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lately published by C. Bayley, in Opposition to that Doctrine, 8vo. Clarke, &c. Manchester.


在, Art. 76. The Swedenborgian Doelrine of a Trinity confidered; or,

Strictures on a late Publication, entitled, The Scripture Doctrine of a Trinity vindicated, according to the Principles of the illuminated Em. Swedenborg, with Remarks on a Sermon on Gal. iv. 6. I 2mo. Longman. 1785.

We have claffed the above pamphlets in one Article, as they have an immediate connection with each other. In the first the Author (Mt. Bayley) afferts the unity of the Divine nature, and then proceeds to defend and establish the doctrine of a Trinity according to the profession of the church of England.

An anonymous writer appears, in the second pamphlet, who dirputes the arguments of the former; infisting, with Count Sweden-, borg, that a Trinity of persons was unknown in the apostolic church ; and labouring to confirm the opinion of the Swedish baron, which, it is, with some reason, concluded, Mr. Bayley had intended to oppose.

This calls up the first Author again ; and, in order to vindicate himself, and his cause, he presents us with a publication larger than either of the former. Whether the contest, thus begun, will close here, is very uncertain, since it is well known the beginning of Arife is as when one letteth out water. Each of the assailants discovers some metaphysical ability and learning suited to the subject ; and they have, on the whole, advanced thus far with a tolerable degree of temper and candour. Yet it is pretty evident, that if they allow themselves to proceed, the passions will be interetted, and as hath been too frequently verified, the truth will be in danger of being overwhelmed, and forgotten amidst those boisterous agitations. It appears to us far the wiselt and best method for each to reft fatisfied with his own opinion, at least without troubling the world any farther with their conjectures. Bye-standers will be much disposed to think, that a subject which admits, or requires, so much labour and art for its invettigation and support, cannot be of essential moment or consequence to human happiness. DO Art. 77. The Reftitution of all Things: An Effay on the im

portant Purpose of the Universal Redeemer's Destination. By James Brown, late Missionary from the Society for propagating the Gospel, and Chaplain of the British Garrison at Savannah, in Georgia. Svo. is. 6. Cadell.

The preface to this work gave us a favourable opinion of the Writer.' He speaks concerning it and himself in sensible and modest terms: he appears to have formed views of religion more Jiberal, juft, and useful than are attained merely by rehearsing creeds, and forms, and articles: amidit scenes of war and confusion he seems to have employed his time suitably to his character : and he apprehends that the universal refloration of the divine works, the ļbject which he wishes to support, will recommend Christianity to ihe attention of those who have been disgusted by the narrow and partial representations which men have so often given.

We cannot say that the essay itself answered our expectations. The topic requires maturer thought and attention, than, perhaps, the situation in which he was placed svould allow ; neither, possibly,


is his mind ro wholly unfettered from human Mackles and institutions as he may be willing to apprehend. He dwells greatly on the expectations which had prevailed at all times among mankind of fach a perfect redemption as that for which he pleads; expectations occasioned, he intimates, by divine communications to them, of which we have not now any knowledge. But though he does not thoroughly investigate the subject, he appears to be a man of some learning, and acquaintance with ancient writers. His work, however, required revisal. There are much better tracts extant, on the subject.

A. Art. 78. A Monument to the Praise of the Lord's Goodness, and

to the Memory of dear Eliza. Cunningham. Published for the Benefit of a charitable Institution. 8vo. 6d. Trapp. 1785.

It is nothing wonderful that Mr. Newton should be affected by the Gckness and death of a young person, niece to his wife, or impressed by the suitable spirit she might in such circumstances discover; yec it does not necessarily follow that the account should be made public; however, if this little tract does any good, it is so far well. Do Art. 79. A View of the great Events of the Seventh Plague, or

Period, when the Myflery of God fall be finished, Rev. x. 7. which completes and adds Confirmation to an Explanation of the Seven lait Plagues, Rev. xv. xvi. lately offered to the Public. By Robert Ingram, A. M. Vicar of Wormingford and Boxted in Efex. 8vo. 6. Rivington. This Author continues bis enquiries; but with what success we will not determine. "The seventh plague, he supposes, has respect 10 the restoration of the Jews, and the extension of Christianity throughout the world by their means, until it finally triumphs. We refer to the Review for July 1785, p. 85, for some remarks on Mr. Ingram's publications. We have now nothing to add to what is there faid, and in former Articles, to which the Reader is there directed.

20 Art. 80. The History of the Ministry of Jesus Christ, combined

from the Narrations of the Four Evangelists. By Robert Willan, M. D. The Second Edition, with many additional Notes and Oba servations. Svo. 35. 6d. bound. Rivington, &c. 1786.

This work was characterised, and commended, from the first edition, reviewed in our fixty-ninth vol. see p. 8.-The present edition is here introduced, on account of the additional notes,which are more useful than numerous. They relate, chiefy, to the manners, customs, opinions, and expreslions, proverbial or allegarical, amongst the Eastern nations; with which, as the Author justly observes, the generality of readers cannot be familiarly acquainted. Art. 81. Devotions for the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper :

With an Appendix, containing a Meihod of digesting the Book of Psalms so as to be applicable to the common Occurrences of Life. By a Laynian. 8vo.


Cadell. It is the laudable design of this small publication to alift the pious Christian in his attendance on the Lord's Supper : the exercises are drawn up on the ground of the doctrines of our established Church, and adapted to the forms prescribed in the Bok of Com. mon Prayer.



I 2mo.


Art. 82. Sermons, Doctrinal and Practical. By D. Grant, Minister of the Gospel at Newcastle.

25. od. fewed. Dilly.

Calvinistical, declamatory, puritanical, and, in many instances, we think, irreconcileable with a just and sober explication of the fac cred writings.

H. Art. 83. Conjectures concerning the Nature of Future Happinefs : Translated from the French of Mons. Bonnet, of Geneva. 8vo.

Baldwin. Though the ideas here offered to the Public are indeed, what the Author calls them, Conjectures, they are conceived with such evident marks of good fente, as well as piety, and are withal so agree. ably expressed, that they will not fail of being read with pleasure by those who have learned the Christian lesson of looking towards another world,

8. Art. 84. The Calvinism of the Protestant Dissenters asserted; in a

Letter to the Archdeacon of St. Alban's : Occasioned by his Re.
marks on Dr. Priesley's Second Letter. By Samuel Palmer,
Pastor of the Independent Congregation at Hackney. Svo, 6d.
Buckland. 1786.

Were it certain that the principles of Calvin have a necessary connection with virtue, piety, and final happiness, an enquiry of this kind might be of great importance. But as this is not the case (and we are well persuaded the Author of this pamphlet does not luppose it), it becomes a matter of far less urgent concern. However, truth is always of some moment. There was sufficient reason for the present publication, on account of the mistakes relative to the Diffenters, into which Dr. Horley has fallen, and his consequent misrepresentation of their tenets, &c. In that very numerous and respectable body of men, who separate from the establisha ment of this country, there are, no doubt, many who now entertain sentiments, on some disputable articles of faith, very different from those that were more generally received by their ancestors ; but they are, no less than their predecessors, on conviction, firm believers in ChriQianicy, and hearty friends to its prevalence and support. Mr. Palmer offers satisfactory reasons to assure us, in opposition to the Archdeacon's account, that the majority of the Dissenters are fill Calvinists, even in the present day. In this and on some other points immediately connected with it, the Writer of this pamphlet appears to have the advantage.- Indeed it may generally be expected, that a rational Christian, and friend of liberty, will, on topics of religious freedom, ever prevail, as far as argument can go, against those who endeavour to defend articles and creeds enjoined by human authority, with other modes and forms imposed merely by the civil power.

H. RELIGIOUS. Art. 85. Christian Directions and Inftructions for Negroes. 12mo.

15. Rivingtons. 1785. This work, except a collection of occafional prayers, and some of Watcs's divine poetry, is a dialogue between a negro and a minister of the gospel. The intention of converting all nations to Christianity is highly laudable : but we fear that before the present



directions can produce any effect, some other mode must be used. The miserable state of the negro Naves is ill suited to receive the doctrines of Christ. Where the body is harassed with labour, ftripes, and want of many neceffaries of life, the mind cannot duly attend to matters that do not much relieve bodily sufferings. The first step to convert these miserable wretches, would be to grant them their liberty, and suffer them to enjoy the temporal benefits which our excellent religion is capable of bestowing. The matters of these oppreffed people seem, themselves, to be in much want of Christian initruction. The precepts, · Do unto all men as ye would they should do unto you ;' and ' From their fruits fall ye know them ;' being duly practised, would shew the negro llaves, that compassion and benevolence are the effects and the fruits of the Christian dispensation; and they will then have good reason to adopt so advantageous and fo benign á fyftem.

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S E R M O N S.
I. Preached at Christ Church, London, Sept. 21, 1785, before

the lord. Mayor and Governors of the several Royal Hospitals.
By John Prince, A. B. Vicar of Grays, in Essex, and Lecturer
of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, London. 460. 1. Rivingtons.

This discourse is entitled, The Character of King Edward the Sixth. • It will not, I trust,' says the Author, be deemed improper for a Christian preacher, and it cannot be unsuitable to the day, to pay a just tribute of respect to the memory of the illustrious founder.' Accordingly Edward's character is here pleasingly and juftly drawn.

It is remarkable, that Jerome Cardan, a famous Italian physician, and celebrated writer, after speaking of this prince in a strain of high commendation, adds, · These are not strokes of rhetoric, but short of truth;' an acknowledgment which, it is here properly obTerved, not only speaks the liberality of the philofopher, but is an indubitable proof of Edward's merit. Bishop Ridley first suggested to him the design of founding the hospitals, and rescued, by this 'means, some part of the riches which flowed in at the Reformation, from the plunder of avaritious and ambitious courtiers. The text of this discourse is Luke ii. 14. Mr. Prince hath added many pertinent and practical reflections and admonitions, to the other part of his subject. II. On the late attempt on his Majesty's Person ;- before the Univer

fity of Oxford, at St. Mary's Church, Aug. 6, 1786. By Wil. liam Crowe, of New College, LL. B. Public Orator of the Univerfity. 4to. 15. Rivingtons, &c.

This is perhaps as good a lermon as the subject could give birth to : but commend us to the seasonable composition of our newsman, who, in his Christmas “ Present to his worthy Masters and Mis. trefies,” thus loyally and pithily remindeth us,

“ How Margaret Nicholson assail'd the king,

To every loyal heart a horrid thing !
II. Considerations on the Nature and Oeconomy of Beasts and Cattle,

Preached at St. Leonard, Shoreditch, May 17, 1785; being a
Sequel to a Discourse on the religious Use of Botanical Philoso-
phy. By William Jones, M. A. F.R.S. 4to. Is. Robinsons.



For an account of the discourse above mentioned on botanical philosophy, &c. we refer the reader to the seventy-second volume of the Review, p. 399. This sermon is intended to illustrate the same wisdom and goodness of God in the animal or brutal, which the former had traced and displayed in the vegetable creation. The Author pursues his subject in an ingenious and agreeable manner : and we may say, as was hinted concerning the prior publication, that whatever little peculiarity there may be in this writer's mode of thinking or exprellion, the reader will peruse this treatise, as well as the other, with entertainment and satisfaction.

Ho IV. Free Access to God by a Mediator. Preached at Beffel's Green,

near Sevenoaks, Kent. By John Stanger. 8vo. 6d. Matthews.

A plain calvinistical discourse frou Ephes. iii. 12. The Author no doubt means well, and wishes to promote the cause of piety and virtoe ; but it must be according to his particular method: he appears narrow in his views, when he says in the following note : : 1 would ask, on what scriptural ground the conduct of some persons can be viodicated, who, while they lay peculiar stress on the doctrine of the atonement, do nevertheless unite in Christian fellowihip, or form connections equivalent thereto, with those who oppose this doctrine, or who seem to have no idea of its importance. This does not appear to us to be dictated by lo catholic or Christian a spirit as we wish to see in a minister of the gospel. It seems as if men had yet some of its first principles to learn. Let all who respect the interests of religion unite cordially in its cause, and in the exercise of brotherly-love, however they may find reason to vary in sentiment on some particular point, or some explications of scripture ! H. V. The Eternity of future Punisimments. Preached before the Univer

sity of Oxford, at St. Mary's, April 9, 1786. By Isaac Crouch, M. A. Vice President of St. Edmund's Hall. 4to. 15. Rivingtons, &c.

We meet with nothing in this discourse that casts new light upon the subject on which it treats, or that assists us in clearing the difficulties which clog this article of the orthodox creed. B, VI. Occasioned by the Death of the late Peter Wilson, Esq. of

Gray's-Inn; preached in Silver-Street, London, July 2, 1786, the
Lord's Day after his Decease. By Thomas Toller. 8vo. 60.

The discourse is suitable to the occasion : it gives a high, and we
doubt not, just account of the deceased, whose early removal, in the
28th year of his age, afforded a proper opportunity to recommend a
constant and assiduous attendance to the shortness and uncertainty of
human life. The text is James iv. 14.
VII. Preached before the Bristol Marine Society in the Cathedral

Church of Bristol, August 1, 1786, being their annual general Meeting. By Thomas Powys, A. M. Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty, &c. 460. Is. Bristol printed, and fold by Otridge in London.

This laudable institution hath found a zealous advocate in Mr. Powys, who warmly presles his hearers to follow the precept of Solomon-With-hold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do it.'

m COR.

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