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LETTER to Edmund Burke, Esq. 161 MORALS, Treatise on,
Monro's Phylolozy of Fishes, 149
347 MOUNTAINS, Observations on the Struc-
ECKER, Reponse à M. de Colonne;
of a Friend to the Rocking. New Holland, History of,
between Johnstone and Sut- NEW come's Minor Prophets, 43
NEWTON's Monument to the Memory
of Eliz, Cunningham,
Light and Colours, Experiments on, 524
Abuse of the Law,
on Hastings's Defence,
LOUISA, or the Cottage on the Moor, 449 O'Leary's Defence,
MATY's Translation of Rielbeck's Tra. PENNANT's Indexes to Buffon's Orni.
PEOPLE'S Answer to the Court Pam.
Tranfalions of the A.
Militia Laws, Compendium of, 73 Society, Vol. lxxvi. Paril.
MINUTES of the Examination of Middle- PHYSICS, Propositions in, by Van Swine
445 Pigott's new Information,
Loufiad, Capto II. 527
65 Suckow's Elements of Chemisry, 155
of important Occurrences in SWAINSON'S Account of Cures performed,
69 by Velno's Vegetable Syrup, 535
Swainson's Hints to Families, 535
VINDICATION of the Treaty,
VOYAGES 1o, and Discoveries in the
of Divinity, by Davy, 473
URWICK's Serm.on Farmer's Death, 543
TEACHWELL’s : pelling-book, 262
WARD's Trandation of Ramsay's Gentle
345 WARVILLE, M. de, - Examen Critique
& M. Clavière, - De
TOWERS': Translation of Heri zberg, 42 WATSON. See LANDAIS.
(Samuel) Sermon at the Binop
TREBRA, Fr. M. H. den-Erfarungben
155 Wilkins's Trandation of the Bhagvat.
WILLIAMs on an Union of England and
'T URGOT, M. Lise of,
Woide's Edit, of the Alexandrian Greck
Electrical Machine at Haarlem, 581 WORK-Houses. See GILLINGWATER.
VICTORIA, a Novel,
VIEYRA - Animadversiones Pbilologica, ORIADA,
(Tumbull's Apology for
of this il
For JANUARY, 1787.
Art. I. ENEA OTEPOENTA, or the Diverfions of Purley. Part I:
By John Horne Tooke, A. M. late of St. Joha's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 7s. Boards. Johnson. 1786. EW persons could guess at the object of this learned and
hath gives it. Who would suppose that the Diverfions of Purley meant nothing more than profound etymological researches into the origin of English particles, conjunctions, prepositions, and adverbs? These, however, are the WINGED WORDS (ETER 718poarte) that are explored in their birth, their growth, their relation, and use; and the tracing them ab ovo usque ad alam conftitutes the sole entertainment of this curious work.
PURLEY was the seat of President Bradshaw. Our Author is supposed to have a secret attachment to the place, from the veneration in which he holds the memory of its former possessor. It is a sort of holy ground to a republican; and every man who is an enthufiaft in any system of politics or religion, will have his boly ground in spite of wit and ridicule. Dr. Johnson had his (but not at Purley), and disdained that frigid philosophy that was unmoved at such scenes as bad been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue. “That man (says the great moralift) is little to be envied, whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plain of Marathon. It is on this principle that Mr. Tooke (more commonly known, as a patriot, under the name of Mr. Horne) kindles with the noble fire of liberty, when he reflects, that the spot he daily treads was hallowed by the feet of him who dared to trample on royalty itself; and who, rising superior to the forms of law, spurned also at the forms of decorum ; and ftill more nobly risqued the curse of God, and the execration of pofterity, to bring his monarch to the block.
The present Diversions of Purley are not, indeed, allowed to take so serious a turn. And it is somewhat diverting to see the fierce patriot tamed into an etymologist; though now and then the old spirit breaks through the cloud that opp:esses the lustre of freedom :VOL, LXXVI.
* Staring, tremendous, with a threat'ning eye,
Like some fierce 'Tyrant in old Tapestry. The manus inimica tyrannis, that once waved the cap of liberty, and was ready to make+
-- the Tyrant feel The keen deep-searchings of the patriot's feel, now holds the birch to scourge the grammarians : and, having Aogged through the whole school, redoublēs its Strokes on Lord Monboddo-as if unwilling to leave his Lordship one sound point to fit upon.
We hope Mr. Tooke will give us as much room to admire his candour as we do his skill. He who censures and laughs ro freely at others, hath no right to complain if others indulge a little ridicule at his expence. But let this be his consolation, that if his manner.of fighting be condemned, yet no one can dilpute his claim to the victory; and if we smile at the patriot, we must applaud the scholar.
We shall now enter on the confideration of the present work ;' and we cannot better befriend the interefts of English literature than by giving our readers a general view of its contents. Thę Author hach the fingular honour of throwing light on such parts of language as had been left in great obscurity by all preceding lexicographers and etymologists; and the Diversions of Purley have laid the foundation for a new system of grammar, which we hope to see ftill farther extended by the researches of this acute and penetrating critic : for we are happy to find that this volume is announced only as a first part.
The form of the work is not, in our opinion, so happy as its execution. The dialogue seems unsuitable to the dry difquifitions of the grammarian. Ic rather obscures the subject than illustrates it.
But wbere the matter is so substantial and excellent, it would be faftidious to quarrel with the manner ; and for the fake of the former, we could forgive more blemithes and defects in the latter, than we find in the present volume.
It confifts of ten chapters. The general titles of which are• I. Of the division or distribution of language. • II, Some considerations on Mr. Locke's Essay. « III. Of the parts of speech. • IV. Of the noun. • V. Of the article and interjection. • VI. Of the word THAT. - VII. Of conjunctions. • VIII. Etymology of the English conjundions. • IX. Of prepositions. « X. Of adverbs.'