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inclusive annual value is £100. There are also from time to time some Exhibitions in the gift of the College.
At Lincoln there are
(1) At least twelve Foundation Scholarships, which are open without limitation of age, and of which three are awarded at the beginning of every Michaelmas Term, after an examination usually in classical subjects. They are tenable for four years, provided that the holder does not accept any position incompatible with residence in Oxford, and are of the annual inclusive value of £80. A Scholarship may be forfeited (1) by misconduct, (2) by neglect of study, (3) by failing to pass any of the University Examinations at the proper time.
(2) Two Scholarships (the Matthews and the Radford Scholarships), which are open under the same conditions as the preceding, but are of somewhat less value.
(3) One Scholarship (the Tatham Scholarship), in the election to which there is a preference to persons born or educated in Buckinghamshire.
(4) Two Scholarships, of the value of £60, to which the Rector nominates.
(5) Two or three Exhibitions of the value of £30, tenable for three years, are usually offered at the close of the annual Scholarship examination to those candidates who have most distinguished themselves.
At Magdalen there will be in future
(1) Thirty Demyships, of which three or four are usually awarded at the beginning of every Michaelmas Term after an examination in Classics, one or more in Mathematics, and one or more in Natural Science. All the Demyships are open to all persons who have not attained the age of twenty years: they are tenable for five years, provided that the holder does not accept any appointment which will, in the judgment of the electors, interfere with the completion of his University studies; and their inclusive annual value is £95.
a. The examination for the Classical Demyships consists of Greek and Latin composition in prose and verse, translations from Greek and Latin into English, questions in Divinity, Ancient History, and Philology: for such candidates as desire it, either as an alternative for, or in addition to, the Classical papers, questions are also set in Modern History and Literature, with translations from French and German into English, and vice versa.
B. In the examination for Mathematical Demyships, papers are set in Arithmetic and Algebra, in Pure Geometry, in Trigonometry and the Theory of Equations, and in Analytical Geometry of Two Dimensions. Candidates have also to satisfy the electors of their ability to pass the ordinary Classical Exam, inations required by the University. :y. In the examination for Natural Science Demyships, questions are set relating to General Physics, to Chemistry, and to Biology, including Human and Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, with the principles of the classification and distribution of plants and animals; but a clear and exact knowledge of the principles of any one of the above-mentioned sciences will be preferred to a more general and less accurate acquaintance with more than one. The examination in Chemistry and Biology will be partly practical, if necessary. Candidates have also to satisfy the electors of their ability to pass the ordinary Classical Examinations required by the University.
(2) Exhibitions, the number of which is at present uncertain, but of which four will eventually be offered for competition every year. The subjects and time of examination are the same as those for the Demyships, but while the Demyships are simply competitive, the Exhibitions are awarded to persons who fail to obtain Demyships, but are known to need support at the University and to deserve it. Candidates should prove to the satisfaction of the electors that they cannot be supported at College without such assistance; evidence on this point is considered as strictly confidential. Testimonials of good conduct and character are likewise of great importance. As there are usually several candidates who are found to satisfy these conditions to about the same extent, the merit of the candidates as tested by examination necessarily becomes a very material element in deciding the question. Persons who have only very slight pretensions on the ground of attainments are therefore recommended not to incur the trouble and expense of presenting themselves.
(3) Vacancies occur from time to time for an Academical Clerk, whose duties are to take part in the daily Choral Services in the Chapel, which extend over about nine months in the year, and such choir practices as may be appointed. Candidates are required to pass, 1. the ordinary matriculation examination of the College; 2. an examination in Music, i.e. they have to sing a solo of their own selection, and also some pieces selected by the organist. The inclusive annual emolument is about £95. The candidate elected is required to pass at the proper time the several Examinations required by the University for the degree of B.A.
At Brasenose there are
(1) Open Scholarships, which will eventually be twelve in number, and of which two or three are usually awarded every year in Easter Term. They are tenable for five years, and their inclusive annual value is £80. Candidates must be under the age of twenty.
(2) Twenty-two Scholarships (Somerset Scholarships), which are confined in the first instance to Hereford, Manchester, and Marlborough Schools, but which in default of properly-qualified candidates from those Schools are thrown open to general competition, two Scholarships being in such cases occasionally held by the same person. They are tenable for five years, and vary in value from £36 8s. to £52.
(3) Seventeen Exhibitions (Hulme Exhibitions), the holders of which are nominated by the Dean of Manchester and the Rectors of Prestwich and Bury from among those members of the College who have entered upon the thirteenth Term from their matriculation. They are tenable for four years from the beginning of the thirteenth Term, provided that the holders reside in Oxford during the usual Academical Terms. Their annual value is £135 in money, and £20 to be spent in books approved of by the Principal.
(4) Three Exhibitions (Colquitt Clerical Exhibitions), which are intended to assist in the education for Holy Orders the sons of poor or deceased clergymen, or of such laymen as cannot unaided support the expenses of a College education. They are tenable until the expiration of four years from matriculation,
and are of the annual value of £40. Candidates must be Undergraduate members of the College who have resided at least one Term.
At Corpus there are
(1) Twenty-four Scholarships, which are open to all persons under the age of twenty, and are tenable until the completion of five years from matriculation. They are of the gross annual value of £95 or £100, being worth £80, in addition to rooms rent-free during residence. The examination usually takes place in Hilary Term.
(2) Exhibitions are also occasionally offered for competition at the same time as the Scholarships. They have usually no limit of age, and their value is £60, together with rooms rentfree during residence.
(3) A number of Exhibitions have also been instituted by the President and Fellows, tenable only by Commoners of the College, and awarded at the Midsummer College examinations.
At Christ Church there are
(1) Twenty-one Junior Studentships, confined to as educated at Westminster School, and awarded after an examination held at that School. They are tenable for seven years.
(2) Thirty-one Junior Studentships, of which at least one in every three is awarded for excellence in Mathematics and Physical Science alternately; the others are usually awarded for excellence in Classics. Candidates for Physical Science Studentships must be under the age of twenty on the ist of January preceding the election: candidates for other Studentships under the age of nineteen on the same day. The Studentships are tenable for five years from the day of election, and are worth £75, or in some cases £90, a year, exclusive of rooms. The examination is held in Hilary Term, and the election takes place on the second Saturday in Lent.
(3) Ten Exhibitions, tenable for three years, of the annual value of £50 in money, together with free tuition and dinner in hall. Candidates must show to the satisfaction of the Dean that they are in need of pecuniary help to enable them to pursue their studies at the University. There is no limit of age.
(4) One Exhibition (Slade Exhibition), of £30, tenable for one year, and open to persons who have not already matriculated.
The following Exhibitions are also attached to Christ Church, though not in its immediate gift.
Two Exhibitions (Holford Exhibitions), open to persons who have been educated for the two years preceding either the day of election, or if already members of the University, the day of their matriculation, at Charterhouse School. They are tenable for five years, and are of the inclusive annual value of £60. Candidates must not have exceeded the fourth Term from their matriculation, but there is no further limitation as to age.
At Trinity there are
(1) Thirteen Scholarships, open to all candidates above the age of sixteen and under the age of twenty. They are tenable for twenty Terms, inclusive of the Term of election, and their annual value is £80. The examination is usually held in Hilary Term : its subjects are the usual branches of Latin and Greek scholarship.
(2) One Scholarship (Henniker Scholarship), of the annual : value of £20, and tenable in case of re-election for five years. The examination takes place in Divinity and Mathematics.
(3) Two Exhibitions of £20 each, tenable for one year, open to Commoners of the College without limitation of age. These are usually filled up in October.
At St. John's there are
(1) Twenty-eight Scholarships, of which twenty-one are confined to persons under the age of nineteen, who for the two years preceding the day of election have been educated at Merchant Taylors' School, or in default of properly-qualified candidates from that School, at Christ's Hospital. Of the remaining seven, two are appropriated to Coventry School, two to Bristol School, two to Reading School, and one to Tunbridge School. Candidates must be under the age of twenty, and must produce certificates of having been educated for the two years preceding the day of election at one or other of the above-mentioned Schools. The Merchant Taylors' Scholarships are tenable for seven years, the other Scholarships are tenable for five years; they are all of the inclusive annual value of £100. In default