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be the voice of God; or at least an echo of that voice, by which God spake to holy men in the infancy of the world, and revealed to them the doctrine of a future life; a voice once so strongly and convincingly uttered, that it went through all the earth and to the end of the world; and there is no speech nor language, no people or nation, where the same voice is not still heard."-p. 77.
Sept. 7 and 8. Read Bishop Bull's fourth and fifth Sermons. In the latter he explains, I think rightly, St. Paul's “thorn in the flesh” to be some bodily infirmity. I am surprised to find him declaring his serious belief in the power attributed to the royal family of England of curing the evil by touch.
9. Read Bull's sixth Sermon, a very good one on the Difficulty and Danger of the Priestly Office: and Sermon vii. on the Different Degrees of Bliss in Heaven, a good one also, and much resembling a great deal that is said on the subject in Dante's Paradiso, except that Bull condemns Dionysius the Areopagite for temerity, whom the poet praises as one taught by St. Paul. Bull, however, appears a little inconsistent, since after his blaming Dionysius for reckoning up exactly the several orders of the angelical hierarchy, as if he had seen a muster of the heavenly host before his eyes, he himself, at p. 313, speaks rather more particularly of the several orders in the celestial hierarchy than he was warranted in doing from Holy Scripture :—and Sermon viii., he argues that the Jews believed in a life to come. Has Warburton in his Divine Legation, taken notice of this ?-and Sermon ix. Finished Walker's Memoirs of Italian Tragedy, containing a good deal of information, but very affectedly written.
Sept. 10. Read Sermons x., xi., and xii., of Bishop Bull. Began Hebrew,
13. Began the second volume of Routh's Reliquiæ Sacra.
14. Continued Routh's Reliquiæ Sacræ. At page 114 is a fragment of Julius Africanus's Epistle to Aristides on our Saviour's genealogy, edited from MSS.
To 19. Began Nelson's Life of Bishop Bull, read aloud; and continued Routh's Reliquiæ Sacræ. At p. 260, in a note on the Chronica of Julius Africanus, he remarks that Warburton, in his Divine Legation of Moses, had perhaps not known of a passage in Perizonius, Ægypt. Orig. Invest.
To 21. Continued Routh's Reliquiæ Sacræ. At p. 385 is part of an Epistle from St. Dionysius of Alexandria (who died A.D. 264), on the method of reconciling the four Evangelists as to the exact hour of our Lord's resurrection, with a view to determine the time when the Good Friday's fasting should end. Something might be collected from it concerning the manner of keeping Sunday. From a fragment of his, p. 391, it appears that those, whose death was expected, were freed from their excommunication. Hence I think may be inferred that the sacrament should not be refused to persons in that state.
p. 400, Dionysius of Alexandria observes, that Job knew nothing certain of the resurrection, from Job, chap. vii., 16; on which Routh observes, “Hinc palam est, haud existimâsse Dionysium, celebre illud Tusua apud Jobum pertinere ad mortuorum resurrectionem."*
To September 28. Finished Nelson's Life of Bishop Bull, omitting much of what concerns his polemical tracts. Read to the end of vol. ii. of Routh's Reliquiæ Sacræ, and began vol. i. On a fragment from Melito, in which Christ's ministry is spoken of as having lasted three years; Dr. Routh observes : “ Videantur de re ipsâ controversa nuperi scriptores Priestleius et Newcomius, quos tamen pariter ac Nicolaum Mannum, insignem sententiæ apud multos veteres receptæ ante Priestleium redactorem, hic Melitonis locus fugit. Neque Hippolyti locus iisdem notus fuit in opere extans, quod anno 1772 Romæ primum editum est, p. 136.”+ I have copied at the end of my fifty-second sermon a note on the Lord'sday, which is again spoken of by Dionysius of Corinth in the Reliquiæ Sacræ, vol. i. p. 168: and at p. 208 is another note on a sect called the Mao
* “ Hence it is plain, that Dionysius did not think that that celebrated passage in Job referred to the resurrection of the dead."
+ “On this controverted subject may be consulted the more recent writers, Priestley and Newcome, whose notice, however, as well as that of Nicholas Mann, (who, before Priestley, was a distinguished maintainer of an opinion entertained by many in old times), this passage of Melito escaped. Nor was a passage from Hippolytus known to them, which is extant in a work first published at Rome, in the year 1772."
Bwlało, by Hegesippus, who appear to have been a sect that observed the Sabbath with an absurd strictness; and another note at p. 240.
To October 5. Finished Bishop Bull's Sermons. 21. Finished Routh's Reliquiæ Sacræ, vol. ii.
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