Attis, Between Myth and History: King, Priest, and God
This volume deals with the figure of Attis. The work aims to reconsider the mythical and cultic information about this character, trying to provide proof of the processes of "construction" and "reconstruction" that have contributed to the moulding of the different forms of Attis that developed as a result of various demands within different religious traditions. After an introduction about the history of the studies, the first part examines the oldest evidence on Attis, resorting to comparison with religious traditions earlier than or contemporary with Phrygian culture. The second part tackles the classical world and collects the elements of continuity and of innovation in respect of Asianic religious traditions. The third part analyses the problem of the processes of reinterpretation of the traditional cults that both the "pagan" philosophers and the fathers of the Church effected. The link between Attis and Death is discussed in the fourth part.
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according Adonis Adrastus Agdistis Anatolian ancient Arnobius aspects Attis Attis myth Atys Bianchi Borgeaud Brelich Brixhe Burkert castration characters Chirassi Colombo connected considered context Cosi Croesus cult of Attis culture Cybele Damascius deities Devreker Diodorus Diodorus Siculus divine documentation elements emasculation emphasised epigraphic episode eunuch evidence exegesis fact Firmicus funerary funereal Galli Gallus Gnostic goddess gods Greece Greek Gusmani Hepding Hermesianax Herodotus Hilaria Hittite hunting myth hymns hypothesis ideology inscription interpretation ISBN 90 Julian king Kubaba Lambrechts Lancellotti Lydian Magna Mater Marco Simon Mellink mention Metroac Midas Mother motif mysteries mythical and ritual Naassenes Paris Pausanias Pecchioli Daddi period Pessinous Phry Phrygian Polvani priest priesthood priestly reference relationship religion Ribichini rite ritual traditions Roller Roma Roman Rome royal scholars seems self-emasculation sexual Sfameni Gasparro 1985 soteriology sources studies Talamo taurobolium Telipinu tion traditions about Attis Turcan vegetal Vermaseren 1977 vicenda Xella
Page 197 - Craig A. Williams, Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). The comment regarding unattractive characters in Jesus' mission is quoted in Crossan, Birth of Christianity, p.