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gree of candour, as well as of spirit. He disclaims all party attachment... Above the vileness,' says be, "of writing for any faction, or adopting from interest, any opinions : having little to hope, and less to apprehend, from any minifter, I have written as I felt on every subject. I am neither to be found on the terrace at Windsor, nor at the suppers' [few authors are, we suppose]:' at Carlion-house. I have neither bowed to the meridian, nor to the rising fun. I have neither Aattered the Minifter, where I conceive that he is an object of censure ; nor jultified the Opposition in those acts where I believe them to have merited condemnation'
: The Heir APPARENT next attracts our notice; and in this masterly piece we see, with inexprellible concern, the rifing lun almost totally eclipsed by-But we refer to the picture, and turn our eyes to the drawing which is here given of the Minifter. Mr. Pitt's portrait is a favourable likeness of (if we mistake nor) a favourite with the artist. We do not, however, think that he has done more than justice to the original.
The Companion to the last mentioned picture (though the originals are not companions), gives Mr. Fox, painted, indeed, to the life : for, although our political Vandyke modestly profeffes to have given us only ferches, this is, unquestionably, a malterly portrait. Free, animated, glowing,—the figure seems ready to start from the canvass; its luftre is, however, duly tempered by the requifite ihading of an impartial pencil. The foibles that must necessarily enter into a crue delineation of so mixed a character are not overlooked : and we are reasonably reminded that it is not a divinity that we are contemplating, but a mortal, like ourselves, and subject to the frailties of other men.
In coalition with the last piece, we have a brief outline of Lord North, It excites in our minds a juft recollection of the character, but furnilhes us with no new ideas of the man or the minifter.
Of Burke, it should feem as if the Author thought, the less is said, the better ; but to Sheridan greater attention is given, and ample tribute is paid to so rare and so matchless a combination of talents. There, a temperate and a winning elocution, suitained by classic elegance, adorned with dramatic and poetic images and allusions, pointed with the keeneft irony, and riding, where necessary, into the boldest animation, conspire to render him one of the most conspicuous leaders of parliamentary debate.'
No longer a painter, but a political spectator of the palling times, our brother Reviewer proceeds, toward the conclusion of his work, to speak, in terms of approbation, of the commercial treaty with France. He then goes on to take notice of a great event by which, among other memorable occurrences, the last year hath been distinguished, the death of Frederic the Great, on whom the highest eulogia are lavished,
Lord Rodney's ample fare of public merit is likewise the subject of much encomium, attended by a severe charge of in. gratitude here brought against his country, grounded on the peculiar circumstances, and present fituation of this first-rate naval oficer,-' the saviour of the empire, who'e age is embittered by suits and attachments, and all the nameless engines of judicial io ture!
Mr. Haftings, too, finds here a warm and able advocate, who pleads the caule of the Oriental hero, and strongly recommends him to the protection and gratitude of his counry.'
The retreat, either actual or imminent,' of Lord Mansfeld, from a fituation which he has held with so much dignity to himself, and so much benefit to the Public, for a period of thirty years,' furnihes our Author with an opportunity of paying a juft tribute of applause to the rare merits of a man, whose loss to his country, whenever it happens, will not be easily repaired.
This Riview concludes with an intimation, that, should the present performance meet the publie approbation, the writer may, probably, be induced, at some moment of leisure, to refume nis pen, and to attempt to complete that picture, of which he has only traced ihe outline.'
For JANUARY, 1787.
AFFAIRS of IRELAND. Art. 16. An Address to the Nobility and Gentry of the Church of
Ireland, as by Law established. Explaining the Causes of the Commotions and Insurrections in the Southern Parts of this Kingdom, respecting Tiches; and the real Motives and Designs of the Projectors and Abcitors of those Commotions and Insurrections, &c. By a Laym. n. Dublin printed ; London, reprinted for Keartley. 8vo. 25. 1786.
HE continual disposition of the Irish pea lantry to tumultuous
against whom their brutal reseniment is directed, all tend to thew that the poor ignorant agents are spurred on, by concealed and crafty directors, to some dark purpose. The Author of this Address argues throughout, to prove, that Popery is the root from whence the prefent insurrections spring. The infurgents are all Papists, their manifestoes proclaim them to be so, their priests openly read them at their altars ; their mass-houses are their places of rendezvous, where they bind themselves by solemn oaths to execute their designs; and che extirpation of the Protestant established clergy, and consequently of their religion, is the object of their confederacy. Some particoJar events and circumstances have, at this time, caused the fire of these discontents, hitherto (mothered, to break out into a blaze; the frt and principal of thefe are, the hafty and improvident repeal of the
most important parts of that code of laws, called Popery laws; and particularly of that part of them, which forbids the acquisition of freehold property by Papifts.
• Another circumitance which has much contributed to the present disturbances is, the vast number of Papists in this kingdom, who have lately armed and regimented themselves, under the denomination of Volunteers; they have not only intermixed themselves with Protestants, in several bodies of Volunteers, but have formed distinct bodies themselves. And even in the city of Dublin, the Popish Volunteers, under the insulting denomination of the IRISH BRIGADE, greatly outnumbered all the other Volunteers.
Another reason that these insurrections have broke out in this last summer, is, that a bill was (to say no worse of it) very haftily and improvidently introduced into parliament in the course of lait session, purporting to be a bill for the protection of the persons and properties of the clergy of the established church.-The bill was ill digested, had many exceptionable clauses in it, and if it had passed into a law, would have been the occasion of mischief and inconve. nience, instead of advantage, to the clergy; it luckily miscarried in the House of Commons, and never was introduced into the House of Lords: during the debates on this bill in parliament, some ill. weighed reflections, and which, on examination, would have been found to have arisen from mistake and mis-information, were thrown out on the clergy, and their proctors, respecting the collection of tithes.-These debates, and the miscarriage of a bill, with such title, spread like wildfire through the kingdom; fome men of great weight, and in the confidence of government, were represented in the publications of these debates, as having spoken very hardly of the clergy, and their proctors, and as having accused them of exaction in the collection of their tithes, The Papists immediately concluded, that this was their time to commence hostilities against the established clergy, and that they would be countenançed, or at lealt connived at by government, and instantly broke out into open oute rage and violence; and formed a folemn league and covenant against the church established.'.
The preceding account of these artfully fomented disturbances, corresponds with that given in the Philosophical Survey of the South of Ireland *; and the result of the whole is, to prove that the most trilling compliance by the legislature of this country, with the infolent factious demands and pretensions of a Popish banditti, spirited up by agitating friars and Romih missionaries, fent here for the purposes of lowing sedition, is as inconsistent with justice as it is with found policy, and the safety of this Proteftant ftate : and that our religious establishment is the main pillar of our contitution, which cannot be pulled down without the ruin of the whole structure of our government,
When we consider the assuming politics of the church of Rome, and the intriguing character of its missionaries, a Proteftant establishment should, before it holds forth indulgencies to the Cath!.es under its toleration, cautiously weigh the numbers and strenge of the
See Rev, vol. lx. p. 1!.
party, and compute how far their power may be dangerous, should opportunity tempt them to be troublesome.
N. Art. 17. Hiftorical Tracts. By Sir John Davies, Attorney Geo
ral, and Speaker of the House of Commons in Ireland; confifting cf, I. A Discovery of the true Cause why Ireland was never brought under Obedience to the Crown of England. II. A Letter to the Earl of Salisbury, on the State of Ireland, in 1607. , III. A Letter to the Earl of Salisbury, in 1610; giving an Account of the Plantation of Ulster. IV. A Speech to the Lord Deputy in' 1613, tracing the antient Conftitution of Ireland. To which is prefixed, A new Life of the Author, from authentic Documents. Svo. 6s. bound. Stockdale, 1786. Sir John Davies was an able lawyer, and not unknown as a lover of the muses; two avocations that have little affinity with each other; but the latter was the first pursuit ; and indeed he appears from his memoirs to have paid very little deference to the law, in the early part of his life, until his good sense corrected his eccentricities. In these tracts he exhibits himself in the character of a diligent member of the administration in Ireland; zealous for the settlement and prosperity of that nation, and studious of the best means of effecting these valuable purposes.
The first tract, which is also the first in its importance, has been several times printed; the other three have been collected from the literary treasures in the British Museum. The second and third contain much local information, gained by Sir John's actendance on the judicial progresses of the Lord Deputy in Uiter ; and they display a striking view of the barbarism and lawless misery of the inhabitants at that time. The summary view of the Irith conftitation given in the laft article, his speech on being chosen and approved as speaker of the House of Commons there, is, according to the fashion of his time, made fubfervient to the moft extravagant panegyrics on King James, and on the Lord Deputy Chichester, to whom it was ad drefred.
N. Art. 18. A candid Review of the most important Occurrences that
took place in Ireland during the lajt ihree Years ; in which is comprifed, I. The Proceedings of the National Convention assembled in Dublin, November 1783, and the facceeding Year. II. Rise and Progress of the Bill for effectuating a commercial Intercourse between the two Nations on permanent and equitable Principles. III. His Grace of Portland's Reasons for oppoling the twenty Propositions sent from the Commons to the Lords of England for their Confideration. IV. Proccedings of the Irish Legislature on the twenty Propositions transmitted from England. V. Opinion of Mr. Fox's ministerial Character. . VI. The probable Consequences of any Propofition in the Britich Parliament tending to an Union with the fifter Nation. VII. The present State of the Press in Ireland. 8vo. 15. 6d. Bell. 1786.
This is a sensible narrative of events ; but it will not be agreeable to all tastes. The writer does not exhibit the Irish convention in the most respectable point of view; and in his history of the commercial propositions, he fhews the weakness of the objections farted against them by the ministerial opposition here, and by the parlia
ment in Ireland. They were indeed very delicate subjects of confideration ; for, as this writer truly observes, every argument used in Support of them on one fide of the water, were so many reasons against them on the other side! He complains much of the abuse of the press in Ireland, by circulating horrible exaggerations of riotous proceedings, which give other nations a false i lea of the internal itaie of the country. But this is another subject of delicacy; nor do we clearly conceive the nature of the remedy he proposes againit an evil that the Layman in the preceding Address attribu es to the printers in Dublin beiog chiefly Papists; a circumstance for which we have no better authority than his afiertion. This Author says, very confidently, that the eltablishment of an independent press in Dublin, with a corresponding one in London, would in a very hort time be produclive of the best consequences to Irelanc. When I mention an independent prets, I mean one not in the least connected with minifiers, or any description of people in oppofition. The object of this institution is declared to be to report, faithfully and circumftantially, the various occurrences of the times. But what is to be understood by an establillment not formed either by the government, or by the adversaries to the governing powers ? If a prels is to be supported by any fan&tion whatever, it would become odious; if it is to depend on profit for support, it would Itand on no better ground than the present presses; but must be regulated by the common principles of the irade, and must study the taste of the majority of readers: nor will any preís attract attention by a tame caution of never printing any thing of the truth of which the printers are not affured. A printer of a newspaper at present amuses his readers with the current report of to-day; if it is a lie, so much the better; to-morrow he corrects their judgment by declaring it false : the lie and the truth are therefore both equally of use to keep his press in motion, for that with him is the first object ; the people in general are fond of such seesaw kind of entertainment, and will have it. Nor does there appear any means to conduct public intelligence upon a better plan than such as the people are willing to receive. Si populus vult decipi, decipiatur : it is all for the good of trade, and that is sufficient for both printer and politician, who feel the pulse of the times as accus rately as a phyfician feels a patient's pulse in a fever.
N. EAST INDIES Art. 19. Memoirs relative to the State of India. By Warren
Hastings, Esq. late Governor General of Bengal. 8vo. 45. Boards. Murray. 1786.
These Memoirs were originally printed by Mr. Hafings at his first arrival from India, for private distribution ; when, as is usual in such cales, a bookseller gor hold of a copy, and printed it for fale * Ibat edition as naturally produced the impresion now before us; for the preface informs us, that the former being printed from an imperfect copy, and withcut permiflion from the Author, rendered it neceflary for the present publisher to give a correct and authentic edition : he therefore applied to Mr. Hattings, and obcained his confent. Both these editions, to be correct, must corre* See Review, o&t. lall, p. 307. Halling's Review, &c."