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FELLOW OF KING'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE
AUTHOR OF 'REVOLUTION AND REACTION IN MODERN FRANCE

LONDON
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

AND NEW YORK

1895

All rights reserred

PREFACE

THE OBJECT of the following pages is twofold. First, to recount, as briefly and clearly as may be, the process of the democratisation of Parliament; secondly, to put what appears to me to be one of the most important questions to which that process has given rise—the question of the competence of a democratic House of Commons to direct to a satisfactory issue the socialistic tendencies of the future.

It would have been easy for me to expand my materials into a larger book, to insert in the text much that I have relegated to notes, and to add much which I have omitted altogether. But I have preferred to aim, above all things, at clearness and brevity, in the hope that what I have written may be read, if not by the general public, at any rate by some who are not professional

) 6-8-32 HQW

students, and have not the time to spare for the perusal of bulky and prolix works. At the same time, I have endeavoured to make my statements as accurate as possible, and to give my authorities fully and correctly. That I have avoided errors altogether I cannot venture to anticipate; I can only hope that they may be few, and apologise for them beforehand.

King's COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

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