The Earthy Soil: Bombay Peasants and the Indian National Movement, 1919-1947
Recent studies on the Raj in India have concentrated on the intricate and sometimes covoluted links between the apparently antagonistic forces of imperialism and nationalism in the subcontinent, particularly at the level of political organization and party practice. However it is becoming apparent that the burgeoning of nationalist forces in the century preceding Independence was not only in response to the West's political impact on India, but to its social and economic impact as well. Epstein here uses a detailed analysis of the economic and social changes Bombay underwent under British rule--the commercialization of agriculture, the concomitant emergence of increasingly market-oriented peasant communites from rural isolation into broader spheres of influence--to shed new light on the changing pattern of Congress success within the Bombay presidency after World War I.
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Map of Bombay Presidency c 1925
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Abstract of Intelligence agitation agrarian agricultural Ahmedabad Ahmedabad District Anavil Ankola Bardoli Bohras Bombay countryside Bombay Police Abstract Bombay Presidency Borsad Brahmin British administration Broach cash-crop farmers castes cent civil disobedience Civil Disobedience Movement commercial farmers cotton cultivators D. A. Low Dharalas Dharwar District Magistrate dominant East Khandesh economic example farming Fortnightly Report Gandhi Gandhian Government of Bombay Government of India Gujarat Harold H Home Department Home Poll ibid Intelligence 1920 Jambusar Kaira District Kanara Karnatak Kunbi labour Land Revenue Admin Lingayat Linlithgow Correspondence loc.cit Lumley to Linlithgow Maharashtra Mann Maratha ment money-lender N.S. Papers nationalist movement non-cooperation official op.cit Panch Mahals passim Patidars peasant political Poona prosperous province Public and Judicial Quit India Movement region resignations rural Bombay rural society Satara District satyagraha Siddapur Sirsi social southern division subcontinent Surat Taluka throughout Vallabhbhai Patel VIII Pt village officer western India