67.

Children naturally loved, 10.

Chrysippus's excellent saying, 131.

Cicero's service to his countrymen
by writing, 1; assumes to him-
self the virtue of an orator, etc.,
ib.; his prudent management of
the republic, 112; got his prefer-
ments by all the votes, 102; be-
takes himself to retirement, 115;
designed to have gone to Athens,
168; quoted, 3, 254, 397, 308.

Oimbers and Celtibers, 23.

Cimon of Athens's hospitality, 104.

Circumstances of men to be re-
garded in giving, 15,103; make
that not to be a crime, which
usually is one, 120.

Cities, in taking them, nothing to
to be done cruelly, etc., 43; tho
great use of them, 81; why at
first built, 107, 109.

Citizens' duties, 62.

Clarendon, Lord, quoted, 214.

Claudius Centumalus, 140.

Clemency, how far laudable, 45.

Cleombrotus beaten by Epaminon-
das, 43.

Clodius proved to be amadman, 275.

Clothes, only health to be regarded
in them, 54; moderation to be
observed in the fineness of them,

Clownishness to be avoided, 62, 64.

Cockman, Dr. quoted, 156.

Common; all things at first wero
so, 14; what things are common
to all, 25.

Company; a man would bo weary
of his life without it, 74; to keep
company with good and wise
men recommends young people,

Conceal, how differing from not to
tell, 135; what it is, 136.

Concord, a pillar of any state, 109.

Confidence; see Trust.

Constantia, what it is, 35.

Corinth razed by tho Romans, 21,

Coriolanus, 186.

Correction; see Chiding, Punish-

Coruncanius, T., 187.

Covetousness; see Avarice.

Countenance to be kept always the
same, without dejection, 47.

Counterfeit; nothing can be last-
ing that is such, 92.

Country claims a share in us, 15;
the love we have for it swallows
up all other loves, 32; their
wickedness who injure it, ib.;
every one that is able ought to
serve it, 35; should be preferred
even before parents, 32, 76, 153.

Courage is a virtue contending for
honesty, 34; an enemy to treach-
ery, etc., ib.; to desire of ap-
plause, 35; consists in two things,
ib.; is obtained by the mind, not
the body, 40; in war, recom-
mends young men, 93; teaches
us to fear nothing, etc., 158;
nothing profitable that is con-
trary to it, ib.

Craft; see Cunning.

Crassus, Marc, his saying about
riches, 15; made heir by a false
will, 144; a bad man, 145.

Crassus, Luc, an orator, 65; got
honor by an accusation, 94.

Crassus the wealthy, aedile, 95.

Cratippus, who he was, 179.

Cruelty most contrary to nature, 91.

Cunning far from true wisdom, 33,
80, 143; the great mischief of
it, ib.; doth not excuse from
perjury, but rather aggravates it,

Curius, Marcus, 187, 242; Manius,
282, 285.

Custom and civil constitutions to
be followed, 70; some may act
against them, and others not, 71.

Cynics argue against modesty, 63;
to be wholly rejected, 72.

Cyrenaic philosophers, 166.

Cyrus, anecdote of, 244; dying ad-
dress of, 257.

Dancing in the streets scandalous,
145, 156.

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