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Under the head of Political Philosophy, Candidates are recommended to study the following subjects :

The origin and growth of Society ; Political institutions and forms

of government, with especial reference to the history of Greece and Rome; The sphere and duties of Government; The leading

principles of Political Economy. The following books are prescribed for the Examination :-(1) Plato's Republic. (2) Plato's Protagoras, Phædrus, Gorgias, Laws III, VII, X. (3) Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. (4) Aristotle's Politics. (5) Locke on the Human Understanding, with either (a) Butler's Sermons, or (b) Hume's Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals. (6) The Transcendental Æsthetik' and · Analytik’in Kant's • Kritik der reinen Vernunft, and the Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten,' with the two chapters of the Kritik der praktischen Vernunft,' entitled severally

von den Grundsätzen' and von den Triebfedern, der reinen praktischen Vernunft.' [The authorized text of Plato is Baiter and Orelli's, of Aristotle Bekker's].

Out of this list Candidates are required to offer one book of Plato and another of Aristotle; those who offer more than these necessary books are recommended to select from the list a third book either ancient or modern.

Candidates will be expected to show such knowledge of the history of Philosophy, or of the history of the period of Philosophy to which the philosophical authors offered by them, either as stated or as special subjects, belong, as shall be necessary for the profitable study of these authors.

Special Subjects.
Candidates may offer as a Special Subject any one of the following: -
(1) The Homeric Poems; including the literary history of the

Poems, and a critical study of Books I-III of the Iliad, or
of Books IX-XI of the Odyssey.
The Lyric and Elegiac Poets of Greece (Bergk's Poetæ Lyrici
Græci); including a critical study of the Olympic Odes of
Pindar ; with the corresponding period of the history of Greek

(3) Aristophanes and the Fragments of the Old Comedy, with the

history of the Greek Drama, and either (a) a critical study of the Clouds, Birds, or Frogs; or (b) a special study of the con

temporary history of Athens, with Plutarch's Life of Pericles. (4) Plautus and Terence, and Ribbeck's Comic Fragments, including

a critical study of a play of Plautus; with the history of Roman

Literature before Lucretius. (5) Lucretius, and the history of Roman Literature from Lucretius

to the death of Augustus.

(6) The language and composition of the Nicomachean Ethics,

with a critical study of the last five books. (7) The text and language of Thucydides, with a study of the MSS.

and principal various readings. (8) A minute study of Comparative Philology as illustrating the

Greek and Latin Languages. Candidates are recommended to use Bopp's Comparative Grammar (3rd edition). Those who are acquainted with Sanskrit will have an opportunity of show

ing their knowledge. HISTORY OF GREECE. (1) Greek Art, with Pausanias I, V, VI, and with Pliny's Natural

History XXXIV-XXXVI. (2) The Geography of Peloponnesus, with Strabo VIII. (3) The Life of Alexander. (4) The Achæan League. (5) Egyptian History to the Persian Conquest, with Herodotus II

and Diodorus I. (The Fragments of Manetho should also be

studied.) HISTORY OF ROME. (1) The Constitutional History of Rome down to the beginning of

the Second Punic War. (2) The Geography and Races of Ancient Italy. (Candidates who

offer this subject will be expected to show an acquaintance

with the remains of the early Italian Languages.) (3) The Commentaries of Gaius. (4) The Age of the Antonines. (5) The History of the Roman Empire from Diocletian to Julian.

(6) Roman Architecture and the Topography of Rome. LOGIC, AND MORAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY.

Any Candidate who offers three books taken from the lists of Stated Subjects in Philosophy may offer, as a Special Subject, a fourth taken from the same list, or he may offer one of the following books or subjects :

(1) Aristotle, De Animâ.
(2) The Philosophy of the Eleatics, Heracliteans, and Megarians,

with the Theatetus and Sophist of Plato.
(3) The Philosophy of the Stoics and Epicureans, with the Dis-

courses of Epictetus and the tenth Book of Diogenes Laertius. (4) The Philosophy of Hume and Berkeley, with Berkeley's Prin

ciples of Human Knowledge, Alciphron, and Theory of Vision,

and with Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. (5) Political Economy, with one or more treatises to be selected

by the Candidate.

Candidates are recommended not to offer more than one Special Subject. It is not necessary for the attainment of the highest Honours that any special subject should be offered.

Candidates intending to offer any subject not included in the preceding list must give notice of their intention six months before the Examination, and obtain the approval of the Board of Studies.

Any such notice or any other enquiry respecting the above-mentioned books or subjects is to be addressed to the Master of Balliol College.

The above-mentioned Special Subjects may be varied from time to time by the Board of Studies, but any Candidate who shall not appear for examination in the first Term in which he is of sufficient standing to do so, or whose name shall not have been placed in the list of Honours, shall be permitted to offer at any future Examination the same Special Subjects which he then offered or might have offered.

4. Honour School of Mathematics.


The following is the Syllabus of the subjects in which Candidates shall be examined :Pure Mathematics.

1. Algebra.
2. Trigonometry, plane and spherical.
3. Geometry of two and three dimensions.
4. Differential Calculus.
5. Integral Calculus.
6. Calculus of Variations.
7. Calculus of Finite Differences.

8. Theory of Chances. Mixed Mathematics.

1. Mechanics of Solid and Fluid Bodies.
2. Optics, Geometrical and Physical.
3. Newton's Principia, Sections I, II, III, and parts of IX

and XI.
4. Astronomy, including the more elementary parts of the

Lunar and Planetary Theories.

5. Honour School of Natural Science.

I. GENERAL REGULATIONS. 1. The subjects of examination in the Honour School of Natural Science are Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

2. The Examination is divided into two parts: the one termed the Preliminary Honour Examination; the other termed the Final Honour Examination.

3. The Preliminary Honour Examination is compulsory upon all Candidates in the School, and is restricted to the more elementary parts of (1) Mechanics and Physics, (2) Chemistry, together with a practical examination of a simple character in the latter subject at least.

4. A Candidate is allowed to present himself for the Preliminary Honour Examination, either on the occasion of his Final Honour Examination, or at any previous Examination in the Natural Science School subsequent to the time at which he passes his First Public Examination; and he is allowed to present himself for the Preliminary Examination in Mechanics and Physics at a different Examination from that in which he presents himself for the Preliminary Examination in Chemistry.

5. In the Final Honour Examination, a Candidate may offer himself for examination in one or more of the three general subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The Final Honour Examination in each subject is partly practical.

6. The place assigned to a Candidate in the list of Classes depends upon the joint result, in the judgment of the Examiners, of his examination in all the subjects in which he offers himself for examination on the occasion of his Final Honour Examination, whether they be included in the Preliminary or Final divisions of the Examination,

7. The Final Honour Examination begins not later than seven days after the termination of the Preliminary Honour Examination; and, during the interval between the two parts of the Examination, a list of those who have passed the Preliminary Examination is issued by the Examiners, the subject or subjects in which each Candidate has passed being stated,

8. In the Final Honour Examination, a Candidate may, in addition to his general subject or subjects, offer himself for examination in special subjects included under any of the three general subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. These special subjects shall be selected by the Candidate from a list to be issued by the Board of Studies.


Preliminary Honour Examination.

1. MECHANICS AND Physics. Mechanics, to the extent represented by Newth's First Book of Natural Philosophy, and the first four books of Ganot's Physics.'

Acoustics, Heat, Light, Magnetism, and Electricity, as represented by • Ganot's Physics.'

2. CHEMISTRY. The general principles of Chemistry, and the properties of the better known elements and compounds (excepting such as are included under Organic Chemistry), as treated of in any one of the following manuals :-Williamson's Chemistry for Students; Roscoe's Lessons in Elementary Chemistry; Wilson's Inorganic Chemistry; Fownes' Manual of Chemistry; or more fully in Miller's Eleinents of Chemistry, Vol. ii.

The practical examination will comprise the analysis of single substances, and such elementary exercises in chemical manipulation as are included in Harcourt and Madan's Exercises in Practical Chemistry, Part I.

Final Honour Examination. The Final Honour Examination comprises three General Subjects, viz.

I. Physics,
II. Chemistry,

III. Biology; and the following Special Subjects, which may be taken in as supplementary to one or more of the General Subjects:A. Crystallography and Mineralogy,—the former as included

under the General Subjects of Physics and Chemistry, the

latter as included under Chemistry. B. Geology and Paläontology,—the former as included under the

three General Subjects, the latter as included under Biology. D. Botany, jas

angry}as subjects included under Biology,

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