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Containing pleasing Dialogues on Lying, Prayer, Fishing, Fowl, ing, Death, Deformity, the Sagacity of the Ewes and Lambs, Detraction, the Tulip; and a Ramble through London, in a Dialogue between Master Joseph and his Şifter. By G. Wright, Efq. Author of the young Moralift, Country 'Squire, &c. 12mo. is. 6d. Turpin. 1785.

It is ever unpleasant to us to speak censoriopsly of works which appear to arise from a good intention, and to aim at promoting innocence, truth, and virtue: such is the nature of the present publiçation; and the collection of which it consists may be amusing and useful to children: and so it might, had both the poetry and prose been somewhat more elegant and accurate. Some expressions are il. literate, and false grammar, as, ' there is innocent amusements enow to be found,'-- there's things lawful that, &c.'-—' down goes the peaches, &c.' Mr. Wright says indeed, the learned critic may find many innaccuracies both in the composition and the language;? but this is not a suficient apology for the publication of such crudities. However, though we could not avoid these hints, we must own that the performance is not an object of criticism ; yet still, it must be allowed, that literary compositions intended for children and youth require some care as to language and style, as well as to doce trine and sentiment.

H. Art. 07. The Paper-makers and Stationers' Afisant; being a cor

rect List of ail the different Papers, their Tables, Rares, and Sizesą with the new and additional Duties, and the Three Five per Cents. thereon, exactly calculated. By John Paine, Junior. i 2mo. 60, Symonds.

Useful to manufacturers and dealers in all kinds of paper, as well as to revenue-officers, with respect to this article of taxation. Art. 68. Bannister's Reports; or, a Series of Adjudications be

fore Lord Juitice Joker, in his Majesty's High Court of Wit, Humour, and Fun.

is. 6d. sewed. Fielding. A jeft-bock, which may serye as a supplement to Joe Miller, and the rest of 'em. Art. 69. Bowles's new London Guide ; being an Index to all the

Streets, Squares, Lanes, Courts, Wharfs, Keys, &c. Churches, and other Places of Worship; Villages, Hospitals, &c. &c. in and within five Miles of the Metropolis. With the Fares of Hackney Coaches from the several Stands, agreeable to the Act of Parliament which took place August 1, 1786. And the Rates of Watermen, as newly regulated. 8vo. 78. « d. bound, Bowles.

The Editor of this very useful work justly observes, that ' from the vait extent to which our great and Houriling capital has been brought within these few years, the inhabitant, as well as the stran. ger (often) finds himself at a loss to ascertain in what part of the me: tropolis, or its neighbourhood, numbers of places are situated with which he may occasionally have concern.' Hence he has been induced to employ proper persons to perambulate the metropolis and its environs, to the extent of five miles, in order to collect the names, and ascertain the situations, of the several new streets and buildings of every denomination, which have never before been laid before the Public ; and also to correct such of the others as kave, of late, un,


I 2mo.

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dergone alteration. The advantages of having a ready directory to
places of public note, are too conspicuous to require any comment.'

We are particularly pleased with that part of the work which Mr.
Bowles wishes to be distinguished by the title of his New Hackney-
Coach Directory ; it is well planned, and appears to be accurately ex-
ecuted. The title-page affirms that upwards of 50,000 fares are here
comprehended. On the whole, this seems to be the beft compilement
of the kind that hath yet appeared
Art. 70. Memoirs of a French Officer, who escaped from Slavery.

8vo. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press.' Sold by Rivingtons

in London. 1786.
· If the name of this narrator had been affixed to his work, we might,
perhaps, have been able to have formed a proper judgment with re-
fpect to the degree of credit due to his ftory; but, anonymous as
these memoirs are, we cannot be sure that we ought not to have classed
them with the common novels of the day. If, however, the story be
real, the writer, whoever he is, and the companions of his unfortu-
nate voyage, are entitled to our utmost pity and commiseration, on
account of the cruel treatment they received at the hands of the
barbarians on whose inhofpitable fhore they were shipwrecked.

The Author tells us that he was appointed by his sovereign, the
King of France, to a command in the colony at Senegal; that in
December 1783, he embarked on board the Two Friends, Captain
Carfin ; and that on the 17th of January following, the vessel was
cast away in a form on the coast of Barbary, where some of the crew
were seized as they swam to shore, and most inhumanly murdered by
the natives ; while those whose lives were spared were enslaved. The
miseries endured by our Author, while among these favages, almost
exceed belief; for the hardships inflicted on him by his merciless.
masters, seem to have been such as human strength, one would ima-
gine, could not possibly support. At length, by a proper applica-
cation of the European consuls to the Emperor of Morocco, the sur-
viving sufferers were set at liberty. The manner, however, in
which they happily obtained their deliverance does not well comport
with the language of our Author's title-page; in which we are told
that he escaped from slavery.

Art. 71. A short Efay on Baptism ; intended to elucidate the

Quefion concerning the Extent and Perpetuity of its Obligation.
By Jofhua Toulmin, A. M. 8vo. 1s. Johnson. 1786.

Mr. T.'s reasoning seems to prove, in a satisfactory manner, that
baptism is a rite, not intended for the first converts alone, but that
it is to be perpetually kept up in the Christian church. Concerning
the filence observable, as to this particular, in the book of the Aas,
it is remarked, that this book is not the history of the continuance
of the gospel, but of its planting:- From any thing it says, we
Thould not know but that the Christian faith died with such as first
embraced it. That book doth not particularly inform us that their
pofterity took it up and perpetuated it: it says nothing of their
children being believers, or forming churches, or observing the Lord's
Day, or celebrating the Lord's Supper. This is a confideration
which has been, and very fairly may be, employed in favour of In-


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fant-Baptism, a practice which this Writer rejects. Yet the argu. ment is not wholly without its weight.

H. Art. 72. The book of the Revelation of St. Jhn the Divine ex•

plained'; in an historical View of the past and present State of the Christian World, compared with the Prophetic Vitions. By Thomas Vivian, Vicar Cornwood, Devon. 8vo. 25. 60. sewed, Law. 1785

The general design of the Revelation is to give, in a series of prophetic visions, an history of the future fortunes of the Christian church. Now, as seventeen hundred years are pait since this prophecy first appeared, it is natural, as our Author observes, to suppose, that some of the events here foretold have already happened ; Others may still be future; and some may be of that nature as to be fulfilling by a succession of similar events for several ages together, and may be existing at this present time.

In consequence of this fuppofition, the book divides itself into three parts: the first foretelling events that are now paft; the se. cond, those that are now existing ; the third, those that are fill to çome.

Mr. Vivian considers these divisions under. diftinét clafles : and illustrates the several subjects of which they treat, in an easy and concise manner, sometimes appealing to history, and fonietimes relying on conjecture.

The number of the Beast (666) in Rev. xiii. 18. hath given rise to much speculation, from Irenæus to the modern expositors, on this mystical book. Moit Protestant writers have supposed thaç it denotes the Roman Pontiff. Our Author is of another opinion ; and supposes that the mistake arises from confounding the first and Jecond Beast, spoken of in the same chapter. The image of the for. mer is delineared in the first ten verses; the remaining part of the chapter describes the character of the latter.

Can it be imagined,' says Mr. Vivian,' that when the whole description from the both to the 18th verse relates to the second Beat, this 18th verse should, without any intimation of the change of subject, speak of the firk? Yet all the commentators, from Irenæus downwards, have supposed this to be the case, and have puzzled themselves to find some word, in Hebrew or Greek, suit. able to the character of the first Beait, in which the letters are expressive of the number 666. The most plaufible of these is the Greek word (Latinos) the conjecture of Irenæus. But it may be asked, of what man is this the name of the Pope? True, just as much as it is of every man in Italy or in the Latin church. With respect to the Hebrew word Romith Romana), with which others have been pleased, it is feminine, and the name of no man at all; of course cannot be applied to the Pope. If the application of the rest of the character to the King of France is well founded; and if this 18th verse relates to the second Beast, the number 666 must suit that monarch also: for we have not the right key, unless it suits any ward of the lock. But in what language Thall we examine this name, to see the numerical amount of the letters contained in it? Hebrew (I suppose) is out of the question : and indeed so should the Greek coo, for the word is no otherwise known to us than as ex


pressed in Latin, for many ages, in inscriptions and coins. The Greek as well as the Hebrew was unknown in the country inhabited by the Franks and the neighbouring nations till within these four hundred years. At the time the prophecy was written, Latin was the language most general in the Roman empire, and when the empire was divided it became the universal language in the western part, which she learned in general agree is the scene of the events foretold by the visions in the book.'

Mr. Vivian finds in Ludovicus (Lewis) the exact number of the Beast; putting down for nothing those letters which are not numerals, and reckoning only on those which are : e.g. L

50 V





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Our Author observes that this myftic number doth not denote a fingia person of the name of Ludovicus, but a succession of persons of the same name, and acting in the same person and character.

• From the death of Charlemagne, in the year 814, when the first Lewis began his reign, to the present year (1784), are 970 years; out of these the kings of the name of Lewis have reigned 387 years.

• From the beginning of the reign of Lewis VI. (when persecu. tion began in a more serious manner) in the year 1108, to the present year, are 676 years, out of which the Lewis's have reigned 334 years.

. Since the acceflion of Lewis XIII. in 1610, are 174 years, in which space no king hath reigned in France of any other name, And this seems especially the time meant in the vision, because it followed the bealing of the deadly wound. The space too hath been a time, not of civil wars, but mere perfecution for conscience-fake. The two first Lewis's (Thirteenth and Fourteenth) firnamed the Juf and Great, wading in the blood of their subjects; and the other, the Fifteenth and Sixteenth, continuing in force their fanguinary edicts.'

It is somewhat remarkable that Mr. Vivian, without knowing that the same experiment had been made on the word Ludovicus by preceding commentators, should have applied the vision of the two. borned Beast to the persecuting monarchs of France : but none of them, however, fufpected that the 18th verse, or any thing contained in it, is descriptive of the second Beast. For this discovery, the learned are indebted to the ingenuity and fagacity of our Author.





Art. 73. Remarks on the three fir Chapters of the Revelation of

St. John. To which are prefixed, Four Letters to the Rev. Thomas Charles, A.B. on the Number of the Beast, and the Wo: inan's first and second Flight. By Thomas Reader. 8vo. 15. 60. Buckland. 1785.

Mr. Reader difiers effentially from Mr. Vivian in the application of the mystic number 666. It is plain,' says he," that it is the number, not of the second, but of the first Beast; not only because the second Beast, whenever he rises, will live wholly and only for the honour of the first (for which reason Irenæus calls him his ar. mour-bearer), but because the first Beast is visibly intended by the word Beast six times (Rev. xiii. 14, 75. 17.), and it is also asserted (v. 17.) that the number of the first Beast will be given to his worThippers ; for he is the last named, and the proper antecedent to the relative aule, his, v. 17, 18.'

According to Mr. Reader's scheme, the second beast is not yet come. He seems inclined, with the learned Mede, to adopt Potter's celebrated interpretation, founded on the square of 2531 (a number which very particularly marked the offices and distinguishing orders, &c. of the Romish church), opposed to the number 12, which, on the contrary, was chosen by divine wisdom, as the discriminating number of the true church, both under the Jewish and the Chriftian dispensation. As 12 is to 144, so is 25 and a fraction to 666. • It is remarkable,' as Mr. Reader observes, • that the two first, and the last of those numbers, are the only numbers in the Greek Testament which the Holy Ghost hath expressed by numeral letters; and those numbers alone being so expressed, and that only in one place, leads us to conclude that they have some relation to each other.'

We cannot help thinking, with many who yet admire Mr. Potter's great ingenuity, that the fractions, attending the root effentially injure his scheme: nor is it in our opinion in the least repaired by Mr. Reader's hypothesis"; but rather rendered ftill more precarious and unsatisfactory. "Twenty-fix,' says our Author, is also a remarkable ecclesiastical number in England and Wales, and bet ween 25 and 26 lies the exact root of 666. And, as to the fractions, posibly God mighe intimate by them that there is an eflential disorder both in the Beast's and in the Devil's kingdom.'

Those who take pains to inform mankind, and to illustrate the difficulties and obscurities of the sacred volume (in the meaning of which all are deeply interested, and in which nothing can be useless), deserve at least the thanks of the Public; and if they should fail of giving full satisfaction, yet we ought to esteem them for their good intentions, and candidly overlook what we cannot heartily approve; for in so intricate a path, where the most enlightened may err, no wonder if the dull and the ignorant lose their way. ski Arr: 74. A Sermon on Galatians iv. 6. Preached in the Epir.

copal Chapel at Hayffeld, Derbyshire, on Trinity Sunday. 12mo. Lóngman. 1585.

H. Art. 75. The Scripture Doctrine of a Trinity vindicated, accord

ing to the Principles of the illuminated Emanuel Swedenborg ; to which fome Remarks are prefixed on a Sermon, with Notes,


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