The Speaker, or, Miscellaneous pieces: selected from the best English writers, and disposed under proper heads, for the improvement of youth in reading and speaking : to which is prefixed, an essay on elocution
John Bioren & Thomas DeSilver, 1808 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 400 pages
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... or disappointed his ambition ; he therefore introduced long Parliaments,
because he very well knew, they would become the proper instruments of both ;
and what a slavish obedience they paid to all his measures is sufficiently known.
This was that remarkable Parliament which so justly obtained the appro- bious
name of the Pension Parliament ; and was ... experienced the misfortune of long
and servile Parliaments, it was then declared, that they should be held frequently.
Long Parliaments become therefore independent of the people, and when they
do so, there always happens a most dangerous dependence elsewhere. Long
Parliaments give the minister an opportunity of getting acquaintance with
But a great many, who have not that eager disposition to vice, will wait till a third;
For this reason, short Parliaments have been less corrupt than long ones ; they
are observed, like streams of water, always to grow more impure the greater ...
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This reader was initially published as a British reader, and then imported to America. According to Henry W. Simon, it was first published in America in Philadelphia in 1799. He was unaware of this second American printing. There is also another printing -- from New York in 1812 -- of which he too was unaware. Thus far, these are the only three American printings of which I am aware. In a visit to the Harvard archives, I noticed in their records that the Institute of 1770, an early literary society there, often read aloud from Enfield in their meetings in the 1770s and 1780s (though this would have been a British version of the text, not the American one depicted here).