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the principal agents in the riotous opposition to tithes. Dr. Woodward and I live in the same county ; can he stand forth and arraign my conduct ?” This is not the language of a man conscious of the danger of a scrutiny.

Mr. O'Leary is an acute ingenious opponent, who refifts the Bishop on one fide as warmly as Dr. Campbell does on the other; and it had perhaps been better if his Lordship, in such a season as he has described, had guarded against giving offence to either of them. If we attend to Dr. Campbell, the Presbyterians have at all times proved, in general, better friends to the Protestant government in Ireland, than the members of the established church : If we give credit to Mr. O'Leary, the disorders complained of, are greatly exaggerated, and that in those outrages which did take place, the Protestants were to the full as active as the Catholics, being equal sufferers under the exactions of the tithe farmers. · Had the Bishop of Cloyne, says he, been as active in enforcing peace and subordination as I have been, the fire, which was first kindled in his diocese, would have been extinguished before it increased to a conflagration:

- If in the long space of fifteen months he was really convinced that the vessel of the established religion, of which he is one of the pilots, was in imminent danger, why has he slept at the helm ? When the storm is over, and the sea exhibits a smooth surface, he fings the doleful ditty of the shipwrecked mariner all over the three kingdoms; but where was he when the ship was on the point of finking? Where was the pastoral letter, where was the pathetic address ? &c.'

With respect to instigation of the Irish Catholics by foreign powers, Mr. O'Leary replies, . He (the Bishop) alarms the diffenters with the apprehensions, that if they do not allist him in keeping the tithes, the Catholic clergy will have them with the aslistance of a foreign power. Mr. Barber ingeniously answers, that it is equal to him who has the tithes, whether it be Peter, Martin, or John, since they are of no benefit to him, either with regard to foul or body. If his Lord ship be afraid, that the Catholic clergy will deprive him of all the tithes, with the asistance of a foreign power, I can assure him that he has nothing to apprehend from foreign powers. They will never invade Ireland in order to procure tithes for the Catholic clergy. This indeed would be a war of proctors and tithe-canters. Farther, I can assure his Lordship, that foreign powers are more inclined to reduce the revenues of their own national clergy, than to make war for the Catholic clergy of Ireland.' All this is plausible, and may posibly be true; but Mr. O'Leary may be fairly asked, whether a neighbouring monarch did not make war to procure for the North Americans what he will not confer on his own subjects N. Art. 60. Two Letters to David Hume. By one of the People called

Quakers ; containing Remarks on his Philosophical Essays. 8vo. 6d. Crowder, &c.

These letters appear to have been absiračied * (as they say, in Scotland) from a book entitled Letters written in London by an American Spy; of which we gave some account in the Review for December 1986, p. 473. The Writer seriously admonishes David in


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the Quaker style, concerning his infidelity; but whether the letters
were in reality ever sent to him, we are not informed. : If they were,
there is no probability that any answer was returned. David hated
controversy, and never replied to his Answerers.
Art. 61. Two Funeral Sermons, occasioned by the Death of two

Young Women, preached at Peckham in Surrey, Oct. 17, 1784 ;
and Nov. 6, 1785. By R. Jones.

is. od. Dilly. The impression which is made by Funeral Sermons is often more owing to the melancholy circumitances of the events which occa. fion them, than to any extraordinary merit in the preacher. A dir. course of this kind, which had a striking effect in the delivery, may appear trite and unintereiting on the subsequent perufal. Had the Author of these Sermons attended to this, he would probably have contented himself with the credit they gained him on their firft publication from the pulpit.

E. Art. 62. Four Dialogues on the Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, as

taught throughout the Scriptures, and on other Points which have of late been Subjects of frequent discussion. By E. W. Whitaker, Rector of St. Mildred's and All Saints, Canterbury. Evo, 25. Rivingtons. 1786.

This champion is a much greater master of the art of offerce than of the art of defence. On the defenfive, he maintains that the damnatory clauses in the Athanafian Creed are expressive of a charitable spirit - afferts, that a man who does not find a proof of the doctrine of the Trinity in the words, “ Let us make man,” is ignorant of the general principles of grammar--and infers, that unless Christ be God he cannot be a Saviour, from the words in the prophecy of Hosea, " There is no Saviour besides me.” On the offene five, he charges Dr. Priestley (against whom this attack is chiefly levelled) with maintaining, with unblushing obstinacy, points in which he has been repeatedly confuted, and with entire unikilfulness in the language in which the greater part of the history he pretends to elucidate is locked up; calls in queition his fagacity and fincerity; and speaks of him as a writer no longer worthy of a serious answer. Such auxiliaries can be of little service to any cause; they had much better draw off their feeble and ill-trained forces, and leave a clear field to the principal combatants.


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S E R M O N S.
I. Preached at St. Peter, Carmarthen, Sept. 14, 1786, before the

Society for the Relief of distressed Clergymen, their Widows and
Orphans. By Edward Lord Bishop of St. David's. 4to. IS.
Bew. 1786.

From the words of the Apostle, We being many are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another,” Rom. xii. s. the Right Rev. preacher thews, that every man, even the least in common estimation, even he who lives in the most abject condition, may, by a regularity of life, and fobriety of conduct, contribute to the promotion of God's kingdom on earth, and is therefore entitled to the con mon bleilings of Providence here, and to the procedion of this spiritual communion, of which he is a member.' His Lordship


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concludes with recommending, as proper objects of charity, the dif-
trelied members of Christ, especially the inferior clergy, who al.
though appointed by authority to the office of the ministry, are not
allowed (for reasons which the Bishop says he shall not at present
enquire into) a fufficient maintenance.
II. Confirmation. Preached at the Visitation of the Bishop of Lone

don, at Thaxted, Effex, May 26, 1786. By the Rev. John How-
lett, Vicar of Great Baddow. 4to. 15. Richardson.

Mr. Howlett has, in this defence of Confirmation, offered such ar-
goments as will naturally occur to men of sense and piety, who have
a conscientious reverence for the subject, in recommendation of this
rite. The preacher, though evidently much in earneit, is no bigot.
He ably vindicates the eltablishment to which he belongs, in respect
of this institution; and, at the same time, he allows, on the most
„candid construction, free liberty of dissent to those who apprehend
that the ordinance in queftion, only tends to confirm the people in
ignorance and error.'
III. Preached at the Drum- head, in the Queen's Square at Lan-

cafter, Oct. 1, 1786, before the 40th Regiment, on the Delivery
of the New Colours. By George Vanbrugh, LL.B. 4to.
Johnson. 1786.

The text is, Love the brotherhood: fear God: bonour the King.
These three important injunctions are separately enforced by Mr.
Vanbrugh, in a manner suitable to the character of his audience.

IV. Preached to the Congregation of Protestant Diflenters at Walta

hamstow, Feb. 18, 1787, on the Death of the Rev. Hugh Farmer,
who died Feb. 5, 1787. By Thomas Urwick. 8vo. 6d. Buck-
The most interesting and valuable part of thofe Funeral Sermons
which are occasioned by the death of great and learned men, is,
doubtless, the Memoir. To this, therefore, we think preachers should
give ample space and endeavour to render it the most accurate and
finished part of the compofition. When a Sermon is published on
the death of such a man as Mr. Farmer, we hurry over the difquifi-
tion of the text as mere prefatory matter, reserving our principal at-
tention for what is peculiar to the occasion, the account of tive man
and the scholar, and suffer no little disappointment, ' after going
through the several heads and improvement of a long discourse, to
find only a mere shred of biography tacked to the end of it."

We were led to these remarks by the Sermon now before us; though
it is but justice to observe that the defect of which we complain is by
no means peculiar to it. Mr. Urwick's discourse shews him to be a
sensible and useful preacher; but he must forgive us, if we say it did
not fatisfy us in its account of the deceased. We were surprised at
the very night mention of Mr. Farmer's literary chara&ter, which was
acknowledged to be eminent, not only by Diflenters, but also by
the most learned divines of the Establishment. Mr. Urwick, we are
persuaded, does not mean in the note, p. 33, to excite the idea which
the word domestic will probably convey to many of his readers, that
Mr. Farmer was a servant in Mr. Snell's family. It is certainly a mil.
take, a substitution of one word for another ; ás must also be the


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case in p. 29, where there is mention made of an amiable memoir. Probably he meant to write inmate in the first instance, and valuable in the second.

In this brief account of the learned Mr. Farmer there is one part which we perused with the deepest concern, namely, of his having left in his will the strictelt orders to burn all his MSS. by the religious observance of which (by his Executors) not only many valu. able and finished dissertations on particular parts of Scripture were destroyed ; but also the remainder of that great work, of which bis last publication, on the general prevalence of the worship of human spi. rits in the ancient heathen nations, was the

first part; in the Introduction to which, the plan, or general outline, of the whole, was given pe 44. V. A Sermon, in which the principal Doctrines of the Gospelare

enumerated, and the Neceslicy of believing in them with a true Heart proved. By R. Housman, A.B. date of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 6d. Lancaster, printed.

Sheer methodistical doctrine, with reflections on the conduct of the ininisters of the church of England, who all, in Mr. Housman's opiinion, preach morality only, and are therefore unfit for the ministry of Christ.

Rm A Letter to the Rev. Mr. R. Housman; occasioned by his lạte Sermon.

8vo. 6d. Lancaster, printed, and sold by Johnson, in London.

A proper reprehenfion of Mr. Housman, for the liberties he had taken with the clergy, in his sermon above mentioned. 9.

TYRO enquires where he may be informed of Mr. Hunter's mifake

about taking the specific gravities of different substances. We answer, that we do not acknowledge ourselves to have charged Mr. H. with a mistake, but with a want of being “ acquainted with the modern improvements in natural philofophy;" Otherwise he would have taken the weight of the substances first in air, and afterward in water, and thence have determined the specific gravity according to the rules laid down in all the books that have been published on that subject within the present century. Mr. Hunter's method is not so accurate as that of the first inventor, Archimedes; and that was rude enough.

A. *The manuscript poem, entitled, A Soliloquy, cannot be found. We have no doubt of its being destroyed, agreeable to the intimation which accompanied it from the Author ; whose late favour, of June 9, 1787, is hereby respectfully acknowledged. £D.

+++ We conceive the meaning of the passage in Sterne, referred to by S. W. to be so plain, that we imagine he was only diverting himself with the idea of amusing us, when he wrote his letter of May 10.

ERRATA in Rev. for April.
Page 293, par. 3, 1. 2, put a comma after juft.'
330, l. 17, read, who says he was on the spot,

$31, art.38. Ar m

522. 1.5.

In June









Novum Teftamentum Græcam, ex codice MS. Alexandrino, qui Londini

in Bibliothecâ Musei Britannici aservatur, defcriptum a Carolo
Godofredo Woide, S. Th. D. Soc. Reg. et Antiq. Lond. Reg.
Gotting. &c. &c. &c. Fol. 21. 2 s. unbound. Author. Brit.
Museum. 1786.

E congratulate the Christian world on the publication of

this truly valuable work, which, while it bears the most unequivocal testimony to the learning and industry of the Editor, confers distinguilhed honour on our age and country. The work itself not being an object of criticilm, we can only lay in general, that it possesses every internal mark of fidelity; but it is our duty to give our Readers some idea of the judgment and erudition displayed in the Preface, recommending at the same time the entire perusal of it to all those, who may have been induced by Wetstein's arguments to depreciate the value of the Alexandrian MS.

After enumerating the motives which led him to engage in so laborious an undertaking, Dr. Woide gives an history of the MS, to the following effect. It was a present from Cyrillus Lucaris, Patriarch of Alexandria, and afterwards of Constantinople, to Charles I. The character of the donor was equally respectable in a literary and moral view. He was a native of Crete, but had studied at Venice, and afterwards visiced several of the European nations. With the Greek, Latin, Italian, Arabic, and Turk sh languages he was familiarly acquainted ; nor was he lefs zealous to promote the general improvement of mankind, than successful in the cultivation of his own talents. Ever active in the propagation of learning, he attempted, by the establishment of a press, to introduce the art of printing among the Turks; but the bigotry, or the folly, of these barbaAPP, Rev. Vol. LXXVI,


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