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well known that the Author, although somewhat confined in his
religious sentiments, was exemplary for piety and charity; and this
part of his writings may contribute to aflift and strengthen the fame
excellent difpofitions in others.
Art. 49. À Discourse upon Repentance. By. Thomas Scott,

Morning Preacher at the Lock Hospital.' Izino. is. Johryfon.




This is one of those useful tracts, which, without entering in to Learned 'disquisitions, apply acknowledged and important truths to the heart, in the way of plain and affectionate address. It is written in a style adapted to the understandings of the common people, and is a very proper book to be distributed


them. Art. 50. Strictures on Two Discourses, by S****I C****r, D.D.

occasioned by the Death of his Eldest Daughter. 12mo. Kearsly, &c. 1787.

Our brother Reviewer is too personal. Whatever may be the merit of his criticisms on Dr. Ç****s's Sermons, it is absorbed and loft, in the sarcasms and severity of his strictures on their Author. Surely there must have been some private pique in the case ! - But be that as it may, the manner of attack, from whatever motive, is certainly ila liberal, Art. 51. A Discourse on the Nature and Design of the Lord's Sup

per, with the Advantages which may be reasonably expected from a regular and serious Attendance on it. By Robert Gentleman. 12mo. 4d. Shrewsbury, printed, and sold by Buckland, &c. in London. 1786.

A plain and practical treatise on the subject proposed, intended principally for the poor and the young, but adapted also to the Service of all others.

H. Art. 52. Six Letters to a friend, on the Establishment of Sunday

Schools. By Philip Parsons, A. M. Minister of Wye, in Kent:
Author of Dialogues betwixt the Dead and the Living. 12mo.
Is. 6d. Becket. 1786.

The nature, and design of Sunday schools is now pretty generally understond. This gentleman is a warm advocate in their favour; a rational advocate, who considers them as justified and recommend ed on every principle of piety, humanity, justice, and even intereft. He has succeeded in his endeavours of establishing one in ‘his own parish ; and he labours, in these letters, to promote an attention to the scheme, in all other parishes, and to answer the objections which are sometimes raised. To the letters is added, a Mort and suitable address to the parents and children at Wye, who do, or may reap the benefit of this inftitution. As this publication is properly adapted to the purpose, we are glad to find that it has been dispersed among the families in that parisk. The letters are well written ; and we have been much pleased with the perusal of them. The Author appears to be one of those worthy patriots who are zealous to promote the plan of Sunday schools from principle, and who have exerted themselves, doubtless, with heart-felt fatisfaction, in their laudable endeavours to carry it into execution,


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I. Preached at St. Thomas's, jan. 1, 1787, for the Benefit of the

Charity School in Gravel-Lane, Southwark. By Abraham Rees,
D. D. F. R. S. 8vo. 6d.. Longman. 1587.

Dr. Rees considers the testimony recorded in the text, 'O God, thout
has taught me from my youth; and hitherto have I declared thy ewon-
drous works,' as the declaration of a person who, in the review of his
life, valued himself on account of the many advantages he enjoyed, and
who, in his address to God, recognizes it, as the highest privilege con-
ferred on him, that he had been taught from his youth. Our Author,
availing himself of this evidence, given by a person in advanced life,
enumerates, with great propriety, the principal circumstances that
ferve to evince the benefit of early instruction in religion.
II. Preached, Sept. 20, 1786, at the Meeting of the Three CHOIRS,

of Hereford, Gloucester, and Worcester. By Hugh Morgan, M.A.
Canon Residentiary of the Cathedral Church of Hereford. 4to.

An elegant compofition, well adapted to the occasion.
III. Preached at the Lock Chapel, April 30, 1786, on the Death

of the Rev. Dr. Conyers of Deptford. By Thomas Scott, Morn-
ing Preacher at the Lock Chapel. 8vo. 6d. Johnson.

The earneitness and ardour with which Mr. Scott has recommended, to his hearers and readers, a due preparation for death and judgment, are very suitable to subjects of such great folemnity; and' since the preacher's design is evidently to do good, we cannot but with him success. IV. Preached at St. Mary, Whitechapel, on the Sunday following

the Funeral of the Rev. Robert Markham, D. D. late Rector of Whitechapel, and Chaplain to his Majesty ; containing a Summary of his Character. By the Rev. Edward Robson, Curate. 4t0, 1s.

Bayley. 1786. An excellent character is here given of the deceased, and we have no reason to question its being a just one. The preacher particularly remarks, that Dr. M. did not live on the revenues of a church whose tenets he could not approve.' The subject of the discourse is PATIENCE, a virtue which, on Christian principles, is here very properly and forcibly recommended. The text is, James, i. 4. Let patience have its perfect qvork; words, we are told, frequently used by Dr. Markham in his last illness. This sermon is printed at the request of the parishioners. y. In the Parish-church of Hardingstone, in the County of North

ampton, O. 8, 1786. Supplemental to a Sermon preached there on the Establishment of a Sunday School. By the Rev. Robert Lucas. 460.

Robson. An excellent discourse, recommending, from Ephesians, vi. 1, 2, 3, 4, the mutual duties of parents and children ; and well adapted to promote the great end proposed by a Sunday School, by rendering the inititution not merely a matter of form, but productive of effects likely to be permanent, and really beneficial to the community at Jarge, as well as to the more immediate objects of the charity. H.

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VI. At the Chapel in Stonehouse, near Plymouth, Devon, on the

22d of O&tober 1786, before the Subscribers to a Sunday School, lately established in that Place. By John Bidlake, A. B. Matter of the Grammar School, Plymouth. 4to. Law,

Another good sermon, on a subject which at present seems so lau. dably to occupy the public attention. Whatever profits may arise from the sale of it are to be applied to the fund of the charity which it immediately recommends. The text of this discourse is Matthew, SXV. 40. From which instructive paffage this philanthropic preacher confiders, and enforces in a judicious and eloquent ftrain, the duties and pleasures of benevolence ; particularly that most useful exercise of it on which the present discourse is founded.

.H. VII. Sunday Schools recommended, before the affociated Dissenting Mi

nisters in the Northern Counties, at their Annual Meeting at Morpeth, June 13, 1786. To which is added, an Appendix concerning the Formation, Conduct, and Expence of these Schools. By the Rev. William Turner, jun. 8vo. 1s. Newcastle printed, London, sold by Johnson.

This discourse must take place among the best of those which have appeared on the subject of the Sunday charity. The Author rejects, with just displeasure, the Mandevillian and tyrannical argument against the initruction of the Poor, and urges, with fense, reason, and piety, an attention to the practice which has happily so much prevailed in many parts of this country; and at the same time he answers objections that may be raised against it. The little history of these schools, and the conduct of them, added to the discourse, may be serviceable to those who are engaged in the same design. The benevolent Mr. Raikes of Gloucester, the first mover of these initia tutions, is mentioned with deserved refpeét; and, among other things, a letter of his concerning them is inserted.


CORRESPONDENCE. To the AUTHORS of the MONTHLY REVIEW. IN your Review for November last, you notice two publications by Quaker.

Without at all entering into the merits of his publications, or the peculiar tenets with which you say they are tinctured, I wish to inform you and your readers, that William Matthews, in consequence of differing from the Quakers in some points deemed' by them ellentials, is disowned by them, and as such cannot properly be called a Quaker.-This is a circumstance that I wonder did not occur to your recollection *, as it is not very long since you reviewed his explanatory appeal to his brethren, wrote in consequence of their disowning him.

Your candour will perceive the necesity of stating this matter truly, that the society of which he was once a member may not be held answerable for any peculiar opinions in there, or in any future publications from the same pen. Before I conclude, I would cba • The circumitance had, indeed, escaped our recollection.

serve 1

serve that the Quakers have ever esteemed such as are approved speakers amongst them to be ministers of the Gospel; being firmly persuaded that without a Gospel-call, and ordination, they cannot minister to profit.

I am your Friend,

G. B.

*** An anonymous letter, bearing the Bridgnorth post-mark, proposes an alteration, with respect to the manner of printing, on our blue covers, the list of the articles in each number of the Review; but the method recommended by this unknown Correspondent can. not be regularly adopted, for want of room, as it is sometimes very difficult to comprize the numerous list of Contents within the limits of the page. When the number of articles is shorter than usual, the letter-writer's method might be followed : but in those cases, the necessity of the alteration is also lessened.—The other parts of our nameless correspondent's letter cannot with propriety receive a public answer.

1$$ Homo Medicus is received ; but the intelligence it contains cannot otherwise be communicated to the Public than in the form of an advertisement. If the subject of his letter be reduced to that form, it may be inserted on the cover of our Review, on the usual terms.

I$1 We Mall answer Cestriensis more fully when we are satisfied as to the fact of flates being stained. We could have wished that Ceftrienfis had been more specific in his accusation of the work to which he alludes, and that he had referred us to satisfactory authority for the fact which he asserts.

Mr. M. A. R. will be fo good as to remit the postage of his letter, to Mr. Becket. When that is done, we shall more particularly attend to the subjects on which he writes.

It! The“ Poetical Translations," of which J. C. has given us information, being now in our Collector's lift, will, probably, be further mentioned. We had not, before, heard of this publication,

ERRATA in the Appendix to Vol. Ixxv.
P. 552, 1. 8, for wrongs,' read wrong.
- 554, 1. 5, for that general,' r. that in general,

556, 1. 22, for the original,' r. their original.

562, par. 2, 1. 3, for spread,' r. Spred.
- 566, 1. 8, for • discoveries,' r. discourses.

ERRATA in the Index to Vol. lxxv.
For • Doucet,' read Doulcet.
Marot,' Maret.

Errata in the Review for January.
P. 58, 1. 8 from the bottom, for inconsistent,' r. confiftent.
62, 1. 8. dele the comma at would,' and put it after the preced.

ing word them.

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Errata thii minth


f. bot. for 'capable, *. a 115. l. 16. for

for 'Torindy, vi tound.


For MARCH, 1787.

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Art. I. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS of the Royal Society of

London. Vol. LXXVI. For the Year 1786. Parts I. and II.
Concluded : See our last, p. 121.

Experiments on Hepatic Air. By Richard Kirwan, Esq. F.R.S.

EPATIC air is that species of permanently elastic fluid,

which is obtained from combinations of sulphur with alcalies and other substances, as particularly in the decomposition of hepar fulphuris by marine acid. Its most obvious character istics are, a peculiar setid smell; inflammability, when mixed with a certain proportion of common or nitrous air ; miscibility with water in a certain quantity; and a power of discolouring metals, particularly filver and mercury.

This air acts an important part in the economy of Nature. It is frequently found in coal-pits; and Bergman has thewn it to be the principle on which the fulphureous properties of mineral waters depend. There is also reason to think, that it is the peculiar product of the putrefaction of animal substances : rotten eggs, and corrupt water, are known to emit the smell peculiar to this species of air, and to discolour metallic fubItances in the same manner : and several other indications of this air have lately been discovered in putrihed blood.

Though this substance appears to deferve a thorough examination, it hath as yet been very little attended to. Dr. Priestley has almost entirely overlooked it; and the experiments made by others, have either not been sufficiently extentive, or the air was collected over water, by which it is in a great measure absorbed; from both which sources some material errors have arisen.

Mr. Kirwan's examination of this interesting fluid is accurate and complete ; and we recommend it as a model for other experimenters in the same line. He first delivers the fimple facts, ascertained by repeated trials, and disengaged from all theory and conjecture ; under the heads of the fubitances that yield the heVOL, LXXVI,


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