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A NEW AND GENERAL
ARNULPH or EARNULPH, or ERNULPH, bishop of Rochester in the reign of king Henry I. was a Frenchman by birth, and for some time a monk of St. Lucian de Beauvais. Observing some irregularities among his brethren, which he could neither remedy' nor endure, he resolved to quit the monastery ; but first he took the advice of Lanfranc archbishop of Canterbury, under whom he had studied in the abbey of Bec. That prelate, who was well acquainted with his merit, invited him over into England, and placed him in the monastery of Canterbury, where he lived till Lanfranc's death. Afterwards, when Anselm came into that see, Arnulph was made prior of the monastery of Canterbury, and afterwards abbot of Peterborough, and to both places he was a considerable benefactor, having rebuilt part of the church of Canterbury, which had fallen down, and also that of Peterborough, but this latter was destroyed by an accidental fire, and our prelate removed to Rochester before he could repair the loss. In 1115, he was consecrated bishop of that see, in the room of Radulphus or Ralph, removed to the see of Canterbury. He sat nine years and a few days, and died in March 1124, aged eighty-four. He is best known by his work concerning the foundation, endowment, charters, laws, and other things relating to the church of Rochester. It generally passes by the name of Textus Roffensis, and is preserved in the archives of the cathedral church of Rochester. Mr. Wharton, in his Anglia Sacra, has published an extract of this history, under the title of “ Ernulphi Episcopi Roffensis Collectanea de rebus Ecclesiæ Roffensis, à prima sedis fundatione ad sua tempora. Ex Textu Roffensi,
quem composuit Ernulphus." This extract consists of the names of the bishops of Rochester, from Justus, who was translated to Canterbury in the year 624, to Ernulfus inclusive; benefactions to the church of Rochester; of the agreement made between archbishop Lanfranc, and Odo bishop of Bayeux; how Lanfranc restored to the monks the lands of the church of St. Andrew, and others, which had been alienated from them; how king William the son of king William did, at the request of archbishop Lanfranc, grant urto the church of St. Andrew the apostle, at Rochester, the manor called Hedenham, for the maintenance of the monks; and why bishop Gundulfus built for the king the stone castle of Rochester at his own expence ; a grant of the great king William ; Of the dispute between Gundulfus and Pichot; benefactions to the church of Rochester. Oudin is of opinion, our Arnulph had no hand in this collection; but the whole was printed, in 1769, by the late Mr. Thorpe, in his “ Registrum Roffense.”
There are extant likewise, “ Tomellus, sive epistola Ernulfi ex Monacho Benedictino Episcopi Roffensis de Incestis Conjugiis,” and “ Epistola solutiones quasdam continens ad varias Lamberti abbatis Bertiniani quæstiones, præcipue de Corpore et Sanguine Domiui.” Bale, who confounds our Arnulph with Arnoul bishop of Lisieux, and with Arnoul abbot of Bonneral, and Arnulphus the presbyter, informs us, that Arnulphus went to Rome, where, inveighing strongly against the viees of the bishops, particularly their lewdness, grandeur, and worldly-mindedness, he fell a sacrifice to the rage and resentment of the Roman clergy, who caused him to be privately assassinated. But this was Arnulphus the presbyter, who, as Platina tells us, was destroyed by the treachery of the Roman clergy, in the time of pope Honorius II. for remonstrating with great severity against the corruptions of the court of Rome. Nor could this possibly be true of our Arnulph, in the time of that pope : for this bishop of Rochester died before Honorius II. was raised to the pontificate.
As to the works ascribed by Bale to Arnulphus, such as “De Operibus sex dierum," &c. they were written either by Arnoul bislaop of Lisieux, or by Arnoul abbot of Bonneval."
ARNWAY (Join), descended of a good family in the county of Salop, from which he inherited a considerable
| Biog, Britannica.