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Pfalm 1. Deus deorum.
HE Lord, even the moft mighty God, hath spoken: and called the world, from the rifing up of the fun, unto the going down thereof.
2 Out of Sion hath God appeared: in perfect beauty. 3 Our God fhall come, and fhall not keep filence: there fhall go before him a confuming fire, and a mighty tempeft fhall be stirred up round about him.
4 He fhall call the heaven from above: and the earth, that he may judge his people.
5 Gather my faints together unto me: thofe that have made a covenant with me with facrifice,
6 And the heavens fhail declare his righteoufnefs: for God is judge himielf.
7 Hear, O my people, and I will fpeak: I myself will teiry againit thee, O Ifrael; for I am God, even thy God.
8 I will not reprove thee because of thy facrifices, or for thy burnt-offerings: because they were not alway before me. 9 I will take no bullock out of thine houfe: nor he-goat out of thy folds.
10 For all the beafts of the foreft are mine: and fo are the cattle up on a thousand hills.
11 I know all the fowls upon the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are in my fight.
12 If I be hungry, I will not tell thee: for the whole world is mine, and all that is therein.
13 Thinkeft thou that I will eat bulls flesh and drink the blood of goats?
14 Offer unto God thanksgiving: and pay thy vows unto the most Highest.
15 And call upon me in the time of trouble: fo will I hear thee, and thou fhalt praife me.
16 But unto the ungodly faid God: Why doft thou preach my laws, and takeft my covenant in thy mouth;
17 Whereas thou hateft to be reformed: and haft caft my words behind thee?
18 When thou sawest a thief, thou confentedft unto him: and haft been partaker with the adulterers.
19 Thou haft let thy mouth fpeak wickednefs: and with thy tongue thou haft fet forth deceit.
20 Thou fatteft and fpakelt against thy brother: yea, and haft flandered thine own mothers fon.
21 These things haft thou done, and I held my tongue, and thou thoughteft wickedly, that I am even fuch a one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and fet before thee the things that thou haft done.
22 O confider this, ye that forget God: left I pluck you away, and there be none to deliver you.
23 Whofo offereth me thanks and praife, he honoureth me and to him that ordereth his converfation right, will I fhew the falvation of God.
Pfalm li. Miferere mei, Deus.
Ave mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness: according to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences.
2 Wash me thoroughly from my wickednefs: and cleanse me from my fin:
3 For I acknowledge my faults: and my fin is ever before me.
4 Against thee only have I finned, and done this evil in thy fight that thou mighteft be juftified in thy faying, and clear when thou art judged.
Palm 1.] This pfalm teaches us, that the true worship which God requires, is to ferve him in fpirit and in truth, to praise him, to call upon him, and to do his will. As for thofe who profefs to ferve God, to take his covenant in their mouths, and who, nevertheless, abandon themfelves to fin, and particularly to injuftice, impurity, deceit, and flander; we fee here, that God cannot endure their hypocrify; and that though he does not punish them immediately, they must not ima ine they fhall escape his judgment. Sinners and falfe Christians fhould carefully inprove to their advantage what is faid in this pfalm; and all of us ought ferionfly to reflect upon it, that we may not offend God by an hypocritical worship, but calling upon him with fincerity, and ftudying above alt things to do what he commandeth, may render to him fuch fervice as all be acceptable in his fight, and procure his favour towards us.
5 Behold, I was shapen in wickedness: and in fin hath my mother conceived me.
6 But lo, thou requireft truth in the inward parts and fhalt make me to understand wifdom fecretly.
7 Thou shalt purge me with hyffop, and I fhall be clean: thou shalt wash me, and I fhall be whiter than fnow.
8 Thou shalt make me hear of joy and gladnefs the bones which thou haft broken, may joyce.
9 Turn thy face from my fins and put out all my mildeeds.
10 Make me a clean heart, O God and renew a right fpirit within me.
II Caft me not away from thy prefence: and take not thy Holy Spirit from me.
12 O give me the comfort of thy help again and stablish me with thy free Spirit.
13 Then fhall I teach thy ways unto the wicked: and finners fhall be converted unto thee.
14 Deliver me from blood-guiltinefs, O God, thou that art the God of my health and my tongue fhall fing of thy righteousness.
15 Thou fhalt open my lips, O Lord: and my mouth fhall fhew thy praife.
16 For thou defireft no facrifice, elfe would I give it thee: but thou delighteft not in burnt offerings.
17 The facrifice of God is a troubled fpirit: a broken and contrite heart, O God, fhalt thou not defpife.
18 O be favourable and gracious unto Sion: build thou the walls of Jerufalem.
19 Then fhalt thou be pleafed with the facrifice of righ teou.hefs, with the burnt-offerings and oblations: then shall shey offer young bullocks upon thine altar.
Pfalmi. David's example in this pfalm teaches us, 1. That it is the duty of finners, and particularly of those that have fallen into great fins; to be fenfible of the greatnefs of them, humbly to acknowledge and confefs them, and even publicly before men, when it is neceflary; earnestly to implore the mercy of God with true contrition, and to beg of him a fincere converfion, and the athftance of his fpirit, that they may never
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Pfalm lii. Quid gloriaris?
HY boafteft thou thyfelf, thou tyrant: that thou. canft do mischief;
2 Whereas the goodness of God: endureth yet daily? 3 Thy tongue imagineth wickednefs: and with lies thou cutteft like a harp rafor.
4 Thou haft loved unrighteoufnefs more than goodness: and to talk of lies more than righteousness.
5 Thou haft loved to speak all words, that may do hurt: O thou falfe tongue.
6 Therefore fhallGod destroy thee for ever: he shall take thee, and pluck thee out of thy dwelling, and root thee out of the land of the living.
7 The righteous alfo fhall fee this, and fear and shall laugh him to fcorn.
8 Lo, this is the man that took not God for his ftrength : but trusted unto the multitude of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickednefs.
9 As for me, I am like a green olive-tree in the houfe of God my truft is in the tender mercy of God for ever and
10 I will always give thanks unto thee for that thou haft done: and I will hope in thy name, for thy faints like it
more fall into fin. 2. That a penitent finner, who is truly humbled for his fins, confiders himself indifpenfably obliged to repair the fcandal he has given, and contribute his utmost towards the converfion of other finners, and the edification of all by his example, by his exhortations, and by his prayers. This is the only way to obtain pardon for the fins we have committed, and to procure peace of confcience, and the renewal of the grace of God.
Pfalm lii.] We may gather from this pfalm, 1. That the wicked, and particularly cruel men and flanderers, fuch as Doeg was, receive from God the punishment they deferve; and that God abhors lying and ca lumny. 2. That thofe who truft in their riches, or in their addrefs, be. come examples of the juft judgment of God: whilst he beflows his favour a thofe that put their trust in him, and walk in his ways.
THE foolish body hath faid in his heart: There is na
2 Corruptare they, and become abominable in their wickedness there is none that doeth good.
3 God looked down from heaven upon the children of men to fee if there were any that would understand, and feek after God.
4 But they are all gone out of the way, they are altogether become abominable: there is alfo none that doeth good, no
5 Are not they without understanding, that work wickednels: eating up my people as if they would eat bread? they have not called upon God.
6 They were afraid, where no fear was: for God hath broken the bones of him that befieged thee: thou haft put them to confufion, because God hath defpifed them.
7 Oh that the falvation were given unto Ifrael out of Sion: Oh that the Lord would Deliver his people out of captivity! 8 Then fhould Jacob rejoice: and Ifrael fhould be right glad.
Pfalm. liv. Deus, in Nomine.
AVE me, O God, for thy Name's fake: and avenge me
2- Hear my prayer, O God: and hearken unto the words of my mouth.
Pfalm liii.] 1. The complaint which David here makes of the im piety of the men of his age, may be applied to a great number of Chriftians, who profefs to know God, but in works deny him, giving themselves up to all manner of impiety. 2. It appears, however, from the evils which David fays the righteous are expofed to by means of the ungodly, and from the promises made to the godly in afflictions, that when the corruption is moft general, God has always fome true worshippers, who lament this corruption, endeavour to keep themfelves free from the infection, and, in the midst of the diforders that prevail, always loo up to God, and put their trust in him. 3. It fhould be remarked, thi: St Paul, (Ron. iii.) quotes this pfalm, to prove that the Jews were fin ers as well as the heathe that confequently they could not be jufii.d by the law of Mofes, out only by faith in Jefus Chrik.