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presbyterians, feebly supported by their own friends, and betrayed by Monk *, strove in vain to avert the impending storm, and were left to stand alone amidst the ruins of a crumbling constitution.

At this moment of general distraction and dismay, the perfidious Monk, availing himself of the people's impatience for a settlement on any terms, new moulded the parliament to his purpose, and took every other step that could secure an unconditional submission to arbitrary power up.

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* Never did any man profess a more devoted attachment to his lawful superiors than Monk did to this parliament. “Its being restored,” he said, “ could not be imputed to less than the greatest and most powerful manifestation of the arm of God that ever the present or former generations faw or heard of.”. “ You are the people,” adds he; “ by whom God for so many years filled the world with so much admiration and terror.”Again, “ God was pleased to make you the praise and wonder of the earth, the glory and rejoicing of his people, and the terror: of your adverfaries." Yet in contempt of such evidences of the divine favour, and of his own oaths and folemn protestations, Monk soon enslaved this parliament, and was very zealous to fend some of its members to Tyburn a year or two after.

+ He crushed the power of the independents by restoring a considerable majority of presbyterian members, who had been secluded in 1648; and removed other obstacles to his designs by means, which will be explained and commented upon in the following work,

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ADVERTISEMENT.

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fi-ft part of the following work with the Continuation of he earl of Clarendon's Life, printed at Oxford, must be struck yith the exact sameness of some passages, and the great similaity of others, it may be proper to explain the cause of lo emarkable a circumstance,

Some Letters to the People of England, published about forty ears ago by the late doctor Shebbeare, seemed to breathe such a pirit of liberty, and afforded so many proofs of wit, genius, and olitical information, as recommended him to the esteem of Mr. itt, afterwards earl of Chatham. Shebbeare's name was at first oncealed, for very obvious reasons; and Mr. Pitt did not conadiet an insinuation thrown out in the house of commons of is being the author of those letters himself, in order to divert om Shebbeare the storm of ministerial vengeance. He gave le doctor a farther proof of his friendship and confidence by utting into his hands the manuscript of the following work, to repare it for publication. But Shebbeare was in his heart a ory; and having had another manufcript nearly on the same bject, and more agreeable to his own sentiments, given him a tle time after, he resolved to print the latter, and to prevent, possible, the appearance of the former. The favourite manuript had been long preserved in the old earl of Dorset's family, id was supposed to be written by the earl of Clarendon. It ntained remarks on several occurrences during the earl's admistration from the year 1660 till his disgrace in 1667. But

Shebbeare,

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Shebbeare, finding it in many parts very defective, made bold, before he returned the other work to Mr. Pitt, to select from it whatever he thought would easily coalesce with his Tory performance; and filled

up other chasms by the efforts of his own ingenuity. It was advertised with the earl of Clarendon's name, and being unexpectedly claimed by one of his descendants, the doctor chofe rather to give up the eventual profits of the sale, than to discover his own artifice. The Oxford editors took Shebbeare's copy; and without any other proof of its genuineness than his filence, they printed it as a Continuation of the earl of Clarendon's Life. Hence the fameness and fimilarity of many paffages in two productions so very different in every other respect.

The nature of the additions made to the original manuscript by the present editor has been explained in the Introduction. He also ventured to retrench a few redundancies of expression in the work itself, and to correct the phraseology, where he found it obscure, or obsolete; but never from any affectation of modern refinement. An architect, in repairing an old family manfion, may be allowed to remove the cumbrous ornaments, and to introduce some alterations for the purpose of real utility and convenience, provided he does not wantonly deface the marks of its antiquity, or destroy through fastidiousness its venerable appearance.

1

THE SECRET HISTORY

THE REIGN

OF

CHARLES THE SECOND.

CHAP. I.

Triumph of the royalists at the RestorationRetrospect

of the past- Anticipation of the future Design of the present work--Political survey of the state of the kingdom at this period— Constitution of the king's council and attendants Apology for the king's suppofed ingratitude--Occurrences at Canterbury-Curious trait of Monk's character-Procession from Rochester to London-His Majesty's reception at WhitehallPresbyterians amused-Charles's impatience for the settlement of the revenue, and the disbanding of the army=-- Impolitic conduct towards the military-Jealousies and disunion of the royal party - Prevalence of drunkenness—

Appointment of a select committee-Establishment of the household Other

B

promotions

VOL. I.

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