Page images



No. 255.-VOL. XXII.


Ecclesiastical Notices

Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge






Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts ib.
National Society.

List of Members of the Lower House of Convocation of

Committee of Council on Education

[blocks in formation]





Ely, of their intention of offering themselves, unless they have had communication with his Lordship, or his Chaplain, the Rev. the Master, Jesus College, Cambridge.

The Archbishop of Canterbury intends for the future to hold his Ordinations in Lent and at Michaelmas. He requires an interview with Candidates at least three months before the time of Ordi- tion in Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, on Sunday, The Bishop of Oxford intends to hold an Ordinanation. Graduates of Cambridge must have passed the 18th December next. The examination of the 63 the Voluntary Theological Examination; and those of Oxford, in addition to the public Lectures of the Candidates will commence at Cuddesdon Palace, on Regius Professor, must have attended a terminal Thursday, he 15th December, at ten o'clock. A

61 62




THE ECCLESIASTICAL GAZETTE is published on the SECOND TUESDAY IN EVERY MONTH, and may be obtained at Sixpence per number, or Six Shillings per annum, by ordering it of any Newsman in the king


The Bisho

course given by one of the five Theological Professors. paper of
Deacons' Cr
The Archbishop of York intends to hold his next writing to t
General Ordination on Sunday, the 18th of De- port, Esq.,
cember next. Candidates are required to give three ments must
themselves to his Grace's Secretary, Charles Alfred
months' previous notice of their intention to offer
Thiselton, Esq., Minster-yard, York, stating their on Sunday, th
names at full length, age, college, academical degree, for Holy Orde
and usual place of residence. Candidates for Dea- their intention
cons' Orders from the University of Cambridge
are required to send a Certificate of having passed
the Voluntary Theological Examination; and Can-
to send the Divinity Testimonium.
didates from Trinity College, Dublin, are required

The Bishop of Durham begs to inform the Clergy of the Diocese, that in future his Lordship intends holding Ordinations regularly in Lent and in September, and, under special circumstances, at Christ

It is also sent regularly every month to the
Dignitaries of the Church, Heads of
Colleges, and the Resident Parochial
The Bishop of Durham will hold his next Ordina-
Clergyman of every Parish throughout tion at Auckland Castle on Sunday, the 25th inst.
England and Wales, according to the plan
originally published; and, as far as the
support afforded by Subscriptions, &c. will
permit, to the Incumbents of the recently
formed Districts throughout the country.
The Bishop of Exeter intends holding his next
The Subscribers to THE ECCLESIASTICAL Ordination at the Cathedral, on Sunday, the 25th
GAZETTE are respectfully reminded, that
the most convenient method of forward-
ing the amount of their Subscriptions is
by a Post-office Order, payable to the
Publisher, Mr. Charles Cox, 26, King
William-street, Strand, W.C.

[blocks in formation]


[blocks in formation]

The Bishop of St. David's intends to hold
General Ordination, in the Parish Church of
Abergwili, on Sunday, the 25th inst.

The Bishop of Worcester purposes to hold his
next Ordination in the Cathedral Church of Wor-
cester on Sunday, the 25th inst.

The Bishop of Lichfield purposes holding Ordina-
tions on Sunday, the 25th inst., and on Sunday, the
18th day of December, at Eccleshall. Candidates,
whether for Deacons' or Priests' Orders, are requested
to give notice to the Bishop of their intention to offer
themselves, and to forward their papers to R. W.

day of Ordination. The Bishop will expect a Cer.
tificate of having passed the Voluntary Theological
Orders who have graduated at the University of
Examination from all Candidates for Deacons'
Cambridge, and the Divinity Testimonium from all
Graduates of Trinity College, Dublin.

Hand, Esq., Stafford, at least one month before the

ions to the Candidates, either for 'Orders, may be obtained upon aop's Secretary, John M. Daven

to whom the Candidates' docusmitted by the 8th of December. fanchester will hold an Ordination h day of October. Candidates >have not already communicated Bishop of offering themselves, forthwith, and to transmit the Bishop's Secretary, John Buregistry; 7, St. James's-square, efore the 16th inst., and the ishes the Candidates to take can be received after that day. s that Candidates will make they may avail themselves of tions, as the Bishop is very letters dimissory.

[blocks in formation]

The Bishop of Linco proposes to hold Ordinations on Sunday, the 2 inst., and Sunday, Dec. 18th. He requires three i ths' notice from all Candidates for Deacons' Orde and a personal interview. Graduates of Oxford must have attended a Course of Lectures of one of the Theological Professors, in addition to the public Lectures of the Regius Professor.

the Theological Examination. Graduates of Trinity Graduates of Cambridge must have passed College, Dublin, must have the Divinity Testimonium. Papers to be sent to his Lordship's Secretary, W. Moss, Esq., Palace, Lincoln, one month before the day of Ordination.

The Bishop of Salisbury will hold an Ordination on Sunday, the 25th inst.

Ordination in the Cathedral Chu The Bishop of Bath and Wells purposes to hold an f Wells, on Sunday, 18th December next. ates for Deacons' their intention to offer themselves, to his Lordship's Orders are requested to e months' notice of Secretary, Edmund Davies, Esq., Wells, Somerset, stating their names at full length, age, college, acaThe Bishop of Ely will hold his next Ordination demical degree, usual place of residence, and the names on Sunday, the 13th day of November next. Candi- of two or more persons of respectability to whom refer dates for Holy Orders are required to transmit the re-ence may be made. It is not necessary that Candiquisite papers to his Lordship's Secretaries, Messrs. dates should be provided with a Title at the time of Burder and Dunning, 27, Parliament-street, Westmin-giving notice. The Bishop requires & Certificate of ster, S.W., on or before the 15th of October. The having passed the Voluntary Theological Examina Bishop requires from all Candidates from the Uni- tion from Candidates for Deacons Orders who have versity of Cambridge, applying for Deacons' Orders, graduated at the University of Cambridg Theological Examination; and all Candidates for College, Dublin. All Candidates the reque a Certificate of their having passed the Voluntary Divinity Testimonium from Graduates Deacons' Orders, except on College Titles, are to transmit the requisite papers to his Lordshi give immediate notice to the Bishop at the Palace,tary one month previous to the day of Ordinat


The Bishop of Carlisle proposes immediately after concluding his tour of Confirmations, to hold a Special Ordination for the convenience of certain parishes in his diocese where Curates are particularly required. The Ordination will be held on Sunday, October 9th.

The Bishop of Carlisle purposes to hold an Ordi. nation on Sunday, December 18th next. Candidates for Deacons' Orders are required to give three months' notice of their intention to offer themselves. They should state their names at full length, their age, college, academical degree, usual place of residence, and the names of two or more persons of respectability to whom reference may be made. A personal interview is also required. It is not necessary that Candidates should be provided with a Title at the time of giving notice. Candidates are requested to communicate with the Bishop direct; but they are to transmit their formal testimonials and papers to his Lordship's Secretary, G. G. Mounsey, Esq., Carlisle, one month at least before the day of Ordina


THE Society's Report for this year is printed, and 79, Pall Mall, September 9, 1859. will be sent to subscribers without delay.

for Calcutta and Bombay, whose duties were deThe Society has not yet appointed its secretaries. scribed in the last number of the "Ecclesiastical Gazette." The want of additional missionaries, especially in India and Borneo, continues to be felt most strongly; and the friends of the Society would render valuable service by recommending any wellqualified clergyman or candidate for holy orders.

The subject of education, and especially of female education, in India has attracted much attention recently. The following extract from a report of the Rev. Dr. Caldwell contains valuable information on the educational difficulties in a successful mission in South India :

edition of the Coptic and Arabic New Testament, SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE which they prepared for the use of the Coptic Church some years ago, with the aid, and under the superintendence of Archdeacon Tattam, who had brought some valuable manuscripts with him from Egypt to assist him in that work. The greater part of the impression of the first volume, containing the Gospels, was sent to Egypt shortly after it came from the press; and the Committee have been informed, that when the first parcel arrived, and was opened before the Patriarch who then presided over the Coptic Church, and he saw the splendid books, and found they were generously granted for the use of his church and people, he sat down and wept like a child, so completely was he overcome by his feelings. The copies were for some time distributed with much zeal and diligence: but by the time that the second volume, containing the Acts, the Epistles, and the Apocalypse, was completed, the Committee had heard that the Patriarch, under the weight of increasing years, had become somewhat supine, and took but little interest in the distribution The Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol intends to few copies of both the volumes had also been conof the volumes still remaining in his hands. But a hold his next Ordination on Sunday, December signed to the care of the Rev. Mr. Lieder of the Candidates are requested to send the re- Church Missionary Society at Cairo. During the quisite papers one month before the day of Ordi- late spring Archdeacon Tattam paid another visit to nation to his Lordship's Secretary, T. Holt, Esq., the East, and kindly undertook to take a few more Gloucester. Candidates for Deacons' Orders must copies of the second volume of the New Testament, communicate to the Bishop their intention to present together with some Arabic Tracts, to Cairo, and to themselves three months before the Ordination. obtain authentic information, on the spot, as to the The Bishop of Ripon intends to hold an Ordina-present state of the Christian Church in Egypt, and tion in Ripon Cathedral on Sunday, the 25th inst. the use that was made of the books which had been supplied to them by this Society; for he had heard superintendence of a new Patriarch. It was not that a happy change had taken place under the ceiving the following letter from Archdeacon Tattam, long before the Committee were gratified by re



The Bishop of Norwich purposes to hold an Or. dination on the Sunday after each Ember Week.

Candidates for Deacons' or for Priests' Orders are

requested to inform the Bishop as soon as possible,

and not less than three months before the time, of their intention to offer themselves for Ordination. Full instructions will then be forwarded.

The Bishop of Lincoln proposes to hold Confirmations in October next, on the 18th, at St. Peter at Arches, Lincoln, at half-past two; on the 19th, at Grantham, at two; on the 20th, at Boston, at two;


dated Cairo, March 16, 1859 :

"I have not written to you before to-day, because I wished to see the Coptic Patriarch, and to verify received, of the movement that has for some time with my own eyes the pleasing statements I had been taking place among the Coptic Christians; but, truly, what I have witnessed has exceeded my

utmost expectations.

and on the 21st, at Louth, at two. These Confirma-
tions are intended for those who are above the
"The present Coptic Patriarch is a man of great
of fifteen, and who it is desirable should be confirmed energy and decision of character. He has raised a
before the next General Confirmation. Clergymen very large and splendid building at the Patriarchate,
are at liberty to send their Candidates to whichever as a College, for the education of the Copts in
of the above places they may find most convenient,
but they should transmit to the Clergyman of the
Church, a few days previously, a list of the names
and ages of their Candidates.

THE ECCLESIASTICAL COMMISSIONERS FOR ENGLAND are prepared to receive applications for Grants, out of the Common Fund under their control, towards making better provision for the cure of souls, on condition that such Grants be met by Benefactions from other sources.

Applications must be made to the Commissioners before the 1st of March in each year in order to ob

tain a Grant in the same year.

All communications to be addressed to the Secretary, Ecclesiastical Commission, 11, Whitehall-place, London, S.W.

general, and for the priesthood in particular; where
and, I think, Greek and Italian. The English lan-
they are taught Arabic, English, French, Turkish,
guage is made of the second importance, on account
of the literature and divinity it contains; and it was
very gratifying to witness the progress the pupils
have made in the English language.

and right-minded priesthood, and he himself is
"The Patriarch is desirous to have a well-taught
setting them the example, and meets those now in
the priesthood twice in the week, to instruct them
in their duties.

is expending all he receives on education, on the
"He is likely to live and die a poor man, for he
rebuilding of the Patriarchate, and church, and
other churches in the city.

"I look upon this movement to have originated,
under Providence, with Mr. Lieder.

"The Patriarch is very grateful for the present of the New Testaments, and I find every copy that


"The female boarding school at Edeyenkoody contains at present thirty-two pupils, and has given stood in need, not so much of improvement, as of us much satisfaction, as it has always done. enlargement, and we expect to see it considerably enlarged next year, by means of a grant out of the Christian Knowledge Society's new Indian Fund. The day schools throughout the district, including those in Edeyenkoody itself, stood greatly in need of improvement. Much time and labour have been expended on working them up, especially by Mrs. Caldwell, ably and faithfully seconded by two young native assistants, and it is evident on looking around at the close of the year that their condition is imthe various schools has increased from 473 in Deproved. The number of children on the books in better criterion is the number present at the usual cember, 1857, to 794 in December, 1858. A still monthly examinations, which was 254 in January, and 542 in December, 1858. There has been, I find, an increase of 73 Christian boys and of 124 Christian crease in the number of heathen children is 120. girls, in all, of 197 Christian children. The inThe total number of Christian boys now in school is 279, of Christian girls 288. These numbers agree very exactly with the proportion between the sexes existing in the district, and the total number of Christian children in school, viz. 567, is at the rate of one in five to the entire Christian population, which is a proportion that does not admit of much increase.

are no test of educational efficiency. The import"These numbers exhibit numerical increase, but ance, however, in districts like these, in which we labour amongst an ignorant population, of every increase in the number of children of Christian parents attending school, provided that arrangements are attend, can scarcely be overrated. The Christianity made for their learning at least to read when they do of people who cannot read is capable of but little improvement,-and is wholly incapable of exercising any influence on the intelligent and educated higher and Pariar Christians to their fate as allow them to classes. We may almost as well give up our Shanar bring up their children, especially their daughters, in hereditary ignorance of their original condition.. I rejoice greatly, therefore, over every Christian child that is allowed by its parents to attend school, and still more when the parents themselves send the that they have learnt to take an interest in its educhild, and prove by their payment of school fees cation. The above-mentioned increase in the number of children in school has not been the result of any bribes or rewards. Not one farthing has been expended in this way throughout the year. Under second volume should be consigned to him, and he likely to be highly expedient, if not absolutely "I recommend that the remaining copies of the all the circumstances of the case, indeed, it seems judiciously, and properly distribute them.' can then supply the Patriarch and others with them necessary for some years to come, to sweeten a little that bitter pill, female education, and we ex"It need hardly be added that Archdeacon Tat-pect to have the means of doing so next year; but tam's suggestion was immediately acted upon, and my experience this year proves that it is possible to 500 copies of the second volume of the Coptic and get on without any such aid. Though possible, it Arabic Testament, which had long ago been granted is very difficult, and there are places in which it Archdeacon has called at the Society's Office lately, sively. by the Board, were shipped for Alexandria. The would not be expedient to bend the bow excessince his return from the East, and has confirmed the statements which he made in writing from with which one has to contend, the last case of the I may mention as an instance of the difficulty Cairo." sort that occurred. I spent last Wednesday in the

SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN Mr. Lieder has bestowed has been very judiciously


67, Lincoln's Inn Fields.

[blocks in formation]

given. The people and the churches are most
thankful for them, and most anxious to possess them.
Mr. Lieder has not given one copy away without a
certificate, and I found he had not one left.

[ocr errors]

village of Anneikoody, where there is a school sup-struction, should the teacher have already obtained to furnish us with a general report, presenting the ported by the Christian Knowledge Society's grant, any such from the Committee of Council on Educaand there found, on going very carefully over the list tion. of the people's names, that there was a Christian girl in the congregation who had not yet attended school.


results of his experience; and we append these general reports, nominatim, to our own, together with a series of tables (continued from those of preceding years), which we have caused to be compiled from the separate reports and returns of the inspectors, within the period which their general reports embrace, viz. from 1 September, 1857, to 31 August, 1858.

By request of many Clergymen, and of others in-
terested in the progress of National Education, It may not be out of place to state, while upon
we propose to print, at length, the last Report of the subject of the general reports comprised in this
the Committee of Council on Education. The Appendix, that a summary of each report made by
Report being very long, and containing many an inspector upon a particular school is communi-
important "Minutes," Tables, Summaries, &c., cated in manuscript to the managers shortly after
the insertion will necessarily be extended over his visit. This rule was first established in the
several numbers of the ECCLESIASTICAL GAZETTE. early part of last year. The practice had been to
print the same reports in a collected form for annual
distribution. By that plan, the managers of schools
QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY IN inspected at the beginning of the year had no op-


WE, the Lords of the Committee of Your Majesty's Privy Council on Education, beg leave to submit to Your Majesty the following Report of our proceedings during the past year, for the promotion of elementary education among the labouring, and other poorer, classes of Your Majesty's subjects in Great Britain.

"I had thought that all the girls had at length been induced to attend, but this girl's father was so obstinate and intractable, that the schoolmaster and the headmen had given him up in despair. I sent for the father, and at the same time for the heads of the congregation. The father came, looking literally black as night, and in the most peremptory way refused to allow his daughter to learn. He was a new convert, but as hard to bend as heart of tamarind. Let her attend church,' he said, and learn prayers by heart for the salvation of her soul, but learn to read she shan't.' The headmen and I argued with him and endeavoured to talk him over for a good half-hour, answering every objection and excuse that he brought forward; when at length, step by step, he began to yield. First, he would consent, but his wife never would; then, he would not prohibit his wife from giving her consent; lastly, he would tell her that he wished her to consent. He was still confident, however, that there was not the least use in speaking to her on the subject. As soon as matters reached this point, I invited the headmen and other members of the congregation to The statements which we have to lay before Your accompany me, and off we went to the man's house Majesty are coextensive with the distribution of to see and speak to his wife. The poor woman the Parliamentary grant. This fund is expended by seemed in half a mind to be angry and half a mind us only in the way of subsidy to voluntary applito feel flattered at such a deputation waiting upon cants in conformity with the terms set forth in our her she argued against the proposal, however, minutes. We are not able, therefore, to give a with all her might, proved to her own satisfaction complete report of elementary education in any part that her daughter's services could not be spared of this island. We are presenting Your Majesty even for a few hours a day, and was kept to her with information relating to one-third, probably, of point by the girl herself, who commenced crying the whole number of children who ought to be remost piteously. She also, however, after a time ceiving such education in schools confined to the showed symptoms of yielding, when suddenly a labouring classes. bright thought struck her. Pointing to the infant in her arms she said, I will send this child to school; this is a girl also, and I make a vow to you that I will send it to school as soon as it is able to walk; there, now, it is settled.' I was not to be shaken off by this transparent device, but told her that God had given her the elder child as well as the younger one, that her children were all God's children that had been given her to bring up, and that she ought not to do harm to any of them, but have all educated in turn. At last she yielded, like her husband, and in about a quarter of the time, and they both consented that from that day forward their daughter should learn half the day in school and do the work of the house for the other half, and that in future they would be more willing to obey when I gave them any advice for their good."

[blocks in formation]

portunity of seeing the summary of the inspector's observations on their own school until more than twelve months after the date of his visit. We determined, therefore, to provide for the immediate communication of the summary in manuscript to the persons whom it most concerned; but, inasmuch as the transcription of the several reports for immediate communication adds considerably to the employment of copying clerks, it was our intention to set off the charge for printing against this increase under the head of establishment. So earnest and manifold, however, have been the representations addressed to us of the local interest which the publication of these individual reports excites, and of the advantage which thereby accrues to the cause of education, that we have determined (with the consent of the Lords of Your Majesty's Treasury) to resume the annual printing of them; not, however, as heretofore, for gratuitous distribution, but for sale in the same manner as other public papers. We are prepared to recommend this resumption of The schools which are visited by Your Majesty's printing, in addition to the immediate communicainspectors are grouped into classes according to the tion in manuscript, only so long as the sale is suffireligious congregations, or educational societies, with cient to cover the expense. The reports on parwhich they are connected; and, unfavourable as ticular schools are popularly known as the “Tabusuch an arrangement necessarily must be for purely lated Reports," from the form in which they appear, administrative purposes, it has at least this advantage, in distinction to the inspectors' " General Reports." that we receive reports from several witnesses acting We shall send each inspector's tabulated reports quite independently of each other in every part of to press in each year immediately after 31 August, the country. The Inspector of Schools connected and they will probably be ready about November at with the Established Church; the Inspector of the usual depôts for the sale of public papers. Schools organized on the British system; the Inspector of Roman Catholic Schools; the Inspector of Workhouse Schools-severally traverse the same year. ground in every county of England and Wales; 1. We have adopted the following Minutes :while in Scotland four inspectors are, in like manner, At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, the 26th day every where crossing each other, those, namely, who visit the schools of the Established, of the Free, of the Protestant Episcopal, and of the Roman Catholic, Churches.

We now proceed to lay before Your Majesty the particulars of our administration during the past

of July, 1858.


Their lordships had under consideration-
1. The state of schools in small rural parishes.
2. The conditions of age, attainments, and stipend
attached to the several years of a pupil teacher's

Fifty-four inspectors, including twenty assistant inspectors, were employed in visiting schools, and in holding examinations, during the past year. They visited during that period 9384 daily schools, or departments of such schools, under separate teachers. They found present in them 821,744 scholars; 5495 certificated teachers; and 13,281 apprenticed 3. The position occupied by teachers between the teachers. They also visited 381 separate training end of their period of training and the time of their for the office of schoolmaster or schoolmistress. In colleges, occupied by 2709 students in preparation becoming certificated. December last, these students, and 2087 other candidates were simultaneously examined for the end of the first, second, or third years of their training, or for admission, or for certificates as acting teachers.

4. The means of providing further, by means of night schools, for the continuance of instruction beyond the age at which labour must be commenced. Their lordships resolved

1. To cancel so much of the Minute dated 29

The inspectors also visited 539 schools for pauper April, 1854, as excludes mixed schools under mis-
children, containing 47,527 inmates 2, and 118 re- tresses, in parishes where the population exceeds 600,
formatory, ragged, or industrial schools, containing from receiving capitation grants.
7793 inmates 2. These numbers came under actual 2. To cancel the Minute of 23 July, 1852, in re-
review, and were the subjects of separate reports, gard to all pupil teachers who may be apprenticed
within the period to which our present statement after 31st December, 1859.

We instructed each of Her Majesty's inspectors

for the purpose of obtaining augmentation grants to
their salaries (under the Science Minute of the 2nd
June, 1859), must send their names, addresses, and
present occupation to the Secretary of the Depart
ment, South Kensington, on or before the 31st Oc-refers.
tober, 1859. The examinations will be held in the
metropolis in the last week of November. Certifi-
cates of three grades will be granted in each subject. 1 Including two in temporary premises.
giving the holder an augmentation grant of 107., 157, 2 143 workhouse schools and 1 industrial school were in-
or 201. a year on each certificate, while giving inspected more than once within the year. The number
struction to a class of operatives in that subject.
These payments will be in addition to the value of
any certificates of competency for giving primary in.

3. To allow candidates who are not less than six

teen years old to enter upon the office of pupil teacher with the standing of the fourth year of apprenticeship, provided that they can pass the examination for the end of the third year. Such candidates will be apprenticed as pupil teachers for two 47.527 includes all the children who were present on each years, and will be paid at the rate of 171. 108. for the ance for the same children found at each repeated visit. This first, and 207. for the second; but in their case the is not the case with the number 821,744 in daily schools. particular kind of probationary service, which is

occasion, and therefore needs to be reduced by some allow

mentioned in the next clause, and which is optional your information is not intended to supersede any

to other candidates, will be compulsory, before they can become certificated teachers.

4. To grant a stipend of 257. per annum to male, and 201. to female teachers, during the probationary period (Minute, 20 August, 1853, § xi.) of two years following the date at which they have passed the examination now required for a certificate, including the Schedule, on condition that such period be passed either,

(a) as principal teacher in a rural school not
containing more than 1200 square feet of
superficial area in its school-rooms and class-
rooms, or which can be certified as not need-
ing, nor likely, to be attended by more than
100 scholars 3;
(b) as second teacher under a certificated, or
registered, head teacher in a school with an
annual average attendance of not less than

The certificates of probationers who have passed the college examination will be fixed in this as in other cases, after two years of service; whereupon they will cease to be entitled to any allowances except those now made to certificated teachers, and upon the same conditions.

part of the system now in operation, except in sub-
stituting certificated teachers during their period of
probation, and scheduled students, for assistants
under the Minute of 23 July, 1852.

This change has been recommended by the Rev.
F. Temple in his last Report (Minutes of 1857-8,
p. 726), and also by the principals of some of the
most important of the training schools (ibid. p. 37).
With this general statement, I am directed to add
such explanations on the several clauses of the
Minute as they may seem to require.

1. No objection will be raised to the engagement of female teachers where the managers choose to employ them instead of masters. It must be remembered, however, that male apprentices can, under no circumstances, be apprenticed to female teachers.

2. This clause has been already noticed.

3. Many persons believe that the career, of which pupil teachership is the commencement, is sufficiently good to invite candidates for it from a higher social rank than those who commonly receive instruction in elementary schools for the poor.

but that the master of a day school, with pupil teachers to instruct out of school hours, cannot, with justice or prudence, be required to conduct a night school as well. The capitation grant will provide the means of engaging a second certificated teacher (generally, it may be presumed, a probationer), who may assist in the morning school, singly take the afternoon school, and, if not employed in the special instruction of the pupil teachers, assist in the night school, which the principal teacher will be able himself to conduct. The Minute of 1 March, 1855, will still remain in force for the provision of such extra teachers as may be procurable and necessary in proportion to the numbers in attendance. But two certificated teachers will suffice for a night school of very considerable numbers.

The managers of a school in which the day and night scholars together amount to 75, or to any multiple of 75,-such as 150, 225, 300,-may choose whether, instead of pupil teachers, they will have one, two, three, or four probationary teachers.

Wherever teachers fully certificated are retained, it is sufficient that the conditions of augmentation be fulfilled, without reference to the numbers in a school. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN.

May, 1859.

It has been suggested that many candidates who are not offered at the age of 13 for a stipend of 101. Scheduled students may serve as teachers pursuant per annum will be offered at the age of 16 for to this clause for three years; but, at the end of that 171. 10s. per annum. The Minute opens apprenperiod, they will cease to be entitled to any public ticeship to this class. There are now many more payments whatever, unless they have previously facilities than used to exist whereby a young person At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, the 4th day of passed the examination for a certificate; for which who leaves school at 12 or 13 may keep up and expurpose they will not be required to return into re-tend what has been learnt up to that age; and if, at sidence at college, but may attend the first year's the age of 16 or 17, the inclination to choose the BY THE LORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUexamination from their own schools. In the mean profession of a teacher be felt, the remuneration of time, they will not be admissible to take charge of the two last years of apprenticeship is tolerably apprentices. Their certificates, when fixed, will carry liberal. It is evident that if the class of persons the same conditions as in other cases. contemplated be forthcoming, they offer a consider5. To leave all pecuniary conditions, beyond the able advantage to the schools in which they are empublic grants of 251. or 20., to be settled in these ployed, by their greater age and more developed chacases between the teachers and the managers, accord-racter. And, if they be not forthcoming, or not in ing to agreement. any sufficient numbers, the rest of the pupil teacher system is not interfered with, but goes on as at present.

6. To modify the ordinary rate of apprentices admissible at the public expense, viz. one for every forty scholars, so far as to reckon a second teacher under section 4, as sufficient (with the head teacher) for seventy-five scholars,-after which number, the allowance of apprentices (in addition to a second teacher) will be one for the next twenty-five scholars, and one for every forty beyond.

No additional teacher under section 4, (b) will be admitted after the first, except in consideration of seventy-five additional scholars for whom no pupil teachers are provided at the public expense.

Night scholars may be reckoned with day scholars in making up seventy-five.

The numbers are to be reckoned on the average attendance of the year preceding the date fixed for inspection, except in the case of newly established schools, and then on the present average attendance. 7. To allow, where a night school is organized conformably to the Minute of 1 March, 1855, the number of scholars who have attended it on fifty nights per annum to be added to the number of day scholars for whom the school may receive capitation grants; no scholar being reckoned as belonging to both schools, nor any scholar under twelve years of age as belonging to the night school. Where the Minute of 1 March, 1855, mentions an assistant teacher under the Minute of 23 July, 1852, a probationary teacher under this present Minute will satisfy the condition, but without excluding such assistant teachers, as long as any of them remain (under section 1, suprà).

4, 5, 6. It is a principal object of these clauses to facilitate the employment of certificated teachers in the schools of small rural parishes.

There are few schools in which the addition of all local sources of income to the capitation grant will not provide 251. or 301. towards a teacher's stipend, and this sum when added to the Government allowance, makes a total which, in the increasing number of certificated teachers, is not below the salary which candidates for employment are likely to be willing to accept in first engagements.

At the end of two years, it will not often happen that the ordinary terms of augmentation cannot be fulfilled, and the same teacher (if all parties wish it) retained; but, if not, another probationer can be engaged.


Their lordships resolved

1. To cancel so much of the Minute dated 2 April, 1853, as provides that the rate of aid towards building schools shall not exceed 6s. "for every square foot of area in the school-rooms and class-rooms if the plans include a teacher's residence, or 4s. if they do not include such a residence," and in lieu thereof to fix the rate of aid, subject to the condition that the grant shall not exceed the value of the local contributions, as follows; viz.

(a) 48. per square foot of superficial area in the school-rooms and class-rooms, so long as this rate does not give more than 40s. per child, according to the number to be accommodated.

(b) 1007. for each teacher's residence. 2. To make no grants whatever for repairing or altering the buildings, fixtures, or furniture of schools erected with the aid of grants at any of the rates in force since 2 April, 1853; the addition of a teacher's residence, where there was none before, and an extension of the school-rooms and class-rooms to meet an increase in the attendance of scholars, to be treated pro tanto as a new case.

3. In schools erected with the aid of grants at the rates in force before 1853, to reduce to one-half the proportion now granted (two-thirds) of the cost of new floors and of new desks and benches.

4. To allow no grants for building upon the plea that premises already in use for schools are to be settled in permanent trust for the same purpose, but to treat the extension of such premises as a new case pro tanto.

Schedule students are brought within the reach of this clause, which considerably relaxes section 3, in the Minute of 2 June, 1856 (Minutes of 1856-7, pp. 1-6). An additional year is allowed to them for probationary service, in consideration of their having an examination to pass. They may pass that examination at such stage of their probationary service as they judge best, and, having done so, they will be, at the end of two years, in a position to have their certificates fixed, but with liberty to continue 5. To cancel Section 9 in the Minute of 20 Auunder section 4 of this Minute for one year longer gust, 1853, and in no school to allow pupil teachers in the same school. If, at the end of the third to be hereafter apprenticed at the expense of the year, reckoned from the date of their first engage- Parliamentary fund (a) in a greater proportion than ment, they remain uncertificated, they will re- one pupil teacher for every forty scholars in average ceive no further payment until they become so, attendance during the year preceding the date of Instructions to Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools and then they will be paid on the same terms only inspection, nor (b) in a greater proportion than four on the foregoing Minute. pupil teachers to the same master or mistress.

Education Department, 24 November, 1858. Sir,—The Minute of which a copy is enclosed for

3 This limitation of numbers, or of area, is not applicable to the several departments only of a school, but to the whole of each institution. If a department for boys, girls, or infants falls within the limit, but the aggregate area or attendance of departments in a school exceeds it, the probationer's allowance cannot be made. This part of the Minute is intended to apply only to rural schools under a certain aggre gate size, and the object of their lordships would be defeated if the motive to take service in schools of this particular class

were weakened by any interpretation which admitted larger chools to the same privilege.

as apply to the ordinary augmentation grants. The
managers of small rural schools may be recom-
mended to apply to the training colleges for teachers
of this class. The same principle could probably
supply a succession of them to the same school until
one of them was enabled to remain there with a cer-

6. To extend (after 31 March, 1860) the Capitation Minutes to Scotland, allowing the grant to each school where the number of pupil teachers falls within, or as soon as it falls within, the limit defined by the last section herein before.

7. To cancel so much of the Minute dated 31 7. It is hoped that the admission of night schools December, 1857, as provides that "the sum of 57. to the capitation grants may so far facilitate the esta- be allowed for every child received under the Acts blishment of such schools as to solve the dilemma 20 & 21 Vict. c. 48, or 17 & 18 Vict. c. 74, into which at present frequently arises, viz. that a regular industrial schools during the year preceding the date schoolmaster is the only person who can be depended of inspection;" and, in lieu thereof, to fix the rate upon for the effectual instruction of a night school, of aid as follows, viz. 6d. for each day, up to a

maximum of 71. 10s. per annum for each child the country, the standard of allowance in individual to forward to the Committee of Council a list of the received as aforesaid.

[blocks in formation]

Education Department, 5 May, 1859. Sir, I am directed to furnish you with the fol lowing remarks upon the objects of the several clauses in the Minute of the 4th inst. :—

1. (a) School-rooms are often built upon a much larger scale than is ever likely to be necessary for purposes of daily instruction. The extra space, beyond a certain point, is not only superfluous, but injurious. It entails additional expense in building, in repairs, and in warming; and it originates usually in an intention to use the premises for purposes to which the Parliamentary grant is not applicable. Their lordships will agree with the promoters, at the commencement of each application, upon the maximum number of children for whom accommodation in the proposed new school is to be provided, and they will not permit the amount of their grant to exceed the rates either of 48. per square foot in the school-rooms and class-rooms, or 40s. per head, according to the number agreed upon.

(b) Their lordships do not make grants for the erection of residences which are not sufficient to accommodate a married teacher, with a family comprising children of both sexes. A more limited provision is apt to prove an inconvenient form of endowment. The cost of a teacher's residence, therefore, is nearly constant, and bears a greater proportion to that of a small than of a large schoolroom. But small schools, no less than large ones, are benefited by the addition of a residence, and it is just to equalize the allowance in all cases.

2. The rates of aid were raised in 1853 for building schools (only) from 18. 8d. to 4s. per square foot, and for building schools with residences, from 2s. 6d. to 6s. Since that date, the capitation grant has been introduced. Their lordships consider that sufficient public provision is made by these means towards providing, maintaining, and improving all necessary premises and furniture.

3. My lords consider it to be a sound principle, not to continue to grant more than is locally raised. Such a check affords the best security that the work is necessary, and that it will be turned to proper


4. Several instances have occurred in which proprietors, having built schools at their own expense, and (on quitting the neighbourhood, or from other causes) wishing to be reimbursed, have offered to convey such premises in permanent trust for education, on condition of receiving the usual grants. It rarely or never happens that the plans of such premises would have been approved, if they had been submitted in the first instance for examination; and the original outlay is no criterion of the value which the owners of such premises could realize by diverting them from education. You cannot too carefully impress upon the promoters of schools that my lords will not make grants ex post facto for building. The Minute does not apply to premises which are not already in use for schools, but are purchased bona fide for conversion.

schools must be from time to time reviewed.

6. The operation of the Capitation Minutes in Scotland was suspended in prospect of legislation; but the continued exclusion of that part of Great Britain from public aid, which is afforded to the rest, does not appear to be justifiable.

7. Their lordships have considered that they might extend to industrial schools, certified under the recent acts, an increased allowance upon the children received into them by magisterial order, without thereby incurring those risks of abuse to which the absence of the securities imposed by the Legislature might afford occasion in other instances. I have the honour to be, &c. R. R. W. LINGEN.

2. We have taken measures to direct increased attention to the instruction in domestic industry of candidates under preparation for the office of schoolmistress.


Circular issued to the Managers of each Training College for Schoolmistresses under Inspection.

Educational Department, February, 1858. Gentlemen,-I am directed by my lords to bring under your notice the annexed copy of a memorandum upon the means of further encouraging attention to needlework and other domestic industry on the part of female pupil teachers and of candidates for Queen's scholarships in the training schools for females.

The certificate from the schoolmistress respecting the skill of female candidates for apprenticeship in needlework, and the annual statement whether the female apprentices have been receiving instruction in any other kind of domestic industry, will be introduced into the Form (ix.) of Managers' Return, and will thus be brought under notice, at the proper time, when that form is received from Her Majesty's inspector, shortly before his visit. The managers are requested, however, to notice at once

1. That the female apprentices should produce certified specimens of their needlework at each of the annual examinations, whether held in their own school-room or elsewhere; and,

2. That the female candidates for Queen's scholarships, who go up in December to the various training colleges for schoolmistresses under inspection, will, in addition to the examination before Her Majesty's inspector, be examined and reported on by the superintendent of the college, in the manner described in the Memorandum.

I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN.

Memorandum referred to in the preceding Letter. -Needlework and other Domestic Industry of Female Pupil Teachers, and of Candidates for Queen's Scholarships, in Training Colleges under Inspection.


Education Department, February, 1858. It is considered by their lordships of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education, to be indispensable that all female pupil teachers should be expert needlewomen, and very desirable that they should be practically conversant with other matters pertaining to domestic economy. Complaints have been received from persons, who have ample opportunities of ascertaining the truth, that many of them fall far short of a satisfactory standard in both of these points.

5. There are few schools, in which apprenticeships are completed, that do not now furnish Queen's scholars. The reasons for special encouragement, which were legitimate in an earlier stage of the present system, have ceased. In returning to one uniform rate, their lordships have determined also to limit the number of apprentices whom they will allow to be engaged at the public expense to the same teacher at one time. It is not, as a rule, desirable to build single school rooms on a scale to contain several hundreds of children. But where such rooms exist, the place of pupil teachers (after the first four) must be supplied by probationers, under the Minute of 26 July, 1858; or by monitors paid by the managers out of the capitation grant; or a second certificated teacher must be retained. The 1. At the Christmas examination for Queen's number of pupil teachers must be regulated with some regard to the ultimate demand for trained schoolmasters and schoolmistresses; and, as apprenticeships become general throughout the schools of

It has been suggested that the adoption of the following regulation will have a powerful effect upon female apprentices generally, and will give much satisfaction to those who are most deeply interested in their improvement.

scholarships, the superintendent of every female training college will be requested to examine the candidates in needlework, and in the cutting out of ordinary articles of dress, and, after that examination,

candidates, arranged in three classes. To the candidates in the first class a considerable number of marks will be given; those in the second class will neither gain nor lose marks; while a certain number of marks will be taken away from those who are placed in the third. This part of the examination may be properly intrusted to the superintendents of the training colleges, who are, of course, interested to keep up the standard at admission, with a view to success in the final examinations.

2. The superintendent will further ascertain in whatever way she considers most satisfactory, by means of the laundry, kitchen, and other premises of the college, whether any of the candidates have acquired a practical acquaintance with the common details of housekeeping. If she reports that certain of them have given evidence of practical attention to this subject, she will make a special entry to that effect opposite to the names of those who are placed in the first and second classes for needlework, and a certain number of marks will be awarded to them in consequence.

3. She will also add a note to the name of each candidate, concerning whose dress, manners, or personal habits she may see primâ facie reason to be dissatisfied.

It is not forgotten that the authorities of every college are at perfect liberty to refuse to admit into residence every candidate to whom they may object, whether such candidate be successful or not in the examinations. But it has been thought to be important, nevertheless, that opportunity should be given for officially recording an opinion upon points which candidates are often disposed, though erroneously, to consider as weighing little in the official estimation of their merits.

Ladies well qualified to judge correctly of the probable effect of these measures are of opinion that they are quite practicable, and likely to do much good.

The superintendent in each institution should send in her list and report within a week after the examination by the inspector.

4. No girl will henceforth be apprenticed as a pupil teacher without a formal attestation from the schoolmistress and managers that she possesses reasonable competency as a sempstress; and at the annual examinations, every such apprentice will be required to bring certified specimens of her plain needlework to the inspector, together with a statement from her schoolmistress, specifying whether she has been receiving practical instruction in any other kind of domestic industry.

The inspector will generally be able, at the time of examination, or afterwards, to obtain the opinion of some competent person upon the merit of the needlework; but the chief advantage contemplated lies in the increased attention which managers and teachers will be led to pay to the subject. The public comparison of the needlework from a number of different schools, at a central examination of pupil teachers, is sure, of itself, to have a considerable effect.

The female pupil teachers who are apprenticed in infant schools are more apt than others to be deficient in needlework.

It has been judged to be advisable to notify the adoption of these regulations by circulars to all schools in receipt of annual grants, since it will affect the conditions of admission to training colleges. Grave importance will be attached to any adverse report of the superintendents, on the dress and personal habits of the candidates, about which complaints are sometimes made.

The training of young women for the office of schoolmistress requires many special provisions which may not be equally demanded in the case of men.

3. We have caused the various Minutes by which the proceedings of our Committee since 1839 had been regulated to be collected into a methodical digest; which, having been laid on the table of the House of Commons, was ordered by the House to be printed, and constitutes Paper No. 192 among those of the session of 1858. The Minutes them

« PreviousContinue »