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probability, operated against the piece on the successive nights. We, who were not at the theatre on the first night of its performance, think it now incumbent upon us to hold the balance fairly between Mrs. Cowley and her censurers.

The lady, in her preface, gives her word, that, whatever her fins were, her play is published with all its imperfections on its head. Taking this to be the fact, the comedy has been perused with a ftriét and a jealous eye ; and as far as relates to the language and dialogue, Mrs. Cowley must be acquitted of the charge of indecency. The expresion which it seems gave umbrage to delicate ears, has nothing groís: the bridegroom says, he will provide a dark chamber for his new-married wife. The wit, if there be any in the phrase, is not of much value: but he must be fastidious indeed, who, on that account, condemns the play as offensive to modeft ears. How far the performance before us can be received as a proof of true comic genius, may be doubtful ; on this head, however, we fall hazard a few reflections, which, perhaps, Mrs. Cowley will not find unworthy of notice.

In the first place, she has not chosen her subject with taste and judgment. Spanish plots and Spanish manners will not furnith true comedy. The trick of an embarrassed fable and perplexed incidents is worn threadbare. To see the persons of the drama merely the sport of chance, of accidents, and of mistakes, may divert in panto. mime, but something of more value is expected in comedy. We go to the theatre to see manners as they exist in society. When the scene is laid in Spain or Portugal, a fure disappointment follows: of English characters we can judge, and when those are not offered, we lose the opportunity of comparing the copy with the life : in short we no longer expect the pleasure arising from the truth of imitation. We would therefore recommend to Mrs. Cowley, in her future compositions, to look for characters at home; the may then give a faithful draught of the manners, and that spirit of dialogue which she seems to possess will not be wasted on an ungrateful subject.

Before we close this article, ic mult be admitted, that the lesson intended for grey beards is not the moft delicate for the pen of a lady. To Mrs. Behn, abe writer of the last century, Mrs. Cowley should owe no obligation. Had the scene lain in England, perhaps there would not have been so much of exaggerated chara-ter. Serapbina would not then tell her aged husband, that he represented the old førivelled grey pated Time;' that she will fit at her balcony, to attract admiration ;' that she could not be at rest in her bed, if she thought ber lover fept quietly :' that 'when gay women marry grey-beards, it is their pious design to have their own way in every thing;' and that 'wben old men are fifted, they are found to be chaff :' and all this borders upon improbability ; the insolence is too gross. In English manners there would be more art, and perhaps lefs virtue ; but it would, in that case, be a copy from life, and therefore more enters taining

On the whole, Mrs. Cowley has employed her talents upon an ill. chosen subject. In her next piece we hope to see a selection of berter taite ; and then her abilities will probably ensure success. Rev. Jan. 1787

NOVELS.

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N O V E L s.
Art. 54. Juliana. By the Author of Francis the Philanthropift.

3 Vols. 75. 60. fewed. Lane. 1786. Juliana Monteville, the heroine of this novel, is a young lady of great beauty; and, as the reader may easily imagine, he is deeply in love. The inamorato, Mr. W. Falconer, solicits her hand, but he is rejected by her parents with contempt : they have a spice of hereditary dignity about them, and will marry her to nothing below a lord. In consequence of this rejection, the lover resolves on a voyage to India, in order to divert his melancholy, and, if posible, to forget the object of his choice. Some time after his departure from England the father of Juliana informs her that Mr. F. died on his passage to the East, and that the must look out for another swain .. The lady is pestered with numerous admirers ; but her delicacy is so very great, that she cannot admit a second pallion to her breaft: and the hero of the tale, after having experienced the greatest distresses and hardships, returns, and (Juliana's father being dead) is made • the happiest of men.'

Such is the outline of the story. Various episodes are introduced, by which the writer evidently intended to arrest attention; but his Jabours have a totally different effect. By a multiplicity of incidents and characters the interest is broken and divided, and the hero and heroine are lost in the crowd.

As to the style of this performance, it is for the most part—so, so. We mean not, however, that it has any relation to Touchstone's $0,/. which he interprets to be 'good, very excellent good.' Art. 55. Lane's Annual N.velift. A Collection of Moral Tales,

Histories, and Adventures, selected from the Magazines, and other periodical Publications for the Year. fewed. Lane. 1786.

We are here presented with several pleasing tales. Some of them are even excellent, particularly those which are taken from Mr. Hayley's Essay on Old Maids; but how far the Editor is to be justified in thus stripping a garden of its flowers, and placing them in his own parterre, we will not pretend to say. Art. 56. The Happy Release: or the History of Charles Wharton and Sophia Harley. In a Series of Letters.

3

Vols. 75. 60. sewed. Noble. 1787.

Contains some excellent instructions for seducing females from the bosoms of their parents, or for carrying them off by force, and deferting them at a proper time t. Such kind of productions must no doubt be highly pleating to the would-be Jupiters of the day; the • little Joves without a beard,' as the Satiriit has it; and to their per

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I 2 mo.

2 Vols. 55.

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*. And yet you will find bye and bye, perhaps, that he is not dead neither.'

Bayes in the Rebearsal. + We do not mean, however, to charge the Author with intentional mischief, or any meaning injurious to morality. It is more probable that his design was, to guard the unsuspecting female reader againt the arts of leduction, by exposing them. It will be happy should his book answer this good end in but a single instance !

ufal

2 Vols.

bfal the performance now before us will probably be chiefly confined. Art. 57. The Adventures of Anthony Varnish; or a Peep at the

Manners of Society. By an Adept. 12mo. 3 Vols. 7s. 60. sewed. Lane.

Made up entirely of scenes in low-life. And it must be acknowledged that the Author, in describing them, appears to be perfectly at home. A celebrated novelist has observed

• In former times this tasteless, filly town,

Too fondly prais'd Tom Durfey and Tom Brown.' But what would he say were he now living, and requested to give his opinion of Anthony Varnish ? In a word, if Mr. Varnish thinks to pass for a Dürfey or a Brown, we can assure him he will be disappointed.

2. Art. 58. Victoria. The Characters taken from real Life, and

calculated to improve the Morals of the female Sex, by impressing them with a juft Sense of the Merits of filial Piety. By Susannah Haswell. 12mo.

58.

fewed. Bew. 1786. Miss Victoria, by eloping from her parents with a libertine young Baronet, embitters the latter part of her life ; for her lover deceives ber by a mock marriage, and afterwards forsakes her, in order to marry a wicked dame of quality, of whom he, at length, in his turn; becomes the dupe ; but his treachery occasions the death of Victoria's mother, and of our heroine herself. The work is interspersed with various little histories, verses, &c. It is so far to be commended, that it exhibits the ill effects of filial disobedience and thoughtless libertinism, in striking colours: the language is neither good por bad ; it is too much in the common style of modern novels to deserve great commendation, though, when ranked in that numerous class of productions, the lowest place must not be assigned to this first born of a young writer's brain.

G.C.G. MISCELLANEOUŚ. Art. 59. Characters of the Kings and Queens of England, selected

from different Histories ; with Observations and Reflections, chiefly adapted to common Life ; and particularly intended for the Instruction of Youth. To which are added, Notes Historical. By J: Holt. Vol. I. izmo. 2s.6d. sewed. Robinsons. 1786.

Our Author introduces this publication by a preface, from which we shall select the following pallages : ‘The characters of our English kings were collected for a Ichool exercise in a private seminary, to serve as a specimen of good writing, and to convey some useful information.' Observations were made upon the respective characters, at the time they were first selected ; which have been something en. larged, and which might be yet greatly and profitably extended. The historical notes were added as faets more likely to engage the attention of young minds, and as proper to treasure up in their me. mories, as military operations or political details : those subjects being the principal contents of the abridged histories usually put into the hands of youth.'

The characters are taken from Hume and from Smollett, commencing with that of Alfred, and concluding with Edward the Third. The observations are just, pertinent, and ingenious; and

IS.

the historical facts are entertaining and curious ; for most of which the Editor acknowledges himself indebted to Anderson's Historical and Chronological Deductions. We suppose that Mr. Holt intends to bring down his work nearer to the present time, as this publication is marked Vol. I. though there is nothing said concerning a fuo ture volume either in the preface or any other part of the book. G.2.9. Art. 6o. The Journal of William Dowling, of Stratford, parlia

mentary Visitor, for demolishing the superstitious Pictures and Or. naments of Churches, &c. within the County of Suffolk, in the Years 1643 and 1644. 4to.

Nichols. 1786. Mr. Dowling acted under a warrant from the Earl of Manchester. There seems to be an air of humour in some of his details—as -- AL Sunbury, we brake down 10 mighty great angels in glass.' At Haveril, • broke down about 100 superstitious pictures ; leven friars hugging a nun; and the picture of God, &c. At Clare, brake down 1000 pictures, superstitious; 3 of God the Father, 3 of Christ and the holy Lamb, and 3 of the Holy Ghost.' At Rayden, 'a crucifix, 12 fuperftitious pictures, and a Popith inscription, Ora pro nobis, &c.' Barham, brake down the twelve Apostles in the chan. cel, and 6 superstitious more there ; and 8 in the church, one a Lamb with a cross X on the back; and digged down the steps and took

up four superftitious inscriptions of brass, one of them Jeju, fili Dei, miserere mei, and o mater Dei, memento mei-O mother of God, have mercy on me!' Ufford, 67 superstitious pi&tures, and 40 cherubims, and the chancel levelled. There was a picture of Christ on the cross and God the Father above it.' Rushmere, 'brake down the pictures of the 7 deadly sins, and the holy Lamb. Peter's, the crown of thorns, the (punge and nails, and the Trinity in stone.' Eramford, a cross to be taken off the sleeple. Brake down 841 fuperstitious pictures.' Lody Bruce's house (the chapel), ' a picture of God the Father, of the Trinity, of Christ, the Holy Ghost, and the cloven tongues; which we gave orders to take down, and the lady promised to do it.' Buers, 'brake boo superititious pictures, 8 Holy Gholis, 3 of God the Father, and 3 of the Son.' Beddingfield, picture of God the Father, 2 doves, St. Catharine and her wheel, and Itone crosses on the porch, church, and chancel.'

In this manner, breaking down, tearing up, and demolishing these trappings of the Whore of Babylon, did Mr. Dowsing * and his deputies proceed through about 150 parishes; but, in their rage for reformation, they, with more zeal than knowledge, destroyed many innocent things particularly funeral monuments and inscriptions, which, had antiquaries only been employed in the business, would certainly have been spared.

Rin Art. 61. Poginelogia; or a philosophical and historical Essay on

Beards. Translated from the French. Exeter printed, London sold by Cadell. 8vo. 2s.6d. 1786.

We were much entertained in perusing this work. The Author has collected every thing that history could afford him concerning the fashion of wearing beards or no beards. In many places he investi

* Poslibly this gentleman's name gave rise to the common term among school-boys and others, “I'll give him a dowling!

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gates the causes of the changes of these fashions, and introduces a
number of anecdotes, which, if they do not much instruct, can
scarcely fail of diverting the reader.
Art. 62. Letters from Mons. Racine the Elder, to his Son M.

Racine the Younger, when a Youth ; containing Rules and In-
structions for his Conduct through Life ; Anecdotes of several Per-
sons, and Sketches of historical Events in the Court of France in
the Reign of Lewis XIV. To which is added, a short Account of
the Abbey of Port Royal. 12mo. 29. Boards. Wilkins.
From this title-page, and the name of the Author, the reader may
be led to entertain great expectations; but he will, opon the perusal
of the book, be much disappointed. The letters, though evidently
written by a very good man, and doubtless of great value to his
family, are, for the moft part, such as we apprehend will prove un-
interesting to the Public.

. Art. 63. The Philosophical Dictionary : or the Opinions of modern

Philofophers on metaphysical, moral, and political Subjects. 12mo.4 Vols. 125. sewed. Robinsons. 1986.

This publication resembles those compilements which lately thickened upon us under the name of Beauties ; and instead of calling it The philosophical Dictionary,' it lould have been denominated The Beauties of modern Infidelity.

Infidelity, like an epic poem or a tragedy, hath its beginning, middle, and end. There is a regular gradation in it from its lowest stages to its highest consummation; and when it begins with carping at miracles, it seldom leaves off till it hath robbed man of an immortal foul, and consoled him for the loss by telling him his remedy is at band, either in the pistol, the cup, or the cord.

If any one needs inkruction or encouragement in those glorious Audies which have a progress and termination fo devoutly to be wished, he may be amply furnished in these volumes ; where the names of Bolingbroke, Voltaire, Hume, Helvetius, Rousseau, &c. appear, like ftars of the first magnitude, to throw a lustre on the page, and gladden the heart of the bewildered travellers in the dark and dreary wilderness of metaphyfics !

B-
Art. 64. The History of Count Gleichen, a German Nobleman,

who received Permision from Pope Gregory IX. to have two
Wives at the same Time. Translated from the French of Arnaud.
12mo. 25. 6d. Hookham. 1786.

A sentimental Tale, likely to do more than even Thelyphthora iiself, to convince our young people (for whose benefit, no doubt, it was written), that the Turkish plan of love and matrimony is much better than the Christian. Art. 65. Sawney Mackintosh's Travels through Ireland. Contain

ing a particular Account of the Manners, Laws, Customs, &c. of
that Kingdom; with a great Number of curious Anecdotes. izmo,
15. 6d. Adlard.

Vulgar trash.
Art. 66. The Art of converfing on moral, religious, and entertain-

ing Subje£ts, in Prose and Verse, adapted to the Capacities, and
designed for the Improvement of young Ladies and Gentlemen.

Containing

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