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This volume was prepared and edited by authority of the State of New Jersey, at the request of the New Jersey Historical Society, and under the direction of the Committee on Colonial Documents,

AUSTIN SCOTT,

ERNEST C. RICHARDSON,

JOSEPH F. FOLSOM,
A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN,
JAMES J. BERGEN,

HIRAM E. DEATS.
Committee on Colonial Documents of the

New Jersey Historical Society.

RELATING TO THE

COLONIAL HISTORY

OF THE

STATE OF NEW JERSEY

EDITED BY

THE LATE

WILLIAM NELSON

SUCCEEDED BY

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN

First Series

VOLUME XXIX.

Tenth VOLUME OF EXTRACTS FROM AMERICAN

NEWSPAPERS RELATING TO NEW JERSEY

1773. 1774

PATERSON, N. J.:

THE CALI. PRINTING AND PUBLISHING Co,

1917.

216131 PREFACE.

This volume is the Tenth, in order of newspaper dates, of the “First Series” of newspaper extracts, and comprises copies of practically all newspaper items and advertisements in the New York and Philadelphia newspapers during the period from July, 1773, to and including the year 1774.

At the time of the death of Mr. William Nelson, which occurred August 10, 1914, the extracts to page 374 had been edited by him and were in type; he had read the proofs of the same, excepting a few pages, and the matter had also been mostly printed. The delay in progressing with the work until the present time has been due to the lack of a sufficient appropriation by the Legislature to complete other volumes still more advanced in the printing, but which have now appeared.

Following the example set in Volume IV of the Second Series, issued earlier in this present year, and in order that extracts to the end of the year 1774 might be comprised in this volume, smaller type has been used for the matter succeeding page 374.

The alterations in the style of printing, which, it is hoped, will be commended, are: First, modernizing the original overcapitalization; second, abrogating such display lines as were used when the matter was an advertisement; third, changing the numerous and unnecessary italic letters of words and entire articles. Such changes make easier reading. The language, however, is faithful to the original, including spelling and punctuation. The retention of both spelling and punctuation seemed desirable, as giving a quaintness to the original. True, some of the spellings may have been only blunders of type, but we cannot always be sure of it. For example, the word "gaol,” as jail was formerly spelled, is often spelled "goal,” but the very frequent repetition of this mode of spelling seems to indicate that both modes were in use.

That which is sure to hold the attention of many readers of this volume is the definite and determined stand taken by leading patriots of New Jersey on the "tyrannous acts” of the British Parliament. Events were swiftly leading toward the near time when the Colonies were to declare themselves free and independent of Great Britain. Vigorous communications early began to appear in the newspapers both against and for the measures adopted by the mother country, and soon in the various counties of the State meetings of the freeholders passed sturdy resolutions on the subject. The first resolutions chronicled appear to have been passed by the freeholders of Lower Freehold township, Monmouth County, June 6, 1774 (see page 413), and others to follow were held in the counties of Essex, Bergen, Morris, Somerset, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Salem, Sussex and Gloucester.

One more volume, to be numbered Volume XXX, should contain the newspaper extracts for 1775, and this will probably complete the entire series of extracts contemplated for publication by the New Jersey Historical Society. There would then have been published transcripts from newspapers relating to New Jersey during the period from 1704, when the first American newspaper was published (in Boston) until July, 1782, almost at the close of the American Revolution.

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN. September, 1917.

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