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"I have received a letter from Mr. Neville, dated June 11, in which he states that he was quite well, and intended to leave Sierra Leone for this place as soon as an opportunity presents itself. I am very happy to inform you that I have already preached four sermons in Susu. Our interpreters are so often away, that I am compelled to preach in Susu; and the people approve of it, and like to hear in their own tongue, direct from the preacher, the wonderful works of God.

"I am now thankful to be able to forward to you, for the press, the revision of the Prayer Book which I mentioned to you some time since. I now for:ward by this mail the Morning and Evening Prayer, also the whole of the Communion Service. I have translated the Public Baptism of Infants and of = Adults, the Church Catechism, the Visitation of the Sick, the Burial of the Dead, the Churching of Women, and the Commination Services; but they are not yet prepared for the press. I hope, should my life be spared, to forward them all by the September mail. I have also begun to translate the = Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, after which I intend to proceed with the Psalms."

The Board agreed to grant Books to the value of 107. in accordance with Mr. Duport's list.

Several grants were then made.

The Secretary stated, that, in pursuance of an inquiry made at the last Meeting, and by direction of the Standing Committee, he had written to the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, respectfully requesting his Lordship to inform him, whether, and if so, in what way, the Society might be of use, by means of the circulation of Bibles, Prayer Books, Books and Tracts in the North of Ireland, in promoting Christian knowledge during the present religious movement in that part of the kingdom.

A letter was read from the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, dated Palace, Holywood, Belfast, Oct. 13, 1859. The following are extracts :—

"In reply to your letter of the 11th, I beg to say that a small grant of Prayer Books would be most acceptable at present, when so many are attending all the services of our Church, who never attended before. My confirmations in Belfast will, I am sure, when concluded, show the number of young persons confirmed as more than four times the usual annual average. I should also be most thankful for a few books to form a lending library in one or two parishes, as one of my clergy mentioned to me lately, when visiting a remote country parish, that the young men in the parish asked him for books to read during the winter evenings. Before this, they would have spent their evenings in the public houses. I must ask for a free grant, which I feel very reluctant to do. I shall however endeavour to collect a small sum toward it. From the liberality of various public institutions and private benevolence to my diocese, I shall not require a large grant. Thanking the Society for its Christian sympathy and support, I am," &c.

The Board agreed to place books to the value of 107. at the Bishop's discretion, and to intimate that

more should be sent if needed.

In pursuance of a reference of the Board to the Standing Committee, at the last General Meeting, on the subject of an application made by, the Directors of the steam ship, "Great Eastern," for a grant of 300 Prayer Books for use on board that essel, the Secretary reported that he had made the inquiries desired, and had learned that no Chaplain had been appointed for the vessel. The Secretary of the "Great Eastern" had added, that Prayer Books had perhaps been purchased since the request had been made in the vacation, but that he would, if instructed by the Directors of the Company, make a further communication. No further communication having been made by the Directors, the Standing Committee had, after due consideration, agreed to cancel their recommendation of a grant.

Several letters of acknowledgment were laid before the Meeting.

The Rev. W. H. Taylor, St. James's, Assiniboia, Rupert's Land, July 15, 1859, wrote as follows:"It has been a long time since I addressed a line to you, but I have not been indifferent to the proceedings of your noble Society. We get from time

to time glimpses of your work at home and abroad. It is truly a great work in which the Society is engaged, and many are the openings at this time afforded for your exertions. We learn from Mr. Mason, one of the Church Missionary Society's Missionaries in this diocese, who is now in England, that you are helping him to get out books in the Syllabic character for the use of the Christian Indians in this country. I hope they may be found to accomplish all that he desires and that you aim at. We do not use such in this southern part of the country.

"We have lately had a course of confirmations through the settlement. The number at each church was considerable. I found the supply of tracts and books which I had from the Society some time ago, of the greatest value to me in preparing my candidates for that rite. Among them was a Black-foot Indian woman. I baptized her and her child the Sunday before Easter, and on Good Friday she was confirmed with the other candidates. She is a simple-minded, teachable person, has been for some time under Christian influence, and, I trust, will go on well. I also admitted her to Communion on Easter Day.

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The following gentlemen were elected Mem. bers:Abbey, Rev. Chas. G. Bayley, Rev. W. Blackburne, Rev. H. J. Blomfield, Rev. Sir T. Boyd, Lieut. F. W. A. Buckley, Rev. F. J.

Bazeley, Rev. Francis L.

Butterton, Rev. G. A., D.D.
Clement, Rev. H. G. J.

Clutterbuck. Rev. L.
Coles, Rev. E. N.
Ellis, Rev. Joseph, B.A.
Collett, H., Esq, M.D.
Engström, George, Esq.

"Our good Bishop is now on a visit to the north-Hamilton, Rev. H. F. west part of his diocese. He expects to be in Red River in August."

The Lord Bishop of Melbourne wrote from Bishop's Court, Melbourne, Aug. 17, 1859, as follows:

Granville, Lieut.-Col. Hankey, B., Esq. Haslewood, Rev. B. Hopkins, J. C., Esq. Macan, Rev. H. S. K. Lewis, Rev. D.

Harris, Wm., Esq.

Moncrieff, Rev. W. S.
Moore, George, Esq.
Murray, Rev. G.
Oliver, G., Esq.
Ormond. Wm., Esq.
Ottley, R. B., Esq.
Palmer, Rev. H. C.
Pedder, T., Esq.
Powley, Rev. M.
Price, Rev. John.
Read, Rev. W., M. A.
Robinson, Rev. T. B. B.
Rycroft, Nelson, Esq.
Serocold, C. P., Esq.
Sharp, Rev. H. I., M.A.
Slessor, C. H., Esq.
Tickell, Rev. T.

Walker, Rev. R. H., M.A.
Ware, Rev. W. W.
White, Rev. W. E.
Wilson, T., Esq.
Winlaw, Rev. W.

Corresponding Members.

| Sanderson, Rev. T., D.D.

"I have been just reminded of my obligation to the Society for its grant of Service Books for the Owston, Rev. F. use of this diocese. They arrived last month when I was in Sydney, so that I had not an opportunity of acknowledging them by the last mail. A present SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE of this kind is of great value to the Church in a colony like this, as it produces a feeling of pleasure and gratitude very much beyond what the value of the books themselves would do in the minds of those to whom they are given."

The Lord Bishop of London addressed the Meeting, and assured the Board of the great interest which he took in the work to which the Right Rev. Chairman had been called, as Bishop of the large and important see of Columbia. His previous services in the Church, especially at Yarmouth, and the exemplary manner in which he had performed them, afforded a pledge of his energy and zeal in the new and difficult but hopeful path which lay before him. The Bishop of Columbia was about to sail in a few days for his diocese, and the Society would doubtless sympathize and co-operate with him in his efforts to spread the Gospel of Christ in a distant part of the world, and would affectionately bid him farewell.

The Meeting having cordially joined in an expression of these feelings, the Bishop of Columbia thanked the Society, whose labours both at home and abroad he much appreciated; and whose aid in the fulfilment of his duties he had already obtained, and would again request in case of need. He felt happy of this opportunity, just previous to his leaving England, of taking a friendly leave of the Members of the Society, and asking their prayers.

Books were granted for the performance of Divine Service in eight new Churches and Chapels, and seven Licensed School-rooms.

Forty grants of Books and Tracts were made for Schools, for Lending Libraries, and for Distribution. The following Donations were announced :-

Kidderminster Committee, by Rev. T. Powell
Belvoir District Book Society, by Rev. F. G.
Malta Committee, by the Venerable Archdeacon

Le Mesurier...... Grant, Mr. H. J..

Neate, Chas., Esq., Rio de Janeiro
Hinckley Committee, by Rev. G. E. Bruxner......

Faringdon Committee, by Rev. J. Budd

Ludlow Committee, by Rev. C. Adams

Market Harborough Committee, by Rev. H.


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79, Pall Mall, November 7, 1859. THE Society has received a letter dated Sarawak, August, from the Bishop of Labuan, announcing that Rajah Brooke's government have inflicted a well-deserved punishment on the murderers of Messrs. Steele and Fox, at Kanowit, and that a general tranquillity is restored. The missions have suffered no disturbance.

The following Report recently received from the Rev. B. Smith, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, gives a striking representation of the work of a clergyman in Newfoundland.

"There is, I am glad to say, a gradual increase in the number of regular communicants in this mission, which has struck me for a considerable time past, and which I hope may be taken as indication of a more earnest tone; there has also been a positive accession to the aggregate number. At the last Christmas celebration of the Holy Communion at Trinity, fifty-two attended, whereas about forty was formerly the usual attendance on that occasion. The demeanour of the congregation at Common Prayers has much improved, too, of late years; it is characterized by as great apparent devoutness as I have any where seen.

The Church members of Ship Cove, and those dwelling on the north shore of the north-west arm of Trinity, numbering 450 persons, have no church to which they may resort nearer than Salmon Cove in one direction, and Trinity in the opposite; the people of Ship Cove being about two miles distant from either place.

"I have often spoken to them in private about the necessity and benefit of having a church at some £ sd spot between the north side and Ship Cove. To my 00 surprise and gratification I was waited on in February by two planters of Ship Cove, who volunteered to collect promises of donations for the purpose o among their neighbours; and before going to the 0 ice they left in my hands a list of the names and amounts promised, which I thought so liberal as to 10 0 0 justify me in making a beginning next fall, as I 0 intend doing, by organizing a committee among them to see to the procurement of the lumber necessary for the purpose. I know there are many among o them, especially old and young persons, who are 0 hardly ever seen at public worship.

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more crowded on the occasion, though no sealers from Bonavista Bay were present, as in some former years, for these latter do not arrive until the day before the commencement of the voyage, on the 1st of March. Only fourteen vessels went out hence on the sealing voyage, fewer by four than last year.


It stated that the committee entirely disclaimed any intention of founding a new Missionary Society, or of interfering with the operations of those already existing. It was their hope that in a short time they should be able to hand over to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts the management of the mission; but it was necessary that the establishment and maintenance for the first few years should be provided for by means of a special organization. The committees hope to be able at an early period to send out not fewer than six missionaries, under the direction, if possible, of a bishop. With reference to the field of labour in which they should be employed, the committees had agreed that it should be selected so as not to interfere with existing missionary operation. The Bishop of Capetown has engaged to open communications on this subject with Dr. Livingstone, who on his part has kindly promised to aid the undertaking.

"A great depth of snow had fallen during the winter, which set in at an earlier period than usual, -the middle of November; but the weather had been so unusually variable,—generally a thaw once a week, that travelling on foot for any lengthened absence from home was impracticable. Towards the middle of March the weather became rather more settled; so that a few nights and days of continued frost enabled me to attempt my usual visit to the King's Cove Mission, for the ministration of the Holy Communion, in compliance with the missionary's request, received a few weeks before. In company with a friend, I made the attempt to cross the country, towards King's Cove, From a comparison of statements furnished by the with a horse and slide, on the 17th of March. No Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign one had travelled across for a fortnight previously, Parts, the Church Missionary Society, and the 80 we had no beaten track before us. Though the London Missionary Society, of the expense of sending upper crust of snow was pretty hard for the first five out missionaries to South Africa, and of maintaining miles, enabling us to travel along the surface, yet them there, it has been estimated that a sum of not this was soon dissolved by the sun; and, after less than 10007, will be requisite for the outfit of a accomplishing about seven miles by the new branch bishop and six other missionaries, and that the anroad, round the north-west arm, the labour of the nual expense of maintaining the mission cannot be horse became so heavy, plunging at every step less than 20001. The amount actually promised up in the snow up to the girth, that we did not dare to the present time in donations is 16107. 78. 41d., to pursue the attempt further; so we left our seats and in annual subscriptions for a term of years in the slide, and led him home, determining to 1761. 38. 6d. The great object of the Mission is to try dogs with the slide next day. In the morning, make known the Gospel of Christ; but, as the comat three o'clock, we started with three dogs yoked mittees are well aware that, in Dr. Livingstone's to our slide, and reached the half-way hut (nine own words, "civilization and Christianity must go miles) by eight o'clock, where we lighted a fire, on together," they think it advisable to state that it boiled the kettle, and breakfasted; and, after rest-will be their aim to encourage the advancement of ing an hour, we plodded on leisurely, my friend on science and the useful arts, and to direct special the slide with our luggage, and myself walking on attention to all questions connected with the slave before in the capacity of pilot.' trade as carried on in the interior of Africa.

"We arrived at King's Cove about six o'clock. The latter part of our journey was more tedious on account of the snow having softened under the heat of the day, causing heavier labour for our dogs. I tried the depth of snow in the line of road in many places, and found it varying from three to five feet.

"After duty was done at King's Cove, leaving the dogs until our return, we went to Keels on foot, and there hiring a crew of women to row us round to Tickle Cove (the men being all out at sea shooting seals), we took punt, landed at Tickle Cove, and walked on to Open Hall.

"When my work on that shore was finished, a volunteer crew carried us back in boat to Keels, where I had full service and Communion, after which we walked again to King's Cove. Next day the wind being from the northward, promised favour ably for our return on the day succeeding, so we left at midnight with the dogs, and stopping, as before, for refreshment at the half-way house, reached Trinity by noon all safe, though well fatigued."

The "Mission Field," published on Nov. 1st, contains a letter of the Rev. J. Gammage, illustrated by a sketch-map of part of Vancouver Island and British Columbia.

The Society's Juvenile Collecting Cards for Advent and Christmas, 1859, are now ready.

The Meeting was addressed by the Regius Professor of Divinity, Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., Dr. Plumptre, Master of University College, Oxford, the Bishop of Oxford, Sir G. Grey, Right Hon. S. H. Walpole, M.P., the Bishop of Graham's Town, and Professor Sedgwick.

The following resolutions were unanimously agreed to:

"That this meeting receives with gratification the intelligence of the steps taken by the two Universities for establishing a mission to Central Africa, and more especially to the regions explored by Dr. Livingstone.

"That the Oxford and Cambridge Mission to Central Africa is entitled to especial support, not only because there is great reason to hope for a very favourable reception of the Gospel on the part of the natives of Central Africa, but also on account of the important bearing which the proposed operations of the Mission have upon the civilization of Africa by the extinction of the slave trade.

"That this meeting, approving cordially of the general principles laid down in the Report for the conduct of the Mission, pledges itself to strenuous endeavours for the purpose of supplying the necessary funds."


THE OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE MISSION The following Declaration in favour of maintaining


A MEETING on behalf of this Mission was held in the Senate House, Cambridge, on Tuesday, the 1st inst.

The Vice-Chancellor was in the chair; and amongst the many influential persons present were the Bishop of Oxford, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, and Sir G. Grey, upon whom, previously to the Meeting, the degree of Doctor of Laws had been conferred. Prayers having been read by Professor Selwyn, the Vice-Chancellor stated that the Bishop of London was prevented by important business from attending the Meeting.

The Report was read by the Rev. A. V. Hadley.

the Law of Church Rate was unanimously adopted at a meeting of Archdeacons of both Provinces assembled in London, October 18, 1859. The Archdeacon of London in the chair.


to unite with us in making general and systematic efforts in that behalf,

Do hereby declare

1. That the provision made for the worship and service of Almighty God, by means of church rate, is an integral part of the establishment of the National Church.

2. That such provision is especially the inheritance of the poor.

3. That all persons purchasing or renting house or land, or building house, purchase or rent such house or land, or build such house, subject to the liability to pay church rate.

4. That, for these principal reasons, it is the duty of the Legislature, not to destroy, but to maintain the law of church rate.

Hugh Chambres Jones, M.A., Archdeacon of Essex.

George Glover, M.A., Archdeacon of Sudbury. James Croft, M.A., Archdeacon of Canterbury. John Timbrill, D.D., Archdeacon of Gloucester. Henry Law, M.A., Archdeacon of Wells. William Macdonald, M.A., Archdeacon of Wilts. Charles James Hoare, M.A., Archdeacon of Surrey.

Charles Carr Clerke, D.D., Archdeacon of Oxford. Charles Thorp, D.D., Archdeacon of Durham. George Wilkins, D.D., Archdeacon of Nottingham.

Thomas Thorp, B.D., Archdeacon of Bristol. Robert Bentley Buckle, M.A., Archdeacon of Dorset.

Charles Musgrave, D.D., Archdeacon of Craven. William Hale Hale, M.A., Archdeacon of London. Owen Davys, M.A., Archdeacon of Northampton. W. H. E. Bentinck, M.A., Archdeacon of Westminster.

William Crawley, M.A., Archdeacon of Monmouth.

Richard Wm. Payne Davies, M.A., Archdeacon of Brecon.

John Jones, B.D., Archdeacon of Bangor and Anglesey.

Joseph Christian Moore, M.A., Archdeacon of Sodor and Man.

W. B. Stonehouse, LL.D., Archdeacon of Stow. Stephen Creyke, M.A., Archdeacon of York. William John Phillpotts, M.A., Archdeacon of Cornwall.

Henry Tattam, D.D., LL.D., Archdeacon of


Charles Parr Burney, D.D., Archdeacon of Colchester.

Benjamin Harrison, M.A., Archdeacon of Maidstone.

Thomas Johnson Ormerod, M.A., Archdeacon of Suffolk.

William E. Hony, B.D., Archdeacon of Sarum. Joseph Cotton Wigram, M.A., Archdeacon of Winchester.

Isaac Wood, M.A., Archdeacon of Chester. Thomas Hill, B.D., Archdeacon of Derby. John Bartholomew, M.A., Archdeacon of Barnstaple.

Richard Brindley Hone, M.A., Archdeacon of Worcester.

Wm. Arundell Bouverie, B.D., Archdeacon of Norfolk.

John Sandford, B.D., Archdeacon of Coventry. James Garbett, M.A., Archdeacon of Chichester. George Anthony Denison, M.A., Archdeacon of Taunton.

William Gunning, B.C.L., Archdeacon of Bath. Richard Lane Freer, D.D., Archdeacon of Hereford.

George Bland, M.A., Archdeacon of Northumberland.

R. C. Coxe, M.A., Archdeacon of Lindisfarne. Edward Bickersteth, M.A., Archdeacon of Buckingham.

Charles Maitland Long, M.A., Archdeacon of the East Riding.

WE, the undersigned, Archdeacons in the Church of England, being deeply sensible of the special responsibility which attaches to us, in virtue of our office, to do all that lies in our power to maintain the church rate; and being not without hope that the public expression of our collective judgment may, with the Divine blessing, have weight with our brethren the clergy and laity, and move them Lewes.

R. M. Master, M.A., Archdeacon of Manchester. William Jackson, D.D., Archdeacon of Carlisle. John Jones, M.A., Archdeacon of Liverpool. William Bruere Otter, M.A., Archdeacon of

Henry Moore, M.A., Archdeacon of Stafford. Charles Dodgson, M.A., Archdeacon of Rich-rate. mond.


MONDAY, JULY 11, 1859.


or conscience aggrieved, by the custom of church 10. That the late decision of the House of Lords, James Randall, M.A., Archdeacon of Berks. by which-without prejudice to the liability of ocR. Wilson Evans, B.D., Archdeacon of West-cupiers of property in lands, houses, and other moreland. tenements-the consent of a majority of rate-The payers in vestry assembled has been declared to be a condition of the making of a church rate, has removed the only ground upon which a plea of injustice could with any show of reason have been maintained.

Hon. Henry R. Yorke, M.A., Archdeacon of Hunts.

William Clive, M.A., Archdeacon of Montgomery.
Robert Wickham, M.A., Archdeacon of St. Asaph.
Henry Weir White, B.D., Archdeacon of Merio-

Thomas Bevan, M.A., Archdeacon of St. David's.
John Evans, B.D., Archdeacon of Caermarthen.
R. E. Hankinson, M.A., Archdeacon of Norwich.
John Downall, M.A., Archdeacon of Totnes.
Henry L. Blosse, B.A., Archdeacon of Llandaff.
John Hughes, Archdeacon of Cardigan.

11. That it appears to your petitioners that the refusal of church rates in a few hundred parishes is no valid plea for the general abolition of the law of church rate; there being, on the other hand, so many thousand parishes in which church rate is regularly granted and paid.

12. That your petitioners do not suggest any compromise; nor is it compromise, but abolition of church rate, which is sought by the promoters of

The undermentioned Archdeacons have not signed the Bill now before your honourable House; such

the above Declaration :

The Archdeacon of Middlesex.

The Archdeacon of St. Alban's.

The Archdeacon of Cleveland.

The Archdeacon of Ely (vacant).

The Archdeacon of Exeter.
The Archdeacon of Leicester.

The Archdeacon of Lincoln.

The Archdeacon of Salop (Hereford).
The Archdeacon of Salop (Lichfield).

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3. That the custom of church rate has been, from time to time, recognized and confirmed by decisions of the courts, and by statute law.

4. That the custom of church rate is an integral part of the constitution of "The National Church;" inasmuch as the nation has provided that the maintaining of the fabrics of the churches, and the supplying of such things as are necessary to the performance of Divine Service therein, for the use and benefit of all the parishioners, shall be a charge upon the occupiers of property in lands, houses, and other tenements in every parish; and the custom of church rate is the means whereby the national purpose is carried into effect.

5. That the custom of church rate is, therefore, a trust committed to the keeping of every occupier of property in lands, houses, and other tenements, for the common use and benefit.

6. That the custom of church rate is, moreover, especially the inheritance of the poor.

7. That the value of the custom of church rate is not to be measured by the amount of money involved, so much as by the principles out of which it has sprung, to which it bears witness, and of which it is the record and the expression.

8. That your petitioners have seen with grief and alarm several Bills introduced into your honourable House for the abolition, or the curtailment, of the custom of church rate; and that your petitioners understand that a Bill of this nature is now before your honourable House.

9. That your petitioners cannot admit that the principle or the practice of toleration is endangered,

abolition, being avowedly sought not so much for
itself as for what it necessarily contains; that is to
say, the weakening of the position of the National
Church as established by law.

Venerable WILLIAM HALE HALE, Archdeacon of London, called in, and examined. The parishes of the Archdeaconry of London being well endowed with property for the support of churches, disputes are less liable to take place with respect to church rates. 3. In St. Luke's parish rates are raised for the mother Church, but not as they ought for the district churches, which were built twenty or thirty years ago. 9. The clergyman, as well as the churchwarden, is obliged to incur expense; and, in the case of St. Barnabas, to spend money which has not been reimbursed. 11. One of the great causes of the refusal of church rates has been the weakness of the law to compel people to pay rates when granted; the churchwarden foreseeing, that he entails upon himself immense expense and difficulty in enforcing the rate, if, when it is made, persons refuse to pay, 12; unless the law had been strengthened for the enforcement of church 13. That your petitioners would humbly suggest rates, a different decision in the Braintree case would that, until the Legislature shall in its wisdom make have made no difference in the conduct of the preother and equivalent provision for the repair of the sent opponents of church rates. 14. Had that defabrics of the churches, and for the performance of cision given to the minority the power to make a rate, Divine Service therein, it would be the best course it would not have allayed the hostile feeling, but to leave it open to those parishes which have de- rather the reverse. 15. No settlement of the law, parted from the custom of church rate to restore but such as almost crushed opposition to it, would that custom; and to make no attempt, in respect have made persons, who have power over popular of the many thousand parishes which are more bodies, cease their opposition. 17. There is as strong happily circumstanced, to interfere with an imme- reason for a change of the law now, as there was premorial usage, which so approves itself to the minds viously to the decision of the Braintree case. 18. The of the majority of the people, as to make it doubtful difficulty of making a rate, and getting it paid when whether any other provision so fair, so careful for made, arising from the great number of rate payers, the poor, so little exposed to any reasonable ob- and the popular character of the vestries, the remedy, jection, and so competent to fulfil all its purposes, smaller number of persons, and throwing the burden which suggests itself, is that of having to deal with a could by any means be devised. upon the owners of property instead of the occupiers. 19. The owners of house property, as well as of landed property, seem so universally to acknowledge the value of churches upon their properties, that the great majority of them, if the question were put, whether the churches should be maintained or not, would probably say, it is so much our interest to have the church maintained, that we are willing to assist in getting rid of this difficulty, at least as respects the fabric. 20. Whether the putting the rate upon the owners is a measure applicable alike to the country and the towns, cannot be ascertained, without a more accurate inquiry as to the number of

14. That your petitioners would humbly suggest
that it would remove grounds of contention, as well
as of objection to the present law, if the Legislature

(a) To define what is meant by "things necessary
to the performance of Divine Service."
(b) To amend the law relative to the rating of
district parishes.

(c) To provide for the simple and easy recovery
of a rate lawfully made, but refused to be paid.

On the grounds above stated your petitioners humbly pray your honourable House that the Bill now before your honourable House be not passed

into a law.

And your petitioners, &c.


THE Archdeacon of London has published an Ab-
stract of the Evidence, on this subject, given before

a Select Committee of the House of Lords 1.

It being of great importance that the evidence in the Report

owners in towns and cities. In large towns a very large proportion of the property is frequently held by a very small number of persons, and is in much fewer hands than is commonly imagined. 22. It would be difficult to determine for the purpose of church rate, whether the owner were the original owner or the lessee. 23. The number of owners of

property who are Dissenters, is so small, compared with that of the Churchmen, that there would be little difficulty with them: but as to getting rid of the plea of conscience, that is impossible, though you may have great doubt of its being a conscientious I. of the inefficiency of the voluntary system, and objection. The present conscientious objections to church rates did not originally exist as part of the II. of the ulterior designs of the Dissenters, system of dissent. 25. I do not see any mode of should be brought under the notice of the Clergy, and overcoming the difficulty of, what they call, the conthat the Laity also should be enabled to form a just science of the Dissenter. The State has had to deal with opinion upon the political, social, and religious bear-one sect who certainly had a conscientious objection, ings of the church rate question, we have obtained the Quakers, who held it wicked to go to war, and to the kind permission of the Archdeacon, to print his pamphlet in the "Ecclesiastical Gazette." The Archdeacon puts it forth as a faithful Abstract of the greater part of the statements made by the witnesses, without note or comment, but does not himself suggest the inferences which might be drawn from the evidence adduced, though obvious enough even to the casual reader.

1 The Present State of the Church Rate Question ex

hibited, in an Abstract of the Evidence contained in the
Report of a Select Committee of the House of Lords, ap-
pointed to inquire into the Present Operation of the Law and
Practice respecting the Assessment and the Levy of Church
Rates, and which was ordered to be printed, Aug. 5, 1859.
London: Rivingtons, Waterloo Place, 1859. Price Is.

maintain the Church; the State found no means of meeting their conscientious difficulty, but overwhelmed it at once, by declaring that that scruple of conscience was not to be attended to. 26. And they are under compulsory laws to pay, it forming one of their "sufferings," as they call it. 28. As to the mode by which a satisfactory settlement of the church rate might be arrived at, the only mode which has suggested itself is this,-Considering that this is a question, involving the existence of the Established Church, I think that it is a subject of sufficient importance to call for a Parliamentary declaration upon it; and that if it were formally proposed as a question for public consideration, whether

the national Church shall continue to exist or not as

a national Church, and whether the law, which en-jects of a church rate; but I think there was a power rooms and schoolmasters falls upon the parochia! tails upon the public the payment of a very small under the common law on the part of the parish, to clergy from the difficulty of getting support from sum of money in the way of church rate for the make rates for other things than the actual repair of the farmers around. 62. If church rates were abo. support of the national Church, ought not to be the church, such as the destruction of vermin for the lished, the farmers would act with regard to the enforced, it is possible that an important change of general benefit of the parish. 41. I think that an- church as they do with regard to schools, leave the feeling might take place, and that the enforcement cient cases might be shown from which you might clergyman to pay the expense of maintaining them. of the law of church rate might be acknowledged a prove the power of the parish to provide for those 65. The abolition of church rate would endanger duty to the national Church, which the State ought wants in that way. 44. As to the number of the the existence of tithes, because whatever differences to fulfil. 29. The alleged grievances of the Dissen- parishes in which church rates have been refused, there may be between them in point of law and in ters I regard as only commonplaces used to gain further investigation is necessary to ascertain it. 46. point of fact, the difference with regard to conscience votes upon the hustings, and to excite party feeling. As to the making church rates compulsory, even in is the same. The Dissenter will hereafter put forth I do not consider them to be grievances. Their the parishes where they are now abolished, unless the same objection against tithe which he now does conduct shows, that on their part you will not have the law be compulsory it will not effect its object, against church rate. 67. The church receives the consent to any measure, which shall strengthen the that of having rates made and levied. 47. I be- church rate for its maintenance, and the clergyman Established Church, or cause her to be less the object lieve that the making the law compulsory would receives his tithes for doing his duty; and the arguof popular attack. 30. Their objection is altogether strengthen the Established Church; as on the other ments which may be used by any person against an objection to the Church, as an Established Church, hand, I am prepared to say, that the abolition of the payment of tithe, or against the payment of deliberately put forward by persons, who have de- church rates will weaken it. 48. If by a change rate, on the ground of conscience, are equally just signs for the alteration of the connexion between of the law the burden of the church rate were laid or equally unjust. 70. Were church rates abothe Church and State in this country; and no taking upon the owners instead of upon the occupiers, and lished the right of any parishioner, Dissenter or away any grievance will convert them. 31. The the occupiers knew that the legislature approve of not, to a seat in the church, should be preserved. abolition of church rates is valuable to them, only as these rates, and had determined that they were to be 79. In those town parishes where church rates a first step to the abolition of the Established Church. raised by this new process of applying to the owners have ceased, they have been successfully supplied 33. The diminution of the amount of church rate instead of to the occupiers, I think that then for the by voluntary contributions, but in country parishes raised of late years is owing to the anxiety on the sake of peace they would themselves make the rate there would be a great failure. 81. 84. In some part of the Church to keep the rate at the lowest without altering the law, and giving a power to make town parishes, as in St. Barnabas, a district of St. possible point, so as to avoid giving any offence a rate in opposition to the feelings of a majority of Luke's, voluntary contributions wholly fail. 90. which could be avoided. 36. The abolition of church the vestry. 49. A Parliamentary declaration as to The help has come not from the parishes, but from rates would be the greatest blow to the Established the propriety of maintaining the national Church rich individuals, and sometimes from persons at a Church which could be inflicted, because if the State having been made, the conclusion from it would be, distance, owing to the individual zeal of the clergyyielded that point, I cannot see what excuse there the making church rate compulsory on any parish man who has applied to his friends for help. 94. could be for not so yielding the payment of tithes. for the maintenance of the fabric. When Dr. Lush- Were an Act passed to throw the burden upon the It would seem to be the admission of a principle, ington was examined before the Committee in 1851, owners, instead of the occupiers, the application of which would apply as much to the one case as to he said, "Let the law declare what the objects of it to owners in large parishes should not take the other. If I am asked as regards Religion, whe- church rates are, and strengthen the law, and then place, until a certain time had been allowed to all ther Religion would suffer, that is quite a matter of we shall have no difficulty." Strengthening the law the parishes to consider the subject. Assuming theoretical opinion. I do not pretend to say, whe- cannot mean any thing else but the compelling all such a law to have passed, I think there are very ther Religion might, or might not, prosper under the persons to pay. 50. Though the House of Lords few parishes in which the rate-payer would not be one state of things, as well as under the other, but declared that a church rate can only be levied by a glad to find a locus pœnitentiæ, and prefer making the Established Church of the country would be de-majority of the parish, it never for one moment ex- the rates themselves. 96. They would know that stroyed by it. 37. If church rates were abolished, pressed a doubt as to its being the duty of the ma- eventually the burden must come upon themselves the churches might possibly not fall into decay; but jority to repair the church. Those persons forming in the shape of increased rent. 97. In the case the security which the Church now enjoys from its the majority, who do not act under the monition to of leasehold property, the leaseholder would be connexion with the State, would be seriously dimi- make a church rate, are a disobedient majority, and accounted owner; but the burden would be very nished. The abolition of church rates would be in one sense of the word, an illegal majority; it is a light. It is the principle of the church rate, not equivalent to the abolition of parishes, because you majority refusing to do that which all the judges of its burdensomeness, which is now in question-the would take away from parishes the power of self- the land declared to be the legal duty of the parish. matter relates to a payment of 251. per parish. taxation. The same principle applies to a parish as By the change of times, and the change in the prac- Under this plan owners not living in the parish to a county. Take away from a county the power tice of the courts, the parish cannot now be brought would be liable. 106. As to exemption of the of self-taxation, and the county would not exist. As before the ecclesiastical courts, and there pronounced owner from church rate on the ground of conscience, to the alleged grievance of the application of church contumacious, and made to suffer penalty in con- there would be great objection to it. One does rates to other objects than divine worship and the sequence. 51. I consider that the temporal courts not see why a principle should be applied to the maintenance of the fabric, I do not consider such ought to interfere, not to enforce ecclesiastical cen- Church, which it is impossible to apply to other application as necessarily grievances, provided that sures, but to enforce the law. In Lord Tenterden's State matters. I do not see why a man's conthey tend to the benefit of the parish at large. It time, a Mandamus was granted to compel a parish science should be relieved from paying to the must be borne in mind that church rates, as they to elect churchwardens, which was rebellious in the church. I have to pay for other things which, if now remain, are only a part of that general power of matter of churchwardens, as other parishes may now I choose to bring forward the ground of conscience, taxation for the public benefit which, in most ancient be said to be rebellious in the matter of church rate. are just as much against my conscience, and yet times, every parish possessed for itself. I believe it In that case the common law did interfere and en- you do not relieve me. 107. The objection to to be true that the highway rates, and other rates, force the election of ecclesiastical officers for the relieving persons on the ground of conscience, is which are now enacted under the statute law, were parish; and it seems to me that there should be an this, that it is introducing into the English jurisoriginally for duties performed by the parishes, who analogous remedy with respect to the repair of the prudence a perfectly new principle, and, I think, thus provided for their local wants or local govern- church and the maintenance of divine worship. 52. one very injurious to the State. 108. Were we to ment. And, therefore, if I find a parish beadle paid Parties who opposed the Mandamus to make a church admit that Dissenters might be exempted, they out of the church rate, I do not consider that an rate, would be liable not to ecclesiastical, but to com- would take advantage of the admission, and after abuse, because that officer is an officer of the parish, mon law censure. 53. Were the attempt made to all would not consent to any measure to secure appointed for the general benefit of the parish. The give this power to the court of law by Act of Parlia- parochial rates for the maintenance of the church. same with regard to clocks and to bells, which are ment, the doing it would require the greatest care, 109. I think that the landowner Dissenters would for the use and benefit of the parish. 38. The because when you convert ecclesiastical or common be glad to obey the law. The religious Dissenters abolition of the church rate would deprive the parish law into statute law, there is the greatest difficulty are not really our opponents; but our opponents of the power of doing any thing for itself; without to avoid narrowing the operation of the law. 56. are persons, who have other political objects, and church rate the parishioners could not conveniently Notwithstanding the present state of public feeling, who are not themselves Dissenters, earnestly atmeet in vestry for parish purposes; they would not and the fact of the House of Commons having passed tached to some particular church or creed. 113. have the means of paying for the pens and ink for measures for the abolition of church rates, I think Under a new statute law I cannot conceive that the parish meetings; the parish would be annihilated. that such a power might be given by Act of Parlia- the owners would not do that which they ought to 39. Parishes frequently require a vestry clerk; and ment to the courts of law; Churchmen consider that do, because in no case would they be applied to if the church rate were abolished, you would have they have been left by their friends in a defenceless except for a definite purpose. 119. I believe that no vestry clerk to do the work of the parish. He is state, and we do not know, what would be the con- the number of owners of property who are Disa parish officer. 40. I am not at all prepared to say sequence, if the demands of the Church were pro- senters, especially not counting the Wesleyans as that the payment of church rates should be both perly sanctioned by high authority, and allowed to Dissenters, is very small as compared with the whole made compulsory, and also extended to other ob- be justly followed up. 57. The rate should be population. 122. jects besides the maintenance of divine worship and limited to the fabric, and to things necessary for the the support of the fabric. I would leave it to the performance of divine worship. 59. Were church FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1859. parish to say whether such things ought to be, or rates abolished, one effect in many cases would be the The Rev. JOHN CALE MILLER, D.D., Honorary not. If I made any thing compulsory, it would be perfect impoverishment of the clergymen. 62. He Canon of Worcester, called in, and examined. simply the repair of the fabric, and the maintenance would be in the same condition with respect to the of divine worship, those being the objects, which the church, in which he now is with respect to schools. The Condition of Birmingham.-Birmingham is ecclesiastical court would sanction, as the proper ob- It is incredible, how heavily the burden of school-one parish. 144. Prior to 1842 there were nine

other churches, besides St. Martin's, the mother 202. Declaration should be annually renewed, to church, for each of which an estimate was made, give opportunity for return to the Church, 209, 210, and a certain sum assigned to each district out of 211. 224, before the meeting of the vestry. 225. the rate made upon the whole parish. 143. Since To exempt upon a statement that a person had a 1842 no rate has been made, but many new churches conscientious objection against paying a rate, would have been built, and this without regard to church be a poor way of exempting. 215. The book should rate, because it was gone. 169. Some were built be called over on the 1st of January; persons claimunder special Acts of Parliament; others under the ing exemption should have no vote. 226, 227, 228. Church Building Acts. There is generally one new The claim to exemption would not be objected to by church consecrated in each year. 174. The uncer- that class of Dissenters in Birmingham, who containty as to maintaining the churches has not dis-scientiously and religiously object to church rate, couraged the building or the contribution. 176. but that class of Dissenters, who have declared that Some of the older churches were built expecting to the abolition of church rate is only the first step to be maintained by rates. Any attempt to make a the confiscation of Church property, could not be rate would set Birmingham in a flame (302, 303) expected to be satisfied. 250. There is no town in under the present state of the law. 305. In 1841, England in which there is more constant and ready 1599 persons assessed to the relief of the poor, and co-operation between Dissenters and Churchmen. 4788 not assessed, formed the majority of 6387, 255. The Dissenters who thus co-operate would who voted against the rate, only 597 persons voted not object to payment of church rates being made for the rate, 523 being assessed to the relief of the compulsory on Churchmen, and not on themselves; poor, and 74 not so rated. The causes of refusal of but not so the other class of Dissenters, who have the rate, were, to a great extent, political grounds; ulterior ends in their opposition to church rates. opposition to the Church of England; conscientious 256. 258. 265. Doubtful which class of Dissenters objection no doubt on the part of many. There preponderates in Birmingham. 266. It is the were probably opinions as to abuses in the church opinion of Dissenters, as expressed in vestry in 1852, rate which precipitated the suspension, e.g. church- that it is highly unjust, that persons who are not wardens' expenses at the visitation dinner. 147, 148. members of the Church of England, and who are The mother church is now maintained by a collection Dissenters from it, should be compelled to contribute made by the churchwardens from the persons who to the support of the churches and institutions behave seats assigned them. 154. The expenses longing to that establishment. But there was another amount to 4007. or 4501. per annum, besides extras, principle introduced in 1832, that every religious 180; for which churchwardens make special col- association ought to depend on the voluntary conlections, being sometimes out of pocket. 182. The tributions of its members for its support. 190. The present system of providing for worship, and main- Dissenter has now a double charge. 191. The great taining the fabrics, is a millstone round the necks of objection of the Dissenter is his supporting an unthe great majority of ministers in Birmingham, 178; scriptural, because an established Church, 190. 259, if extended to the whole country, the total abolition 260. A large body of Dissenters hold this opinion, of church rates would be spiritually the greatest and who look forward to, and desire the time, when national calamity. 328. How St. Martin's fabric, the Establishment shall be overthrown, but who do or that of the other churches, could be kept up, no not think the time yet come. This is the opinion of idea can be formed. 233. The spire of St. Martin's an eminent Dissenting minister in Birmingham, was ready to fall; it cost 70007., but the money 261; but not that of the Wesleyans. 262. In Birthough raised came in so slowly, that the very words mingham, and in all large towns, there is a class of "St. Martin's spire" were tiresome to men's ears persons who take up questions of this sort on the and eyes. 234. Begging is now a chief element in strongest democratic grounds; such persons would the duties of the clergy, 238; interfering most be difficult to deal with; the calm thinking Disseriously with parochial duties, and adding largely to senters would take a right view, 316; but whether their anxieties, 241; they are becoming in conse- in a large public meeting the proposal to exempt quence more secularized every day. 242. The other Dissenters and tax Churchmen would be carried, is clergy of Birmingham are paid by pew rents, and have uncertain, it not being known who would attend it. most inadequate incomes. The great evil of the 267. Churchmen might vote against church rates, present system is, that every thing is obtained from disapproving of rates as at present levied. 271. The the pockets of the generous few. There are un- object of the rate should be limited, luxuries, worthy Churchmen calling themselves Churchmen, e.g. organs, being excluded. 272. In Birmingham, who give nothing. 185, 186. There should be a no rate could be obtained for a district church, but compulsory rate upon all Churchmen for the main- in other parishes the battle lost in gross might be tenance of the church. 187. 195. 203. 289. 337; a won in detail. 273. District churches are a grievvoluntary rate would be an entire failure if at- ance. 275. The power of levying their own rates is tempted universally throughout the country. 213. absolutely essential. 276. Throwing the burden Many approve church rates in theory, say that a upon the owners would not be received by the Dischurch rate ought to be made; know that it cannot senters as a settlement of the question, 253. 277; be made; would think it madness to attempt a rate and therefore should not be tried. 279. The present in Birmingham, and yet never give any thing. 214. inconveniences could not be remedied by giving The voluntary system requires that every minister great power to ecclesiastical or civil courts, 280; nor should be above the average. 232. But all Dis- would it be favourable to the real interests of the senters should be at once exempted. 187. The Church. 281. The enforcement of the present law, argument that this would be a pecuniary premium even in other places than Birmingham, would be upon dissent not worth much; such a feeling would productive of evil to the Church of England. 314. not operate in Birmingham to any considerable Churchmen would be willing to tax themselves. 318. extent. 188. The objection against "ticketing" The Clergy are unwilling to exempt Dissenters, Dissenters is puerile; if a man is a Dissenter, he is 286; but without the exemption plan, the rate is known to be one. 189. 251, 252. He ought not to gone, 287; they consider it giving a premium to be grieved to claim exemption in a formal way, as a dissent, and stereotyping it in the country, and incheck against dishonest persons stating themselves volving the question of a Church establishment. If Dissenters. He should be exempted in the most the church rate is relinquished from the Dissenters, inoffensive way, upon declaring, I, a Nonconformist, the Church would not cease to be a national estadeclare that I am not in communion with the blishment. 288. Tithes and church rates stand upon Church of England. 191. 197. 212. Persons would a different footing, one upon law, the other upon a not declare themselves and get exempted, except on rate. 291. To attack tithes is revolutionary, but conscientious grounds, they should not be deprived this not felt as to church rates. 291. Parishes in of baptism, marriage, or burial, 192, or other minis- which no rate has been made, ought not to be pertrations, 204, lest their separation from the clergy petually exempted, the church rate ought to be should be final. 205. A person exempted should dealt with upon one principle. 320. A bonus to not have a pew in preference to a parishioner who parishes for disobeying the law, is an unwise meapaid the rate. 200. 221. 223. Might be a member sure; it is a radical error, to deal with that, which of the vestry, except for the purposes of the rate, the Dissenters make a matter of principle, in dif201; and legally be a churchwarden, not carrying ferent ways in different places. 322. Some clergy out strictly the logical consequence of exemption. hold a different view. 323. Nothing but fair ob

jections may be expected to the exemption plan. 325. A compulsory power upon Churchmen would not be injurious to the Church. 326. Dissenters being exempted, the law should define the payments out of the church rate, but the rate should not be enforced in the ecclesiastical court. 330. The rate should be obligatory. 331. There are objections to rating all persons, and then requiring the Dissenters to name the place of worship to which it should be applied. They would object to a compulsory rate for any religious purpose. 336. A fabric rate would now be opposed. 337. If all Dissenters contributed to the fabric, they might begin to require the use of it. 339.

The Honourable and Reverend GRANTHAM MUN

TON YORKE is called, and examined. Incumbent for fifteen years of the church of St. Philip's, Birmingham, a parish formed out of the parish of Birmingham in the reign of Queen Anne. Has been without any church rate for thirteen years. The expense of carrying on the worship is 2007. or 2201. a year. In the thirteen years 40001. has been laid out upon the church, obtained by begging, 349; one-tenth of which was given by Mr. Yorke, 351; but 70007. is now required to re-case the exterior, which is dangerous, 352; but the business is hopeless, 355. The influence of the clergyman is diminished if he is constantly begging (351); laymen will not undertake it. Persons are deterred from taking seats if the seats are taxed for the expenses of the church; and the income of the clergy is diminished. 360. 365. 379. This is the case of St. Thomas's. 365. New churches are built upon

a temporary enthusiasm, but the building has nothing to do with the church rate question. 368. 370. The voluntary system depends upon the personal ability of the incumbent. 390. Evil of collections. 415. As to Birmingham, the atmosphere is so destructive to public buildings, that the public are more called upon to repair them than in any other place. 395. The clergy and churchwardens have memorialized the Government, praying that other places may not be put in the same condition as Birmingham. 434. Intelligent Churchmen in Birmingham have no strong feeling in favour of the abolition of church rates. 435. The total abolition of church rate would make no difference there. 433. The political Dissenters got up a meeting against that memorial, but it was a failure altogether. 436. A shilling in the pound produces in Birmingham 60,0007.; one-twelfth would repair all the churches in Birmingham. 404. If added to the poor rate, would not be appreciable by Dissenters. 405. The objection to church rates in Birmingham is chiefly political; it originated in the agitation of the Reform Association. 394. 396. As to change in the law, an agitation might be got up any day in Birmingham upon any thing touching the question. 896. But churches might be repaired by a competent body out of poor rate or county rate without any remark or trouble. 396. The Dissenters would not object, if it were not named church rate. 397. The conscientious Dissenter would be glad of an excuse to pay the rate to the fabric, though not for the services (403), and under another name. 399, 400, 401. But the political Dissenters would not. 402. Where the church rate is lost, means should be devised for maintaining the fabrics (423), leaving the congregation to provide for services (412); the church rate should not be attempted to be restored, being odious in such places (425); but to do it away when collected, as it is in a large portion of the parishes, would be monstrous; there can be no excuse for putting it into the pockets of landowners. 423. If Birmingham were divided into separate parishes, some of the difficulty might in some of them be got over; but in the very poor districts a rate would be very difficult. 408. As to exempting persons stating themselves to be Dissenters, it would be a thousand pities to draw the distinct line between the Church and Dissent (and to cut off those, who at a future day may come back, 418). Many Churchmen would avoid the church rate by saying they had scruples. 416. It would be a pecuniary premium upon declaration of dissent. 417. Many, particularly Wesleyans, would object to declare themselves Dissenters. 420. Many

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