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understand at all, Mabyn, what you talk / ural shyness and modesty which she con. of as love. I suppose you mean the sort sidered was probably common to all girls of wild madness you read of in books in these strange circumstances. well, I don't want that kind of love at all. Mr. Roscorla wished to convoy the two There is quite a different sort of love, young ladies back to the inn, and evi. that comes of respect and affection and dently meant to spend the evening there. an agreement of wishes, and that is far But Miss Wenna ill requited his gallantry more valuable and likely to be lasting by informing him that she had intended I don't want a lover who would do wild to make one or two calls in the evening, things, and make one wonder at his hero- which would occupy some time : in parism, for that is the lover you get in ticular, she had undertaken to do somebooks; but if you want to live a happy thing for Mrs. Luke's eldest girl; and she life, and please those around you, and be had also promised to go in and read for of service to them, you must have a very half an hour to Nicholas Keam, the different sort of sweetheart - a man who brother of the wife of the owner of the will think of something else than a merely Napoleon Hotel, who was very ill indeed, selfish passion, who will help you to be and far too languid to read for himself. kind to other people, and whose affection “But you know, Mr. Roscorla," said will last through years and years." Mabyn, with a bitter malice, " if you would

“ You have learnt your lesson very go into the Napoleon and read to Mr. well,” said Miss Mabyn, with a toss of Keam, Wenna and I could go up to her head. “He has spent some time in Mother Luke's, and so we should save all teaching you. But as for all that, Wen- that time, and I am sure Wenna is very na, it's nothing but fudge. What a girl tired to-day. Then you would be so wants is to be really loved by a man, and much better able to pick out the things then she can do without all those fine in the papers that Mr. Keam wants; for sentiments. As for Mr. Roscorla " Wenna never knows what is old and new,

“I do not think we are likely to agree and Mr. Keam is anxious to know what on this matter, dear,” said Wenna, calm- is going on in politics, and the Irish ly, as she rose; " and so we had better Church, and that kind of thing." say nothing about it.”

Could he refuse? Surely a man who Oh, I am not going to quarrel with has just got a girl to say she will marry you, Wenna," said the younger sister, him, ought not to think twice about sacpromptly. “You and I will always agree rificing half an hour to helping her in her very well. It is Mr. Roscorla and I who occupations, especially if she be tired. are not likely to agree very well — not Wenna could not have made the request at all likely, I can assure you."

herself ; but she was anxious that he They were walking back to Eglosilyan, should say yes, now it had been made, under the clear evening skies, when whom for it was in a manner a test of his devoshould they see coming out to meet them tion to her; and she was overjoyed and but Mr. Roscorla himself. It was a most grateful to him when he consented. pleasant time and place for lovers to What Mabyn thought of the matter was come together. The warm light left by not visible on her face. the sunset still shone across the hills; the clear blue-green water in the tiny har

CHAPTER VIII. bour lay perfectly still ; Eglosilyan had

WENNA'S FIRST TRIUMPH. got its day's work over, and was either chatting in the cottage gardens or stroll- The two girls, as they went up the ing down to have a look at the couple of main street of Eglosilyan (it was sweet coasters moored behind the small but with the scent of flowers on this beautipowerful breakwater. But Mr. Roscorla ful evening), left Mr. Roscorla in front of had had no hope of discovering Wenna the. obscure little public-house he had alone; he was quite as well content to undertaken to visit; and it is probable find Mabyn with her, though that young that in the whole of England at that molady, as he came up, looked particularly ment there was not a more miserable fierce, and did not smile at all when she man. He knew this Nicholas Keam, and shook hands with him. Was it the red his sister, and his brother-in-law, so far glow in the west that gave an extra tinge as their names went, and they knew him of colour to Mr. Roscorla's face ?" Wen- by sight; but he had never said more na felt that she was better satisfied with than good-morning to any one of them, her engagement when her lover was not and he had certainly never entered this present; but she put that down to a nat-pot-house, where a sort of debating society was nightly held by the habitués. ! — and with that she opened the door of But, all the same, he would do what he sa room on the other side of the passage. had undertaken to do, for Wenna Rose. It was obviously the private parlour of warne's sake ; and it was with some sen- the household — an odd little chamber sation of a despairing heroism that he with plenty of coloured lithographs on went up the steps of slate and crossed the walls, and china and photographs the threshold.

on the mantel-piece; the floor of large He looked into the place from the pas- blocks of slate ornamented with various sage. He found before him what was devices in chalk; in the corner a cupreally a large kitchen, with a spacious board filled with old cut orystal, brass fireplace, and heavy rafters across the candlesticks, and other articles of luxury. roof; but all round the walls there was a The room had one occupant - a tall man sort of bench with a high wooden back to who sate in a big wooden chair by the it, and on this seat sate a number of men window, his head hanging forward be

- one or two labourers, the rest slate- tween his high shoulders, and his thin workers — who, in the dusk, were idly white hands on the arms of the chair. smoking and looking at the beer on the The sunken cheeks, the sallow-white narrow tables before them. Was this complexion, the listless air, and an octhe sort of place that his future wife had casional sigh of resignation told a sufbeen in the habit of visiting ? There was ficiently plain story ; although Mrs. a sort of gloomy picturesqueness about Haigh, in regarding her brother, and the chamber, to be sure ; for, warm as speaking to him in a loud voice, as if to the evening was, a fire burned ficker- arouse his attention, wore an air of brisk ingly in the grate ; there was enough cheerfulness strangely in contrast with light to show the tin and copper vessels the worn look of his face. shining over the high mantel-piece; and “Don't yü knaw Mr. Roscorla, Brother a couple of fair-haired children were Nicholas ?" said his sister. "Don't yü playing about the middle of the floor, look mazed, when he's come vor to zee if little heeding the row of dusky figures yü're better. And yü be much better toaround the tables, whose heads were half- day, Brother Nicholas?hidden by tobacco-smoke.

“Yes, I think," said the sick man, agreeA tall, thin, fresh-coloured woman ing with his sister out of mere listlesscame along the passage ; and Mr. Ros- ness. corla was glad that he had not to go in "Oh, yes, I think you look much betamong these labourers to make his busi- ter,” said Mr. Roscorla, hastily and nerness known. It was bad enough to have vously, for he feared that both these to speak to Mrs. Haigh, the landlady of people would see in his face what he the Napoleon.

thought of this unhappy man's chances “Good morning, Mrs. Haigh," said he, of living. But Nicholas Keam mostly with an appearance of cheerfulness. kept his eyes turned towards the floor,

"Good evenin', zor," said she, staring except when the brisk, loud voice of his at him with those cruelly shrewd and sister roused him and caused him to clear eyes that the Cornish peasantry look up. have.

A most awkward pause ensued. Mr. “ I called in to see Mr. Keam,” said he. Roscorla felt convinced they would think * Is be much better ?"

he was mad if he offered to sit down in A thousand wild suggestions flashed this parlour and read the newspapers to upon his mind. She might not recog- the invalid ; he forgot that they did not nize him. She would take him for a know him as well as he did himself. On Scripture reader, come to hasten the the other hand, would they not consider poor man's death ; or for the agent of him a silly person if he admitted that he some funeral company. He could not only made the offer in order to please a smile, as he was asking about a sick girl? Besides, he could see no newsman ; he could not sigh, for he had come papers in the room. Fortunately, at this to administer cheerfulness; and all the moment, Mr. Keam himself came to the while, as Mrs. Haigh seemed to be re- rescue by saying, in a slow and languid garding him, he grew more and more way vexed and vowed that never again would “I did expect vor to zee Miss Rosehe place himself in such a position. warne' this evenin'- yaäs, I did; and

"If yü'd like vor to see 'n, zor," said she, she were to read me the news; but I rather' slowly, as if waiting for further suppose now" explanat:on, "yü'll vind 'n in the rüm" *Oh!" said Mr. Roscorla, quickly,

“ I have just seen Miss Rosewarne – took his leave. When he went outside a she told me she expected to see you, but clear twilight was shining over Eglosilwas a little tired. Now, if you like, I will 'yan, and the first of the yellow stars were read the newspapers to you as long as palely visible in the grey. He walked the light lasts."

slowly down towards the inn. “Why don't yü thank the gentleman, If Mr. Roscorla had any conviction on Brother Nicholas ?" said Mrs. Haigh, any subject whatever, it was this — that who was apparently most anxious to get no human being ever thoroughly and away to her duties. “That be very kind without reserve revealed himself or her. of yü, zor. 'Tis a great comfort to 'n to self to any other human being. Of course, hear the news; and I'll send yü in the he did not bring that as a charge against papers to once. Yü come away with me, the human race, or against that member Rosana, and yü can come agwain and of it from whose individual experience he bring the gentleman the newspapers." had derived his theory – himself; he

She dragged off with her a small girl merely accepted this thing as one of the who had wandered in ; and Mr. Roscorla facts of life. People, he considered, was left alone with the sick man. The might be fairly honest, well-intentioned, feelings in his heart were not those which and moral ; but inside the circle of their Wenna would have expected to find actions and sentiments that were openly there as the result of the exercise of declared there was another circle only charity.

known to themselves; and to this region The small girl came back, and gave him the foul bird of suspicion, as soon as it :he newspapers. He began to read ; she was born, immediately fled on silent sate down before him and stared up into wings. Not that, after a minute's conhis face. Then a brother of hers came sideration, he suspected anything very in, and he, too, sate down, and proceeded terrible in the present case. He was to stare. Mr. Roscorla inwardly began 'more vexed than alarmed. And yet at to draw pictures of the astonishment of times, as he slowly walked down the steep certain of his old acquaintances if they street, he grew a little angry, and won. had suddenly opened that small door, and dered how this apparently ingenuous found him, in the parlour of an ale-house, creature should have concealed from him reading stale political articles to an ap- her correspondence with Harry Trelyon, parently uninterested invalid and a couple and resolved that he would have a speedy of cottage children.

explanation of the whole matter. He He was thankful that the light was was too shrewd a man of the world to be rapidly declining; and long before he had tricked by a girl, or trifled with by an reached his half-hour he made that his impertinent lad. excuse for going.

He was overtaken by the i vo girls, and “ The next time I come, Mr. Keam,” they walked together the rest of the way. said he, cheerfully, as he rose and took Wenna was in excellent spirits, and was his hat, “ I shall come earlier."

very kind and grateful to him. Some“I did expect vor to zee Miss Rose-how, when he heard her low and sweet warne this evenin',” said Nicholas Keam, laughter, and saw the frank kindness of ungratefully paying no heed to the hypo- her dark eyes, he abandoned the gloomy critical offer; “vor she were here yes- suspicions that had crossed his mind; terday marnin', and she told me that Mr. I but he still considered that he had been Trelyon had zeen my brother in London injured, and that the injury was all the streets, and I want vor to know mower greater in that he had just been perabout 'n, I dü.”

suaded into making a fool of himself for “She told you ? " Mr. Roscorla said, Wenna Rosewarne's sake. with a sudden and wild suspicion filling He said nothing to her then, of course ; his mind. “How did she know that Mr. and, as the evening passed cheerfully Trelyon was in London ?"

enough in Mrs. Rosewarne's parlour, he “ How did she knaw ?” repeated the resolved he would postpone enquiry into sick man, indolently. “Why, he zaid zo this matter. He had never seen Wenna so in the letter."

pleased herself, and so determinately So Mr. Trelyon, whose whereabouts bent on pleasing others. She petted her were not even known to his own family, mother, and said slyly sarcastic things of was in correspondence with Miss Rose- her father, until George Rosewarne roared warne, and she had carefully concealed with laughter ; she listened with respectthe fact from the man she was going to ful eyes and attentive ears when Mr.

Mr. Roscorla rather absently Roscorla pronounced an opinion on the

marry.

affairs of the day; and she dexterously Council of the British Association has cut rolls of paper and dressed up her sis- done me the honour of placing me, the ter Mabyn to represent a lady of the time carnivorous habits of some of our brotherof Elizabeth, to the admiration of every- organisms - Plants. body. Mr. Roscorla had inwardly to Various observers have described with confess that he had secured for himself more or less accuracy the habits of such a most charming and delightful wife, who vegetable sportsmen as the Sundew, the would make a wonderful difference in Venus's Fly-trap, and the Pitcher-plants, those dull evenings up at Bassett Cottage. but few have inquired into their motives;

He only half guessed the origin of Miss and the views of those who have most Wenna's great and obvious satisfaction. accurately appreciated these have not It was really this — that she had that met with that general acceptance which evening reaped the first welcome fruits they deserved. of her new relations in finding Mr. Ros- Quite recently the subject has acquired corla ready to go and perform acts of a new interest, from the researches of charity. But for her engagement, that Mr. Darwin into the phenomena which would certainly not have happened; and accompany the placing albuminous subthis, she believed, was but the auspicious stances on the leaves of Drosera and beginning. Of course Mr. Roscorla Pinguicula, and which, in the opinion of would have laughed if she had informed a very eminent physiologist, prove, in him of her belief that the regeneration of the case of Dionæa, that this plant' dithe whole little world of Eglosilyan-gests exactly the same substances and something like the Millennium, indeed in exactly the same way that the human was to come about merely because an stomach does. With these researches innkeeper's daughter was about to be Mr. Darwin is still actively engaged, and made a married woman. Wenna Rose- it has been with the view of rendering warne, however, did not formulate any him such aid as my position and opporsuch belief; but she was none the less tunities at Kew afforded me, that I have, proud of the great results that had al- under his instructions, examined some ready been secured by - by what? other carnivorous plants. By ber sacrifice of herself ? She did not In the course of my inquiries I have pursue the subject so far.

been led to look into the early history of Her delight was infectious. Mr. Ros- the whole subject, which I find to be so corla, as he walked home that night -- little known and so interesting that I under the throbbing starlight, with the have thought that a sketch of it, up to sound of the Atlantic murmuring through the date of Mr. Darwin's investigations, the darkness – was, on the whole, rather might prove acceptable to the members pleased that he had been vexed on hear of this Association. In drawing it up, I ing of that letter from Harry Trelyon. have been obliged to limit myself to the He would continue to be vexed. He most important plants; and with regard would endeavour to be jealous without to such of these as Mr. Darwin has measure; for how can jealousy exist studied, I leave it to him to announce if an anxious love is not also present ? the discoveries which, with his usual and, in fact, should not a man who is frankness, he has communicated to me really fond of a woman be quick to resent and to other friends ; whilst with regard the approach of any one who seems to to those which I have myself studied, interfere with his right of property in her Sarracenia and Nepenthes, I shall briefly affections ? By the time he reached detail such of my observations and exBassett Cottage, Mr. Roscorla had very periments as seem to be the most sugnearly persuaded himself into the belief

gestive. that he was really in love with Wenna Dionæa.- About 1768 Ellis, a wellRosewarne.

known English naturalist, sent to Linnæus a drawing of a plant, to which he gave the poetical name of Dionæa. “In the year 1765," he writes, “our late

worthy friend, Mr. Peter Collinson, sent

From Nature. THE CARNIVOROUS HABITS OF PLANTS.* plant, which he had received from Mr.

me a dried specimen of this curious I have chosen for the subject of my John Bartram, of Philadelphia, botanist address to you from the chair in which the

British Association, Belfast, August 21, by Dr. Hooker, • Address in the Department of Zoology and Botany, 1 C.B., D.C.L., Pres. R.S.

to the late King.” Ellis flowered the irritated, just as the sensitive plant does ; plant in his chambers, having obtained and he consequently regarded the capliving specimens from America. I will ture of the disturbing insect as someread the account which he gave of it to thing merely accidental and of no importLinnæus, and which moved the great ance to the plant. He was, however, too naturalist to declare that, though he had sagacious to accept Ellis's sensational seen and examined no small number of account of the coup de grace which the inplants, he had never met with so won- sects received froin the three stiff hairs derful a phenomenon :

in the centre of each lobe of the leaf. ** The plant,” Ellis says, “shows that Linnæus's authority overbore criticism, Nature may have some view towards its if any were offered ; and his statements nourishment, in forming the upper joint about the behaviour of the leaves were of its leaf like a machine to catch food ; faithfully copied from book to book. upon the middle of this lies the bait for Broussonet (in 1784) attempted to exthe unhappy insect that becomes its prey. plain the contraction of the leaves by supMany minute red glands that cover its posing that the captured insect pricked surface, and which perhaps discharge them, and so let out the fluid which previsweet liquor, tempt the animal to taste ously kept them turgid and expanded. them; and the instant these tender parts Dr. Darwin (1761) was contented to are irritated by its feet, the two lobes suppose that the Dionæa surrounded rise up, grasp it fast, lock the rows of itself with insect traps to prevent deprespines together, and squeeze it to death. dations upon its flowers. And further, lest the strong efforts for Sixty years after Linnæus wrote, howlife in the creature just taken should ever, an able botanist, the Rev. Dr. Curtis serve to disengage it, three small erect (dead but a few years since), resided at spines are fixed near the middle of each Wilmington, in North Carolina, the headlobe, among the glands, that effectually quarters of this very local plant. In 1834 put an end to all its struggles. Nor do he published an account of it in the the lobes ever open again, while the dead Boston Journal of Natural History, animal continues there. But it is never- which is a model of accurate scientific theless certain that the plant cannot dis- observation. This is what he said :tinguish an animal from a vegetable or “Each half of the leaf is a little concave mineral substance ; for if we introduce a on the inner side, where are placed three straw or pin between the lobes, it will delicate hair-like organs, in such an order grasp it fully as fast as if it was an in- that an insect can hardly traverse it with

out interfering with one of them, when This account, which in its way is the two sides suddenly collapse and enscarcely less horrible than the descrip- close the prey, with a force surpassing tions of those mediæval statues which an insect's efforts to escape. The fringe opened to embrace and stab their victims, of hairs on the opposite sides of a leaf is substantially correct, but erroneous in interlace, like the fingers of two hands some particulars. I prefer to trace out clasped together. The sensitiveness reour knowledge of the facts in historical sides only in these hairlike processes on order, because it is extremely important the inside, as the leaf may be touched or to realize in so doing how much our ap- pressed in any other part without sensipreciation of tolerably simple matters ble effects. The little prisoner is not may be influenced by the prepossessions crushed and suddenly destroyed, as is that occupy our mind.

sometimes supposed, for I have often libWe have a striking illustration of this erated captive flies and spiders, which in the statement published by Linnæus a sped away as fast as fear or joy could few years afterwards. All the facts which carry them. At other times, I have I have detailed to you were in his posses- found them enveloped in a suid of a sion ; yet he was evidently unable to bring mucilaginous consistence, which seems to himself to believe that Nature intended the act as a solvent, the insects being more plant - to use Ellis's words — to "receive or less consumed in it." some nourishment from the animals it To Ellis belongs the credit of divining seizes ;” and he accordingly declared, the purpose of the capture of insects by that as soon as the insects ceased to the Dionæa. But Curtis made out the struggle, the leaf opened and let them go. details of the mechanism, by ascertaining He only saw in these wonderful actions the seat of the sensitiveness in the an extreme case of sensitiveness in the leaves ; and he also pointed out that the leaves which caused them to fold up when'secretion was not a lure exuded before

sect.”

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