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When we are both accoutred like young men, silence; and discourse grow commendable in none
Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them : Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell,
thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an inThat men shall swear I have discontinued school stant? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Above a twelvemonth :- I have within my mind plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in Which I will practise.
to dinner. Ner.
Why, shall we turn to men? Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; Por. Fie! what a question's that,
for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your If thou wert near a lewd interpreter ?
coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device
and conceits shall govern.
(Erit Launcelot. When I am in my coach, which stays for us Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are At the park gate; and therefore haste away,
A many fools, that stand in better place,
Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Laun. Yes, truly :—for, look you, the sins of | Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou Jessica ? the father are to be laid upon the children : there. And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, fore, I promise you, I fear you. I was always plain How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? with you, and so now I speak my agitation of the Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, matter : Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, The lord Bassanio live an upright life; I think, you are damn'd. There is but one hope in For, having such a blessing in his lady, it that can do you any good; and that is but a kind He finds the joys of heaven here on earth ; of bastard hope neither.
And, if on earth he do not mean it, it
Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your Why, if two gods should play some heavenly match, father got you not, that you are not the Jew's And on the wager lay two earthly women, daughter.
And Portia one, there must be something else Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed ; Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world so the sins of my mother should be visited upon me. Hath not her fellow. Laun. Truly then I fear you are damnd both Lor.
Even such a husband by father and mother: thus when I shun Scylla, Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother: Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. well, you are gone both ways.
Lor. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a made me a Christian.
stomach. Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk, Christians enough before ; e'en as many as could Then, howsoe'er thou speak’st, 'mong other things well live, one by another: This making of Christians I shall digest it. will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all to be Jes.
Well, I'll set you forth. (Exe. pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher on the coals for money. Enter Lorenzo
ACT IV. Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you | SCENE I.–Venice. A court of Justice. Enter say; here he comes *Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Launce
the Duke, the Magnificoes; Antonio, Bassanio, lot, if you thus get my wife into corners.
Gratiano, Salarino, Salanio, and others. Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Duke. What, is Antonio here? Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there Ant. Ready, so please your grace. is no mercy for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to an. daughter and he says, you are no good member of the commonwealth ; for, in converting Jews to A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch Christians, you raise the price of pork.
Uncapable of pity, void and empty Lor. I shall answer that better to the common-| From any dram of mercy. wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's Ant.
I have heard, belly : the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify.
Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, than reason: but if she be less than an honest And that no lawful means can carry me woman, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. Out of his envy'st reach, I do oppose
Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! My patience to his fury; and am arm'd I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
The very tyranny and rage of his. (1) Hatred, malice.
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court.
Salan. He's ready at the door: he coines, my lord. | You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to soften that (ihan which what's harder)
His Jewish heart :-Therefore, I do beseech you, Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our Make no more offers, use no further means, face.
But, with all brief and plain conveniency, Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is sis To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse,' more strange Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, Than is thy strange apparenta cruelty:
I would not draw them, I would have my bond. And where thou now exact'st the penalty Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,)
none ? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no But touch'd with human gentleness and love,
wrong? Forgive a moiety of the principal;
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, That have
of late so huddled on his back ;' You use in abject and in slavish parts, Enough to press a royal merchant down, Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, And pluck commiseration of his state
Let them be free, marry them to your heirs? From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates To offices of tender courtesy.
Be season'd with such viands? You will answer, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
The slaves are ours :-So do I answer you : Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur- The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, pose;
Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it : And by our holy sabbath have I sworn,
If you deny me, fie upon your law!
I stand for judgment : answer; shall I have it?
My lord, here stays without What if my house be troubled with a rat, A messenger with letters from the doctor, And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats New come from Padua. To have it baned? What, are you answer'd yet? Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger, Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;
courage yet! And others, when the bag-pipe sings i' the nose, The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Cannot contain their urine; For affection, Ere thou shalt loose for me one drop of blood. Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood
Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Of what it likes, or loaths: Now, for your answer : Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit As there is no firm reason to be render'd, Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk. As to offend, himself being offended;
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing
[Presents a letter. I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earA losing suit against him. Are you answer'd?
nestly? Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not || No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness love?
Of thy sharp envy.8 Can no prayers pierce thee? Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first. Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog! Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting|| And for thy life let justice be accus'd. thee twice?
Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith, Ant. I you, think you question? with the To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
That souls of animals infuse themselves You may as well go stand upon the beach, Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit And bid the main
flood bate his usual height; Govern'd a wolf, who, hang'd for human slaughter, You may as well use question with the wolf, Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, You may as well forbid the mountain pines Infus'd itself in thee; for thy desires To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Are wolfish, bloody, starv'd, and ravenous. When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my
bond, (1) Pity. (2) Seeming. (3) Whereas. (4) Particular fancy. (5) Crying. (6) Prejudice. (7) Converse. (8) Malice.
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchat A young and learned doctor to our court :
there, Where is he?
Shy. My deed's upon my head! I crave the law, Ner. He attendeth here hard by, The penalty and forfeit of my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? Duke. With all my heart :-some three or four Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; of you,
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice, Go give him courteous conduct to this place. I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart :
[Clerk reads.) Your grace shall understand, If this will not suffice, it must appear that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, but in the instant that your messenger came, in Wrest once the law to your authority : loving visitation was with me a young doctor of To do a great right, do a little wrong; Rome, his name is Balthazar: Í acquainted him And curb this cruel devil of his will." with the cause in controversy between the Jew and Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice Antonio the merchant: we turned o'er many books | Can alter a decree established : together : he is furnish'd with my opinion; which, ||'Twill be recorded for a precedent; better'd with his own learning (the greatness | And many an error, by the same example, whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with Will rush into the state: it cannot be. him, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Dan. request in my stead. I beseech you, let his lack
iel of years be no impediment to let him lack a rever-O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! end estimation; for I never knew so young a body Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. with so old a head. I leave him to your gracious Shy. Here "tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd commendation.
thee. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he Shy. Anoath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven : writes :
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul? And here, I take it, is the doctor come. No, not for Venice.
Why, this bond is forfeit; Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws.
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Give me your hand : Came you from old Bellario? | A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Por. I did, my lord.
Nearest the merchant's heart :-Be merciful; Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond. Are you acquainted with the difference
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor. That holds this present question in the court ? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge;
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. You know the law, your exposition
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment : by my soul I swear,
Shylock is my name. There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow ; ||To alter me: I stay here on my bond. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court Cannot impugn? you, as you do proceed. -- To give the judgment. You stand within his danger,2 do you not?
Why then, thus it is. [To Antonio. You must prepare your bosom for his knife : Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. O noble judge ! O excellent young man ! Por.
Do you confess the bond? Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Ant. I do.
Hath full relation to the penalty, Then must the Jew be merciful. Which here appeareth due upon the bond. Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me that. Shy. 'Tis very true: O wise and upright judge!
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; How much more elder art thou than thy looks? It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. Upon the place beneath : it is twice bless'd; Shy.
Ay, his breast : It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge?'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Nearest his heart, those are the very words. The throned monarch better than his crown: Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, The flesh ? The attribute to awe and majesty,
Shy. I have them ready. Wherein doth sit
the dread and
fear of kings; Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
charge, It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. It is an attribute to God himself;
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that? When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, 'Twere good you do so much for charity. Though justice be thy plea, consider this, - Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. Chat, in the course of justice, none of us
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say? Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy; Ant. But little; I am arm'd, and well prepar'd. Ind that same prayer doth teach us all to render Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well !
Griere not that I am fallen to this for you ; (1) Oppose. (2) Reach or control. For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use, Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.
feiture. Commend me to your honourable wife:
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, He shall have merely justice, and his bond. Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Gra. A Daniel, still say 1; a second Daniel ! Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. And he repents not that he pays your debt; Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Which is as dear to me as life itself;
I'll stay no longer question. But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
If it be prov'd against an alien, Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for That by direct, or indirect attempts, that,
He seek the life of any citizen,
Gra. I have a wife, whom I protest I love; Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice.
That, indirectly, and directly too, 'Would any of the stock of Barabbas
Thou hast contriv'd against the very life Had been her husband, rather than a Christian ! of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
(Aside. The danger formerly by me rehears'd. We trifle time: I pray thee pursue sentence. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to hang
thyself: The court awards it, and the law doth give it. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most rightful judge!
Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. breast;
Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our The law allows it, and the court awards it.
spirit, Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence ; come, || I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it: prepare.
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's; Por. Tarry a little ;—there is something else. The other half comes to the general state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
You take my house, when you do take the prop One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate When you do take the means whereby I live. Unto the state of Venice.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio? Gra. O upright judge !—Mark, Jew ;-0 learn Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's sake. ed judge!
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Shy. Is that the law?
Thyself shalt see the act : To quit the fine for one half of his goods ; For, as thou urgest justice, be assur'd,
I am content, so he will let me have Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir'st. The other half in use,—to render it, Gra. O learned judge!-Mark, Jew;-a learned Upon his death, unto the gentleman judge!
That lately stole his daughter : Shy. I take this offer then ;-pay the bond thrice, Two things provided more,- That, for this favour And let the Christian go.
He presently become a Christian : Bass.
Here is the money. The other, that he do record a gift, Por. Soft ;
Here in the court, of all he dies possessid, The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!--no haste;- ||Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Duke. He shall do this ; or else I do recant Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! The pardon, that I late pronounced here.
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou Shed thou no blood ; nor cut thou less, nor more,
say? But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound,—be it but so much Por,
Clerk, draw a deed of gift. As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence; Or the division of the twentieth part
I am not well; send the deed after me,
Get thee gone, but do it.
Gra. In christening thou shalt have two god. ||SCENE II.—The same. A street. Enter Portia fathers;
and Nerissa. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten
Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this more, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
[Exit Shylock. And let him sign it; we'll away to-night, Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. And be a day before our husbands home':
This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
My lord Bassanio, upon more advice,!
Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. Your company at dinner. (Ereunt Duke, magnificoes, and train. Por.
That cannot be : Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend, This ring I do accept most thankfully, Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted And so, I pray you, tell him: Furthermore, Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,
pray you, show my youth old Shylock's house. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
Gra. That will I do. We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Ner.
Sir, I would speak with you :Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, (To Portia. In love and service to you evermore.
Which I did make hím swear to keep for ever. Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied; Por. Thou may'st, I warrant: We shall have And I, delivering you, am satisfied,
old swearing, And therein do account myself well paid; That they did give the rings away to men; My mind was never yet more mercenary:
But we'll outface them, and outswear them too. I pray you, know me, when we meet again ; Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will tarry, I wish you well
, and so I take my leave. Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you fur. house?
(Exeunt. ther; Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you, Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
ACT V. Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield.
SCENE I.-Belmont. Avenue to Portia's house. Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your sake;
Enter Lorenzo and Jessica. And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you : Lor. The moon shines bright:- In such a night Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more;
as this, And you in love shall not deny me this.
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, Bass. This ring, good sir,--alas, it is a trifle; And they did make no noise; in such a night, I will not shame myself to give you this. Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls,
Por. I will have nothing else but only this; And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tents, And now, methinks, I have a mind to it. Where Cressid lay that night. Bass. There's more depends on this, than on Jes.
In such a night, the value.
Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew; The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, And saw the lion's shadow ere himself, And find it out by proclamation;
And ran dismay'd away. Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.
In such a night, Por. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers : Stood Dido with a willow in her hand You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks, Upon the wild sea-banks, and wav'd her love You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd. To come again to Carthage. Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my Jes.
In such a night, wife;
Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs
In such a night, Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew : gifts.
And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, An if your wife be not a mad woman,
As far as Belmont. And know how well I have deserv'd this ring, Jes.
And in such a night, She would not hold out enemy for ever,
Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; For giving 't to me. Well, peace be with you! Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,
(Exeunt Portia and Nerissa. | And ne'er a true one. Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Lor.
And in such a night, Let his deservings, and my love withal, Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandment. Slander her love, and he forgave it her.
Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, Jes. I would out-night you, did nobody come : Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou canst, But, hark, I hear the footing of a man. Unto Antonio's bouse :-away, make haste. [Exit Gratiano.
Enter Stephano. Come, you and I will thither presently;
Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night? And in the morning early will we both
Steph. A friend. Fly toward Belmont : Corne, Antonio. [Ereunt. Lor. A friend? what friend? your name, I pray
you, friend? (1) Reflection.
Steph. Stepháno is my name; and I bring werda