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magnanimity. A man being asked to on remote objects, but neglect their famlet bygones be bygones, and at least to ily, are said to hang a lantern on a pole, receive another with whom he had a which is seen afar, but gives no light quarrel, replied:-"Of course I will. below.” * The knife is sharpened, but not to slay the man who comes alone and of his own accord.'" Archbishop Trench has pointed out

From The Leisure Hour. that many proverbs are common to all

TEN POINTS OF A GOOD WIFE. languages, dressed and coloured according to the varying climes and customs.

Robert Burns, the Scottish poet, One common proverb, for example, which speaking of the qualities of a good wife, speaks of falling between two stools, in divided them into ten parts. Four parts China where boat-travelling is the one he gave to “good temper ;” two to mode of locomotion for so many millions good sense ; one “wit ; ” one to of her people, takes this form :

“beauty” (such as a sweet face, elo

quent eyes, a fine person, a graceful carOne foot in this boat, one foot in that, riage); and the remaining two parts he

They both push off and you fall flat. divided amongst other qualities belong“ To-morrow never comes ” is in Chi-ing to or attending on a wife, such as nese “Every day has its to-morrow."

fortune, connection, education or accomThe country saying that snow-drifts said, “ Divide those two parts as you

plishments, family, and so on ; but, he under hedges are waiting for more snow to join them is not unknown to the peas, proportions must be expressed by frac

please, remember that all these minor antry of the Flowery Land, for they say, tions, for there is not any one of them Hsieh têng hsieh, i.e. Snow waits for that is entitled to the dignity of an intesnow. Our well-known meteorological dog. Sage from Burns, in the chapter on mar

ger." Mr. Smiles, in quoting this pisgrel:

riage in his pleasant and chatty book on If it rains before seven,

“ Character,” says : “No wise person 'Twill be fine before eleven,

will marry for beauty mainly. It will exreappears in Chinese thus:

ercise a powerful attraction in the first

place, but it is found to be of comparaIf it rains when you open your door, tively little consequence afterwards. Not 'Twill shine when your breakfast is o'er.

that beauty of person is to be underestiThe Chinese carry their liking for mated, for, other things being equal, proverbs, and sayings akin to proverbs, handsomeness of form and beauty of to such an extent that the most common features are the outward manifestations ornaments for the walls of their houses of health. But to marry a handsome figand temples are long strips of paper, hung ure without character, fine features unperpendicularly in pairs and inscribed in beautified by sentiment or good nature, bold characters with sentences which are is the most deplorable of mistakes." alike in meaning and construction. They This is the only comment made by Mr. have a book called Ming-hsin pao chien Smiles on the matrimonial scale of Burns, (i.e. The reminding precious mirror), the proportions of which he may therewhich is filled with quotations of this fore be taken to approve. The matter is nature from the works of various writers. worth closer criticism, and it will be an In conclusion, we quote from Davis' Chi-, amusing and not unpractical or unprofitnese a paragraph illustrative of a Chineseable employment of some leisure minpeculiarity, which is in some measure utes, to try, in some reader's judgment, connected with our subject :-“Some of whether any variation or improvement the ordinary expressions of the Chinese may not be made in the distribution of are pointed and sarcastic enough. As the ten points in a good wife. It will be blustering harmless fellow they call 'a observed at the outset that the moral and paper tiger.' When a man values him- religious element is wholly ignored in the self over much, they compare him to a estimate of the poet. Physical, intellecturat falling into a scale and weighing itself.' al, and social qualities are alone taken Overdoing a thing they call a hunch- into account; for good temper can scarceback making a bow. A spendthrift they ly be included among moral excellencies. compare to a rocket,' which goes off at But the problem need not be complionce. Those who expend their charity' cated by bringing into its consideration

points of moral or religious worth. Des- ten might be allotted for their fractional ignate these under the title of “good expression. Of course there are excepprinciple,” and this would demand a far tional cases and circumstances, where larger proportion of the ten points than some of these minor qualities assume the four which Burns gives to good tem- greater importance. For instance, the per. For without virtue or good princi- beir of an estate, or the representative of ple, we know that good temper, and good a high family, might consider rank, and looks, and other gifts of person, are too wealth, and education, of more conseoften dangerous and ruinous to their quence than to be represented by a de cipossessor. Rather let us assume good mal fraction. The wise Lord Burleigh, principle and virtuous conduct, founded in giving advice to his son on the choice upon true religion, to be taken for granted of a wife, said : “Let her not be poor, in the problem, as it will be certainly how generous (well-born) soever, for a deemed essential in the choice of a wise man can buy nothing in the market with by every man who makes Christian pro- gentility.” The greatness of his house fession. To marry "in the Lord” is a was in his mind more than the happiness divine precept as well as a prudent reso- of his son, in giving this advice. But lution for all who seek “ to live for both taking the average of men who have to worlds.” Two other conditions are to consider only their own personal taste, be presupposed -a certain amount of comfort, and advantage, good temper, equality of station, as well as no undue good sense, and good health are the disparity of age. There are exceptional three primary and essential points. cases in both respects, but in discussing general principles we have regard to the common rule, not the rare exception. As a rule, marriages of unequal caste turn out unhappily for all concerned. In

From The Sunday Magazine. the rough bush life of a new colony this

BIBLE SYNONYMS: may be of less moment, bnt in the ordi- PERFECT, UPRIGHT, COMPLETE, PERFECTED. nary circumstances of civilized life, some equality of station and of education is In the Epistle of St. James, we find expected. In examining the qualities to the exhortation -“ Let patience have be sought in a wife, let us therefore re- her perfect work, that ye may be perfect gard moral worth, and also suitableness and entire, wanting nothing.". That episof station, not as among the requisites, tle deals with the subject of endurance but as prerequisites; and then let us and obedience, and perfection in these see how far we assent to the distribution respects is, as a rule, gained by degrees of the ten points of Burns. The impor- through the grace of the Holy Ghost, tance of good temper is great, but four and the influence of Divine truth upon out of ten seems rather a large propor- the mind. It is, therefore, a proper subtion to allot to it. In describing the ject of exhortation and prayer — " That good qualities of a friend, or a brother or ye may stand perfect and filled in all the sister, or a master or servant, good tem- will of God.' Perfection is just the atper would be a large ingredient, but in a tainment of our telos, i.e., the end and wife, other points deserve equal if not consummation of our holy calling. Engreater note. Taking the larger view of tireness is wholeness or completeness of beauty, as including all personal quali- character, not leaving any part unsanctities of a physical or material kind, form fied, or surrendering any faculty to unand figure as well as feature, and es- righteousness, or lacking any good thing. pecially a healthy constitution, it cer- This does not imply that all are to be tainly should be at least on a level with filled to the same measure, or moulded good temper. A poor invalid or cripple to the same shape; but it means that may have the sweetest of tempers. On every one is to labour and pray that his the other hand, a pretty face may belong Christian life may be not only genuine to a silly fool ; which brings the point of but complete and consistent accordgood sense also to the front. The ma- ing to his capacity, that he be sanctified jority of sensible men will thoroughly wholly by the God of peace. 2. The upagree with the poet as to the comparative right is " yashar," the man of straightunimportance of what he calls the “minor forwardness, rectitude, and equity. The proportions,” of fortune, family, accom-term indicates a tone of character which plislıments, and other accessories; and, a healthy moral sense always and every. in fact, one instead of two out of the where approves. Even Balaam, though himself consciously, and from a selfish into them, and to them, as they dwell motive, swerving from rectitude, knew by faith in Christ. It is no more the enough of its value to cry - "Let me case of a man walking before the Lord, die the death of the yashar, and let my and, being perfect, as Noah, Abraham, or last end be like his.” Moralists, who re- Job was perfect. It is the case of a man pudiate Divine revelation, must not sup- dwelling in the Lord, hidden in Him for pose that they have any priority or supe, safety, quickened in Him for life, justified riority inculcating the virtue and in Him for acceptance, nay, filled up or strength of a sincere and upright char- completed in Him. All grace abounds acter. Holy Scripture is not entirely oc- towards the believer, and he has all-percupied with the history of Divine inter- fect resources in his Lord and Saviour. positions, or even with the salvation of He is filled, not as the vessel now and sinners. In its earlier as well as in its then dipped in the lake and carried away, later books, it inculcates, delineates, and but as the stream that receives the encourages integrity and justice ; while waters of that lake in a constant living it connects these, as our Bible-refusing flow. He is filled, not as the basket into moralists cannot do, with the righteous- which summer fruit is gathered from a ness of God above, from whom all good-tree, but as the branch is supplied with ness and truth emanate, and to whom sap, and so covered with clusters of they return in the consecration of his grapes from the living vine in which it people to the Lord who loves righteous- abides. Jesus Christ being full of grace ness. 3. The expression “complete in and truth, is for us all-sufficient, and we Christ,” belongs to the New Testament are completed in Him, as we are adIn Him dwells more than a fulness of mitted into the fellowship of his Spirit, qualities and powers, such as constitutes the enjoyment of his grace, and the the consummate ideal man. It is “the riches of his inheritance, “who is the fulness of Godhood bodily.” This ful- Head of all principality and power." ness is made accessible and available 4. The term “perfected” applies either to all who are his. Out of it they all re- to worship or to character. In the ceive. They are not taken up into the former sense it is true of Christians in divinity, but divinity streams upon them, their lifetime, in the latter it is not.

Mr. PARNASSUS. - Dr. Schliemann, says the table-land they had visited on the previous Pall Mall Gazette, describes in the Allge- day, the ravine of Pleistos, in which Delphi meine Zeitung an ascent made by him last lies hidden, the beautiful plain of Krysso, the month of Mt. Parnassus. He did not see any bays of Cirrha and Anticirrha, and the mag. snow until he had gained an altitude of 6500 nificent mountain range of the Helicon, the feet; and even then only in clefts of the moun- / bay of Corinth, Acrocorinthos, the mountains tain. At nine in the evening, after repeatedly of Achaia, descending precipitously to the sea, losing his way, he arrived at one of the highest the high mountains of Arcadia, and in the of the shepherds' huts; but the place was so background the gigantic Taygetos; to the filthy that he preferred to sleep with his com- west the mountains of Locria, Ætolia and panions in the open air. This he did with Acarnania, and behind them the Adriatic. comparative comfort, though when he left Dr. Schliemann adds that on the summit of Delphi that morning the temperature was at the mountain he found only one kind of plant, 32° Reaumur, while at his sleeping place the with small thick leaves, but that at the foot of thermometer showed 4° only. At 2 A.M. they the Lykeri there were six different species, proceeded on mules for an hour and a half, giving abundant food to the sheep. Some of after which they had to climb with hands and the shepherds have 2005 sheep, which is feet up the Lykeri, which is the highest peak equivalent to a property of 30,000 drachmas, of the mountain. They reached the summit or 7505 thalers (£1103). Everywhere on the with much labor at five o'clock, just as the mountain tops there are high stones of various sun was rising. To the east they saw the shapes, which serve as landmarks to the shepgreen fields and meadows of Beotia, Lake | herds in foggy weather. The women carry Copais, Attica, the island of Eubea and the about with them a very primitive spinning apÆgean Sea ; to the north the mountain chains paratus, with which they are continually spin. of Othrys and (Eta, Pindus, Olympus, Ossa, ning wool, whether they sit, stand or walk. Pelion and Athos; to the south the high |

Fifth Series, Volume VIII.

}

No. 1584. --October 17, 1874.

From Beginning,

Vol. CXXIII.

131

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CONTENTS.
1. Who WROTE “SHAKSPERE”?. Fraser's Magazine,
II. THE STORY OF VALENTINE; AND HIS
BROTHER. Part XIII.,

Blackwood's Magazine,
III. INTERNATIONAL VANITIES.

vi. – Diplo
matic Privileges, .

Blackwood's Magazine,
IV. A DREAM Story. By the author of " Patty, Temple Bar,
V. THE EDUCATION OF WOMEN,

Nature,
VI. ITALIAN POLITICS, .

Pall Mall Gazette, VII. A MODERN DEAD LANGUAGE,

Tinsley's Magazine,

POETRY.
To A PoET,
TO A KENT WINDMILL:- A Concert, 130

130 | A Protest,

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159 173 185 187 189

130

MISCELLANY,

• 192

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. TO A POET.

Swinging thy broad arms in the noon-day air, THou who singest through the earth, –

O'er these green slopes — hop-yards and orAll the earth's wild creatures fly thee;

chards fair — Everywhere thou marrest mirth;

And soul to feel the beauty of the scene, Dumbly they defy thee,

England's green garden, sunlit and serene, There is something they deny thee.

And golden with the harvest o'er it spread,

Under the fleecy cloud-land overhead, Pines thy fallen nature ever

Silvery with noon-day light, moving or still, For the unfallen Nature sweet ;

In the great air above this glorious hill; But she shuns thy long endeavour,

Mute sentinel o'er Kent's far-spreading plain, Though her flowers and wheat

By light or shadow crossed or drifting rain; Throng and press thy pausing feet. Oh, hadst thou eyes to see, thou windmill

strong, Though thou tame a bird to love thee, And ears to hear the wild winds and the song

Press thy face to grass and flowers, Of thrush and lark, and cawing rooks on All these things reserve above thee

high, Secrets in the bowers,

Those circling arms, I know, would faster fly, Secrets in the sun and showers.

And swiftly make a star upon the hill

By their great spinning circle's speed, until Sing thy sorrow, sing thy gladness.

They broke away from thy huge corporal form, In thy songs must wind and tree

Carried aloft in rapture — 'neath a storm Bear the fictions of thy sadness,

Of whirling wind - far from this summit Thy humanity, —

green, For their truth is not for thee.

Scene of thy toil, into the heav'ns serene; Wait, and many a secret nest,

Not without trembling of the earth in fright Many a hoarded winter-store,

At her strange loss and thy entranc'd delight, Will be hidden on thy breast;

As, soaring up into the finer air, Things thou longest for

Thy bright'ning form would shine a planet

there. Will not fear or shun thee more.

Spectator.

J. H. H. Thou shalt intimately lie,

In the roots of flowers that thrust
Upwards from thee to the sky,
With no more distrust,
When they blossom from thy dust.

A PROTEST.
Silent labours of the rain

Why press we so against the door that Fate Shall be near thee, reconciled;

Has barred upon our hearts' desire ? Little lives of leaves and grain,

Why hold our lives bereft and desolate

Because God writes their almanac in fire ? All things shy and wild, Tell thee secrets, quiet child.

Why should we sadden with dark clouded

skies, Earth, set free from thy fair fancies,

When others make a ladder of their love, And the Art thou shalt resign,

And while we deem ourselves too weak to rise, Will bring forth her rue and pansies

They've climbed above? Unto more divine Thoughts than any thoughts of thine. Why sit and dream in Spring's sweet labour

time Naught will fear thee, humbled creature. Unreal dreams, whose sadness makes them There will lie thy mortal burden,

sweet, Pressed unto the heart of Nature,

And, since we mar and break our life's full Songless in a garden,

prime, With a long embrace of pardon.

Deem that we rest contented at God's feet?

Why cry to heaven for lost and broken hours, Then the truth all creatures tell,

For faith and hope that faded long ago, And God's will Whom thou entreatest

When still within our hearts new fruitful Shall absorb thee; there shall dwell

powers Silence, the completest

Are budding now?
Of thy poems, last, and sweetest.
Spectator.
A. C. G. THOMPSON.

O eyes, turned inward on our darkened hearts,

Open to see God's beauty on the earth, Self-pitying tears that flow upon his smarts

Fructify all our barrenness and dearth;

O folded hands, close claspt in dull despair, TO A KENT WINDMILL:- A CONCEIT.

Grow busy with God's work of love and O WINDMILL on the hill-top! hadst thou eyes peace ; To see the sunny land that 'neath thee lies, O heart, forget to grieve, and rise to where And ears to hear the wind among the trees,

Misgivings cease. And heart of joy to feel the stirring breeze Sunday Magazine. CAROLINE NORTH.

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