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probably had only felect paffages of Polybius before him. 9. Perottus, whofe Latin verfion feems too loosely tranflated to be admitted as authority. 10. Codex Regius, B. N° 1649, writ tea by Vergerius in 1547, from the edition of Obfopaeus. 11. Codex Regius, C. No 1716, containing books I. and II. probably the fame. The various readings given in this volume at the bottom of the page, are thofe which appear plaufible, but are not admitted; thofe which relate to a reading evidently corrupt, but do not fufficiently amend it; and the corrections not warranted by MSS.-The notes are to be published at the end.

Of the works illuftrating different fubjects of antiquity, the most curious is the Difcourfe on the Burghs and Villages of the District of Valeia, mentioned in the Alimentary Table of Trajan, preferved in the Royal Museum at Parma. The author is M. Antonio-Jacynto Cara de Canonico. History and medals confirm the popular liberality of Trajan, who, according to the plan and regulations of Nerva, maintained the chil dren of the poor of Italy; and the table of Valeia, discovered in 17479 points out the funds which fupported the expence. Trajan himself, a community of cities, or a body of rich citi zens, paid a fufficient fum for this purpose. The proprietors of the eftates rented different parts of this capital, paid the intereft at five per cent. and fecured the principal on a mortgage of the land. The table alluded to, contains the capital assigned for the nourishment of three hundred infants, male and female, as well as the annual fum allowed to each, and the perfons who accepted the money and engaged to pay the intereft. M. Cara de Canonico establishes the claim of Valeia to this table, which fome authors have doubted, and builds on this foundation some geographical difquifitions Each city appears to have been encompaffed by its peculiar territory, diftinguifhed into different burghs. The burghs mentioned in the tables, are forty; twelve belonging to Parma, fix to the territory of Plaifance, one to that of Lucca, three to that of Liburno, and eighteen to the territory of Valeia. Thefe eighteen burghs our author thinks were contiguous, and furrounded by the others, fo that Valeia feemed to form a triangle, whofe point reached the fources of the Taro, and whose base, parallel to the Po, was extended from the modern Caftellar Arcello to Mariano, At the point of the triangle was the burgh Minervio, belonging to the territory of Lucca, and different from another Minervio in that of Plaifance. The burgh Ambitrebbio, in the territory of Valeia, he thinks was divided by the river Trebbia. The connection of this territory is found in the table, and it is the clue to fix the others. At the end is the infcription engraved on the bronze of Valeia, and the chorographical chart drawn by the author.

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The first edition of Fabretti's Account of the Waters and

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Aqueducts

Aqueducts of Ancient Rome,' was published at Rome in 1680, bu it was become scarce and in fome degree defective. M. Barbiellini has fupplied the want, and publifhed a new one, not only in an elegant form, but with ufeful notes in the margin. Fabretti followed the tract of Frontin, who gave the beft account of the streams which were at different times conducted to Rome, their origin, their courfe, the machines and works neceflary to convey them, and the restorers or authors of the ancient aqueducts, elucidat ing at the fame time fome queftions of antiquity connected with the fubject. Some of these streams were loft even in his time.

Some account of the two celebrated statues at Rome, Pasquin and Marforio, was published last year at Rome. They are admirably executed, but more generally known for the lampoons frequently affixed to them, hence ftyled Pafquinades, than for the merit of the fculpture, or the learned difputes which they have occafioned. The abbé Cancellieri tells us that the first was defigned to represent a river; but the fymbols required to decide on the fubject are wanting. The other, Marforio, the abbé Visconti informs us in a letter add effed to the author, is neither Alexander the Great, Hercules, or Mars, as fome authors have pretended; but Patroclus, killed by Hector, and rescued by Menelaus. Our author means to give some farther information refpecting other ftatues at Rome,

The programma of fome reflections on the moral character of Caius Saluftius Crifpus, the Roman hiftorian, has been publifhed by J. Fr. Roos. These remarks were occafioned by M. Wieland's defence of this author in his notes on the tranflation of the Satires of Horace, and they are written with much taste and erudition. Our author agrees with M. Wieland in thinking that it was owing to his intrigues with the party opposed to Cæfar, and not to his debauchery and libertinifin, that he was expelled from the fenate, though it is not poffibie to justify Saluft from the charge of corruption and irregularity in his governe ment of Numidia. This is fhown by a paffage in Dio Caffius, not mentioned by M. Wieland, from whence it appears, that Saluft had finished his hiftory, at least that which related to Cataline's confpiracy, before his departure for his government. The ftriking contraft which fubfifts between his conduct and the feverity of thofe morals which may be drawn from his writings, render his other weakneffes more confpicuous; and in this way we must interpret the paffages in ancient authors which allude to the follies and exceffes of this celebrated historian. In this fketch we may perhaps mention alfo brother Felice Maria's hiftory of the Roman republic and empire, in which it is his object to how, from the teftimony of Greek and Latin authors, the defects and errors of Livy. Fifteen volumes were already printed, when death interrupted the plan; but it is continued by his friend and heir, D. Gafper Gazzia. The author's manu fcript extends to thirty volumes, which ftill remain. The ex

tent

tent of the work, and the period of its first publication prevent us from enlarging on it.

M. Ponce has published at Paris a defcription of the baths of Titus, in which the paintings are faid to excel all thofe which have efcaped the deftruction of time, not excepting thofe of Herculaneum. This work alfo contains an engraving, but by no means an elegant or a well-executed one, of the Aldobrandine nuptials. The cielings and the antique ornaments of the baths of Livia are published by the fame author. The fifteen plates from antiques are merely outlines; but there are three from paintings after the defigns of Raphael very highly finished.

The last work which feems to belong particularly to this fubject is by the canon Francis Leopold Bertoldi, entitled 'an Antiquarian Numifmatic Memoir on the Medals in the Mufeum of the Pontifical University of Ferrara.' Thele medals were lately stolen, and by the activity of government recovered, though the crucibles were ready for the fufion. The collection was made by the abbé Vincent Bellini, and is not only famous for medals of confuls, emperors, and popes, but for coins ftruck in the interval between the decline of the arts and their revival. The confular medals are in number 330, of which, 15 Vaillant had never feen. The imperial medals of gold and silver are 438: thofe of the pontiffs 561, of which the most ancient is that of Leo IV. ftruck in 848. The medals and money of the different cities are in number 1324, arranged in an alphabetical order. The memoir is finished by a particular account of this mufeum, which we fhall transcribe:

• The Ferrara museum is not only rich in the collection mentioned, but also in medals of the emperors in bronze, in coins of cities and ancient nations, and others of mixed metals, from the mints hereafter mentioned, as well as from the mints of Chiefi, Corfica, Fabriano, Fano, Foligno, Maldola, Malte, Monaco, Montalto, Mofco, Piombino, Ragufi, and Solferino; all collected and given in a great meafure by Bellini, befides a great number of medals of illuftrious men, of facred and prophane bas-reliefs, of portraits painted on copper by the firft mafters, of idols and little ftatues in bronze and in marble, of engraved precious ftones, of ancient feals, of lamps, of lachrymatory urns, of above five hundred volumes, of natural productions, and many other rarities. The mufeum is alfo embellifhed and adorned with marbles, mofaics, bufts, ftatues, fculptures, &c. by the munificence of cardinal Ruminaldi, the illuftrious ornament of Ferrara, his country, and the very zealous prefident of the univerfity; finally, it is a mufeum which will be always the admiration of the most enlightened travellers.'

M. Bertoldi means to publish very foon his fecond volume of historical memoirs of Argente: the first appeared in 1787.

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MONTHLY

MONTHLY CATALOGUE. DIVINITY, RELIGIOUS, &c. An Enquiry whether any Doctrine relating to the Nature and Effects of the Lord's Supper can be justly founded on the Difcourfe of our Lord, recorded in the fixth Chapter of the Gospel of St. John. Being a Supplement to a Treatife, entitled, an Attempt to ascer tain, and illuftrate, the Authority, Nature, and Defign of the Inflitution of Christ, commonly called the Communion, and the Lord's Supper. By William Bell, D.D. 8vo. 15. Robfon.

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UR very able author, in his Treatife on the Authority, Nature, and Defign of the Lord's Supper,' defigned to confider every paffage in the New Teftament which related to it. But the converfation of Jefus with his difciples at Capernaum, was, in his opinion, wholly figurative, and confequently omit ed. This was objected to him, and occafioned fome remarks on the fubject in a fecond edition of the Attempt,' in which he endeavoured to fhow, that the allufion is fo remote, as to render any doctrine on the nature and effects of that rite unstable. It was, however, afterwards urged, that the difcourfe must relate to it, and that it holds out fpecial benefits as connected with it, benefits, obferves Dr. Bell, utterly incompatible, as well with the conditions of pardon, which the Gofpel reveals, as the moral doctrines which it contains. Our author's object is therefore to fhow that, allowing the connexion, our Saviour could not mean by any part of it to attribute to the rite, not only fuch benefits as are contended for, but any special benefits whatever, as directly annexed to or confequent upon it.

This Supplement therefore to the Attempt' contains a short Commentary on the fixth chapter of St John, in which we think Dr. Bell very clearly proves what he defigned to fhow: indeed, on turning again to the chapter, and reading it over with all our attention, we are are fully confirmed in our former opinion, that the whole is allegorical, arifing, according to our Saviour's usual mode of inftruction, from the late miracle of the loaves. In the the thirty-first and thirty-fecond verfes allufion is made to Mofes giving them bread from heaven (for fo we think FK TO fhould be tranflated), when they afked for miracles in atteftation of his divine miffion; and going on, in reply to their request, he adds, I am the bread of lite.'-We are furprised that the meaning could be for a moment mistaken, when Jefus had faid, in the twenty-feventh verfe- Work not for the food that perifheth, but for that which endureth for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you."

The True Patriot. A Sermon on the much lamented Death of John Howard, LL. D. F. R. S. Preached at Hackney, bis na tive Place. With Memoirs of his Life and Character. By Samuel Palmer. Evo. 15. Johnson.

Mr. Palmer's text is from Acts x. 38. and h shows, from the

conduct

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conduct of our Saviour, that we should not only do good, but go about to do good. As our Lord is the beft example for us, he is particularly led to remark, that the late excellent Mr. Howard followed this precept in its fullest extent, and this opinion is illustrated by an outline of his public life. He afterwards from these confiderations, enforces the duty of an active bene. volence, and concludes an excellent practical fermon with the most earnest exhortation to enlarge its sphere and to perfevere in the exercise of it.

Two Charges, delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Leicefter, in the Years 1786 and 1787. By the Rev. Andrew Burnaby, D.D. 800. 15. Payne and Son.

The first of thefe able and judicious Charges recommends particularly an attention to parish apprentices, and forcibly inculcates the idea, that the parish officer ought to confider the child as the object of his attention, even after he is bound an apprentice. This very benevolent and proper injunction feems to be borrowed from the practice at Greenwich, perhaps originally introduced by Dr. Burnaby; and we could wish to fee it generally inforced and practifed. The fubject of Sunday fchools, of which the archdeacon is a patron, and other fuitable obfervations, alfo occur in it. The fecond Charge chiefly relates to the late attempts to procure a repeal of the corporation and test acts. Dr. Burnaby endeavours to fhow, that the toleration is already as complete as is confiftent with the safety of the state and the national tranquility.

A Letter to the Right Rev. Dr. William Cleaver, Lord Bishop of Chefter, on the Subject of two Sermons addressed by him to the Clergy of his Diocefe; comprehending alfo a Vindication of the late Bishop Hoadly. 8vo. 15. Johnson.

The bishop's correfpondent attacks Dr. Cleaver's opinion, published in his fermons. He contended that the Lord's Sup per was to be confidered as a feast upon a facrifice, while our author reprefents it as a memorial only. The difpute, it will be obvious, is not new or confined to these two authors; and as we have already given our opinion on it, we need not at prefent enlarge on the arguments before us. It is enough to obferve that the inftitution of the Paffover was evidently a memorial; and, if the Lord's Supper be a continuation or revival of this feaft, it must be considered in the fame light.

An Anfewer to the Bishop of Comana's Paftoral Letter. By a Protefting Catholic. 8vo. Is. Faulder.

This is the Letter of a titular bishop of the Romish see, republished with an anfwer. It relates to the oath of allegiance Lately propofed, which two bifhops and a priest affembled to judge of it had condemned; but which the Protefting Catholic approves of, while he reprehends the unfair conduct of fome of the parties convened for the examination.

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