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contemptible blockheads,' charges us with ridiculous malevolence,' and obferves that even the fuggeftions of policy cannot bridle our intemperate refentment.'
What is worse than all this, he accufes us of being formerly among his greatest flatterers.' This is indeed a ferious charge; and if we at any time have been liberal in our encomiums on Anthony Pafquin's productions, of which we recollect nothing, they were either of a very different nature from those which have lately appeared, or we muft indeed have flattered bim. Should their ungenerous labours (he adds) ever awaken anger in my bofom, I will affert the rights of truth, and hurl fuch impoftors from the feat of judgment.' This is a very terrible denunciation, and we congratulate Anthony on his prefent tranquility of mind. As it is not difcompofed by any thing we have faid, fo we hope that nothing we shall fay will have any effect in awakening his ferious difpleasure. We should not indeed be greatly flattered at entering the lifts with fuch an antagonist. The prospect of a combat, in which victory would afford no honour, can yield but little fatisfaction.
As we are arraigned before the public by Anthony for injuftice and malevolence, we truft we shall be excused for producing fome evidence on our fide of the queftion; fuch as may tend to show that nothing but the utmost partiality or perverfion of juftice could induce a literary tribunal to speak in approbation of his works, and recommend them to public fa
As o'er the haunts of Innocency spread
Reduce thefe lines, gentle reader, to common sense; the fifth, fixth, and the fix concluding ones, to any thing like sense, if thou canft, et eris mihi magnus Apollo !-We will intrude but one quotation more upon his patience; it is taken from Correggio Candid's letter to the celebrated Mr. Da niel of Bath,' and entitled the Portrait Painter's Golden Rules.' It will ferve to fhow that this author is fcarcely less Hh 2 per.
perplexing and abftrufe in his lively than in his ferious come pofitions.
As you're not vain or arrogantly nice,
Go mentally transcribe this apt advice:-
Blythe in the eye disport the wanton loves
And bathe in fluids warm from the spring of joy.
The other lineaments combin'd together,
And let the repofe of the whole be in Nature.
As iron habit phyfic's fons will fend us.
Pourtray old ladies young, and young ones handfome;
L'argent enough to purchafe Louis' ranfom.
When those present themfelves, be this your ftudy,
The golden rules which follow, for we have not, in pity to the reader, transcribed one half of this epiftle, are much in the fame manner, and will be perufed with equal advantage and amufement by the pictorial amateur.
Let us, however, do this author the juftice to fay, that he discovers, in the delineation of low characters, fome kind of humour. His Margery Cockney and Phalim O'Shaughneffy are not unentertaining, though their jokes are not always very delicate or very new. The following character in one of Cen
Congreve's comedies is not perhaps altogether inapplicable to Anthony Pafquin. Petulant's a very pretty fellow, and a wery honeft fellow, and has a fmattering-faith and troth a pretty deal of an odd fort of a small wit; and if he had any judgment in the world, he would not be altogether contempt
The Natural History of Euft Tartary; traced through the three Kingdoms of Nature. Tranflated from the French. By William Radcliffe, A. B. 8vo. 45. Jerved. Richardfon.
THE 'HE volume before us is a tranflation of the Defcription Phyfique de la Contrée de Tauride, which we examined at fome length in our LXVIIth volume, p. 373. We were pleafed to fee it in an English drefs, for we think it a work in many respects curious, and in fome important. It was tranflated from the Ruffian into French, and this tranflation is taken from the French verfion.
As it is, therefore, our chief búfinefs to examine the tranflation, it will not detain us long. The French translator dif claimed every pretenfion to beauty of ftyle, and Mr. Radcliffe, on this account, hopes, that he will not be held folely refponfible for any inelegancies that may appear in the following work.' In our comparison, therefore, we have chiefly confined ourselves to the accuracy of the verfion, and in this refpect we perceive marks of hafte rather than of ignorance, and of inattention rather than want of ability. If Mr. Radcliffe had examined his tranflation with care, he would probably have avoided the little errors we have met with; the inconfiderable faults which deform rather than detract from the real merit of his work. We fhall point out a few of these in the order in which they occur.
In the first defcription of the flat country, which our author with fome inaccuracy calls level,' though levels may occur in very high grounds, he feems to have committed a fault of fome importance. This bead (partie) comprises thofe vaft plains fituated between the Black Sea and the feas of Azow and Sivache (or Putrid) which, ftretching towards the North, spread from the Dnieper as far as Perecop, and beyond the neighbouring rivers of Salghir and the Western Boulghanak.' The original fays, as far as Perecop,' and from thence as far as the rivers of Salghir, &c. ( & de la jufqu'aux rivieres,' &c.) The foil, a few lines afterwards, is defcribed to be a free, yellow, argillaceous earth.' Again, the calcareous earth is faid in the fame page to be of a quality so porous as to prove clearly the attrition of water.' This is at leaft an inelegant, we think an improper, tranflation of mais fi poreufe, qu'il eft vifible qu'elle a été rougée par l'eau.' At Hh 3
the end of the third and beginning of the fourth page, the fteep banks of the falt lakes are faid to follow the order of the foil which surrounds them.' The original says, that their foil is the fame as that in the neighbourhood.
The minute faftidious criticism, which a farther examination would occafion, can neither be pleafing to our readers or ourselves. The errors frequently confift of words, which feem to have been rendered in hafte, of an inverted and less fimple phrafeology, and in a few inftances, particularly in the mineralogical part, they appear to have arifen from our author not being fufficiently acquainted with that fcience. A ftriking inftance of that kind occurs near the end of his eighteenth page. As a fpecimen of the general freedom and ease of Mr. Radcliffe's language, we fhall tranfcribe the following note:
All the countries in which volcanos exist, or are known to have existed, contain large tracts of a red argillaceous earth; a circumftance which has hitherto efcaped the obfervation of the many able writers by whom thefe countries have been described. Volcanic mountains are alfo often met with, containing no lava or bafaltes. Such is that called Sbhönberg, by the baths of Geifmar in Heffe. It is of a conical form, and the crater which exifts at present is rent from top to bottom, and is without any trace of lava or bafaltes. The foil is every where red, and in the fides we meet with not fhelves, but real gutters of a deep red fpathic fchiftus. If it fhould be doubted whether this mountain was ever a volcano, we should remember, ift. its conical form; 2dly. its crater; 3dly. that it is fituated in a country indubitably volcanic, and within a league of the mountain Grebenstein, which is admitted to be an extinguifhed volcano; and 4thly, that large and infulated fragments of well preferved hafaltes are difperfed over its fides, evidently without the affiftance of man.
All these circumftances feem to prove that this is an extinguished volcano, whofe lava and bafaltes have, in a long courfe of time, been entirely decompofed, and converted into a red potters-earth, which appears in great abundance in its neighbourhood, and even upon the fides of the mountain itself.'
We have selected this note for many different reafons, as it affords fome foundation for thinking that the more trifling mistakes may be owing to errors of the prefs*, and as it contains more inftances of inverted phrafes, which in fome degree injure the force of the author's manner, than any other paffage of equal extent. Mountains, the author fays, in the French verfion, are often met with, which have all the volcanic appearances, except lavas or bafaltes, of which they are entirely deprived. Instead of real gutters,' our author fays real ftreams,' (coulées). Evidently without the affiftance
Thefe we have corrected in tranfcribing.
of man,' would have been rendered more closely, which could not be carried there by man; for what purpose would this defign have answered? Inftead of red potters earth, it should have been red clay, for not all kinds of clay are fit for the potter, and the terms are not fynonymous: the French word is argile. We had, however, other reasons for our selection : the observations are perfectly just and accurate, fo far as concerns the general appearance of volcanic mountains, but the appearance of argillaceous earth in volcanic countries, particularly in volcanic mountains long fince extinct, has been noticed by fir William Hamilton in his account of the Poncia Infulæ in the Philofophical Transactions. He ascribes the change to vitriolic acid vapours. Mr. Radcliffe's language may not appear strong enough to warrant this obfervation; but the original fays exprefly- this remark has never yet been made.' We do not indeed recollect it in any work except the papers juft quoted; but the appearance of clay in volcanic countries is fo obvious, the change of the lefs compact porous lavas on the surface is so evident to the eye of even a fuperficial obferver, that we wonder more at its having been so often overlooked, than its being now particularly noticed.
A View of the Present State of Derbyshire; with an Account of its most remarkable Antiquities. By James Pilkington. (Concluded, from p. 143.)
THIS fecond volume is of a more local nature, and of lefs general intereft than the first; to which we may add, that it appears to us in many refpects more imperfect: it will not, therefore, detain us long.
While the tribes from the continent preffed on the aboriginal inhabitants of Britain, it is natural to conclude that they were collected on the western fide of the kingdom, as the most remote from their conquerors, till they found an afylum in the mountains of Wales, fome parts of Ireland, and the ifles of the Irish fea. Druidifm fhared the fate of its profeffors, and the remote fituation of fome parts of Derbyfhire were, probably, during the first attack on this barbarous fuperftition, temporary retreats. Many Druidical, or apparently Druidical monuments, occur in this county; for we are not willing to allow every regular arrangement of stones to have been the work of these ambitious priests. In the fubfequent period, that of the Romans, this county received the conquering legions, and thared in the benefit of their labours: but our author has been able to add nothing to Mr. Pegge's Perambulation of the greater and leffer Roman roads of H h 4