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period of undergraduateship being thus diminished by seven would be so acceptable to him as assistance in doing


A student no longer incurs any disadvantage by being entered out of term time; a person whose name was put on the boards when admitted to reside in October would take his degree at the same time as one who had been entered in the preceding Easter term. "Bye term men" now in resi2. It is made necessary by the statutes for every student to reside at least two-thirds of each term, in order that it may be reckoned towards his degree. The Michaelmas Term will henceforth begin on the 1st of October, ending, as hitherto, on the 16th of December. The Lent Term remains unchanged. The Easter Term will begin on the Friday after Easter Day, and end on the Friday after the last Tuesday but one in June; in 1859 it will begin on the 29th of April, and end on the 24th of

dence have the benefit of this change.

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50: and I apprehend that if the incumbents who
have been benefited by his exertions would con-
tribute the tenth part of the sum thus saved to them
during the year, the object would be effectually
obtained. I purpose doing so myself, and shall be
much obliged if you will allow me to make the
suggestion to my brethren through your pages. I
enclose my card, and have the honour to be, Sir,
yours obediently,

Sept. 10, 1858.



Yorkshire.-West Riding Charitable Society for the Relief of the Indigent Clergy, their Widows and Orphans.-The annual meeting of the governors of this old and excellent charity was held at Wakefield, the Ven. Archdeacon Musgrave in the At a Congregation holden on the 18th inst., John Rickards chair. There were four new applications for relief,



Mozley was admitted Scholar.



"1. Whether we have power, under the Burial

Act, to repair the wall of the old churchyard, now closed from burials, &c.?

"2. Whether we can keep the surface of the churchyard in order, by mowing the grass and weeding it?

"3. Whether we can plant shrubs and ornamental trees in it?


4. Whether we can repair the pavement of such churchyard?

"5. Whether we can remove the present wooden gates, as they are out of repair, and replace them by iron gates and pillars to correspond with the iron lastly, gates on the other side of the churchyard? And

"6. Whether the churchwardens could, either with or without the consent of the vestry, take down

any portion of the present churchyard wall and round some portion of the churchyard, and charge supply its place with iron railings similar to that two from widows, one from an orphan left utterly the costs and expenses of the same respectively to destitute, and one from a clergyman, reduced by the overseers for the relief of the poor? long illness and the claims of a large family to great "An order has been issued for the discontinuance distress. The total amount of grants made, in of burials in the churchyard.

parish, but a subscription is entered into for the
"We can get no Church-rates passed in this

purpose of carrying on the services of the Church.
"Your kind consideration and reply to these
queries will greatly oblige
"Your obedient Servant,
"To the Poor Law Commissioners."

"Poor Law Board, Whitehall, S.W., 4th August, 1858.

"SIR, I am directed by the Poor Law Board to

acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 14th them in your previous letter, to state that the ultimo, and adverting to the questions submitted to Board are of opinion that where no Church rate is in fact levied in any parish, the Poor-rate of such the 18th and 19th Vict., c. 128, sec. 18, although parish is chargeable with the expenses referred to in the Church-rate if levied would be the fund legally chargeable with those expenses.

sums varying from 51. to 351., was 8601., viz.-To widows and orphan daughters, 710.; to orphan sons, 65.; to aged and infirm clergymen, 851. Clergy Orphan Corporation.-A general court of The whole expense to the charity of collecting and the governors of this corporation, which is under the distributing this sum, including 191. 38. 2d. for repatronage of Her Majesty, and was founded for ports, advertising, and circulars, has been 25/. 78. 4d. clothing, maintaining, and educating poor orphans of Donations were announced at the meeting of 10%. 108. each from Dr. Outhwaite, of York, and Rev. T. C. clergymen of the Established Church of England, Percival, of Barnborough; 31. 3s. from Rev. F. until of age to be put apprentice, was held on Tuesday, Arthur, of Leeds; and 11. 1s. from the church24th August, at 79, Pall-mall, the Rev. George Currey, B.D., a member of the committee, in the chair. wardens of Bierley. The following gentlemen were The object of the assembling of the court was three. appointed officers for the ensuing year :-Vicefold: To declare the number of orphans to be elected Presidents-Colonel Smyth, M.P., Samuel J. Brown, into the schools in November next, to sanction the Esq., Ven. Archdeacon Musgrave, and Archdeacon purchase of the freehold of the property held on W. H. Leatham, Esq., Albert Smith, Esq., Rev. H. Creyke. Stewards for the Deanery of Doncasterlease by the corporation at St. John's-wood, and to decide on the best mode of investing the Warneford Partington, Rev. C. E. Thomas, Rev. T. Nevin, Rev. A. Lambert. For the City of York-George Scholarships. With respect to the election of orphans, it was stated that, considering how much the Old Ainsty-R. P. Harris, Esq., Rev. J. Barber. Dodsworth, Esq., Rev. R. Whitehead. For the schools had been increased of late by the election, For the New Ainsty-J. T. Wharton, Esq., Rev. F. on several successive occasions, of a much larger H. S. Menteath. For the Deanery of Ripon-F. number of orphans than were sufficient to fill the H. Wood, Esq., Rev. A. Poole. For the Deanery actual vacancies that occurred, and considering also "At the same time the Board desire to point that the expenses of the corporation considerably of Pontefract W. Moorhouse, Esq., G. Armitage, out that according to the precise language of the Esq., Rev. T. H. Hall, Rev. G. Ornsby. exceeded its income, it was the opinion of the com- Craven-H. Alcock, Esq., Benj. Marriner, Esq., churchwardens are entitled to be repaid out of the For section above quoted, the expenses which the mittee that it would be prudent, on the present oc- Rev. W. Cartman, Rev. L. S. Morris. casion, to elect no more orphans than the vacancies and Secretary for the Deaneries of Doncaster and them in maintaining the churchyard in decent order, Treasurer Poor-rate are limited to those which are incurred by declared, viz. two boys and six girls. Accordingly, Pontefract-Rev. John Pullein, Kirkthorpe. Trea- and in doing the necessary repair of the walls and it was unanimously resolved, that in November next two boys should be elected into the school at surer and Secretary for the City of York, the other fences thereof. Ainsties, and Craven-Rev. John Urquhart, Chapel St. Thomas's-hill, Canterbury, and six girls into the Allerton. school at St. John's-wood. Mr. Thrupp then explained the advantageous purchase of the freehold of the property in St. John's-wood by Mr. Baker, a Dorsetshire. Restoration of Sherborne Abbey. member of the committee, who had bought it at a -A portion of this beautiful structure was restored public auction for 58001., to be paid on or before some few years ago, chiefly through the liberality of the 15th of November next. The court approved the late Earl Digby. Since then the choir and aisles and confirmed the purchase made by Mr. Baker, have been also restored, at the expense of George and directed that a competent portion of Three per Wingfield Digby, Esq., a nephew of the late earl; Cent. Consols should be sold from the corporation and the work having been brought to a completion, funds to pay the purchase-money and the choir has been reopened for public worship. Next the Rev. Charles Marshall moved that Dr. Upon the occasion of this reopening, the sermon was preached by the Bishop of Salisbury, from Warneford's 60007. endowment for scholarships should be invested at ninety, instead of, as originally Ecclesiastes i. 8-"The eye is not satisfied with seeintended by Dr. Warneford, at eighty, provided ing, nor the ear filled with hearing." The Offertory of St. Peter's, Carmarthen." that the consent of Lady Wetherell Warneford sentences were read by the Bishop, while the alms could be obtained and the trustees deemed it ad- were collected from the congregation. These visable. After a little discussion, the motion was passed without a dissentient voice, and the business of the court terminated, the usual compliment to the chairman having been previously paid on the

motion of the Rev. Joseph Brown.


amounted to 801. 4s. 11d. The number of com-
municants was so large that the service extended
until half-past three o'clock. There was also an
evening service, when the sermon was preached by

the Rev. F. B. Portman, from John xx. 17. The
collection amounted to 121. 16s. 111⁄2d.

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"The Board are by no means prepared to admit that the churchwardens would be empowered to charge on the Poor-rate the money they may expend in ornamenting the old churchyard to which you refer; but if the walls are out of repair, and if instead of repairing them it seems the most judicious course to take them down and supply their place with an iron railing, the Board are disposed to think that the expense thereby incurred might be properly charged on the Poor-rate.

"I am, Sir, your obedient Servant, "H. G. LUMLEY, Assistant Secretary. "To Mr. Francis Green, Churchwarden of the Parish

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(To the Editor of the "Ecclesiastical Gazette.”) Charges for Repairs, &c., in Churchyards, payParochial Rating.-Sir,-As one of the many able out of Poor-rate.-St. Peter's Churchyard, clergymen who have profited largely by the result of Carmarthen. -The subjoined correspondence re-verty. It was the ecclesiastical condition of the Isle Mr. Sheringham's labours in the reduction of our specting the state of St. Peter's churchyard, &c., has parochial rates to something like their proper pro- taken place between the churchwarden and the portions, will you allow me to suggest to my Poor Law Commissioners :brethren the propriety of testifying our sense of the

"Carmarthen, S.W., June 18th, 1858.

benefit he has been the means of conferring upon "GENTLEMEN,—Will you kindly inform me, as us? Mr. Sheringham, as I see by an advertisement, one of the churchwardens of the parish of St. is restoring his parish church; probably no offering | Peter's,

of Man, as well as the extreme poverty of its clergy, and the size of the diocese, that disposed the Ecclesiastical Commissioners to annex this see to that of Carlisle. Reverence for the name of Wilson, and regard for the great work done by him under great disadvantages, were among the chief arguments which were used in Parliament to prevail upon the

English legislature to pass the Act 1 and 2 of Vict., c. 30, for continuing the Bishopric of Sodor and Man. The clergy of the diocese then petitioned Parliament for the preservation of their bishopric as a distinct and independent see. They said in their petition, 'As to enriching its parochial clergy by the spoils of their bishopric, your petitioners dislike the principle, and dread the example.' They did not affect to conceal their lamentably straitened circumstances,' for which they solicited honourable relief.' But they energetically disclaimed a wish ⚫ to procure temporal advantage at the expense of a spiritual loss.' One-third of the revenues of the bishopric has been applied to the amelioration of the temporal condition of the parochial clergy, yet no portion of the Church of England has so little power to remunerate adequately her clergy, and the bishop is incapacitated from executing any great Church works, except by appealing to the piety and liberality of more favoured districts of the Church of England. Unsuccessful attempts have been made to obtain help from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England and Wales, and every effort has been made in vain to secure assistance from the Crown, (the Isle of Man being, by purchase from the Duke of Athol, the private property of the Crown,) for the work of restoring what has almost unavoidably fallen into decay; and the great incorporated societies of England are precluded by the terms of their charters from aiding in works which they are competent to promote in foreign parts. When the present Bishop of Sodor and Man took possession of his see, he found the ancient cathedral of the diocese in ruins; his own appointed residence so dilapidated as to be partially unsafe, and the episcopal estate impoverished by long neglect and improper cultivation. The only certain source of income on which he can now depend is a share of the general commutation of the tithes of the whole island, amounting nominally to 1500l. per annum. He has been compelled to undertake the restoration of the episcopal resi dence out of his own resources, and he is now engaged in bringing an exhausted estate into a proper state of cultivation, from which it is improbable that he will derive any personal advantage. By the aid of a few friends he laid the foundation, on the centenary of Bishop Wilson's death, of a building which may at any future time be extended to supply the place of his ruined cathedral. The site chosen for it is that on which once stood the chapel which Bishop Wilson erected, and in which he personally trained young students for the ministry of the Manx Church. This work is regarded by the bishop as the first step towards reviving practically the principles which his great predecessor inculcated, and towards the completion of his undertaking he now pleads for the sympathy of Churchmen generally."

Diocese of Carlisle.-The Dean of Carlisle and the Rev. Precentor Livingston.-On Tuesday, the 7th inst., the Bishop of Carlisle, assisted by Dr. Travers Twiss, chancellor of the diocese of London, and the Rev. C.J. Burton, chancellor of the diocese of Carlisle, as assessors, held a court in the Chapter House, for the purpose of hearing an appeal of the Rev. T. G. Livingston, minor canon and precentor. Mr. Edwin James, Q.C., and Mr. Lawrie, appeared for the dean and chapter; Mr. Temple, Q.C., represented Mr. Livingston.

Mr. James, on behalf of the dean and chapter, contended that the grounds of Mr. Livingston's dismissal were not solely those alleged in the docu. ment purporting to dismiss him, and entered into a long statement, and read many letters, endeavouring to show that the reverend precentor had been wilfully contumacious and disrespectful to his superiors since his appointment in 1855.

At the conclusion of the learned counsel's speech, the court adjourned.

On Wednesday the court reassembled in the Chapter House, the Bishop of Carlisle presiding, being assisted by Dr. Twiss, and Mr. Burton.

The bishop said that the court had determined that no witnesses should be examined unless some matter of fact were disputed, in which case the bishop would himself question the dean and members of the cathedral.

Mr. Temple, Q.C., then proceeded to reply on behalf of the appellant.

The bishop said that no material fact being controverted, in his judgment it was not necessary to call any witnesses. The court would take time to consider its judgment.

him to reconsider his judgment, but on the following whom he has been connected. Mr. Walter Brooks,
day, being applied to in the usual course to furnish organist of St. Martin's, has also given very
the customary list of the next Sunday's music, he, useful courses of practical lectures on music and
without waiting for the dean's answer, wrote and singing, which have been attended with much in-
exhibited lists altered in conformity with his own terest by the majority of the theological students.
opinions. Upon this an angry correspondence took The professor has also to thank several of the clergy
place. The dean prohibited Mr. Livingston from of Birmingham, amongst whom are the Rev. G. S.
having any thing further to do with the singing Bull, the Rev. P. Reynolds, the Rev. F. Morse, and
lists, and eventually suspended him from his office. the Rev. S. Gedge, for some valuable lectures de-
The disputed anthem was restored to its place in the livered at his request in the college chapel, on the
list, the dean's name being appended to it as an pastoral office and its duties; and also for the kind
authority, and that of Precentor Livingston struck permission which many of them give to his students
out. Upon this, Mr. Livingston wrote and cir- to gain a practical knowledge of the parochial mode of
culated certain charges against the dean, which he visiting, &c., in the parishes under their superin-
vainly endeavoured to induce the chapter to receive. tendence. A lecture was also given to the students
The dean then pronounced formal sentence upon in the chapel, by the Rev. R. Burgess, rector of
him, a course in which he was supported by the Chelsea, on Feb. 2. The professor has had much
canons residentiary of the cathedral. Against this pleasure in securing, with the approval of the Theo-
decision Mr. Livingston appealed to the visitor. logical Committee, the services of the Rev. T. H.
Mr. Temple opened the case, and stated the facts Stokoe, M.A., formerly one of his pupils at Lincoln
set out in the appellant's petition, and these, so far College, Oxford, as his assistant. Mr. Stokoe gained
as they went, were not disputed.
the highest acamedical honours, and has since he
left the University given most satisfactory proof of a
sound and extensive knowledge of theology. In
congratulating the governing body of the college on
the rapid progress of this department of their insti-
tution, every term for the last four years having ex-
hibited an increase in the number of students, until
that number has now reached twenty-four, the pro-
fessor begs to be permitted to observe that there is
good ground for anticipating for it yet further de-
velopment and usefulness. The mass of evidence
recently collected by the select committee of the
House of Lords has brought into more distinct
notice the existence of an appalling amount of spi-
ritual destitution in this land, and has directed
anxious attention towards the best means of pro-
viding for it. In that evidence it appears again
and again that there is the most urgent necessity
for a large and speedy increase in the number
of the clergy. The employment of Scripture
readers, whereby the slender clerical staff of
many large parishes is supplemented, must be
generally regarded by Churchmen as a provisional
arrangement for the exigency of the time, or at least
as one much less desirable than the obtaining of an
adequate number of assistant curates. It is shown
further in the same evidence that not only the
clergy, but the people also amongst whom they
labour, would prefer the ministrations of regularly
ordained teachers (vide especially evidence of the
Rev. H. Vivian, incumbent of St. Bartholomew,
Bethnal-green); while the stipend paid to the Scrip-
ture reader actually exceeds what is commonly given
with a title to Holy Orders. Our thoughts naturally
turn to the ancient Universities of England as the
source whence the demand for more clergy is to be
supplied; but we are at once met by the fact that
the number of graduates ordained from Oxford and
Cambridge, and even the number of matriculations
and degrees there registered, has for many years
shown no tendency to increase. It is also thought
by many experienced persons that in a manu-
facturing or mining population, a body of clergy
drawn less exclusively than at present from the
upper and wealthier classes would, and so far as it
has been tried does, succeed in many departments
of parochial work as well or better than those who
have been more highly educated, and who are more
removed from their flocks in habits and ideas.
There is evidence to show that such men penetrate
into quarters which are practically closed against
their superiors, that their ministrations are more
frankly received by many amongst the working
classes, and that their manner of teaching is more
intelligible and persuasive to them. There can be
no doubt that the prevalence of Romanism and
Dissent amongst the masses of our people is
greatly due to the fact that these denominations
draw their ministers largely from lower ranks of
society than does the Established Church. While
the professor by no means desires to intimate that
his department draws, or seems likely to draw, its
students chiefly from classes of society lower than
those from which the ranks of the clergy are usually
recruited (the fact being that several graduates of
different Universities have from time to time entered,
that several of the students are often men of means

The court was then adjourned, no day being fixed for its reassembling.

Queen's College, Birmingham.—Theological Department.-The following report has been received from the Professor of Theology :-"Your professor has pleasure in being again able to congratulate the authorities and the friends of Queen's College on the continued progress of his department. During the academical year lately closed there has been an average of rather more than twenty-one students in attendance on his lectures, the average for the previous year being fifteen, and for the year 1856 eleven. Should the same rate of increase continue, a considerable enlargement of the buildings appropriated to the department will very shortly become imperative. In the past year eight students have gained the certificate, most of whom expect ordination in September next. Three students also have been accepted by bishops as candidates for Holy Orders without any certificate. One of these was prevented by ill-health from passing his examinstion; the other two were specially recommended by The point at issue, and which the bishop had to bishops to remain for a fixed period at the institutry, was the right to prescribe the selection of music tion, with a promise of ordination when they had to be used in the cathedral service. Mr. Livingston done so. It must be obvious that the department claimed this right under a clause which gives the can undertake no responsibility for those who do precentor the command of the minor canons, clerks, not pass through its regular course; yet the fact and choristers-“ Quidquid ille legendum aut caren- that bishops recommend students to enter it, and dum præscripserit prompte parere debent." It was receive them under such circumstances, shows a for the bishop, as visitor, to decide whether the confidence in the institution and its system. Durgeneral authority of the dean does not override this ing the year the professor has received able assistlimited jurisdiction. The facts are these:-A draft ance in his duties from the Rev. J. Bates, M.A., of a selection of music for the fifth Sunday in Lent senior tutor of Queen's College, who has taken a was handed to Mr. Livingston by the organist, con- large portion of the lectures given to the junior taining an anthem from the "Messiah," to which he theological students; and from the Rev. W. L. entertained objections. He forwarded the draft to Rosenthall, M.A., who has during two of the three the dean and canons, with a marginal note objecting terms instructed the students in Hebrew. The to the anthem, but not suggesting any substitute, professor desires to record his thanks to these genand received it back again, with a memorandum by tlemen, and especially to the Rev. J. Bates, for his the dean dissenting from the objection. The pre- cordial co-operation and disinterested anxiety for centor next addressed to the dean a letter, asking the improvement of the theological students with


and position, and others the sons of beneficed clergy- | "Though I have thought it my duty to decide that tions and resolutions was the first step taken. Two men whose circumstances render it expedient to the quotation in 3 A' does not necessarily teach years afterwards his lordship went to England for avoid the expense of an education at Oxford or Transubstantiation, I feel bound to mark the reck- the purpose of meeting the metropolitan of AustraCambridge); still he may be permitted to point out lessness of the defendant's teaching, which incul- lia (the Lord Bishop of Sydney), to consult the that the arrangements of his department are well cates his view of the Presence in the precise words highest authorities at home, and to obtain power to adapted to meet such a state of things. The terms in which the highest Roman authority in the Council act in the matter from the Imperial Parliament. are, he believes, lower through the munificence of of Trent inculcates and defines the dogma of Tran- Objections, however, arose in England, as to the the late Dr. Warneford than those of any similar substantiation. To say the least of such teaching, it eligibility of that course of procedure, and it was institution; the combination of practical training in casts a stumbling block in the way of the ignorant afterward thought proper to apply to the provincial a large town with the usual theological studies is a and unwary, and any clergyman who does not more legislature. The Act, to adopt which they had met, peculiar and valuable feature. The success of the carefully guard his words deserves severe censure. was the consequence of that application: it had instruction given may perhaps be inferred from the Further, the doctrine of the Presence, which the received the sanction of royalty, and the power of fact that none of its students have yet failed in respondent teaches, though it may not be clearly synodical action had thus been constituted. passing the bishops' examinations; the recognition said to be Transubstantiation, is equally erroneous, lordship said that the present meeting was not a now given in one shape or another to its certificates and opposed to the whole stream of the teaching of Synod, but simply a meeting to prepare the way for by a eat majority of the bishops gives its students the best divines. Therefore, in respect to the erro- a formation of a Synod; and in the furtherance of a large choice as to the sphere of their future neous doctrine contained in the above quotations, this subject, he had availed himself of the assistance labours; and the assistance given, in great part though I cannot pronounce upon it judicially ac- of several gentlemen to draw up certain resolutions, without additional expense, to those desirous to cording to the presentment before me, I think it which would be submitted to the consideration of enter the University of London, enables them, if so right thus to declare my opinion concerning it." the meeting. The first resolution had merely redisposed, to obtain the degree of B.A. while passing Mr. Grub, as Mr. Cheyne's legal adviser, said, "The ference to the adoption by this meeting of the through their theological course. The department defendant respectfully appeals to the Episcopal Act of Parliament; the second was for the purpose may on these grounds be reasonably expected, even Synod." The Bishop said he felt very much relieved of establishing the principle of representation in the amidst so many institutions of a similar aim now by an appeal having now been taken, as the respon- Synod, when formed, and was open to all persons, established in various parts of the kingdom, to sibility would be very much taken off him. After members of the Church, to propose such alteramaintain, and even to exceed its existing prosperity; some other formal matters had been disposed of, the tions thereon, and amendments thereto, as were and this the more as, partly from its locality, and Bishop pronounced the Benediction, and the Synod consistent with the general principles which gopartly from the unequivocal manner in which the separated. verned the Church. He hoped and trusted principles of the Reformation are upheld in its that the consideration of the subject, and the authorized teaching, it has hitherto suffered nothing Mr. Cheyne has since addressed the following action taken upon it by this meeting, would from that jealousy with which clerical institutions letter to the Bishop :be such as would receive the approbation of the of this kind have been in some quarters regarded." Church, the clergy, and the laity of the Church of England, not only through all the places whose interests are identified in that action, but throughout the world; and that whatever discussion took place, it would be marked by that cool and calm reflection, that Christian candour and gentleness, corresponding with the importance of the subject, and not with minds clouded or prejudiced by personal ideas or considerations. His lordship concluded by saying that they would now proceed to consider what that "And I further beg leave to intimate that, in the synodical action would be, without which they had event of my being advised not to exercise any of the done for sixty five years; and he hoped that the functions of the order of deacon, either pending the first steps taken would be successful ones. Referring appeal or afterwards, I do not admit that I am not again to the fact that the movement originated with fully entitled to exercise all the functions of that the bishops, and the feeling towards the laity maniorder, either pending the appeal or afterwards, not-fested by their so doing, he sat down. withstanding said sentence.


Diocese of Aberdeen.-At a meeting of the diocesan Synod of Aberdeen of the Episcopal Church held in St. Andrew's Chapel, Aberdeen, Bishop Suther, presiding, gave his judgment in the case of the Rev. Patrick Cheyne, incumbent of St. John the Evangelist's Church, Aberdeen. After preliminaries, the Bishop said,-" Brethren, having considered the presentment of the Rev. Gilbert Rorison, incumbent of St. Peter's Church, Peterhead, and others, against the Rev. Patrick Cheyne, incumbent of St. John the Evangelist's Church, Aberdeen, along with the sermons complained of and other documents produced, and whole procedure had in this case, and having now and formerly allowed the respondent the fullest opportunity of stating his defence, I hereby in presence of the assembled Synod of this diocese find-First, that the quotations from said sermons contained in the third branch of said presentment under head marked A,' however erroneous in other respects, do not amount to a positive assertion of the doctrine of Transubstantiation, the special error controverted in the authority quoted in the first part of the corresponding head of the second branch, and that they have no reference to the authority quoted in the last part thereof, and I therefore dismiss the complaint against the respondent under the foresaid head of the second branch; and-Second, that the teaching contained in each of the passages quoted under the head marked B,' sections a, b, c, is in direct contradiction to the doctrine founded on under each of the corresponding sections in branch II.,' as restricted by my deliverance of 15th of June last, and I therefore call upon the respondent to state his reasons, if any he has, why sentence should not be pronounced against him."

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"Aberdeen, August 6, 1858.
"MY LORD,-With reference to the sentence
pronounced by you in Synod against me yesterday,
I beg leave to intimate that, in the event of my
being advised to desist from exercising any of the
functions belonging to the office of a presbyter
within this diocese, pending my appeal to the Epis-
copal Synod, I do not admit that I am not fully
entitled to exercise the said functions pending the

"I am, my Lord, your humble Servant,
"The Right Rev. the Bishop of Aberdeen."



(From the "Colonial Church Chronicle.")
The "Quebec Mercury" gives us a full account of
the opening meeting to form a Diocesan Synod,
under the Colonial Act:-

The general meeting of members of the Anglican
Church was attended by the greater portion, though not
all, of the clergy of the diocese, and about one hun-
dred and fifty lay members, of whom not more than
ten had come in from the country parishes especially
for the meeting.

The Rev. A. W. Mountain was appointed secretary to the meeting, and read the Act of the Provincial Parliament authorizing synodical action.

It was then moved by the Hon. W. Sheppard, seconded by the Rev. D. Falloon, D.D.,

1. That we, the bishop, clergy, and laity of the diocese of Quebec, legally convened, adopt the Act of the Provincial Parliament, entitled An Act to enable the members of the United Church of England and Ireland to meet in Synod.'

The first resolution was then put to the meeting and unanimously adopted.

The second resolution was proposed by the Rev. S. S. Woods, M.A., seconded by the Rev. E. C. Parkin,

2. That, pending the adoption of a constitution by the Synod at its first meeting, the Synod shall consist of the bishop of the diocese, of the clergy of the same, being in priests' orders, instituted or licensed to the cure of souls, or being principals or professors of divinity in any college, or being head masters of schools under the jurisdiction (in either case) of the bishop, and not being under ecclesiastical censure; and of lay representatives, as hereafter to be provided.

In the debate on the second resolution and the

His Lordship the Bishop, as a matter of course, occupied the chair, and the Rev. W. Woods opened the meeting by reading several appropriate prayers. The Lord Bishop, in introducing the subject which Mr. Cheyne having declined to plead, the Bishop had called the meeting together, said that, by perproceeded, Having resumed consideration of this mission of Almighty God, they had met for the case, I hereby, in presence of the Synod assembled, as purpose of considering and adopting the Act of Par- amendments to it which were proposed, there arose aforesaid, suspend the respondent, the Rev. Patrick liament by which synodical powers had been con- a very warm discussion on the right of the clergy to Cheyne, from his office of presbyter of the Epis-ferred on the bishop, clergy, and laity of the Church vote as a separate order. Nothing was decided. copal Church in Scotland; and I prohibit and dis- of England, and framing a constitution and regula- Several propositions of adjournment were made, and charge him from exercising any of the functions be- tions for the government of the Church. His lord- the meeting was finally adjourned to the first longing to that office, both in the Church of St. John ship remarked that for a period of sixty-five years Wednesday in September. the Evangelist, Aberdeen, of which he is the incum- the affairs of the Church had been conducted withbent, and also in every other place in this diocese out the exercise of this power, and it was but over which I exercise spiritual jurisdiction as a very lately that the subject of synodical action had Bishop of the Episcopal Church, until such time as been prominently brought forward. In 1851 the he has renounced and purged himself before me of initiatory movement was made in the matter by five the erroneous doctrine contained in each and all of bishops who assembled in Quebec; he mentioned the quotations in the third branch of the presentment marked B,' sections a, b, c. To the judgment I have to append this note :

the fact of the subject having originated amongst
the bishops, as evidence of the confidence placed by
them in the laity. The adoption of certain regula-


(From the" Church of England Record for the Diocese of Melbourne”.)

Return of the number of persons in Victoria belonging to each of the principal Religious Denominations, according to the Census of 1857, on which

operated to prevent any further conflict of authority, which could only have produced scandal in the cathedral church.

The Court then adjourned.



of peace,' and in righteousness of life, as becoming that of any other witness, but contradicted in various
brethren in the Lord."
material points by witnesses whose testimony has
not been impugned. The Commissioners have
arrived at this conclusion without taking into con-
sideration the evidence of Mr. West, whom, accord-
ing to the best construction they could place on the
14th and 15th of Victoria, they allowed to be exa-
mined. They therefore now, in compliance with
the requirements of the statute, openly and publicly
declare that there is not sufficient ground for insti-
tuting further proceedings against Mr. West, and
they will advise the Bishop to that effect. And I
declare this Court to be now closed.

Mr. Cripps, of the Oxford Circuit, appeared for the complainant; the Rev. John Shaw, vicar of Stoke Poges, and Mr. J. D. Coleridge appeared for the Rev. R. Temple West, the defendant. Mr. J. M. Davenport, secretary to the Bishop of Oxford, and registrar of the diocese, attended as secretary to the commission, and opened the proceedings by reading the Bishop's commission, and the requisition of the parishioners on which the commission issued.

"I now proceed to consider the petitioner's complaint against the Dean and Chapter. It appears that at the general meeting of the Chapter on the 23rd of June, the petitioner tendered a formal list of his complaints in writing against the Dean, and The commission issued by the Bishop of Oxford, prayed the Chapter to appoint a day for hearing under the Church Discipline Act, on the requisition him; that on the following day, in reply to the of the Vicar and certain inhabitants of the parish of petitioner's prayer, the Vice-Dean, on behalf of the Stoke, to investigate the charges alleged against the Chapter, informed him that the Chapter had no Rev. Richard Temple West, M.A., of Christ Church, power to revise the acts of the Dean, but that the Oxford, and curate of the district church of BoynChapter fully concurred in the late exercise of autho-hill, was opened in the Town-hall at Reading, Ócrity on the part of the Dean in suspending the peti-tober 1. The Commissioners were Dr. Phillimore, tioner from his office. The Vice-Dean further in- chancellor of the diocese; the Ven. James Randall, timated on behalf of the Chapter its opinion that archdeacon of Berkshire; the Rev. J. Austen Leigh, if the sentiments embodied in the document pre-vicar of Bray, and rural dean; Mr. Charles Sawyer, sented to the Chapter were to be interpreted as the of Heywood Lodge; and Mr. J. Hibbert, of Bray. deliberate view which the petitioner entertained of wick Lodge. The Deputy-Registrar of the diocese, the nature of his office and of the oath of obedience Mr. John Davenport, acted as secretary to the comwhich he had taken to the capitular body, it ap- mission. peared to the Chapter that the petitioner had involved himself in the offence contemplated by the statutes as gravius delictum, and subjected himself to removal from his office, unless he was prepared to make an unqualified retractation.' The petitioner, in reply to this communication, disclaimed all intention of insubordination, but declined with regret to withdraw his complaints, stating that his object was to have it decided by the Dean and Chapter, and, if Reedful, by the Visitor, whether the statute De Præcentore did or did not impose upon the Precentor the duty of prescribing what music shall be sung in the cathedral. Upon the following day the Dean and Chapter proceeded formally to remove the petitioner from his offices of Precentor and Minor Canon, and the petitioner thereupon appealed to the Visitor against the sentence of deprivation, and against the decision of the Chapter in reference to kis complaints against the Very Rev. the Dean. "I am unable to concur with the Dean and Chapter in the view which they have taken of the formal complaints preferred by the petitioner before the Chapter. The Dean himself had expressly referred him to the Dean and Chapter, and prior to the meeting of the whole capitular body the petitioner had communicated through the Chapter Clerk to the Dean and Chapter, that he had made an application to the Visitor, who had declined to interfere until there had been a decision in Chapter upon the matters submitted to it by the petitioner.

The Archdeacon of Berks, in common with the other Commissioners, has since received the following letter from the Bishop of Oxford. "Lavington-house, Petworth, Sept. 30. "Gentlemen,-I have received the report of your Commission of Inquiry into the charges brought against Mr. West, and heartily accept as my own the decision at which, after a full examination of the matter, you have arrived.

"In thus formally adopting your decision, I wish, for the sake of my diocese at large, to add a few words on the general subject of confession.

"As I have already stated in writing to Mr. Shaw, I hold it to be a part of the wisdom and tenderness of the Church of England that she provides for any parishioner who in sickness shall feel his conscience troubled with any weighty matter' being moved to make special confession of his sins;' and that she also provides for those who before Holy Communion cannot quiet their own consciences' being invited to open their grief to the minister of God's Word.'

The CHANCELLOR, addressing the counsel, said that the commissioners were desirous, before the proceedings commenced, to say a few words with reference to the limits of their authority, and also to the mode of procedure which they intended to adopt. "In making this special and limited provision for These proceedings were instituted by virtue of a troubled souls, I hold that the Church of England commission from the Bishop of the diocese, whose discountenances any attempt on the part of her authority in this matter was derived from the statute clergy to introduce a system of habitual confession, the 3rd and 4th of Victoria, cap. 86. By that statute or, in order to carry out such a system, to require it was provided that when there existed any scandal men and women to submit themselves to the quesor evil report against any clergyman of having tioning and examination of the priest. Such a system offended against the laws ecclesiastical, it should be of inquiry into the secrets of hearts must, in my lawful for the Bishop of the diocese, on application judgment, lead to innumerable evils. God forbid from any complainant, or of his own motion, to issue that our Clergy should administer or that our wives a commission of five persons, of whom his vicar- and daughters should be subjected to it. I am sure general, archdeacon, or rural dean should be mem- that any attempt to introduce it would throw grievous bers, for the purpose of making inquiry as to the difficulties in the way of that free ministerial intergrounds of such charge, to call before them and ex- course with our people which, for their sakes and for amine upon oath all witnesses necessary to such in- the efficiency of our ministry, it is all-important to quiry. The powers and authority of the commission maintain open and unsuspected. were limited to inquire whether there was any primá "I am, &c., "The question which the petitioner had raised facie ground for instituting further proceedings. The was obviously a question as to the proper interpre-commissioners were of opinion that the best course tation of the statutes, and his reply in explanation of for them to pursue would be to allow both the achis object should have disarmed any resentment on cuser and accused to be heard by counsel accordthe part of the Chapter against his original complaint, as a supposed act of insubordination against the Dean's authority. Mr. Livingston had conformed himself to the Dean's order of suspension from his office, and, although his views might be exaggerated or erroneous as to the status of the Precentor relatively to the Dean, he had submitted his views to the judgment of the whole Chapter. His complaint therefore was an act of deference to them as the proper authority to interpret the memorandum respecting the Precentor's duties which had been read over to him by the Chapter Clerk on his provisional appointment, such memorandum being, as he conceived, an order of Chapter.'

"I feel, therefore, called upon to exercise the power, which the Visitor by law possesses, to restore Mr. Livingston to the offices of Precentor and Minor Canon within the Cathedral Church of Carlisle, from which he has been, in my opinion, with out just cause removed. In so deciding it is satisfactory to me to know that if I have erroneously taken on myself jurisdiction in this matter the Courts of Common Law are able to stay the effect of my decision. But I trust that the conclusion at which I have arrived will tend to restore peace and harmony within the Cathedral Church of Carlisle. There have been errors committed on both sides, and on both sides there is something to forgive and to forget. Let it be the common object of us all to promote a good and Christian feeling within the Church, forbearing one another in love, and endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond

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The Commissioners then retired to consider their report, and in about half an hour they returned to the Court, when

"S. Oxon. "The Commissioners of the Boyn-hill Inquiry."

Diocese of Salisbury.-The Bishop of Salisbury ing to the ordinary course of the courts of common has just issued the following letter to the Clergy of law-both counsel having an opening speech, and in his diocese:-"My rev. and dear Brethren,-Our addition giving the counsel for the defence the right God has indeed this year provided most bountifully of summing up his evidence and a final reply to the for our bodies. The harvest is now nearly past, and counsel for the accuser. But if no witnesses were we can say with regard to it, that our Lord has called for the defence, then there would be no reply. heard the prayers of His Church, and has given and Several witnesses having been examined on both preserved to our use the kindly fruits of the earth." sides, Mr. West himself, upon his own request, He has also, I will believe, put into the hearts of being examined in defence,-Mr. Coleridge summed His people a desire to make a thank-offering to Him up the evidence for the defence, and Mr. Cripps before they venture to enjoy these gifts, and that so afterwards replied on the whole case. any appeal you may now make to your parishioners will be received with grateful and willing hearts. In 1856, when God restored to us the blessings of peace, I asked you to preach sermons and make The CHANCELLOR said,-The 4th section of the collections in the churches and chapels of the diocese Act 3rd and 4th Victoria, cap. 86, requires that at in support of hospitals and other kindred instithe close of this preliminary proceeding one of the tutions. The same charitable institutions again Commissioners, after a due consideration of the require aid, and I hope you will assist me in prodepositions, shall openly and publicly declare whether, curing for them the support they need. I request in the opinion of the majority of the Commissioners you, therefore, to make collections within the next present at such inquiry, there be not sufficient few weeks in behalf of those excellent charities, and prima facie ground for instituting further pro- to forward the alms of your parishioners to the treaceedings. The Commissioners, having paid the best surer of either the Salisbury or the Dorchester attention in their power to the evidence of the wit- Hospital, or of any other institution in your neighnesses and the arguments of counsel, are unanimously bourhood which provides relief for disease or sickof opinion that the charge against Mr. West, that in ness. Will you also fill up the enclosed paper, and the performance of his ministerial duty on the so let me know the amount collected before the 31st occasion of visiting a certain sick woman he put of October?-I remain, your affectionate brother and improper questions to her with a view of leading bishop, "W. K. SARUM. her to make confession to him, has not been sub- "Palace, Salisbury, September, 1858." stantiated by the evidence. The charge rests upon the sole testimony of Anne Arnold, unsupported by Bath.-The Venerable Archdeacon Gunning held

an inquiry recently under the 7th and 8th Victoria' c. 59, sec. 5, at St. Michael's Parochial School room' Bath, into the conduct of James M Millin, the parish clerk, and having found him guilty of receiving pewrents and not accounting for them, judgment of removal from his office was posted upon the churchdoors.

Diocese of Exeter.-The Second Annual Examination, in pursuance of the "Scheme adopted by the Exeter Diocesan Board of Education to encourage children's longer stay at school," has been lately held. The number of candidates was nearly three times as large as at the first examination, and comprised children from several of the rural parishes in the district, a gratifying fact, as showing that the scheme is becoming gradually known and appreciated. The examination lasted one day, and embraced chiefly writing from dictation, arithmetic, portions of the Old and New Testament previously selected, reading and repetition; the necessary qualifications of the candidates being, that they should be at least twelve years of age, have borne a good character, and been regular attendants at school for

Chamber, at the Guildhall, at two o'clock, when the chair was taken by the Lord Bishop of the diocese, who was supported by Mr. Gard, M.P., the High Sheriff of Exeter, the Ven. Archdeacon Bartholomew, and the greater part of the clergy who were present at the cathedral service. Letters apologizing for their absence were announced from Lord Churston, Lord Courtenay, the Right Hon. Sir J. Patteson, Right Hon. Sir J. T. Coleridge, Sir J. T. Duckworth, Bart., and S. T. Kekewich, Esq., M.P. The Right Rev. Diocesan opened the proceedings by calling on the Rev. J. Corfe to read the Report. After reference to the objects and proceedings of the Parent Society, the Report stated that in this district, the issue during the past year has included 1504 Bibles, 1121 New Testaments, 3376 Common Prayer Books, and 34,829 Books and Tracts; making a total of 40,830. The sale to non-subscribers has realized only 211. 3s. 7d.; but the committee think that while the Depository is in its present situation, and its stores are so removed from public view, it would be unreasonable to expect any considerable increase of its usefulness to this class of purchasers. It having appeared, during the past year, that the at least 176 days in each of the two years last pre-stock of books in the Depository was inadequate to ceding the examination. the demands made on it, and that, consequently, members were sometimes subjected to delay and disappointment, the Committee have directed their attention to the best mode of removing this inconvenience. With this view, it has been thought advisable, first, to abstain from making grants of books; the effect of such grants being to reduce the stock without supplying the means of replenishing it; and the primary object of a District Committee being, rather to maintain an efficient local depôt, at which the publications of the Society may be purchased on the Society's terms, than to distribute books gratuitously.

The Chapter-house at York Cathedral.-Within the last few years the internal parts of this portion of the sacred edifice have undergone reparation and beautifying; but a good deal of the outside is in a state of decay. In order that the latter may be properly restored, the Hon. and Rev. Augustus Duncombe, the recently appointed Dean of York, has just obtained leave of the chapter to restore it at his own expense, which is estimated at 10007.

Lancashire.-Clerical Charity.-The last Annual Meeting of the Charity for the Relief of the Ne- It being now the Society's rule to require cash cessitous Clergy, their Widows and Children, within payments for all books supplied, it is obvious that the ancient Deaneries of Amounderness, Lonsdale, the stock can be increased only so far as the local Kendal, Furness, and Copeland, was held in Preston. fund exceeds the local expenses; the increase of Col. Talbot Clifton, the President, being unavoidably the local fund, therefore, is essential to any conabsent, the chair was taken by John Bairstow, Esq., siderable enlargement of the stock; and, with this Vice-President. There were present also, R. Town- view, while the Committee are precluded, not less ley Parker, T. Greene, T. B. Addison, J. Swainson, by their regard for the Parent Society, than by R. Newsham, J. Gandy, E. C. Lowndes, jun., T. R. their duty to it, from diverting from its funds one Dunn, Richard Pedder, J. Sharp, Esqs., &c. The single subscription, they think it right to suggest to Ven. Archdeacon Evans, the Revs. Canon Parr, those members of the Society who avail themselves Mackreth, Hussey, and Turner; the Rev. T. Clark, of the Exeter Depôt, the duty-the plain duty, if B. Lambert, R. B. Robinson, J. P. Macauley, T. God has given them the means-of making some Dean, T. H. Clark, R. Moore, T. F. Lee, R. More- annual contribution also to the district fund. Their wood, &c. Col. Lowther was appointed President, subscriptions to the Parent Society being remitted in and John Wakefield, Esq., Vice-President, for the full to London, the only contribution they make to ensuing year; and the Rev. Richard Moore, vicar the district fund, if they are not subscribers to it, of Lund, was requested to preach the next Annual consists of the small per-centage charged for carriage Sermon in the parish church of Kendal, on the last on the books they purchase. That per-centage Wednesday in August, 1859. A large sum was barely defrays the cost of carriage, so that if they distributed in grants to needy applicants. Previous give only this, they bear no share of the far heavier to the meeting, there was Divine Service in the local expenses of house-rent and superintendent's parish church, and an appropriate sermon preached by the Rev. John Macauley, rector of Aldingham; after which a collection was made amounting to nearly 131.

Diocese of Exeter.-The Church Societies.-The Anniversary of the Exeter Diocesan Branch of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and also of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, was celebrated on Thursday, the 16th ult. In the morning, Divine Service was celebrated in the Cathedral, on which occasion there were present, the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of the diocese, the Rev. Chancellor Harrington, the Ven. Archdeacon Bartholomew (Canon Residentiary), and a very large number of the clergy of the diocese, R. S. Gard, Esq., M.P., the Right Worshipful the Mayor of Exeter, the High Sheriff of Exeter, the Town Clerk, with many members of the Town Council, &c. &c. The sermon was preached by the Rev. F. Tate, vicar of Axminster. In the body of the nave were 1759 school children-namely, 976 boys and 783 girls-who are in the habit of using the books supplied by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. At the close of the service a collection was made, amounting in the aggregate to 617. 15s. 2d.

The Annual Meeting was held in the Council


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A Synod of Bishops of the Scottish Episcopal Church was held on Thursday, 30th ult., in Edinburgh Hall, the Bishop of Argyll and the Isles presiding. There were also present the Bishops of Brechin, Glasgow, Moray, St. Andrew's, and Aberdeen. The Bishop of Edinburgh, who, as Primus, should have presided, was absent from indisposition. The Synod proceeded to take up the appeal of the Rev. Mr. Cheyne, Aberdeen, against a sentence of suspension, pronounced by the Bishop of Aberdeen in August last, with reference to his teaching of the doctrine of the Eucharist.

Mr. Cheyne appeared for himself as appellant. The presenters who appeared in support of the sentence of suspension were the Rev. Mr. Morice, the Rev. Mr. Bremner, and the Rev. Mr. Rorison.

Before the appeal was entered on, Mr. CHEYNE objected to the Bishop of Argyll sitting as one of his judges, on the ground that he had, at a meeting of the Synod of Argyll, delivered a charge, in which he expressed his approbation of the sentence pronounced by the Bishop of Aberdeen.

The Court, after a short consideration, pronounced, through the President, the following deliverance :

"The Court are of opinion that the objection is of a nature which cannot be entertained. They have no power to suspend an individual bishop from the exercise of his functions, without presentment and trial. It is a question for the individual bishop whether in any case there are circumstances which render it proper for him to decline to judge. The Court therefore repel the objection."

The Bishop of ARGYLL then proceeded to state the course that he should pursue in the circumstances. He said-On the 11th of September Mr. Cheyne addressed to me a letter inquiring whether the London "Guardian," of the 18th of August preceding, contained a correct report of a certain part of my Charge to the clergy of the diocese of Argyll and the Isles, delivered at the Court-meeting of the Synod there, and requesting, if that report were incorrect, that I should inform him what the words used by me were-further With respect to the Society for the Propagation of stating that my answer might be founded on at the the Gospel in Foreign Parts, the Report stated the present meeting of Synod. In answer to this aptotal amount contributed to the Society from this plication, I declined to give him the information diocese, in the year 1857, was 29671. 17s. 8d. In which he desired respecting the substance of my the archdeaconry of Exeter, the Rev. P. L. D. Charge, because I thought that he, a member of Acland reports an increase, as well in the number of the diocese of Aberdeen, had no right to inquire parishes contributing, as in the amount contributed; privately and incidentally into the manner in which 12507. 14s. 3d. having been sent in 1857 from 99 I had performed my duty within my own diocese. parishes, against 10207. 28. 4d. from 87 parishes in I still adhere to that opinion. I decline to give 1856. Mr. Acland mentions with thankfulness the such information. I shall only say that in the response given in this archdeaconry to Mr. Cas- Charge in question I endeavoured conscientiously tellain's offer, that he would contribute 1007. for to adapt my exhortations to the circumstances of additional India missions, provided nineteen similar the times, so as, according to the terms of the donations were obtained within six months. On its Office of Consecration, to banish and drive away being proposed to the clergy to join in making up all erroneous and strange doctrine contrary to one such donation, they subscribed 1137. 18. 6d. Whilst of the laity, one, on his own sole account, gave 1007., and others, before the six months were expired, made up two more such sums, with a surplus of 16. In all, the amount contributed to the new India fund from this archdeaconry up to this date, is about 6601.

God's Word;" and I cannot conceive how the performance of that duty on that occasion could either have incapacitated or relieved me from the performance of any part of the duties incumbent on me on the present occasion. It is manifest that there is no legal objection to my presiding or voting on this occasion. I may mention, however, that From Cornwall, the Rev. Dr. Martin reports a the opinion which I expressed at the late meeting steady, though gradual, increase in the number of of the Synod of Argyll and the Isles was founded parishes aiding the Society; 110 parishes or districts, out of 255, having sent remittances in 1857.

To the same effect is the report of the Rev. R. J.

on a misconception of the state of the case. I conceived, from the nature of the proceedings at Aberdeen, that Mr. Cheyne had no appeal to this Court

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