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and after the walse, which is now never forgotten at a Paris ball, had proved that the steady heads of Niohi's were not to be made giddy, the company were led to a supper furnished with eastern magnificence, and decorated with attic taste. After supper the folding doors of the saloon were thrown open to a garden of considerable extent, beautifully illuminated with coloured lamps, and its trees bending with lavish clusters of fruits of every season, and every climate, formed of ice, while fountains poured forth streams of orgeat, lemonade, and liqueurs.
"But while tin seimitatorsofGreece and Rome are revelling in Asiatic luxury, you hear them lamenting most pathetically the subversion of the ancient regime; that regime, which would at least have had thus much of justice, t:mt it would have retained these personages in the anti-chambers of the saloons tbey now occopy; to which anti chambers they would with a counter-revolution most probably return. One is obliged tu offer up an invocation to patience, when condemned to listen to their declamations against that new ordir of things, to which soltlv they owe their elevation.
"There is indued one class of persons, before whose complaiuls of the revolution, however bitter, the mind humbles itself in sympathetic sorrow. The poor rentier, while he sips his Spartan blackbroth, which he is forced to procure by parting, in sad gradation, with all the n-licks of his former splendour, with watches, rings, furniture, and clothes: he indeed, if he complains, is to be pitied, and if he forbears complaint, is to be revered! But alas, there is so much of tragical detail in the pages of the great book; a thing which lias loug since beea called a great
evil, that we must give it at least a whole chapter to itself.
"At present I shall only observe, that the reign of terror has acted upon this cCuutry like some mighty pestilence, which not only sweeps away devoted millions in its fury, but leaves an obnoxious taint upon every object where it has passed. The reign of terror has given a fatal wound to the energies of public spirit ; ordinary minds have mistaken the execrable abuses of liberty for an affect of the generous principle itself: the victims of revolutionary government have lifted up their complaining voice; all the emotions of sympathy, and all the feelings of indignation have been called forth; and the partisans of the ancient regime have left no art unpractised, no seduction untried, to take advantage of these dispositions iu favour of their owu system.
"Those who have been too rapidly enriched by tiie revolution have endeavoured to hide the obscurity of their origin, by mimicking, the tones of those who have titles and honours to regret, till aristocracy has descended so low, that it will soon perhaps be exploded, like any other tashion, whea taken up by the vulgar. Many of' the lair wives of titled emigrants, or blooming widows of murdered nobles, who have made such second marriages, that we might well apostrophize them iu the language of Hamlet:
'Such an act
* That blurs the grace and blush of m»
* Calls virtue hypocrite,
* Makes uiarriage-vuws v
* As false as dicers' oaths.'
"These very ladies, who have taught their new-made liege-lords to ape their counter-revolutionary
follies, follies, will at length be ashamed of their aristocracy, when they find how successfully they are rivalled in those sentiments by their milliners and mantua-makers. A writer of a late political pamphlet has given an admirable reason why our Parisian belles will soon lay aside the tone of eternal lamentations for the overthrow of despotism. 'Seven 'years,' says he, 'have already 'elapsed sinoe the epocha of the 'revolution: seven years is a pe'riod of some length in the history 'of a youthful beauty; and a lady • will soon not be able to regret the 'monarchy, under the penalty of 'passing for old,' I believe every person who has studied the female heart, will agree with this writer, that the republic has a tolerable chance upon this principle of obtaining ere long many fair proselytes. "The fans, sparkling with spangled fteur de lys,' will then be broken , the rings, bearing the insignia of royalty, will be melted down; and the porte-fmilles, and bon-bonnUres, with their sliding-1 ids, displaying the forbidden images of regal greatness, will no longer be borne about in a sort of triumphal manner, not from a sentiment of sorrow, by those who, attendant on their persons, and basking in their smiles, are privileged to display more than that general regret for their unhappy destiny which humanity feels; but from a sensation of vanity by those, who perhaps never breathed the same atmosphere; never, even at awful distance, gazed upon the original of those pictures which they now affect to cherish as the tender memorials of peculiar favour. These relicks, we may venture to predict, will be offered up in one mighty sacrifice a^ the shrine of the republic, the moment it is well un"11 "'HE progress of language X marks the proenss of the human mind. They proceed together with equal step from the rudeness of barbarism toward that state beyond which improvement cannot go, in which Itinguage exhibits the highest polish of elegance and accuracy, and toe mrnd exerts all its faculties in their full force. So true is this, that there can scarcely be found any period in the history of any people when the state of their language, did not accurately correspond with the 6tate of their polity airl manners, and when a sagacious observer might not have ascertained, with tolerable exactness, the excellence and refinement of these from the qualities of their literary productions. Hence the investigations of the philologist become usetul as they turnish important aids to the researches ot the historian, and the speculations of the moralist. ***T
derstood that to be a.republican, is to be young.
"Public bulls, as well as concerts, were held last winter at the ThiAtre FranfaiSf which, after having been long shut up, was repaired, embellished, and baptized by the Greek name of the Odeon; and that no jealousy might exist between the 'balls and concerts, on account of this classical nomenclature, the balls immediately received the appellation ot thiases.
"But the most singular species of amusement which the last winter produced, were subscription-balls, entitled des bah d la victime. Such, and so powerful was the rage for pleasure, that a certain number of its votaries, who, during the tyranny of Robespiere, bad lost their nearest relations on the scaffold, instituted, nut days of such solemn, sad commemoration, as Is dear to the superstition of tenderness, when, in melancholy procession, clad in sable, and wreathed with cypress, they might have knelt, a mourning multitude, around the spot where the mutilated bodies of their murdered parents had been thrown by the excutioner; and bathed the sod with, those bitter tears which filial affection, or agonized love, shed over the broken ties of nature, or of passion — no ! ■— the commemorative rites which these mourners offered to the manes of their massacred relations, were festive balls! To these strange, un-hallowed orgies, no one could be admitted who had not lost a father, a mother, a husband, a wife, a brother, or a sister, on the guillotine; but any person with a certificate of their execution in—rvis pocketbook, not only obtained admission, but might dance as long, and as merrily as heart could wish. Had Holbein been present at such* JF 3 a spec*
a spectacle, no doubt he would have enriched his death-dance with new images, and led forward each gay nymph by an attendant headless spectre. The indignant cry of public opinion, however, was at length heard above the music of the walse and the cotillon; and the bal d la ■cictime exists no longer to bear- us powerful testimony to a depravation, not merely of manners, but of the heart.
"If, in the winter, conformably to our Greciau ideas at Paris, con-, cert-rooms became Odcons, and the NioLcb and the Titdrs danced in a t/tiase, summer can r\oast of more than equal honours; since then we never tread but on atlick ground, and never sutler ourselves to be pleased but when pleasure presents herself with a classical appellation. Witness, ye gardens of Tivoli, ye bowers of Idalia, ye winding walks of Elysium, ye grottos of Venus, ye vales of Tempe, ye groves of Thessaly! witness with what fond alacrity the lovers of antiquity-fly ill multitudes to your enchanting! ecesses, where the arching trees are hung with innumerable lamps ©t varying colours, where the ear is exhilarated with the sounds of music, and tbe eye is charged with the movements of tbe dance; and where every evening the hour of ten serves as a general signal, at which the whole, city of Paris seems one vast theatre for the display ofc fire-works. A stranger who should enter this cily at night by the bridge of Neuilly, might suppose that he had reached this scene of great events at some important epotha, which bad occasioned a general rejoicing. On his right he would discern the lights of Bagatelle, beaming through the Boh de Boulogne, and would pass close to the brilliant entrance of Italia; on his left he would be dazeled by the
illuminations of tbe Elysium; while, as he advanced, he would discern, above every quarter of the town, the tall sky-rockets darting their vivid flash, and would hear in all directions the light explosions of enchanted palaces, with bright arcaiies and fairy columns;
'The crackling flames appear on high, 'And driving sparkles dance along the 'sky.'
"Bagatelle alone, the once gay retreat of the comte d'Artois, is suffered, by our Grecian amateurs, to retain its old appellation in favour of the regal images which it brings to memory. What food for the ramblings of the mind along the paths of history, when it contrasts the light French modern graces of Bagatelle, with the massy, Gothic gloom of Holyroodhouse! It may be observed, that the persons who are for ever lamenting the subversion of tbe ancient regime, are not prevented by their regrets from giving all the encouragement in their power to those who convert one palace after another into scenes of public amusement; and that they eagerly purchase for half a crown, the privilege of treading gaily every evening with the plebeian multitude, those magnificent gardens and sumptuous hotels, of which the possessors have, lor the most part, as in former proscriptions, paid for their beautiful retreats at Alba, with their lives. But while these lovers of despotism forget their regrets in their pleasures, the philosophic mind wanders otlen in musing mood along these festive haunts, where ibe most singular combinations crowd upon reflection; and, amidst tbe glowing enthusiasm of liberty, im urns those partial evils that have clouded its brightness*
CLASSICAL And POLITE CRITICISM.
On the Variations of English Prose, from the Revolution to the present Time, by Thomas Wallace, A.B. and M.R.I.A.
[From the Sixth Volume of the Transactions of the Royal Irish
"To this general rule there is, however, one exception. Long before the manners of the Gieeks had reached that refinement, or their polity had been matured to that
perfection which constitute a nation higuly civilized, ibeir language had become copious, energetic ami correct. In the compositions of riomer w find, pei pap*, as much strength, harmony, and expression, as in those of any subsequent Greek writer; and yet unquestionably, in Homer's day, Greece had made no very considerable approaches towards excellence in the arts, skill in government, or refinement in manners.
"But if in Greece we find an exception to the rule which marks on the scale of language the improvement of the national mind, in modern Europe we meet abundant illustration of its trilh. Here, it will be found, that until settled government, founded on permanent system, succeeded the fluctuations of despotism or anarchy, and, instead of the ferocious and whimsical manners of the middle ages, introduced the milder and more rational habits of modern times, until, in a word, the light of philosophy shone in our horizon, uud scattered the thick darkness which hung around the human intellect,