« PreviousContinue »
jority in the five hundred published of guiding this machine, there was a pampblet addressed to bis.consti- no danger in delaying to crush it tuents, declaring that they were be- till their own plan of re-action was trayed, and in the council of the matured, and till they had arrangancients a member exclaimed from ed the system of future government, the tribune, that the counter-revo- after disposing of their vanquished lution was in the council of five opponents. The friends of the dihundred, the councils, though press- rectory were advised of the step ed to notice the expressions, passed which they meant to take a day or to the order of the day, as if con- two previous to the 18th of Fructimuced that the assertions were ill dor (4th of September) ; but the founded. .
secret was not so well kept, but that Though the views of the coun certain members of the anti-direcal, however, were probably di- torial party were informed in good rected only to the reform of what time ; and not having full reliance they deemed abuses in the consti- on the courage or conduct of their tution, they considered it as abso- own party, had withdrawn themlutely necessary to remove the cor- selves from the contest. rupt majority of the members of On the night of the 17th of Fructhe directory; and these designs tidor (3d of September), the guard were not coloured nor concealed. of the directory, and the garrison During the last days of the month of Paris, had been reinforced by Of Thermidor, and the beginning bodies of troops which made the of the following month, daily re- military force on the side of the diports were spread of attacks that rectory amount to near 10,000 men. were to be made, or, in the gentle The ministers had assembled at the language of the Parisians, accustom- Luxembourg, during the evening, ed to revolutions, that mouvements to receive their instructions. BarKete to take place. That these thelemy, who refused to join in movements on the side of the an- the deliberations, was put under U-directorials did not take place has arrest in his own apartments. Carbeen attributed to the indecision and not, who better understood the naGvision amongst their members ; ture of revolutionary measures, had ad that the directory should have made bis escape.. so long retarded its operations Before day-break, a division of against the party, knowing the ex- this army had taken possession of ent of their hostility, has been the quays, bridges, principal streets, scabed to their forbearance, and and every avenue, or post of conwish to try every other mode rather sequence; another division was wan that of force. But the direc- ordered to surround the Thuilleries, Wy in reality were in no danger and the five hundred, where the infrom these hostile projects of the spectors of the hall, who were Councils, since they were acquaint- among the chiefs of the anti-direced with the plan of their intended torial party, were then assembled in operations, and held, as it were, the deliberation. The division, wbich Command of the military force of was ordered on this service, ad
party in their hand, as well as vanced to execute it on the side of de deliberations of their commit- the Champs-Elysées. General Au1. Whilst, therefore, by secret gereau, in the name of the direcprogs, the directoryfound the means tory, summoned the cominander of
the post to open the iron gates of and defeated. The depaties, who the Thuilleries. Five minutes were were for the most part ignorant of granted to him whilst he sent for the events that had taken place orders : at the expiration of this during the night, assembled early at time he was informed, that the the usual place of their meetings gates, if not opened, should be to take cognisance of what bad broken down by the artillery. The passed ;. But they found the seals grenadiers, hearing this menace, put on the doors of the hall of the prevented its execution, by open ancients; and to those who were asing the passage, and leaving the sembled at the five hundred, an garden free for the entry of the as- arrêté of the directory was presentsailants. Some little show of re- ed, stating that the general Augesistance was made ; but Augereau reau was empowered to put the seals advancing to Ramel, who come on the doors of the two councils : manded the body-guard of the coun- that the representatives were incils, and wbo had blamed the cow. vited to assemble in the hall belongardly conduct of his soldiers, treat- ing to the surgeons, and the theatre ed him with indi nity, and put him of the Odeon, which were prepared under arrest. A detachment was for their reception. sent to the hall, to put the mem- Ofthe deputies who were present, bers, whom they found, under ar. and of those that came successively rest; in which number were the to the usual places of meeting, some generals Pichegou and Willot, who went to the new places indicated in were sent, with eleven others, to the arrêté, and others, either rethe Temple.
turned home to wait the event, or The whole of this business was to find out their colleagues, to delifinished before the peuple of Paris berate by which mode they should had risen from their beds. They regulate their canduct in the prewere but little surprised at seeing sent conjuncture. By the hour of themselves, as it were, in the midst noon the ancients had assembled to of a camp : but the only astonish- the number of forty, and the five ment that it excited was the tran- hundred to about eighty. By this quillity with which this event had time they were fully informed of passed.
the events that had taken place, The decisive conduct of the di- and knew also that their colleagues rectory, who were more atrocious were, for the most part, assembled and more accustomed to the hor. at the Odeon, and its neighbourrors of the revolution than their hood. Unwilling to sanction this opponents, had determined the con- act of the directory, which they test. There was no appearance of judged illegal, they went, with their resistance in any quarter of the presidents at their head, to their actown; and the apprehension of the customed place of meeting, and return of the bloody struøgle of summoned the officer at the post to Vendemiaire, which was ever be withdraw his guard and open the fore the eyes of the Parisians, gave doors of their halls. On the refu. way to other sentiments ; when sal of the officer, the deputies withthey were informed, by numerous drew; some of them went to join placards, 'stuck profusely on the the majority; and others, who rewalls in every street, that a vast roy. fused to submit to the invitation alist conspiracy had been discovered of the directory, assembled at the
houses of two of their colleagues, ing Pichegru disposed to listen to to protest against the measures of propositions, the count, in the name government. Those of the five of Louis XVIII, and the prince hundred were framing this protest, of Condé, offered him the place when they were informed, that the of marshal of France, the red president of the ancients, with all ribband, the government ot Ala who were assembled at his house, sace, lands, pensions, and privi. were arrested, and sent to the Tem- leges in great profusion. The serple: on which they withdrew any vices required in return were the further opposition, and the Odeon, delivery of the fortress of Huninand the chirurgical-hall, became the guie, and his union with the prince seats of the different branches of of Condé's army to march to Pa. the legislature.
ris. Pichegru, not trusting to the The history of this atrocious act, promises of Montgaillard, required detailed in the way most favourable more authentic evidence of the to the victors, was communicated prince's intentions, which were to the people, as has been already procured with some difficulty, by observed, by notices stuck on the the count, from the prince, who wall, accompanied by an arrêté of confirmed what Montgaillard had the directory, which inflicted the written. The messenger and agent pain of death on any who should of the count to Pichegru, who was propose the restitution of royalty, an inhabitant of Neufchatel, namor of the constitution of 1793, ored Fauche-Borel, after presenting the placing the family of Orleans Condé's letter, and receiving Pic on the throne. By the same de- chegru's acknowledgment, excree, the adıninistrations of the de- plained the conditions required by partment of the Seine, and of the the prince, namely, the delivery of municipality of Paris, were likewise Huningue, and the march to Paris, temporarily suspended.
with which Pichegru refused to The proclaination which an comply; stating, that unwilling to nounced the transaction was sup- make the third volume of Laported by such pretended justifica- fayette and Dumouliez, he would tory proofs as the directory had do nothing rashly or incomplete. time to forge and prepare for the He observed to the agent, that his occasion. The principal piece was, means were great and sure ; that a paper pretended to be written by they had their roots not only in his M. D'Antraigues, and found at army, but in Paris, in the convenVenice in his porte-feuille. This tion, in the departments, in the paper, the genuineness of which armies of the generals, his colwas attested by the generals Buona- leagues, who thought like hinself, parte, Clark, and Berthier, contain- that the present system must finish; ed minutes of a conversation held that France could not exist as at Venice by this agent of Louis a republic ; that there must be XVIII. with the count De Mont- a king; and that king, Louis gaillard, another agent of the coa- XVIII. lition, in which the fabricated his- “ To effect with security this tory of general Pichegru's con- measure, he observed, that the nexion with the agents of the prince's plan was altogether inprince of Condé is detailed. In effective ; that the prince would this paper it is asserted, “ that finds be driven from Huningue in five
days; and he, Pichegru, would be the parts which are allotted to them ruined in a fortnight. The plan in this conspiracy, the one as the which Pichegru proposed in return agent, and the other as the writer was, to cross the Rhine on some of the piece that was publisbed. day which should be indicated, af- To counteract the effects of this ter filling the strong places with his denial, it was asserted by the direcconfidential officers; to proclaim tory that a secret correspondence the king, and hoist the white stand- had been seised by general Moreau, ard; to unite his army with those at Offenbourg, on his last passage of Wurmser and Condé; to repass across the Rhine. This correthe Rhine, and, putting the strong spondence, said to be found ac places kept by his troops into the mongst the baggage of general hands of the Imperialists, march Klinglen, was transmitted by Moon to Paris with the united armies, reau to the director Barthelemy, where he should be in fourteen with a letter importing their condays."
tents, which reached Paris three days This plan, it appears from after the events of the eighteenth D'Antraigue's minutes, was not re- of Fructidor. These papers, which lished by M. de Condé ; whose stu.. occupy about seventy printed sheets, pidity, and ridiculous pride, are preceded by a letter from Moreau pourtrayed with great indignation to the minister of police, giving a by the writer ; who, approving of history of the capture, and acPichegru's propositions, as leading counting for the delay in transto success nearly infallible, repre- mitting it, by the time taken to sents the prince of Condé as re- decypher and arrange the correjecting them, because, secure of spondence which he had to offer the counter-revolution by other as proofs in his accusation of Pimeans, he would not share with chegru as a traitor, proclaimed in the Austrian general, to whom his letter to Barthelemy. This imthe plan must necessarily be com- mence correspondence, in which municated, the glory of effect. Pichegru, Wurmser, Klinglen, the ing it.
prince of Condé, Mr. Wickham The other papers were letters of the english envoy, Wittersbach, and the prince de Condé to Imbert Co. Fauche-Borel, form the principal lomés, at Lyons, represented as a personages, would indeed be legal principal agent of the pretender, and evidence against the general, could who was then a deputy of the five we attribute any degree of authenhundred, and various pieces of Du- ticity to it; but though the matter verne des Presles, the contents of remains yet unexplained, we canwhich have already peen stated. The not but suspect the whole to be a authenticity of some of those pieces, fabrication. it must be observed, has been The remnants of the councils, doubted upon, apparently, the best in this complete state of degradagrounds. The parties concerned tion, baving assembled each in the all declared, solemnly, that the whole places allotted for them (to keep was a forgery, and only a stratagem up the farce of legistation, when of the directory to excuse their the constitution was po more), sent usurpations. To confirm this opin a message to inform the directory nion, D’Antraigues, and Fauche- that they were installed, and to de. Borel, published each a denial of mand an account of the situation